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day. If we do not come to a vote on this resoly- | it is a well-settled principle of the law, regulating ment, and in one senseand that an important tion to-day, we shall postpone action upon it to an contracts between individuals, that where one man one-equivalent to cash; therefore the officers are almost indefinite time. I hope that we shall have renders service for another, and at his request, that entitled to compensation for locating a land warsomething approaching a test vote before we ad- the person rendering the service shall be compen- rant. I present my amendment to the third secjourn. We can have something like a test vote to sated for his labor, according to the terms of the tion, and hope that the committee will adopt it, see whether it is the sense of the Senate that this contract made between them; and that if no spe- and with it recommend the passage of the Senate work shall be given to the particular individuals cific contract is made, then the compensation shall bill. named in the resolution. If that is setiled we can be according to the nature and value of the service Mr. YATES said: I wish to speak upon two go into the details hereafter. I hope, therefore, be- rendered, which is generally determined by the sections of the Senate bill.. It seems to me that a fore the Senate adjourns we shall have a test vote. i custom of the country.
simple statement of the facts, is all that is necesMr. PEARCE next obtained the floor, but Now, if we are disposed to apply this rule to sary to determine the action of this House in alyielded it, at the solicitation of Senators, and, the case before us, how will the matter stand ? lowing to the registers and receivers the compensaOn motion, the Senate adjourned.
Here are one hundred and thirty-six men, who tion they ask. This House, I am sure, would not
have been employed by the Government, to perform willingly do an act of deliberate injustice, nor HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
certain and specific duties, duties which are essen- would it omit to do an act of positive justice. If Thursday, February 5, 1852.
tial to the execution and administration of your the members of this House are satisfied that the
laws, in reference to the disposition of the public compensation of registers and receivers has been, The House met pursuant to adjournment. Prayer domain. These duties have been faithfully per- and is now, and in the future is likely to be, inadby the Rev. Mr. Norgan.
formed; and being satifactory, they are accepied by equate, then, sir, it would be an imputation upon The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. much being admitted, what is our next
duty: Why it would withhold fair and honest compensation.
the Government. This no one will deny. This' the sense of justice of this House to intimate that unanimous consent of the House to introduce the simply to ascertain the amount of compensation What are the facts? We have the petitions of memorial of John W. Horton, and forty other these employees of the Government are entitled to registers and receivers before us, stating that their citizens of Pennsylvania, praying the abolition by receivę.
compensation is entirely inadequate, They show Congress of the national chaplaincy system.
Then the question arises, how shall this be as- to us that their stated compepsation is a salary of Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia, objected.
certained? My answer iş, according to the law $500, and a commission of one per cent. on cash Mr. PARKER moved a suspension of the rules authorizing their employment, and fixing the com- sales, and that from this sum is to be deducted for that purpose.
pensation for their services. What is that law? clerk-hire, office-rent, fuel, and incidental expenses. The SPEAKER. Such a motion is not in or receive an annual salary of $500, and a commis warrants does not amount to a sufficient sum to
They tell us that the compensation of locating der to-day.
sion of one per cent, on their receipts. Noth- li pay clerks, which they are compelled to keep for CIVIL AND DIPLOMATIC BILL.
ing can be plainer than this. Would not a jury that service, and the duties of which cannot be Mr. HOUSTON, from the Committee of Ways of the country decide without hesitation, that they performed without clerks. They also inform us and Means, reported a bill making appropriations were entitled to their commission on all the lands that the service of locating warrants is four or five for the civil and diplomatic expenses of the Gov- disposed of by them, by virtue of their authority times as great as when the lands are entered with ernment for the year ending 30th of June, 1853, | from the Government? And yet there are gentle cash; that in the location of each warrant, the and for other purposes; which was read a first and men here who think and say-no doubt honestly registers and receivers have to examine every warsecond time by its title, committed to the Com--that for more than half of the labor they have rant, and the assignments on the same to examine mittee of the Whole House on the state of the performed they shall receive nothing at all. Why the petition, affidavits, certificates, and powers of Union, and ordered to be printed.
is this? Is it because there is any law prohibiting attorney where they are located by an agent of the RESOLUTIONS OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. it? I understand that some gentlemen are under grantee, to make the entries upon the several books
Mr. LOCKHART, by unanimous consent, in- | the impression, that the acts of Congress author of his office, to forward his abstracts to Washingtroduced the following joint resolutions of the Le- izing the issue and location of land warrants pro- ton, &c. And we are truly told that in many disgislature of the State of Indiana, which were re
hibit this compensation. This is a mistake; there istricts since the passage of the bounty land laws of ferred to the appropriate committees, as indicated
no such prohibition, Why, then, has the com- 1847, the entries with cash are comparatively tew. below:
pensation been withheld ? Simply because the These entries are made with land warrants, so A joint resolution instructing the Senators and Department, in their, cautious and vigilant guar- that the land oficers are deprived almost entirely requesting the Representatives in Congress from
dianship over the public Treasury, have decided of the one per cent, commission to which they that State to procure a site for a national
armory cüre of an appeal from that decision; and all that is about to enact that these land warrants shall be
against it. And these claims come here in the na- are entitled on actual cash sales. And we are now within the State of Indiana; referred to the Com- | required of you is to give the express authority | made assignable. This will bring them into the mittee on Military Affairs.
to the proper officers to investigate and allow the market in large quantities; they will find their way A joint resolution in relation to constructing a claims according to the facts of each case. to the different land offices, and almost every entry canal around the Falls of the Ohio river; referred
But it is contended, that there is not sufficient will be made with warrants. There are very few to the Committee on Roads and Canals.
data from which the Commissioner can determine men who will plank down the gold and silver at A joint resolution relative to granting public
the amount of these claims. Certainly those who the rate of $200 for a hundred and sixty acres of lands to settlers; referred to the Committee on Pub
urge this objection have not made themselves famil- land when they can buy a warrant for $60 or $100, lie Lands.
iar with the operations of our land system and and with thai buy the same quantity of land.. A joint resolution for the purpose of obtaining
land offices. Every register is required to report Thus, sir, we see that the inevitable effect of from the General Government à grant of unsold
to the General Land Office monthly, and to furnish making these warrants assignable will be to render lands in the Vincennes district, Indiana, for the
an abstract of locations made, with the names of the that part of the law which gives one per cent. benefit of common schools; referred to the Com
persons locating, distinguishing between the war- commission on actual cash entries almost a pullimittee on Public Lands.
rantee and assignee. By taking these abstracts, ly, leaving the land officer with the salary of $500, Mr. SWEETSER moved that the rules be sus
and deducting from the assigned warrants the and a trisling compensation out of the commispended, and that the House resolve itself into a
amount received under the authority of the act of sion, from which are to be deducted clerk-hire, Committee of the Whole upon the special orders. ! 1848, the residue is the amount to which these office-rent, fuel, and incidental expenses. The question was then taken, and the motion officers are entitled.
