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bill passes, I have the figures here, and they show land bills passed. Under these laws, the land tion—a character of legislation to which the past that it will amount to about $200,000. As was officers have had a great deal more labor to per- may justify us in expecting a climax by the introshown by the gentleman from Indiana (Mr. BREN- form, and, in no event, under the law which we duction as a substitute for the bill before us, of TON) yesterday, the cash value of the warrants al- now propose to pass, can any of them receive a some matter upon another and wholly irrelevant ready located, is about $12,000,000, and it is pro- greater amount of pay than the law authorized subject. posed to pay one per cent. upon that sum to the him to receive before the bounty land laws were He (Mr.F.) had before said his proposed amendregisters and one per cent. to the receivers. Cal- | passed.

ment was not, in his estimation, highly important, culate for yourselves, and you will find that that I believe that if you strike out these most im- and made by him for a purpose now fulfilled; but makes something like $250,000. Take off the portant and essential provisions of this bill, it is the amendment was proper, as it will leave the fees fifty cents already received as fees, and it leaves lost—not only lost in this House, but I am still in every case to be paid by the holder of the warsomething more than $200,000 to be paid for more convinced that it is lost in the Senate.

rant, and in no case out of the Treasury. warrants already located. It is then proposed to Mr. DUNHAM. Let it go, then.

Mr. DUNHAM. I am opposed to the amendgo on and pay in the same ratio for the location Mr. BISSELL. Ay! "let it go, then,” says ment. I am very much obliged to my colleague of warrants in future, and the warrants issued the gentleman. Yes, if this darling scheme of his | [Mr. Fitch) for the very courteous manner with under the act of 1850 will be much more numerous -this bill introduced by him from the select com- which he has been pleased to speak of me upon than the warrants issued under the Mexican bounty | mittee-a bill incongruous, unintelligible, and un- this occasion, as well as the other day. I think, land law. And yet you are called upon to vote explainable-cannot pass, it must all go. I will however, that if he will examine he will find that he upon that proposition without hearing the facts not call it a nonsensical bill, as a member near has committed just an egregious blunders in this that might be urged in opposition to it! me says,

matter as I liave. The section which I propose It is said that these registers and receivers are Mr. DUNHAM. Will the gentleman allow me to strike out is as different from the one which I not properly paid. Now I ask gentlemen to tell to make a single remark ?

propose to insert, as it can be. So much for the the committee what the receivers have to do in the Mr. BISSELL. I cannot; I have not time. courtesy of my colleague. location of bounty land warrants, that you should Mr. DUNHAM. I want to ask the gentle- I have one word in relation to the courtesy of pay them $2 for the location of each warrant for

-{Loud cries of “Order!"}

the gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. Bissell.) 'Í'hat one hundred and sixty acres.

Mr. BISSELL. The gentleman introduced the gentleman has seen fit to charge me, as chairman I hold in my hand a letter from the Commis- | bill, and forth with moved an amendment to it him- of the select committee, with altering the bill resioner of the Land Office, in which he states that self. He introduced a bill which proposed to re- ported from that committee. I deny it. There they have to perform almost nothing in locating peal a proviso in a former law, when there was no has not been a single proposition in any section of these warrants, for doing which it is proposed to such proviso in that law to be repealed. He made that bill which has been altered, even in phrasepay them $2 each. I have not time to read the several mistakes of equal importance, and now be- ology, in the least; and I appeal to every member letier now, but I intend that it shall be published, cause that heterogeneous bill cannot pass, the whole of that committee to sustain me in the assertion. at some proper time. I ask, if the fifty cents pro- scheme must be defeated !

Mr. BISSELL. Will the gentleman from Inposed to be paid by the bill of the seleci committee I repeat, that I believe this bill, if amended as diana allow me one word? is not amply sufficient? The gentleman from the gentleman from Indiana proposes to amend it, Mr. DUNHAM. You will have time to reply Iowa, (Mr. Clark,) who made a speech the other cannot pass the Senate. I do not believe that it || afterwards. day, said that it was not sufficient, and he read an can pass this House. I know that if thus amended, Mr. BISSELL. I must be allowed to say that extract from a letter from one of his constituents, I should be constrained to vote against it. The the gentleman is wholly mistaken in what he says, the register or receiver in the land office at Du- | gentleman from Georgia (Mr. STEPHENS) wrought Mr. DUNHAM. Then I simply say this: The buque. That letter states, that in two weeks there himself up to the pitch of calling that “a threat." members of that committee are present, and can were something like one thousand warrants lo- If other members regard it so, I shall be surprised bear witness whether what I say is correct or not. cated, and that it required three competent clerks indeed to learn it. Y expressed the opinion that it I undertake to say that there was scarcely a conto perform the labor. Well, that would make could not pass the Senate; the gentleman from troversy upon any section of the bili, except in twenty-seven warrants a day located by each clerk, Tennessee, (Mr. Jones,] on the other hand, says reference to the first and second sections. The for which they would each receive $13 50 a day, he has good reason to know that it can pass that gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Bissell) voted against and yet they say they are not paid ample compen- body. I stated that if the bill was so amended, I me upon the second section, and, as a matter of sation for the labor they perform! These facts should vote against it; the gentleman from Geor- course, he did in reference to the first. the gentleman from Iowa stated to the House from gia, (Mr. STEPHENS;) and the gentleman from In- Mr. BISSELL. I ask the gentleman to say if the letter of his constituent. I ask, are you pre diana, (Mr. Dunham,) say they shall vote against || I ever consented that land warrants should be lo pared to vote this bill through in such a state of it unless it is so amended. So the "threat" and cated without regard to the price? facts!

“ bullying” seem to be pretty much on one side Mr. DUNHAM. I ask the gentleman from Mr. CLARK. They did not get the compensa

as well as on the other. Besides that, I suppose Illinois if he ever, in committee, proposed an tion.

the House has heard too often from the gentleman amendment to obviate that difficulty? He did not; Mr. DUNHAM. It may be possible that they from Georgia and from myself to be very much and I apprehend he did not discover the blunder have not received pay for the location of all those alarmed at anything we might say.

any more than I did. It does not become him, as warrants; but if the substitute proposed by the (Here the hammer fell.]

a member of that committee, to charge me with select committee passes, they will receive it in such Mr. FITCH moved to strike out of the second blunders which escaped his notice as well as cases as that, and it is ample compensation for the section of Senate bill all after the word “warrants' mine. labor they perform-especially when you take into in the tenth line, as follows, viz:

The CHAIRMAN. The Chair cannot permit consideration the statement of the Commissioner --- where they have been transferred under the provision

this kind of discussion to go on. It is all out of of the Land Office in this letter, that those receivers of any act of Congress, and the regulations of the General order. do comparatively no labor at all.