I will refer the House to facts and figures, which agreed to.
But it is said that these officers have profited by I have obtained in answer to a letter addressed to
receiving illegal fees. Well, this bill is sufficient- the Commissioner of the General Land Office, ASSIGNABILITY OF LAND WARRANTS.
ly guarded on that point, for it provides that no and which will show to this House that the past The House accordingly resolved itself into the officer who shall be proved to have received any and present registers and receivers in the land Committee of the Whole House on the state of the fees not allowed by law, shall be entitled to any office at Springfield, Illinois, have not received an Union, upon the special orders, (Mr. Olds in the compensation by virtue of the provisions of this adequate compensation for their services. chair.)
Between the passage of the act of February 11th, The CHAIRMAN. The business before the I shall close with these additional remarks, that 1847, and the 31st of October, 1851, a period of committee is the special order, being Senate bill if the General Government authorizes its officers four years and eight months, the number of milNo, 146, making land warrants assignable, and to dispose of the public domain for a valuable con- itary bounty land warrants located in the district for other purposes. The gentleman from Indiana sideration, whether that consideration be cash or of lands subject to sale at Springfield, Illinois, was (Mr. Brenton] is entitled to the floor from yester- its equivalent, it cannot consistently withhold prop. 1983; of this number 1800 were assigned warrants, day. er remuneration from its officers.
upon which the register and receiver received fifty Mr. BRENTON. I do not wish to consume Suppose that the acts of 1847 and 1850, instead"cents on each warrant. Thus in a period of four the full time allotted to me under the rule in the ofauthorizing the issue of land warrants, had given years and eight months, the register and receiver further discussion of this question. At the close to the soldiers military scrip, to be received in pay- each received for the locating of assigned land, warof my remarks yesterday, I was about to statement for public lands, would the officers have been rants, the sum of $900, or at the rate of $225 per that in addition to the peculiar facts connected compensated for exchanging the public lands for annum. In the same period of four years and eight with the question under discussion, and apart from this kind of paper? Certainly; and such has been months, the amount of cash received from the sales those facts, I placed myself in regard to the third the practice of the Government; and
yet this serip of the public lands at the same office, was $102,594, section of this bill upon the higher ground-di- ) is not cash. Such scrip is now issued and received upon which the commission of one per cent. would rected to the importance and propriety of the pas- || in payment for public lands. My argument, in be $1,025; or at the rate of $256 per year. Now add sage of the bill as it is that the law by which our short, is this: that where the Government officers, the $225 received upon assigned land warrants, and land officers are organized, and which fixes the are required to dispose of the public lands for cash the $256, the commission received on cash sales, compensation of these officers, is sufficient, to my or its equivalent, they are entitled to full compen- to the stated compensation of skoo, and we find mind, 19. justify them in receiving now that for sation for their services.
that the whole sum received by me register, and which they have heretofore labored. I believe that Ą land warrant is a demand against the Govern- receiver för
since the passage of the act
of February 11th, 1847, has been $981, Now, cordially concur in this feature of the bill. I be- || will not be entitled to the floor, to close debate,
deduct from this sum a reasonable allowance ieve, sir, that there are as meritorious claimantsl | until the House bill shall have been under consid: to be paid by them for a competent clerk, say among those who have been engaged in the sup- || eration. $400, for office-rent $150, and $150 for fuel, sta- pression of Indian hostilities as among those who Mr. DUNHAM. This whole matter was re. tionery, incidental expenses, and for receiving, have engaged in the Mexican and other wars. ferred to the Committee of the Whole on the state safe-keeping and transmitting the public moneys, Among them, sir, are the pioneers of our western of the Union at the same time, and the debate was and there is left to the register and receiver each country, that hardy and adventurous race, who closed on both bills by the same resolution. I the small pittance of $281, as a compensation for have marched in the van of civilization, and en- shall therefore feel myself bound to take an appeal their services, and the discharge of duties of a high countered with heroic fortitude all the vicissitudes || from the decision of the Chair, and claim my right and responsible character. Now, sir, these are the of the forest, and all the perils of Indian warfare, lo occupy the floor for an hour-having reported facts; and I appeal to this House, by a solemn sense and yet, sir, have not been recognized as the sol- the House bill, and debate having been closed upon of justice, not to withhold a fair compensation to diers of the Government. They, sir, are the rep- || both bills at the same time. these officers for the services they have rendered. resentatives of that glorious epoch in the march Mr. MASON I have no objection to the gen
This House cannot hesitate between the pro- of empire westward, “ when every cabin was a tleman's making an hour's speech. My object in priety of passing a bill now allowing to registers fortress, and every man, yea, every woman, was claiming the floor was merely to offer an amend. and receivers for their services heretofore in loca- a soldier." ting these warrants, and the plan recommended Sir, I suppose I did not understand the remarks The CHAIRMAN. The resolution adopted by the honorable chairman of the committee- of my friend from Ohio in his reflections, as I sup- || by the House provides that debate shall terminate namely, that each register and receiver who shall posed, upon a most meritorious class of our citi. in two hours after the Committee of the Whole on deem himself aggrieved shall present his separate
I do not know, sir, whom he meant, some | the state of the Union shall have resumed the con. claim to Congress. Shall we impose upon every
weeks ago, by the term “corn-stalk army. sideration of the Senate bill and joint resolution of land officer the arduous duty of becoming a suitor Does he mean the militia ? Whether he means the House. The bill and resolutions were reto Congress, of employing an agent or coming in them or not, it has been the custom of certain poli- || ferred jointly; but when the House resolved itself person at great expense to Congress for relief? ticians to heap reproaches upon this, which I es- into the committee on the special order, the Chair Such a course, in most instances, would be tanta- teem the main arm, the strong bulwark, the im- decided, that although both propositions had been mount to a denial of justice, for I am sure very pregnable fortress of our country's defence. After | referred in the same special order, yet only one few of them would undertake so hazardous an en- all, sir, it is to this class, as well as to the soldiers || bill could be under consideration in committee at the terprise as to obtain from Congress this compen- of the regular Army, to whom our country is in- || same time, and that the Senate bill must have presation.
debted for some of the most brilliant military | cedence. The Senate bill has, therefore, been under But, sir, upon the score of public economy, achievements which adorn our past history. | discussion. The gentleman from Indiana (Mr. which gentlemen seem to regard so much, had we They, sir, have been the men of strong arms and || DUNHAM) claims the right now to speak one hour, not better make a fair allowance now than adopt bold hearis, who have borne aloft our flag in tri- | the debate upon the two bills having been closed. the course of the chairman of the committee? We umph on every field of battle, and who, alike at The Chair decides, that inasmuch as the Senate shall find it but a poor sort of economy to invite Lexington, at the Thames, at New Orleans, at bill is under consideration, amendments, if there these numerous claimants to present their indi- Buena Vista, at Cerro Gordo, won for American be any, must be offered and the bill disposed of, vidual claims to Congress. One important object arms laurels as green and imperishable as ever before the House bill will come up. When that of making the compensation now, is to prevent
decked the brow of the victorious warrior. bill shall be up, the gentleman can claim his hour, the presentation of these separate claims. If each Mr. Speaker, now is not the best time to exam- but not till then. From that decision the gentle. individual register and receiver should present his ine the policy of this Government as to the right man appeals. claim here and occupy the time and attention of mode of disposing of the public lands. At some Mr. DUNHAM. I think the Chairman has our committees, and they should undergo discus- future period I hope to have the attention of this put the case rather stronger than it really is. I sion in both legislative branches, it would cost the House while I give my views at length upon this think he has only stated one side of it. Government more than to allow at once by this subject. There is one thing which I will say now, The CHAIRMAN. The question is not debill a fair and honest compensation. Every one and that is, that the United States ought not, in its batable. acquainted with the history of legislation, its de system of financial policy, to look to the public Mr. DUNHAM. I know it is not, but I prebates and delays, will not hesitate to admit the lands as a source of revenue-first, because, in sume the Chair will permit me to state my point force of this view of the case.
fact, in deducting disbursements made in their pur- of order. It is contended that plenty of good men can be chases from the Indians, in surveying them, keeping The CHAIRMAN. The Chair will permit the got to do the service for the present compensation. up land offices, the bureau of ihe public lands at gentleman to state his point of order. And so, sir, plenty of good men, as was properly Washington, and the expenses of legislation about Mr. DUNHAM. The resolution adopted by remarked by my colleague, [Mr. CAMPBELL,) could || them, they do not realize to the Government five the House closes debate upon both resolutions at be got to discharge the duties of Representative on cents to the acre. We want a stable, firm system the same time. this floor for one half the compensation which we of revenue, such as we have from customs, which, Mr. BISSELL. The gentleman has no right to receive. Sir, I hope the day will never arrive while it affords sufficient revenue to the Govern- debate the question. I call the gentleman to order. when the offices of this country and of this char- ment, affords protection to American labor and a The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman can state acter are to be dispensed to the lowest bidder. home market to the American farmer.
his point of order. High character and superior qualifications should Our sure policy with regard to the public lands Mr. DUNHAM. Thegentleman from Illinois is be the recommendations to office, and the compen- | is to bestow them with liberal hands, first to those getting a little ahead of his time. I have the right sation should always be such as to secure the most who have evinced their devotion to their country to state the facts of the case. I say I think that meritorious men in office.
in its defence; second, by munificent appropria- | the resolution of the House outweighed the decisThe duties of the land office are not merely min- | tions for the promotion of popular education, and ion of the Chairman of the committee that only isterial. It is a high post of honor and responsi- especially to the education of ihe blind, the insane, one resolution was under consideration. I think bility. It has become an intimate and important and deaf and dumb; third, to grant portions of that decision was overruled by the House when part of the administration of the Government. It these lands to the States for making railroads, to they adopted the resolution closing debate upon is a part of a difħcult and complicated branch of be free to the United States for the transportation both bills at the same time. of one of the departments of the Government, the of mails, and troops, and munitions of war; and Mr. BISSELL. I rise to a question of order. proper management of which requires a great deal || lastly, to grant them in limited quantities to the act- The gentleman is not stating his proposition, but of method, accuracy, and the exercise of good ual settler for himself and his posterity forever. is making an argument. 1 object to it. It is not judgment, and involving the greatest responsibil- If the public lands are appropriated for these in order. ity. The register and receiver have to enter into purposes, they will be fountains of blessedness, Mr. DUNHAM. If the gentleman will listen heavy bonds. The receiver has the custody of political, social, commercial to our country; these to me, I apprehend he will find whether I am stathe public moneys, and his conduct is all the time thousands of millions of acres—this mighty and ting my proposition or making an argument. subject to the severest public scrutiny. The very beautiful and boundless domain of rich and fertile The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman must conkind of men whom the Government wants in such lands will be exhaustless mines of wealth, from fine himself to stating his proposition. a capacity are the men who, in their private busi- which we may draw from year to year,
for even Mr. DUNHAM. I have only to say that the Dess, could accumulate as much as ihe Govern- centuries to come, for the great purposes of internal resolution closing debate upon both propositions ment would be justifiable in allowing: And, sir, | improvement, popular education, benefaction to at the same time, as a matter of course blends we cannot expect them to abandon a lucrative and the soldier, and the freehold homes of our citizens. them together, and they are, therefore, both legit
; profitable business to take an office involving the (Here the Chairman's hammer fell, the time imately before the committee. Upon that ground highest responsibilities and the discharge of most fixed by the House for closing debate upon the I claim the right to address the committee under arduous duties for a pitiful compensation. And I bill under consideration having expired.)
the rules of the House. have been told by these officers, that they would Mr. MASON. Me. Chairman, I desire to offer The CHAIRMAN. The Chair still thinks he be forced to resign unless their compensation was an amendment.
stated the question fairly. The question is, "Shall increased; and many of them would have resigned Mr. DUNHAM. I believe I am entitled to the the decision of the Chair stand as the judgment of long ago but for their confident reliance upon the floor for one hour, under the rule of the House, the committee :" justice of Congress to render them a fair rewrn- the debate having been closed.