Land Office; and to be paid out of the Treasury of the Mr. DUNHAM. Does the gentleman from Mr. BISSELL. I am opposed to this amend

United States, upon the adjustment of the aceounts of such
officers, where it shall be shown to the satisfaction of the

Illinois pretend to say here that I altered that bill ment; and there is one fact to which I wish to di

Commissioner of the General Land Office that the warrant after it was reported by the committee? rect the attention of the committee. These land was located by the soldier or warrantee, or his next of kin, Mr. BISSELL. Not knowingly. Certainly officers are not equally paid. If the honorable as provided for by law."

not. chairman of the select committee proposes to re- He said the amendment was made, not because The CHAIRMAN. The Chair cannot permit duce the salaries of the land officers, let him in- he esteemed its adoption very essential, though this discussion to go on. The Chair calls the gentroduce a bill which shall effect that object, doing proper, but to enable him to call the attention of | tlemen to order. equal justice to all, and I will probably go with the committee to the ridiculous blunder perpetrated Mr. BISSELL. I must be permitted to answer him, for I am as much in favor of low salaries as by his colleague, (Mr. DUNHAM] in moving to the gentleman's question. he is. But when you ask me to pass a law which strike out the entire second section and insert other Mr. DUNHAM. Certainly, I will permit the will have the effect of giving to one man four dol- matter identical in principle with that proposed to gentleman; and desire that he should answer my lars for services which another man has to perform be stricken out. His [Mr. Dunham's] argument question. for one dollar, you must excuse me if I say I can- was directed not against the section he proposes to Mr. BISSELL. I refer particularly to that not do it, and you may call it a threatif you please. strike out, but against the third section which his portion of the bill which authorizes that land wat

Under the operation of the law as it now stands, motion does not propose to disturb! This blun- rants shall be received in payment for the public some of the land officers do four times as much der is only another of the series committed by the lands, without regard to the price of those lands. labor as others, and do not get more than one gentleman as chairman of the select commitiee to My understanding of it was, that warrants should fourth as much pay; because, in certain land which the House bill on this subject was referred, be received in payment for the public lands, but offices, nearly all the entries are made with war- and which reported back the deformity, a portion that the lands should be held at their nominal rants, while in others most of the entries are made of which it is now proposed to adopt in lieu of the value-say $2 50 per acre. The bill, as introwith cash, upon which the officers get their per- Senate bill.

duced, authorizes the holder of the warrant-for centage. If the gentleman proposes to reduce There were often (Mr. F. said) more false facts | instance, the holder of a one hundred and sixty their salaries, let him do it systematically, regu

than false theories adduced here in support of a acre warrant to locate it on lands held at $2 54 larly, and legitimately-equalize them all, and measure. His colleague [Mr. Dunham) was deal- || per acre. then see if we do not all go with him. But when ing largely in the former. "The very letter to which Mr. DUNHAM. Oh, I understand that. But you propose to compensate certain officers for cer- he referred but a few minutes since, to sustain his I do not remember that the matter was mooted in tain labor, why will you cut off other officers who declaration that receivers had nothing do in loca- the committee. And if it was, I stand here to have to perform the same labor, from receiving the ting warrants, states the very reverse; and in his say that the original bill, as it was submitted t9 same compensation?

(Mr. F.'s) hand was now a letter from the same the committee at its last sitting, is the same which I wish to call the attention of the committee to source (Commissioner of the General Land Office) was introduced here. The bill was laid before the another fact, and that is, that in no case under this stating in detail the duties of receivers in such lo- | committee and examined critically-examined by law, could any officer receive any more than he cations. To his colleague (Mr. DUNHAM) must us all. It was sent from the committee room diwas authorized to receive before these bounty be yielded the palm so far for blundering legisla- || rectly to the printing office, and the manuscript


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can be examined there. It was printed and sent about fifty cents, and one per cent. for the cash Mr. HOWE. I mean to give them to actual sethere; yet now, forsooth, the gentleman from Illi- sale of one hundred and sixty acres will be about tlers who will occupy them, in the States where nois comes here and charges the blunders in the $2. This amendment, therefore, places the pur- the lands are situated, and not to soulless corpobill upon the unfortunate chairman of the com- chasers of the one hundred and sixty acre war- rations. mittee, who, as the committee know, did his ut- rants, and the purchasers of forty acre warrants

Mr. ALLISON. So I supposed. most to perfect it. upon the same footing.

The question was then taken on the amendment [Here the hammer fell.]

I now desire to answer some of the objections of Mr. BrentOn to the amendment of Mr. DunMr. HEBARD. I desire to ask if it is in order | urged by my colleague, (Mr. DUNHAM,) in refer- HAM, and it was lost. to ask for a division of the question on the amend- ence to the expense which will be incurred in car- The question then recurring upon the amendment proposed by the gentleman from Indiana, | rying out the provisions of this bill. I think I ment of Mr. DuNyAM.(Mr. Dunham,) so that it shall first be taken upon shall be able to show that they will not amount to Mr. BISSELL said: I desire to have the second striking out?

anything like the extravagant sum which he indi- section of the Senate bill read as now amended. The CHAIRMAN. It is not.

cates. I am of the opinion that any calculations The second section as amended was read. Mr. CAMPBELL, of Illinois. I will ask to which bring the expense above $100,000 are not Mr. SACKETT. I propose to amend the sechave the amendment to the amendment read. in accordance with the facts of the case. I stated ond section of the Senate bill by striking out the

The CHAIRMAN. As the amendment to the in my remarks on yesterday, that the price of words “the same compensation or percentage to amendment is an unimportant one, the Chair will all these warrants was about $12,000,000. Now, ' which they are entitled by law for sales of the suggest that the gentleman from Indiana (Mr. divide one per cent. of that amount between one public lands for cash, at the rate of $1 25 per Fitch) withdraw it.

hundred and thirty-six men, and you will be en- acre, the said compensation to be hereafter paid Mr. CAMPBELL. I regard the amendment | abled to ascertain what amount it would give to by the assignees or holders of such warrants as one of some importance.

each individual for the five years past. Then from where they have been transferred under the proMr. KING, of New York. By a rule of the that amount is to be deducted what the officers • visions of an act of Congress, and the regulations House, the amendment cannot be withdrawn. have received after the law of 1848. I am not of the General Land Office," and insert “ eighty

The CHAIRMAN. The Chair is aware that prepared to say what is the precise amount, and I cents,” and after the word "paid" in the thirteenth it cannot be withdrawn except by unanimous have made calculations on the subject, but they line, insert" in all cases where a warrant has been consent.

are not before me. I think, however, that the assigned, and in all other cases to be paid.". Mr. CAMPBELL. lobject. I would inquire / whole percentage on the sum will amount to a The CHAIRMAN. A portion of the section to if the question is not on the proposition to strike little over $100,000. From this is to be deducted which the amendment refers, has already been out the whole of the second section?

the receipts of these officers under the law of 1848, | striken out. The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from In

so that it reduces, according to my calculation, to Mr. SACKETT. I will then modify the diana (Mr. Dunham) moves to strike out the whole less than $100,000.

amendment, so that the effect of it will be to strike of the second section of the Senate bill, (as re

Mr. DUNHAM. I think I understood my out all that part of the section which is based upon ported above,) and to insert the second section of colleague to say that the whole price of these war- the idea of giving compensation to registers and The bill reported from the select committee in lieu rants was $12,000,000.

receivers, and insert instead thereof the words thereof; and his colleague (Mr. Fitch) moves

Mr. BRENTON. Certainly.

eighty cents. I am in favor of giving a specific to strike out that portion of the second section of

Mr. DUNHAM. And that two per cent. is compensation for the location of land warrants, the Senate bill, as follows, viz: payable to the receivers and registers?

and the sum I propose is eighty cents. There -“where they have been transferred under the provisions

Mr. BRENTON. Certainly-one per cent. to seems to be an opinion on the part of a large porof any act of Congress, and the regulations of the General each of these officers.

tion of the House that this compensation, by way Land Office; and to be paid out of the Treasury of the Mr. DUNHAM. Then I would like to know of percentage, is too high, and that it amounts in United States upon the adjustment of the accounts of such how the gentleman can make the amount of per- the case of a one hundred and sixty acre warrant, officers, where it shall be shown to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of the General Land Otñce that the warrant centage $100,000? It is $240,000.

to $2, and in the case of eighty acres, to $1, paid was located by the soldier or warrantee, or his next of kin,

Mr. BRENTON. Well, I give the gentleman to ihe registers and receivers, which, in my judgas provided for by law.”

the figures as they appear upon the report, and ment, is too high a compensation. It is for the The question is now on striking out the portion every gentleman can make his calculations to suit simple reason that I do not suppose that the genof the section which has just been read. himself.

eral law specifies a higher compensation than is The question was taken, and the amendment to Mr. J. W. HOWE. My constituents are in- proper, but yet that, in case of these land warrants the amendment was agreed to.

terested in the passage of the first section; and I which are generally located in parcels, and large The question then recurred upon striking out merely wish to say that I am in favor of passing numbers by individuals, speculators, and agents, the entire section of the Senate bill and inserting it. Ii provides that land warrants shall be assign- the compensation should not be as much as for the second section of the bill proposed by the se- able. As to all the remainder of the bill I am op locating an individual purchase made for cash, lect committee, as reported above.

posed to it. I wish to make this remark, that I that I have offered this compromise price of eighty Mr. BRENTON.' I offer the following amend- | may appear fairly upon the record. I believe it cents for locating these warrants. ment to the amendment. I move to strike out from is expedient to pass a law that shall make land!

My other proposition, if I may be permitted to the section proposed to be inserted, the words “by warrants assignable, and my constituents require allude to it, was made in order that the soldiers him located,” and to insert in lieu thereof the that I shall so vote; but to all the rest of the bill I themselves might have their warrants located, and words of forty acres, and $2 for each warrant am entirely opposed.

the compensation therefor be paid out of the Treasof one hundred and sixty acres.” So that it will As respects land officers not being compensated, ury, but that in case the warrants reached the hands provide that the registers and receivers shall be I will merely say to them, as I would to members of an assignee, the compensation should be paid by entitled to receive ifty cents for each land war- of Congress, If your compensation is not sufficient the holder. That was the intention. I have no rant of forty acres, and $2 for each warrant of one you may resign. Whenever a Congressman finds idea that these receivers should do the business for hundred and sixty acres which they may locate. that his wages are not ample and sufficient he re- nothing; and certainly a few of the receivers

Mr. B. said: If the amendment of my colleague | signs his seat; and I suppose that a receiver or land should not be required to do all the business of (Mr. Dunham) should prevail, the amendment officer might do the same thing.

our public lands during the time these warrants which I have proposed to it must address itself at In regard to western lands, I would remark that are locating; for substantially these warrants inonce to the intelligence of every man in this com- I consider the northern, or the old original thirteen creases the business of the public land offices, and mittee. I hold that our laws should be equal, and States, as having no interest, or lot, or part, in them. therefore I think a proper compensation should be that we should not be called upon to pass laws It is a western and local question altogether. I am awarded to the receivers under such circumstances. which do not place the poor man upon the same satisfied, from what I have seen in this House, and I think eighty cents is not far out of the way. equality with the rich man. What is the effect of | from all past experience of legislation upon public Mr. BISSELL. The second section of the the section as it now stands? It is that the man lands, that the old thirteen States can never get Senate bill, as now amended, provides that in all who has been enabled to raise $50 and purchased a enough of them to make a Pottersfield of_never cases where locations are hereafter made, two per land warrant shall be compelled to pay for the loca- | enough to bury their dead upon. The public cent. shall be paid by the person holding the wartion of his warrant as much as the man who has a lands are gone, irrevocably gone, from the old rant, whether he be the assignee or the original $200 warrant shall pay for locating his. I am not States. I am for making the best disposition of holder. I think that is right. I think thai the prepared to sanction any such doctrine; and I am them under the circumstances. I am not in favor holder of the warrant, whoever he may be, whether Batisfied that my colleague, when he looks at the of giving bounty lands. I am for giving to every he is the old soldier or the old soldier's assignee, question, will not advocate his own amendment actual settler, who will go and remain upon the should be willing, and I know they are willing in without the insertion of such a provision as I have land, one hundred and sixty acres. I would this every instance, to pay whatever is fair and reaindicated. Gentlemen will see at once that it re- day vote for giving every acre aavay in that manner. sonable for locating their warrants. It is not too quires a man who has his warrant for forty acres I am entirely opposed to giving them to soulless much to ask of any man, if you give him one to pay four times as much in proportion to its value, corporations, upon a promise that they will make hundred and sixty or forty acres of land, that in as the man who has his one hundred and sixty railroads or anything of that kind. They must go the one case he shall pay $2, and in the other fifty acre warrant. It says that the man with the one to the States to which they belong. I know that cents for making out his papers. It is not unreahundred and sixty acre warrant shall pay fifty Pennsylvania can get none of them. I know the sonable, and no one will complain of it. Cents, but I am opposed to compelling the poor old States can get none of them. I am in favor of Mr. AVERETT, (interrupting:) I understand man, who, by his hard earnings, has been enabled giving them out in parcels to individuals who will that in order for any one to get the floor he must to purchase a warrant for forty acres, to pay a go and occupy and husband the lands, and make have an amendment to offer or he must speak in Similar sum. Now, I am for compelling the rich them valuable, and enhance the value of the prop-i opposition. inan to pay the same for the privilege he enjoys, | erty of the States to which they belong.