Mr. BISSELL. I wish to make a single inan honest equivalent for the services they have The CHAIRMAN. The Chair supposes the quiry. As I understand it, this Senate bill has not been performing.
gentleman from Indiana, (Mr. Dunham,) who re- been before the select committee, of which the Mr. Chairman, I will for a moment address my || ported from the select committee the House bill, is gentleman from Indiana was chairman, at all, and remarks to another feature in the bill-to the sec- not entitled to the floor, that bill not now being therefore has not been reported by that committee? con which extends the provisions of the former under consideration. The gentleman will recol- Mr. DUNHAM. Everybody knows that. act so as to allow the soldier a day for each twen- lect that the Chair yesterday decided that the Sen- Mr. BISSELL. Well, that is all I desired to ty miles of travel from the place of organization ate bill must take precedence, and the House bill, ask. of his company to the place of his enlistment. I || therefore, is not now under consideration. He The question now being “Shall the decision of
the Chair stand as the judgment of the committee:" instructed by his constituents to do-merely to to receive before, and which hardly compensated upon a division, there were--ayes 73, noes 14; no make these bounty land warrants assignable. The them at the time. They held on, year after year, quorum voting.
law, as originally passed, as we understood, and in the expectation, from the frequent movements Mr. DUNHAM demanded tellers; but only as those who passed it understood it, left these which were made here upon this subject, that 16 rising, they were not ordered.
bounty land warrants assignable. The Secretary || Congress would provide a compensation to them Mr. COBB. Then we shall be obliged to have of the Interior gave the law a different construc- for those services. Some of them have not rea call of the House. I ask for a recount.
tion. At the first of the last session of Congress | ceived as much as $200 a year over and above the The CHAIRMAN. It can only be done by my colleague (Mr. CaldwELL) introduced the res- expense of clerk hire. Now here comes in a bill
olution to make land warrants assignable; it passed -a sensible bill-passed through the Senate with There was no objection, and upon a second di- this House by an overwhelming majority; and it || great care and deliberation, providing in future vision there were ayes 76, noes 18; no quorum went to the Senate, which body let it sleep to the that these officers shall be compensated for the voting.
end of the session, and it was finally lost for want services which they may render, and it is proMr. FOWLER demanded tellers; which were of time. We passed another resolution at this | posed, at once, to strike from the bill those essenordered, and Messrs. Fowler and BRECKENRIDGE session of Congress making these warrants as- iial features—which are really everything in itwere appointed.
signable; it was sent to the Senate, and came back and which ought to entitle the bill to the especial The question was then taken, and the tellers here, loaded down with a whole mass of amend- | regard of the House;—to strike from it thai proreported—ayes 99, noes not counted.
ments. Now, I have heard it said that there were vision which makes compensation to receivers and So the decision of the Chair was sustained by those who, had shey been present when the Lord's registers, and leave those officers to resign their the committee.
Prayer and Decalogue were made, would have places--as many of them, I am well assured, will Mr. BELL. I rise simply to make an inquiry. | moved amendments thereto.
-unprovided for; and thus to let those offices Will the committee proceed with the consideration This is a simple, plain bill, merely to make these become vacant. Let no man pretend to say there of the Senate bill, or is the House bill now under warranis assignable; and that other provision | is no such probability: I tell you, sir, that if consideration?
which I offer here now is to make them subject Congress signifies its determination not to comThe CHAIRMAN. The Chair supposes that to location upon all the lands of the United States. pensate these officers for the services they render the House bill has not been before the committee. This is what the country look to us to do, and in locating these warrants, there are officers in the Mr. BELL. I desire to say something upon this is what they desire us to do.
West who will be compelled to resign, and there this subject, but it is upon the House bili that I Now, with regard to the payment of registers are no competent men who will be found to take wish to speak.
and receivers, I have no time to say anything, ex- their places. Mr. DUNHAM. I desire to ask if an amend. | cept briefly this: that I have been informed that Mr. DUNHAM. I move to strike out the secment has been made to this bill ?
they would not suffer, their families would not ond section of the bill. The CHAIRMAN. There is no amendment suffer, and that they are not in such a state of suf- The CHAIRMAN. The second section is not pending.
fering as requires that this bill should not be de- under discussion; the motion is, therefore, nol Mr. DUNHAM. I move that the bill be laid | layed. If their claims are just, let them be taken | now in order. aside to be reported to the House, with the recom- up separately and referred to an appropriate com- Mr. HALL. I wish to offer an amendment to mendation that it do not pass; and that the com- mittee for investigation, and if they are entitled to the amendment of the gentleman from Kentucky. mittee do then proceed to the consideration of the compensation, pay them; but do not hang a pro- || (Mr. Mason) as follows: House bill. vision to pay them on to a meritorious bill, which
“Provided further, That when said warrants shall be Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. If the gentleman | everybody is in favor of, and which the whole located upon lands which are subject to entry at a greater from Indiana will move that the Senate bill be country demands that we shall pass. The gen
minimuni than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, laid aside for the present in order to give him an tleman from Illinois (Mr. Bissell) wants to ap; || in cash, the difference between the value of such warrants
the locators of said warrants shall pay to the United States, opportunity to make his speech, I will vote for propriate some $200,000 to these land offices. "I at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, and the tract of his motion; but if he moves to lay it aside to be || have not examined the question, but have no doubt || land located ou." reported to the House with the recommendation if they are entitled to a greater amount of com- I suppose it is only necessary to explain the that it do not pass, I cannot go with him. I am pensation than they have received that the House object of this amendment very briefly, in order to for striking out all of the bill except the first sec- will pass a bill for their relief. If, indeed, these gain for it the favorable consideration of this comtion, and of passing it in that form.
registers and receivers, who are receiving at least mittee. We have heretofore and I hope we shall Mr. DUNHAM. I will vary my motion to $500 a year from the Government, are suffering, || hereafter-made grants of land for the purpose of suit the gentleman. I move that the bill be laid surely these old soldiers, who have received the internal improvement, in all of which grants we aside for the prese
mere pittance of a bounty land warrant, and who have stipulated that each alternate section shall be The motion was not agreed to.