The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Illias the poor man, and the amendment which I have Mr. ALLISON. I ask my colleague to correct nois is speaking to an amendment. Proposed will effect that purpose. It places them a word. He said he was willing to give the lands Mr. BISSELL. I am speaking to an amendupon precisely the same footing. One per cent. to the States to which they belong. I know my col- ment, and I am in favor of this second section of upon the cash sale of forty acres will amount to league did not mean to express himself in that way. the Senate bill as it now stands. It requires, in

all cases, that the holder of a warrant, whether he having a warrant for the least number of acres millions of dollars came from as the amount upon be the assignee or the soldier himself, shall pay for will be taxed the most. If I go into market to buy which the percentage was asked; and I would like locating the land; and shall pay precisely as much, and warrants, I will prefer one of one hundred and to know how the Secretary of the Treasury made and no more, than is paid when the location is sixty acres to forty acre warrants; and why? a mistake of $80,888,02). I want to know whether made with cash. If I take two hundred dollars in Because I would have to pay only one fourth the $12,000,000 or $80,000,000 is the correct estimate, gold to the land office and propose to enter one tax in locating a one hundred and sixty acre war

and I want to know what it will take, at two per hundred and sixty acres of land, two dollars of rant, that I would have to pay for the foriy acre cent., if it is $68,000,000, to pay the registers and that two hundred goes to compensate the register warrants.

receivers. and receiver.

Mr. BISSELL. Not at all. Under this section, (Here the hammer feil.] Mr. SACKETT, (interrupting.) Will the gen- lo locate a forty acre warrant you pay fifty cents, Mr. BRENTON. I move to strike from the tleman answer me a question. The phraseology to locate an eighty acre warrant you pay $1, and amendment the words "original warrantee. 1 of the bill is, "the same compensation or perceni- to locate a one hundred and sixty acre warrant make this motion for the purpose of selling myself age;" I wish to know if there is any other comyou pay $2.

right. In the first place, I would inquire of the pensation besides percentage?

Mr. MARSHALL. That is the percentage. gentleman from Maryland where he obtained the Mr. BISSELL. None whatever; that is mere I am expressing my opposition to the provision of estimate he has given the committee verbiage. If I take two hundred dollars in gold the House bill, which proposes to fix the compen, Mr. EVANS. From the report of the Secreto a land office to enter one hundred and sixty sation for locating warrants at a specific sum. Į tary of the Treasury at the second session of the acres, two dollars of that gold, as I before said, go have not much to say, and I will not trouble the Thirty-first Congress, Executive document No. 11. to pay the register and receiver. Under this sec.

House by entering into the discussion. This I will send it to the gentleman. tion as now amended, if I take a one hundred and

matter has got now to about the point where I Mr. BRENTON. I was fully aware of the sixty acre warrant I pay the same, whereas in i expected it would get when we referred it to a se- statement read from that document, but he has fact the labor of the register and receiver is, in this leci committee. I think we were then a little misconceived the point which I made. The queslatter case, more than four times as great as when further advanced than now. I am now expressing tion is, what amount will be necessary to pay the an entry is made with cash.

my opposition to the matter which it is intended claims of registers and receivers at the land offices Mr. DUNHAM. I should like to ask the gen- hereafter to be inserted. It is as follows:

prior to the 3d March, 1849, and for warrants lotleman a question for information. Where the Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That from and after cated up to the close of the third quarter of 1851. entry is made in cash does the man who makes the passage of this act, the registers and receivers of the

My estimate is upon sales previous to that time, the entry have to pay it? United States land offices shall each be entitled to receive

leaving out of consideration the warrants located fifty cents for his services, in locating each bounty land warMr. BISSELL. I did not say so at all. I said rant by him located, to be paid by the person or persons lo

subsequently, and yet to be located. that of the two hundred dollars two dollars go to cating the same.

Mr. EVANS. Mineobraced all. the register and receiver--of course out of the That is, no matter whether it is a forty, eighty,

Mr. BRENTON. No gentleman can success. Treasury of the United States. But under this

or one hundred and sixty acre warrant, they will fully controvert my position who will look at the section, when the holder of a warrant enters his charge fifty cents upon each. This will depreciate facts as I presented them. The question is, what land, he must, as he ought to do—the land being the small warrants and appreciate the large ones. will it take to pay for services heretofore rendered given to him-pay that little pitlapce. Who can Mr. EVANS. I intend to oppose the proposi- by those turned out of office by the present Adminobject to that Senate bill now! It takes no money | tion, and in doing so, to make some remarks in istration, and for warrants located up to the time out of the Treasury, and only requires a man to reference to the extent of land warrants, to which I specified? The report is just as I stated it in my whom you have given one hundred and sixty acres I beg leave to call the attention of the gentleman remarks on yesterday-the annual cash value of of land to pay two dollars for its location. Who

from Indiana, (Mr. Brenton.) It was stated by lands located by warrants up to the third quarcan object to it? Who will have it struck out for

the gentleman, and assented to by his colleague, ter of 1851. That was the amount of lands actu. this much less intelligible amendment proposed by that $12,000,000 would cover the entire issue of ally disposed of. To take the warrants which the gentleman from Indiana? (Mr. DUNHAM.] land warrants. Well, that may be so. But a cer- have been issued, and all that are to be issued, has This is a simple, plain, straightforward matter. tain official report makes a different statement; } not entered into my calculation at all. I took sim-l I hope the second section, as now amended, and do not propose to decide where doctors disagree, ply the estimate in the Commissioner's report of that does not take a dollar from the Treasury, but nor to determine between gentlemen equally well aciual locations up to a given time, and noi of only requires the holder of a warrant to pay as informed, but I will ask the committee to under- those in circulation. much as would be paid to the register and receiver take that task after hearing what I am about to Mr. EVANS. I understand the gentleman. I if the entry was made in cash, will remain as it is, |rend. I hold in my hand an official document of this look the whole number, the gentleman only takes and that ii will become a part of the law.

Government-Executive document, No. 11, the a part. The question was then taken upon the amend- report of the Secretary of the Treasury, at the sec

Mr. BRENTON. I fixed a certain time, and ment offered by Mr. Sackett, and it was dis- ond session of the 31st Congress. There is a state- confined my estimate of the lands actually located agreed to.

ment appended to this report-statement K-10 within that time, and not of those which have and Mr. AVERETT. Is it in order to strike out which I would ask the attention of the gentleman may be issued under the provisions of law. I am all of the second section?

from Indiana, whose account I do not gainsay. aware the vast amount of warrants authorized 10 The CHAIRMAN. A motion is pending to The Secretary says, “Statement K, appended to

be issued will exhaust millions and millions of strike out all after the first section, and also to this report, shows the number of warrants located acres of public domain. I am satisfied of that. strike out the second section.

.by the acts to which reference has been made, and My argument was to show the amount of money Mr.:MARSHALL, of Kentucky. I offer the the number yet to be located, as estimated from that would be drawn from the Treasury as comfollow proviso to the second section, as it now the pay rolls and other evidences on file, with the pensation for the services already rendered by the stands:

quantity of lands in acres required to satisfy them. registers and receivers. I still stand by all the Prorided, That no fees shall be charged where the war- • The quantity of lands sold and taken from mar

facts I have stated. rant was located by the original warrantee.

• ket by virtue of these warrants, for the years (Here the hammer fell.] Mr. M. I conceive the second section to be as • 1847, 1848, 1849, is 14,727,742.40 acres (aver- Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I only wish the gentleman fram Illinois (Mr. Bissell) under- •aging 4,909,247.46 acres per annum,) valued at to say a word in reply to the gentleman from Kenstands it, that it will require the soldier to pay to $18,911,134.76, (averaging $6,303,711.58 per an- tucky, (Mr. Marshall.] As this second section the registers and receivers two per cent. on the num.)

of the Senate bill now stands, the price to be paid amount of his warrant, and to that I am opposed, “ The warrants yet to be presented under these to the registers and receivers is one and a quarter because the bounty land law was based upon the acts will require 78,922,513 acres, valued at $98,- || per cent. per acre. The gentleman from Indiana idea that it was a gratuity upon the part of the 653,140. At the above average of 4,909,247.46 moves to insert fifty cents for each warrant. One Government to the men who had rendered military acres per annum over sixteen years will be re- per cent. upon the value of forty acres is fifty cents. service; and I am unwilling to change the princí. quired to absorb and satisfy the warrants yet to So there is little difference between the section, as ple of the law, so as to charge the soldier where he • be issued, as estimated under the several bounty it now stands amended, and the amendment of the make the entry, with any fee at all. I would l • land acts now in force.

gentleman from Indiana. require of the registers and receivers gratuitous

“ There will then be diverted from the Treas- Mr.JONES, of Tennessee. One per cent.upon services, at all events, where this class of persons ury, from the sale of lands, the sum of $113,245,- || the whole amount. Jocate warrants. I am fully aware that it may be • 896."

Mr. STEPHENS. There is very little differ, replied to this, that the speculator will charge upon Now from this $113,245,896 is to be deducted ence between them; and so far as I am concerned the market value of the warrant whatever he may | $25,981,671, the value of the swamp lands granted it is wholly immaterial whether the motion fails be required to pay in the Land Office, that that is io the State of Louisiana; $133,600, the value of or is agreed to. I think the gentleman from Kenan evil which unavoidably

accompanies the sub- lands granted to colleges, salines, &c.; and $2,450,- | tucky was mistaken in supposing that it would ject, which may depress the value of the warrant, | 314, granted for internal improvements and Choc- depreciate the forty acre warrants.

I am opposed and which will, at all events, operate as a sort of

taw certificates; which would leave $80,888,021, to paying them anything, and shall vote with the tax upon the assignability of land warrants. I the value of lands granted under the several boun- gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Jones) to strike am opposed to the principle of the amendment ty land acts. The Secretary says expressly that out the whole section. which is attempted to be inserted here by our own he has based his computation upon the pay-rolls The question was then taken on the amendment committee, and prefer the basis of percentage as a and upon the number of warrants likely to be to the amendment, and it was disagreed to. compensation, rather than a fixed amount, for the brought in—not upon the whole number of soldiers The question was then taken upon Mr. Marlocation of land warrants, for the simple reason, that ever served, but upon those granted to sol- Shall's amendment, and it was rejected. that as you fix the basis of compensation accord- || diers still living, and the widows and minor chil- Mr. DUNHAM.' I move, pro forma, to amend ing to the warrant, it operates to the depreciation | dren of soldiers who are dead, and those that it is the second section of the bill, by reducing the in market of the forty acre warrant most, the probable will come in. It is not a vague and wild proposed pay one half. eighty acre warrant next, and the one hundred and estimate. I would like to know-but not in the I wish particularly to state a few facts to this The man

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erally well paid for their services. It is well will be ample compensation for the labors per- So the committee refused to rise. known to every member of this committee that formed by these officers in locating these warrants. The question was then taken upon Mr. Dunboth registers and receivers are each paid an an- At the time my colleague was appointed regis- || Ham's amendment, and it was rejected. nual salary of $500. Besides this, they receive a ter of the land office at Fort Wayne, a Democrat Mr. SACKETT. I move to strike out all after percentage upon the moneys received upon all cash was turned out to make a place for him. I do not the word “ seven," in the sixth line, and inentries. I will call the attention of the committee think that Democrat was anxious to be removed sert, “ on each land warrant of forty acres, fifty to the case of a single land office, as an illustra- because the compensation was inadequate, or for cents; for each land warrant of eighty acres, tion of the duties performed and the compensation any other reason, and I do think my colleague, | $1; and for each land warrant of one hundred and therefor. I will take the land office where the as well as several other hungry. Whig office seek | sixty acres, $2.". ottice of register was filled by my honorable col- ers, were anxious to be appointed in his place. In presenting this amendment, I wish to call the league, (Mr. Brenton.) And, by the way, it real- I never heard that my colleague was disposed to attention of the especial friends of this provision ly seems to me that my colleague shows his great give up the office until he thought there was a of the bill, to its consideration. I have become modesty by his exceedingly warm support of this chance for him to be elected to a seat on this floor, satisfied myself that there is a strong disposition bijl, having himself just left a land office which is although he had before that held it ample time to in the House against giving to these registers, who to be affected by it, and therefore being directly have enabled him to ascertain whether he was have really performed these duties, any compeninterested. And I know that my colleague is a sufficiently paid for his labor.

sation whatever. I think that is unjusi. I think very candid man, and would do nothing but what Mr. Chairman, it is seldom you find a man out it would require five or six registers or receivers, he ihought strictly right, even in a matter wherein of office, who desires to hold office at all, who and for them to do all this business without any he was himself directly interested; but, sir, it is so does not believe that the emoluments are ample | additional compensation whatever, would be unvery natural for one to work himself into the belief and desirable; and you as seldom find one in office equal and unjust. This proposition is a graduated that a thing is right which is for his interest, that who believes that he is sufficiently compensated proposition, based upon the same principle preI think it would be well for the committee to at for the great sacrifices which he makes to give to cisely as the percentage principle, only it is half least scrutinize the arguments of my colleague the country the benefit of his services and great | the amount proposed by the original bill itself. closely, for fear that, notwithstanding all his can- talents.