are generally in a poor "condition-much poorer | raised to double the minimum price, viz: two dolMr. MASON. I propose to amend the first than the registers and receivers—demand at our lars and fifty cents per acre. Now, the amendsection by adding, as a proviso, the sixth section hands immediate action on this subject.
ment proposed by the gentleman from Kentucky, of the bill reported by the select committee, which Mr. BISSELL. I hope the amendment will || (Mr. Mason,] authorizes warrants to be located will allow these bounty land warrants to be lo- not be made; though if that provision were in this upon all lands subject to private entry; Hence, caled upon any land subject to private entry. section, I should have no particular objection to it. | if my amendment is not adopted, the holders of
The first section of the Senate bill is as follows, | I do not think it important one way or the other; || land warrants can locate them upon reserved secviz:
but I shall vote against it, because I desire to see tions as well as upon other public lands. I am *Be it enacted, &c., That all warrants for military boun- the Seriate bill, which has been well, carefully, || willing that holders of land warrants shall locate ty land, which have been or may hereafter be issued under and considerately prepared and adjusted, go | upon these reserved sections; but I think that any law of the United States, and all valid locations of the through the House with the least possible amend- || when they do so their warrants should pass at same, which have been, or may hereafter be made, are bereby declared to be assignable, by deed or instrument of
ment; for if amended in any material respect--as only one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre; so writing, made and executed after the taking effect of this for instance as indicated by the gentleman from that if the holder af a warrant of one hundred act, according to such form, and pursuant to such regula- Tennessee, (Mr. Jones,) who proposes to strike and sixty acres wishes to enter an eighty acre retions as may be prescribed by the Commissioner of the General Land Office, so as to vest the assignee with all the
out all but the first section—it stands no chance of served tract-the minimum price of which is two rights of the original owners of the warrant or location : going through the Senate again. And if we pass dollars and fifty cents per acre-he may do so Provided, That' any person entitled to preemption right to this bill through the House in any shape which with his hundred and sixty acre warrant. But if any land, shall be entitled to use any such land warrant in I trust we shall not—which denies to registers and he wishes to enter one hundred and sixty acres of payment of the same, at the rate of 21 25 per acre, for the quantity of land therein specified.”
receivers any future or any past reasonable com- reserved land, then I think it is proper that he Mr. MASON. My amendment is to add at the locating these warrants, I have no hope at all that pensation for the services which they perform in should pay to the United States the difference be
tween the value of his warrant at one dollar and end of this section the following:
it can pass the Senate. I have taken especial pains twenty-five cents per acre and the value of this Provided, that the warrants which have been, or may bereafter bé issued, in pursuance of said act or of this aci,
to understand how these things are in the Senate. tract located upon at two dollars and fifts cents per may be located upon any lands of the United States subject Therefore I am opposed to this amendment, and acre. That is the whole object I have in view in to private entry at the time of such location, at the mini- I shall be opposed to all other amendments of a offering my amendment to the amendment of the mum price.
material character which may be offered to the gentleman from Kentucky; I think it is unnecesMr. CLARK. Is the House bill now 'under bill. I shall be opposed to the bill itself, unless it sary to explain it any further. consideration ?
provides not only for the payment of the land offi- Mr. MÁSON, The amendment reported by The CHAIRMAN. No, it is not. But the cers in future, but a fair compensation, to be de- the select committee, I conceive, embraces the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. Mason) proposes termined at the head of Departments in Washing- same thing that the gentleman from Missouri to amend the first section of the Senate bill, by ton, for those who have already performed these | (Mr. Hall] desires to accomplish by his amendannexing thereto, by way of proviso, the sixth services without pay-services which they never ment. But if it does not make it plain I have no section of the bill reported by the select committee would have consented to perform had they not objection to his amendment, and it is a proper one. as a substitute for the House bill.
had reasonable expectation that Congress would Those who locate the reserved lands, the miniMr. MASON. The object of it is simply to do justice by them. These registers and receivers mum price of which is two dollars and fifty cents allow these bounty land warrants to be located were entitled to one per cent. upon the moneys re- per acre, should pay the difference to the Governupon any of the lands of the United States instead ceived in payment for public lands. At that a
ment, of being confined to the refuse lands which have large portion of these receivers and registers, and I will make a remark in relation to this subject, been picked over for years past. That is the ob- especially in the older settled parts of the new to show the gentleman from Illinois, [Mr. BisJect of the amendment. Now, I would state that States, barely made a living. When you passed this | SELL,) and those gentlemen who are interesting the first section of this bill, with the amendment I law, scattering like leaves in autumn land warrants themselves in the payment of these registers and
ropose, is all that is necessary for the House, at all over the country, they took the place of cash, | receivers, and which I hope will satisfy them of this time, to pass. And I would briefly give a and speculators went and entered lands with these the fact, that this bill has not been well digested in New reasons for it. The first section of this bill
warrants, thus depriving the registers and receiv- | the Senate. I have not been upon any land comproposes to do that which every member here is ers of the per cent, which they were authorized || mittee, or upon anything connected with public
land, but I learn from a source entitled to as high the 31 dny, of December. I offer this amendment And that all warrants for military bounty lands which
have been or may hereafter be issued bader any law of the consideration as any of these committees, that in conformity to tlie wishes of some of those whom there are a number of these land offices that are I have the lionor to represent; and I take this on
United States, and which shall not have been assigned
pledged, mortgaged, or located. may be surrendered to be not useful. The suject of inqniry, then, is, how casion to say that I am not in favor of the 3d sec- United States by the original owner, or in caseo lils death, many shall be abolished ? It is said that at those tions of this bill. That I am in favor of assigning by his widow, or next of kill, who may be legally
en..ded land offices on the Cherokee and Choctaw lands, land warrants upon such terms as the Commis
to the satue by delivering such warrant to the Commis. where the land is worth but a shilling an acre, and sioner of the General Land Office may prescribe: proof by affidavit, or otherwise, to the satisfaction of such
sioner of Pensions of the United States, accompanied with the sales would not pay the otñcers, the compen- I am in favor of paying the registers and receivers, Commissjoner, of the identity and uitle to the warrant of sation is paid out of the public Treasury; but it is as proposed by the Senate, and I think there is l' the person claining to make such surrender; and that sued believed by those well acquainted with the busi- very little difference among the majority of mem
warrant, or the lands or moneys to be realized therefron, bers of the committee upon that subject. It is a
have not been and are not assigned, transferred, pledged,
or mortgaged to any person or corporation, for any papira Mr. BISSELL; (interrupting.) Will the gen- just and right bill
. I presented a petition at the whatever, and hath not been located Avd upon the work tleman allow me a remark?