That is one per cent, to each of the officers. The dor, his judgment may be a little warped. Now, Mr. SWEETSER. I regret exceedingly to in- | effect of this is to give half per cent. to each of sir, our rules prohibit a member from voting upon terfere with this plensant episode on the part of them, and it is based upon the proposition of maa measure under such circumstances; and it seems the gentleman from Indiana. I rise for the pur-king every grade of warrant equal-a warrant for to me that modesty should forbid him from so pose of opposing the amendment which has been forty acres paying the same per cent. as a warrant earnestly advocating it. But that is merely a mat- offered by my honorable friend upon my right, for one hundred and sixty acres, thus steering ter of taste, about which I do not feel particularly and for the purpose of opposing all amendments clear of all the difficulties that have been suggested interested. The amount of money received at the to this section. It is not my desire that this sec- in regard to that point in the case. If there is land office of Fort Wayne, in Indiana, the first tion should be made palatable, after the demon- | anything to be preserved to these men, who really quarter of 1850, was $893; the second quarter, stration which has been made here in relation to performed these duties, I would suggest to the S8,528; the third quarter, $7,285; fourth quarter, the details of this bill. It seems to me that the friends of this provision of the bill, whether it 6,050; first quarter of 1851, $4.988; second quarter, friends of the original proposition—the first sec- would not be wise to adopt this proposition of half $529, and the third quarter $589; and so it goes on tion-which makes these land warrants assigna- per cent., or a proposition that is equivalent to pretty much in that way. That is the amount of ble, should cease further debate, and make it a test half per cent., and preserve an equality between all money received into the public Treasury; and for question, in relation to striking out the second warrants, giving to each register and receiver fifty receiving this the officers are entitled to a salary of section, which will be fatal to the balance of the cents for every forty acre warrant; $1 for every $500 a year, besides one per cent. upon the amount bill. I know there was a very decided expression eighty acre warrant, and $2 for every one hunof money actually received. But he shows you of opinion upon the motion made by the honorable dred and sixty acre warrant. that he has not been well paid in locating these land member from Tennessee, (Mr. Jones,] to strike Mr. VENÁBLE. Mr. Chairman, I am opwarrants. Let us see. The whole number of Mex- out the second section. That motion seemed to posed to this and all other amendments to the bill. ican land warrants located at the Fort Wayne of- cover the balance of the bill. There was a dem- | The proposition of my friend from Tennessee fice, from the first issue of those warrants to the onstration here, that this House was convinced (Mr. Jones) meets with my hearty concurrence. present time, is two hundred and forty three. that the original proposition to make these land I trust that we shall speedily come to a vote upon For this extra service, the Government have paid warrants assignable, should be passed. But in striking out all of this bill but the first section, each year $500 to the officer, and besides this, he relation to the details of the bill, other proposi- || which makes land warrants assignable, and, of was entitled to receive, and undoubtedly has re- tions were brought in and tacked upon the back course, available to those who have received them ceived, half a dollar for locating each warrant not of this proposition, which may receive the sanc- from the Government in acknowledgment of servilocated by the original warrantee, and very few, || tion of the House at a proper time; but the friends ces rendered. I have listened with some attention as I have before shown, have been. Yet the gen- 1 of the measure were unwilling to agree to the sep- to this debate, and with a sincere desire to be intleman seems to think they have not been well arate provisions offered, because they were out of formed about the details of the bill, but confess paid. What is true in reference to Fort Wayne, | place. Now, I say to these gentlemen, however that the only part which I fully comprehend is that is true in reference to one half of the offices, much we may differ in relation to these provisions, which provides for the compensation of land offithough at some of the offices much less has been let us pass the original proposition. I ask gen- cers, as well the incumbents as their predecessors. received than at Fort Wayne; at some, in fact, | tlemen desirous of retaining the original proposi- | We hear that the emoluments and salaries are poor for whole quarters nothing at all has been receiv- tion, why shall we procrastinate this matter fur- and insufficient—that the compensation is utterlyined. I undertake to say, that a majority of them ther? Let us come to a test vote upon striking adequate for the services rendered. Sir, I am a plain are paid as much as they ought to be, for the num- out the second section. That is what we desire. man and come from a plain people, amongst whom ber of land warrants located. I do not believe | After we come to that vote, then, if there is a common sense is a marked characteristic. When it is a very great hardship upon them.

majority of the House who decide in favor of by the turns of the wheel of fortune an office gets Mr. BISSELL. . If two hundred land warrants striking out, gentlemen who have their different fixed upon a man, and the income is not suficient were located there, then the receiver cannot re- propositions, can bring them forward and submit for his support, the old people advise him to resign. ceive as much as $200 under this law, unless they them to the favorable consideration of Congress. We are apprised that there is no part of the counwere one hundred and sixty acre warrants. The I will vote to give them a special committee, and try where it is lawful to hold a man violently in receiver or register under the law we propose, || let the friends of the various propositions have an office. I also remark, that when, in the mutations would not receive from it so much, at any rate no opportunity of making a favorable showing for by which power is transferred from the hands of more, than $200. Is not that a great sum? Now, || their friends.

one party to another, and the incumbents of office there is the amount the receiver at Fort Wayne is It is obvious to all that these gentlemen cannot are removed, we hear great murmuring amongst to receive under this law,

and do not agree among themselves in relation to those who have been turned out from those unprofitMr. DUNHAM. That is not a very great the details of their favorite propositions. That able stations. I now understand the problem. sum, it is true; but when you put together what disagreement of itself furnishes sufficient reason These gentlemen have determined to serve the we are asked to pay to all these officers for past for the House to reject now all the extraneous country from patriotic motives; and when a Demand present services, it does make, as I have here

ocratic President obstructs their high purpose, by tofore shown, a very large sum indeed; and if It would be unsafe and unwise in the committee removal of Whigs, they have a right to complain. the officer is not deserving of the pay, why should to attempt to dispose of these various propositions and so when a Whig Executive ejects Democrats we pay him at all? li is a simple question, in the absence of all agreement upon the details, from stations, in which they were determined whether these services have been properly com- and in the haste which seems to be demanded by to demonstrate their devotedness to the country, pensated ? Every western man knows, who has the pressing wishes of our constituents. Let us and the country alone, I am not surprised that any experience in these public offices, that these cease offering amendments, bring the committee to they give utterance to feelings of dissatisfaction. officers are engaged in other business, and are a test vote, and yield fairly to the will of the ma- Above all, sir, I would not go back and vote comdischarging other duties by no means interfering jority of the committee. I do not doubt, neither | pensation to those who have been kept from pecuwith the business of these offices.

can gentlemen who differ with me doubt, but it is niary sacrifice by a removal from office. No, sir, I know it is said that this $500 salary is for of the wish and intention of this committee to strip those who, having determined to throw themselves fice-rent, fuel, &c., the books, blanks and station- this bill of all crude and irrelevant propositions. upon the wave of patriotism and be wasted to honor ery being furnished by the Government; but, sir, I I indulge the hope that we may speedily and and immortal fame, should be permitted to win the will appeal to my colleague himself, that it is far without further delay, pass the law which is de- prize. I would not stain the lustre of their renown more than sufficient for that purpose. I presume manded, and in due time give our attention to the hy mingling the sordid consideration of filthy lucre, very few if any of the offices occupied cost a rent various propositions now before the committee, in the shape of back rations, with their claims to of $100 per annum. I apprehend, then, sir, that and dispose of each, all, in accordance with justice. our gratitude. It is the warm current of patriotic the excess of this $500 salary, after paying rent Mr. HENN moved that the committee rise. feeling which determines them to give up all in the and contingencies, increased by the fee of fifty The question was then taken, and it was not self-denying duty of holding office, for, strange to cents per warrant, proposed by my amendment, I agreed to.

tell, all the offices are filled. There is no lack of



patriotic men to meet the necessities of the country. I ordered; and Messrs. Clark and Hunter ap- Mr. FISH presented the memorial of the assistBut, sir, let us come up to the duty of making pointed.

ant marshals for taking the Seventh Census in land warrants issued, and in progress of being And the question being put, it was decided in New York county, New York, praying additional issued, under an existing law, assignable. Let us, the affirmative-ayes 86, noes 28.

compensation; which was referred to the Comnot keep the promise to the ear and break it to the The committee accordingly rose, and the Speak- mittee of Claims. hope of the soldier, or his widow, whose long-de- er having resumed the chair, the Chairman of the Mr. DODGE, of lowa, presented the petition ferred claims are now acknowledged. Let us re- committee reported that the Committee of the of Robert A. Defrance, praying a title to a lot upon move the artificial difficulties - placed in the way of Whole on the state of the Union had had the which he resides in the city of Burlington, lowa; a transfer by our own legislation, and which have Union generally under consideration, and particu- | which was referred to the Committee on Public made many a prey to sharks and speculators. He ilarly the special order of the House, being Senate | Lands. totters on the verge of the grave; life's sand is bill 146, entitled "An act to make land warrants Also, the memorial of the Legislature of lowa, nearly run out; let us throw a beam of light upon assignable, and for other purposes," and that it praying a donation of land to aid in the construchis dark path; let us cheer him with an assurance had come to no conclusion thereon.

tion of the Burlington and Fort Des Moines Railof the regard, and the receipt of the bounty of a On motion by Mr. AVERETT, the House then i road; which was referred to the Committee on grateful country, as free from conditions as his ser- | adjourned.

Public Lands, and ordered to be printed. vices were generous and valuable.

Mr. FELCH presented the petition of William Mr. ALLISON moved to amend Mr. Sack


A. Burt, praying a just allowance in consideration Ett's amendment so as to reduce the compensa- The following petitions, memorials, &c., were presented of the benefit the Government has derived from tion proposed to be allowed to the registers and under the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees : the use of a compass invented by him; which was receivers to one half.

By Mr. KUHNS: The petition of Hon. James Bell and referred to the Committee on Public Lands. Mr. A. then said: For one, I would be very

72 other citizens of Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania,
praying for the establishment of a direct mail route from

Mr. CLEMENS presented a memorial of the willing that the committee should come to a vote Greensburg to West Newton, in said county.

Legislature of Alabama, praying a donation of at once upon the proposition to make land war- By Mr. BURROWS: The memorial of D. 8. Morgan || land in aid of the school fund of such townships rants assignable. " That I conceive to be the ob- and others, citizens of the State of Illinois, praying Congress as have valueless sixteenth sections, which was ject of these bills, and that is what those who are not to renew C. H. McCormick's patent for a reaping ma

referred to the Committee on Public Lands and interested in these warrants require. I suppose Also, the petition of L. S. Kellogg and others, citizens of ordered to be printed. that every gentleman upon this floor represents Wisconsin, praying Congress not to renew C. H. McCor- The PRESIDENT pro tem. laid before the some who are directly interested in these warrants

mick's patent for a reaping machine. and are anxious to have them made assignable.

By Mr. PARKER, of Pennsylvania : The petition of Senate a memorial of inhabitants of Jefferson We learn this from the fact that among the very David Watts and 53 others, citizens of Perry and Union

county, Indiana, praying that the transportation counties, in Pennsylvania, praying Congress to establish a of the mails on Sunday may be prohibited by law; first propositions submitted to this House at the mail route from Millerstown, in Perry county, via Mount which was referred to the Committee on the Post commencement of the session, was a proposition

Pleasant Mills, Middleburg, Centreville, and New Berlin, | Office and Post Roads. to make land warrants assignable. But there are

to Mitilinburg, in Union county.
By Mr. BAILEY, of Georgia: The memorial of citizens.

Mr. MALLORY presented a memorial of asother questions which have been introduced and of Wilkinson county, Georgia, relative to the appointment of sistant marshals for taking the Seventh Census in connected with this subject. I have not time to Chaplains for both Houses of Congress.