present session, from four gentlemen who hold the render being thus made, the person so surrendering i Mr. MASON. Certainly. offices of registers and receivers in the town in
warrant shall be paid out of the Treasury of the United
States, from the proceeds of the sales of tbe pubic lands Mr. DISSELL. If the sales by cash and by which I live; and I will say to the honorable gen
the sum of one dollar and twenty five cents per acre for the warrants are not sufficient to pay the register and tleman from Illinois, (Mr. BISSELL] who discussed number of acres spécified in the warrant so surrendered. receiver, then they get nothing. They get nothing this question with ability some weeks ago, urging out of the Treasury. his party to do justice to the Whigs, and as the
Mr. S. said: This bill proposes to make land Mr. MASON. I think the gentleman will find Democrats would shortly be in power, that justice warrants, assignable, and to annul the provisions himself mistaken; and that these registers and re- | might be done to the officers coming in-that it is contained in the original bill probibiting their tra's ceivers actually get their pay. They are paid out my desire to do equal justice to Democrats and
fer. That provision was originally inserted a of the Indian annuity. While that poor starving Whigs. I have presented petitions from Demo- protect the soldiers from land speculátors ard bro race are not able to obtain a subsistence, you are crats, who have held these offices, as well as Whigs, kers, and to prevent the Government bounty from paying these land registers and receivers, who are and wish they should be all paid, without reference inuring more to the benefit of that class of opera sp?ling land of little or no account, and that at a as to who shall succeed in the coming presidential tors than to the soldiers themselves. The object shilling an acre. It is a subject
election. In my opinion, that is a question of , and intent was good, but, unfortunately, the bounty Mr. BISSELL. Will the gentleman allow great doubt, and not of so much certainty as pren: far distant from the soldiers of the Eastern, Mid
to be received lies upon our western borders, su Mr. MASON. The gentleman will excuse me king land warrants assignable, as sent to us by the : dle, and some of the Northern and Southern if I do not. There has been eight or ten hours Senate, I think is infinitely preferable to anything States, that the expenses of a journey to locate of occupied in the advocacy of these claims for pay- reported by any committee of this House; and visit the land,
are nearly, if not quite equal to u ment, and yesterday, when there was only two with the proviso, which I have offered, it appears cash value. The warrant, therefore, to the i hours allowed here to debate the subject, genile to me will meet the views of gentlemen upon every
worth but little, while to the citizen of the West men upon that side of the question were allowed side. My object is not to exclude those who go living in the vicinity of the laud upon which he rat the whole of it. iri had one half hour I could to the West from entering lands at $2,50 per acres This, consequently, produces a great disparity a show the House, that this subject requires a complete reorganization, and requires, upon the part
to the new States with a one hundred and sexy bounty, which is in no respect ameliorated to of the House and the committee, a rigid reform.
Well, sir, let this subject be referred to a commit- upon eighty acres of that description of land, and making the warrants assignable. For the pa? tee of that character composed for that purpose. Let I will not confine him to land subject to private cal effect of that is to enable land brokers and sie. those land offices where there is no business-those entry. Why not let him enter the land wherever ulators to procure valid transfers, and legal tita offices are sinecures-be discontinued; and let it may be surveyed and offered for sale at specified to the warrants, at their own prices and for a mer those doing a large amount of business have suffi- | prices with his land warrant? I would open the trifle. Thereby, in truth and effect, the land broker cient pay to employ clerks, and for themselves a whole field for the soldiers of the late war with " and speculator becomes the recipient of the Gaz fair compensation. Let their labor be proportion- Great Britain, and others entitled to bounty land, ernment bounty, and not the soldier, and thousardi ate to their salary. Do not, however, defeat this under the acts of Congress, so that the man upon thousands of acres of the public lands are soldiers’ bill by loading it with other matters. You with his warrant in his hand should stand upon thus, under pretence of rewarding the defender talk of the suffering of the land oficer. I have an exact equality with the man who had an equal of the country's rights and honor, squanderal from one of my constituents a letter in which he amount of gold and silver in his possession. No upon brokers and speculators, whose patriotzen wishes to sell his land warrant of one hundred and man has advanced to the committee any argument consists alone in amassing wealth for themselves sixty acies. He states that he served in the siege i against it. I cannot say, Mr. Chairman, how far This cannot be the intent of the framers of the of Tripoli; that he was in the battle of Browns- I shall be willing to go as regards the 4th and 5ih act, and it is our duty, if possible, to obviate the town, and was there wounded; and that he was sections of the bill. My impression is, that the difficulty: taken prisoner during this last war, and was im- Senate bill ought to be speedily passed. It is in- Another difficulty incident to the bill in its preprisoned six months. Afterwards he was wounded finitely better than any other that has been pre- ent shape, is connected with its ultimate injurioas at Fort Meigs. Now he is with his wife, old and sented to us; and so far as I may, I will promote influence upon the Western States and Territorla
, blind, himself crippled, making a bare subsistence the passage of that bill speedily, because I think Most of the warrants issued to the inhabitants & mending shoes. This matter to him is of great we ought to press the public business.
the Eastern, Middle, and Southern States being importance. The land registers and receivers, Mr. HALL. I have only a word or two to thrown into market, as a necessary consequence receiving $500 a year, can live in abundance and say in reference to the amendment of the gentle will fall into the possession of land brokers and afluence, while these poor soldiers are in beggary mån from Ohio. I think, if the gentleman will speculators, and thus centralize in few hands. for the wa tof the passage of this bill. You have
consider his amendment attentively, he will find Large tracts of land will then be entered and ly* talked upon this bill year after year; it was dis- that under it an individual would not be permitted ted by such holders; the soil of almost entire cussed at length at the last session, and it has to pay the difference between his land warrant and States and Territories will thereby fall into the beer discussed also at this. These men who claim the value of the land upon which he enters, with hands of a few, and such section of the country extra coinpensation can wait until the poor sol- cash. He would only be permitted to pay the will have entailed upon it the curse of a large dier has been satisfied.
difference between the warrant and the land upon landed monopoly. We of the North have whic The CHAIRMAN. Does the gentleman ac
which it is located with other warrants. Where- nessed the evils resulting from such a state of cept the amendment?
as, under the amendment I submitted, which was things, and I for one cannot conscientiously rože Mr. MASON. I have no objection. I will ac- | accepted by my friend from Kentucky, (Mr. MA- to entail the same difficulties upon that or any
son,) an individual who locates a warrant upon other section of the Union), Mr. TAYLOR. I inquire if it is in order to
these reserved sections of land can pay the differ- Are you, gentlemen of the West, sincerely desistrike out that which has been accepted by the ence between the price of the land and his war- rous of reducing the price of the western unoecagentleman from Kentucky, [Mr. Mason,] and to rant with cash. The objectiòn I have, therefore, || pied lands to actual settlers? If you are, then do insert what I send to the Chair?
to the amendment of the gentleman from Ohio not throw, as you will by passing the bill in is The CHAIRMAN. It is.