Florida, praying additional compensation; which discuss them now, but my worthy colleague,

By Mr. PEASLEE: The petition of Thomas Chadbourne and others, that an appropriation be made to the executive

was referred to the Committee of Claims. (Mr. J. W. Howe,] who addressed the House a committee of the London Industrial Exhibition, to relieve

Also, a petition of citizens of Duval county, short time ago, made use of words which sug. them from expenses incurred in the transportation and dis- Florida, praying an alteration of the rates of postgested an idea to my mind. He said that the old play of articles from the United States. States had no longer any interest in the lands in

By Mr. SCUDDER : The petitions of Alexander Baxter printed matter; which was referred to the Com

age on newspapers, pamphlets, books, and other the new States and Territories in the western

chusetts, asking an appropriation for the preservation of mittee on the Post Office and Post Roads. part of the country. Why, sir, it amazed me to the breakwater in Hyannis harbor, Massachusetts.

Mr. COOPER presented the petition of Thomas hear that the experience of that gentleman, who

By Mr. THURSTON: The memorial of John Lawrie C. Hawkins, deputy marshal for taking the Serhas held a seat upon this fioor for some years,

and Donald Stuart, for relief in building a bridge across
Tiber creek, in the city of Washington.

enth Census in the county of Green, Pennsylvahad taught him that the old States had no interest in the public lands, and that those lands ought to

By Mr. WEIGHTMAN: The memorial of sundry citi- nia, praying to be allowed additional compensa

zens of Arkansas, Texas, and New Mexico, praying for a tion; which was referred to the Committee of be given to those to whom they belonged to the mail route from Red river to the Rio Grande.

Claims. new States. As a Pennsylvanian, I could not

By Mr. ASHE: The memorial of R. F. Williams, deputy marshal, praying additional compensation for taking the

Also, the memorial of citizens of Philadelphia, agree to that, nor did I believe that my colleague

praying for the construction of piers and harbors intended it. I know that the legislation of the last By Mr. PORTER : The petition of sundry citizens of in the Delaware river and bay; which was referred few years would teach us that the old States have

Montgomery county, Missouri, asking the passage of a law to the Committee on Commerce. no interest in the public lands, but I hope that

to modify and reduce the rates of postage on newspapers,
periodicals, and other printed matter.

Also, a memorial of citizens of Pittsburg, Pentime is passed away; I hope we shall hear new By Mr. HENN: The petition of James Shepherd and sylvania, praying further legislation for the prodoctrines and learn that the old States have a 115 others, praying an appropriation of land for a railroad tection of lives and property on board of vessels common interest in these lands, and that they are from Lafayette, Indiana, via Peoria, Rurlington, Sceosan- | propelled in whole or in part by steam; which a common fund for the benefit of all the States. qua, and Bloomfield, to the Missouri river,

was referred to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. J. W. HOWE. I did not mean to say

Mr. COOPER. I present the memorial of the that the old States had no interest in the lands. I


officers of the Pennsylvania State Agricultural Someant to say that they had an interest in them,

Friday, February 6, 1852.

ciety, praying for the establishment of an Agribut could not put their hands upon it. Mr. ALLISON. Ah! That may be. But I

Prayer by the Rev. L. F. MORGAN.

cultural Bareau. I have received, along with the hope the day has come when a new doctrine is to

On motion by Mr. HUNTER, it was

memorial, a letter from the President of the SociOrdered, That the execution of the order of the Senate

ety, the Hon. Frederick Watts, in which he re be taught. I hope that the old States will stand

of the 220 December last, assigning Friday of each week up for their interest in these lands. Whilst we take

quests me to state to the Serrate the great desire to the consideration of private bills, be postponed until one that is everywhere manifested throughout the State a pride in the progress of improvement in that o'clock this day.

of Pennsylvania, that a bureau of the kind prayed glorious part of our country-the Great West, Mr. PRATT presented the petition of the Board for should be established. we must not forget that the old States are borne of Trade and Insurance Offices of the city of Bal- I move its reference to the Committee on Agridown to the earth with taxds for improvements timore, for the erection of fog bells upon Chingo- || culture. that were made to fill up that great West. I hope | teague Island, Smith's Island, Cape Henry, Cur- The memorial was so referred. we will show that we are not derelict to our duty, rituck or False Cape, Cape Hatteras, Cape Fear,

PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED. but that while we are anxious to do everything and also on board the light-boats in the Chesapeake calculated to benefit the West, we are also willing Bay; which was referred to the Committee on

On motion by Mr. FISH, it was to protect the interests of the old States, whose | Commerce.

Ordered, That the documents on the files of the Senate, sons have peopled the Western States. I hope the Mr. WADE presented the memorial of L. H. relating to the claim of John Hogan, be referred to the Com

mittee on Foreign Relations. day has arrived when we, as members represent | Shepard, assistant marshal for taking the Seventh ing the people of this country, will legislate for the Census in Erie county, Ohio, praying additional

On motion by Mr. BUTLER, it was whole country. My colleague, 1 am sure, made compensation; which was referred to the Commit- Ordered, That the proceedings of the Chamber of Com the remark more in playfulness than in earnest,

merce of Charleston, South Carolina, on the files of the tee of Claims.

Senate, in relation to the establishment of a Branch Mint is that we had no interest in the public lands, and that Mr. BRODHEAD presented the memorial of that city, be referred to the Committee on Finance. we were to give them away to those to whom they | citizens of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Del- REPORTS FROM STANDING COMMITTEES. belonged. Why, if that was true--if my col- | aware, praying an appropriation for the erection league was right, I would say, as he has said, that of piers and harbors in the Delaware river and ing, to which was referred a motion made by me

Mr. BORLAND, from the Committee on PrintI would vote to give away the public lands to bay; which was referred to the Committee on every man who has not a farm, and who does not Commerce.

Felch, on the 5th instant, to print an additional enjoy a homestead, rather than that they should Mr. HAMLIN presented the memorial of as

number of the report of the Commissioner of the be given away to make improvements in those sistant marshals for taking the Seventh Census in

General Land Office accompanying the annual mes States that have already so largely benefited by York county, Maine,

praying additional compen- thereon; and, in concurrence therewith, it was

sage of the President of the United States, reported improvements.

sation; which was referred to the Committee of Here the hammer fell.] Claims.

Ordered, That one thousand copies of the said report be Mr. MOORE, of Pennsylvania. I have no de- Mr. BRADBURY presented the memorial of General Land Office.

printed, in addition to the usual number, for the use of the sire to prolong this debate. I am opposed to this Benjamin Sampson and others, assistant marshals amendment, and ask for a vote upon it. for taking the Seventh Census in Franklin county, | ing, to which was referred the resolution, submit

Mr. HAMLIN, from the Committee on PrintMr. HENN moved that the committee rise. Mr. STUART demanded tellers; which were

Maine, praying additional compensation; which ted the 5th instant, for the printing of an additional was referred the Committee .

number of the report of the Light-House Board,


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