(Mr. Taylor) is, that it will not allow individuals present shape, the mass of the warrants Mr. TAYLOR. I then move to strike out the locating upon reserved lands with land warrants ulators hands, and give them the control of nearly amendment of the gentleman from Kentucky, and to pay the difference with cash, rather than other all the present available lands, because you muse in lieu of it to insert the following: land warrants.
thereby inevitably increase the price to meet the And prorided further, That any person owning such Mr. TAYLOR. I do not think it has that fancy and cupidity of the holder, and no lands land warrant, or warrants, shall be entitled to use them in tendency. I will ask the Clerk to read the amend will be in market at Government prices exces payment for any of the public lands.now subject to private ment. eniry, or which may hereafter be publicly otiered for sale,
those beyond the large locations made under strh whether held at the rate of $1 25 or $2 50 per acre, pay
The Clerk read the amendment.
warrants. No law should be permitted to operate ing two acres of land warrant for one acre of land where
The question was taken upon the amendment " thus unequally upon citizens it is designed to be the same is held for sale at $2 50 per acre. of Mr. Taylor, and it was rejected.
efit, nor so injuriously upon any section of the Mr. TAYLOR. I will not detain the commit- The question was then put upon the amendment country. tee by any extended remarks. I am very anxious of Mr. Mason, and it was adopted. to vote for the bill as it has come to us from the
The amendment proposed by me will
, I think
, Mr. MASON. I move that the committee rise in a great measure obviate the difficulty. Tipo Senate; and with all respect for the committee, I and report the bill. will suggest to gentlemen, that it seems that we The CHAIRMAN. The motion to rise and which the soldier has the option to take, and the will make slight
progress in the public business, report the bill cannot be received while members places a valuation upon the warrant, and presents unless we come to a vote promptly upon this ques- have amendînents to offer.
the land speculator and broker from regulating its tion, as this bill as been, in fact pending before the House two months, having been introduced upon 1' first section by adding thereto
ME SCHOONMAR Resored
the soldier of every section of the Union to receive,
ed to amend the
PUBLISHED AT WASHINGTON, BY JOHN C. RIVES.-TERMS 3 FOR THIS SESSION.
320 CONGRESS, 1st SESSION.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1852.
New SERIES.... No. 31.
if he desires not the land, a fair equivalent for his made the scape-goat to carry through objectionable it grows out of such opposition as is made by the
warrant, and places them all on an equal footing. measures, the responsibility of its defeat will rest gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. Bissell-that is, • Are not the soldiers whose homes are at the East, upon those gentlemen that have urged with so if we do not permit this bill, making warrants
entitied to the same emoluments as those at the much perunacity the other and objectionable prop- ' assignable, to be ridden down by this provision, West ? Do they not equally deserve the Govern- ositions which have no legitimate comection with allowing registers and receivers an extra compenment favor and bounty Have they not also per- the measure which this House is called upon to sation for work, the bill shall never pass. iled their lives in battle, and endured the hardships pass, and that without delay.
Now, if the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Bigof war and the camp? Why, then, draw and The people have asked us to make these land SELL) announces that as the intention on the part maintain such an inequality in compensation as warranis assignable. The officers ask us to give | of the friends of these registers and receivers in the original bill and the one now under considera- them compensation for what they have done, and this House, I, for one, bid them defiance; and I uon will effectually produce? Sir, it will not do. what they may be called upon to do in future. It wish this House to know, and the majority to Justice to the deserving recipient of the Govern- may be that they are entitled to it. Of that we show to the country, that we are not to be bullied ment bounty from the Eastern, Southern, and Mid- will judge at the proper time.
by any such threats. If the gentleman comes dle States, and duty to the West, require the The question was then taken upon Mr. Schoon- and says that the Senate will never pass it withadoption of some such amendment as I have pro
MAKER's amendment, and it was not agreed to. out such a provision, I shall, for one, join issue posed.
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. I move to strike Mr.SWEETSER. I rise to oppose this amend- out all after the first section, leaving the first sec- Mr. BISSELL. I have made no threats. I ment, for the reason that I am satisfied with the tion, with the amendment adopted by this com- have said, as any gentleman has a right to do, that first section of this bill as amended by the gentle- millee. I hope the committee will voie upon that if the pay to ihe registers and receivers were man from Kentucky, (Mr. Mason.j It is well proposition as a test question. If it be voted stricken out, I should vote against the bill. Call known by all those who advocated this bill in the down, then they can go on and perfect the balance you this threatening? last Congress, that this question in relation to the of the bill, as the majority may think it should Mr. STEPHENS. The gentleman said, and assignment of these warrants was duly considered, be. I trust the committee will take the vote upon notified the House, and gives us warning, that the and rejected in consequence of the numerous frauds that motion, and let us test the question whether Senate would not pass the bill unless these regispracticed under the Mexican bill. It is well known, this committee is willing merely to pass so much ters and receivers were paid. I do call that a ihat a vast number of the Mexican warrants have of that bill as provides for the assignability of threat to the House of Representatives; and I call been suspended, and the difficulties growing out these warrants-for that is what is required and upon the majority of this House, the representaof the sale and transfer by the said warrants, in- demanded of Congress by the holders and bene- tives of the people, to vindicate their own dignity duced the original friends of the law of September,
ficiaries of these warrants. The Senate, when and vote according to their judgments. My opin1850, giving bounty lands to the soldiers of the we passed the bill of September 28th, 1850, made ion is, that the pay of these registers and receivers war of 1812, and the Indian wars from 1790 down, an amendment preventing their assignability; but ought not to be increased. They accepted these to so frame thay law as to secure to the soldier the it was passed through this House at the last hour offices at a stipulated salary. They come here full benefit of the law. Such is my judgment of the session, in the midst of noise and con- and ask for these situations, and then they come now, while I yield, reluctantly, to the petitions of fusion, when it was not known by the House that and demand extra pay for doing that which is a the people only so far as to make the warrants such an amendment was in the bill. We passed part of the duties of the offices. assignable, and beyond that I will not with my at the last session of Congress an act to make (Here the hammer fell.]
I am fearful that this measure has been these warrants assignable. The Senate loaded it The CHAIRMAN. Is an appeal taken from superinduced by the speculators, and is not the down with amendments, and returned it here; but the decision of the Chair, that a motion to strike spontaneous movement of the holders of the war- it was lost again for want of time. At this ses- out all but the first section of the bill is in order? sion we have sent them another bill to make these
If not, amendments are now in order to the secI am now, and always have been, opposed to warrants assignable,
and they referred it to a com- tions proposed to be stricken out. throwing these warrants into the market as a me- mittee; which committee has relained it; and Mr. DUNHAM. Does the gentleman from dium of speculation. I desire the old soldier, his they send another bill of their own originating, Georgia insist on his point of order? widow, and minor children to enjoy this bounty and attempt to force it through with all the extra- Mr. STEPHENS. I do not. I am willing of the Government.
neous matters and provisions appended to it. that the amendment shall be received. I call upon the members who were responsible (A message was here received from the Senate, Mr. DUNHAM then moved to strike out the for this measure in its origin, to stand by to-day, || by the hand of their Secretary, Asbury Dick- second section of the Senate bill, as follows, viz: and assist in striking down every attempt to fasten INS, Esq.]
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the registers and upon the proposition to make ihese warrants as- Mr. JÓNES resumed. I have but very little receivers of the land oftices shall hereafter be severally signable, other provisions, which are entirely un- more to say about this matter. I understand,
authorized to cliarge and receive for their services in loca
ting all military bounty land warrants, issued since the worthy of the occasion. This mode of tacking though, that the Senate are ready, if we will not
eleventh day of February, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, on to a popular proposition other measures, which pass this bill with all these provisions, to pass the
the same compensation or percentage to wbich they are enare of questionable merit, and making the simple
one we have heretofore sent them, merely makmg titled by law for sales of the public lands for cash, at the proposition of making warranis assignable a pack- land warrants assignable. I hope that the com- rate of one dollar and twenty five cents per acre, the said horse, to carry a load, which must ultimately defeat mittee will now take the question upon this mo
compensation to be hereaiter paid by the assignees or hold
ers of such warrants where they have been transferred under the wishes of our constituents, is so objectionable, tion, and test the question, whether we will pass the provisions of any act of Congress, and the regulations that I must be permitted to declare, that if the atall these measures or not.
of the General Land Otñce; and to be paid out of the Treastempt succeeds, I shall feel constrained to vote Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. The motion ury of the United States upon the adjustment of the ac
counts of such others, where it shall be shown to the satisagainst the whole bill. made by the gentleman from Tennessee (Mr.
faction of the Cominissioner of the General Land Office, If the registers and receivers have performed | Jones) is not in order, as I shall attempt to show that the warrant was located by the soldier or warrantee, or services for which they get no compensation under
to the Chair; for if it were, it would then be in his next of kin, as provided for by lawthe law as it stands, let their friends bring forward order for any gentleman to call for a division of And insert in lieu thereof the second section of the a bill for their relief, and trust to the justice and the question, and have a vote taken upon each one bill reported by the select committee of the House, generosity of Congress to pass it, and not attempt of these sections. That would virtually preclude as follows: to load this bill. The suggestion that these officers || motions to amend, and prevent each individual
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That from and after will resign, and the public service thereby suffer, from advocating the amendment he offers in a five the passage of this act, the registers and receivers of the has no terrors for me. I can inform the western minutes speech.
United States land offices shall each be entitled to receive gentlemen who seem willing to hazard this bill The CHAIRMAN. The Chair supposes the
fity cents for his services in locating each bounty land war
rant, to be paid by the person or persons locating the same; unless they can ingraft upon it a section for the re- motion to strike out brings under consideration
but this act shall not be so construed as to allow any register lief of said officers, that they receive five hundred the remaining sections, and it would be in order to or receiver to receive any greater maximum of salary and dollars salary from the Government, which is more amend any one of them before the vote is taken fees than by law he is now entitled. than an average of what is paid in the West to upon the proposition to strike out.
Mr. D. said: It does strike me that the course their recorders and auditors of counties, which Mr. STEPHENS. The usual rule, when a pursued by the friends of that section of the Senate offices command the most respectable talent in the
bill is under consideration, is to act upon each sec- bill, is a very singular one. After a discussion of country.
tion separately. I will address whatever I have (wo whole days in favor of the Senate bill, withIt is suggested that these registers and receivers to say in opposition to the motion of the gentle- out a single speech in opposition to it, and when have been speculating in these land warrants. man from Tennessee, (Mr. Jones.] I prefer that they knew that the facts were here prepared to be Their knowledge of the lands in their districts has we should go through this bill by sections sepa- laid before the House, they voted en masse to preatforded them ample opportunities to have done so. rately; and while I concur in the remarks made vent a single word being said in opposition to their I do not know how it is.
by the gentleman for the most part, yet there are bill and in favor of the other proposition. They I ask my honorable friend from Illinois, (Mr. sections of the bill I should like to see retained. ask the committee now to vote on an important Bissell,) and other gentlemen who acted with me I prefer that we should take the vote directly upon bill which, I could satisfy the committee in five originally upon this question, to aid in striking striking out this second section, and then go on words, will involve an expenditure of $2,000,000, down all amendments and additions to the first and finish the others. I think the gentleman is without hearing the matters which could be urged section as amended, and let that section pass | perfectly correct in his remarks as to what has in opposition to it. through the committee and the House, and' be- been obstructing the passage of this bill for two Now, in regard to the amount of money that Come the law of the land. If this bill is to be years, or nearly eighteen months. The whole of ll will be already due to these officers if this Senate