Imágenes de páginas



grossed and read a third time? it was taken and man, Perkins, Phelps, Porter, Price, Riddle, Robinson, Rus- withdraw the demand for the previous question, agreed to.

sell, Sacken, Schermerhorn, Schoolcralt, Schoonmaker, to allow me to offer this additional amendment, The SPEAKER. If there be no objection, the

Scurry, David L. Seymour, Origen s. Seymour, Skelton,
Smith, Stanly, Benjamin sinton, Frederick P. Stanton,

that any of the officers incumbent during the period bill will receive its third reading now.

Abraham P. Stevens, St. Martin, Stratton, Strother, Stuari, embraced in the resolution shall have the privilege Mr. EVANS. I ask if the bill is actually en- Sweetser, Taylor, Benjainin Thompson, Geo, W. Thomp of going into the offices and vindicating their acgrossed

son, Thurston, Tooinbs, Townshend, Tuck, Vena'le, Wal-
bridge, Wallace, Walsh, Ward, Watkins, Welch, Wells,

tion during the investigation.
The SPEAKER. The Chair understands that
Addison White, Wilcox, Wildrick, and Yates-164.

Mr. LÖCKRART. I cannot withdraw the the bill has not been engrossed.

NAYS_Messrs. Busby, Caldwell, Floyd, Gaylord, Henn, call for the previous question. Mr. EVANS. I then object to its third reading | Outlaw, Robbins, Alexander H. Stephens, and

Mr. FOWLER. I desire to make a suggestion liams-9.

to the gentleman from Indiana, (Mr. LOCKHART.] The SPEAKER. The bill takes its place on So (two thirds voting in the affirmative) the If the gentleman will so alter his amendment as to the Calendar. rules were suspended.

extend it down to the present time, I will accept Mr. THURSTON moved to reconsider the vote The question recurring on the adoption of the it. by which the bill was ordered to be engrossed and resolution,

Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. As the resolution read a third time, and to lay that mouion upon the Mr. FOWLER demanded the previous ques- which was adopted on Monday last now stands, table; which latter motion was agreed to. tion.

the Department can report the new proof upon On motion by Mr. DISNEY, it was ordered Mr. HOUSTON. I hope the previous question which the claims were allowed. There is nothing that the papers of Boyce Purcell be withdrawn will not be sustained. There is a very essential in the resolution which precludes it; and they will

, from the files of the House and referred to the amendment that ought to be made to that resolu- no doubt, take this resolution as a precedent to Committee of Claims. tion.

govern their action under the former resolution. ALLOWANCE OF CLAIMS.

Mr. FOWLER. I think not. The resolution Mr. FOWLER. I desire to sayMr. FOWLER asked the unanimous consent

is precisely the same as that passed last week, The SPEAKER. This discussion is entirely of the House to offer the following resolution:

except that it is addressed to the President instead out of order.
of the Secretaries.

Mr. FOWLER. I do not propose to discuss Hesolved, That the President of the United States be requested to transinit to this House a statement exhibiting

The SPEAKER. Debate is not in order. the matter; but I desire to say again to the gentlethe amount of claims, if any, including principal and in

Mr. HOUSTON. The resolution ought to be man from Indiana, (Mr. LOCKHART,) that I will terest, and designating each separately, which have been amended so as to show the additional proof pre- || accept his amendment if he will extend it down allowed and paid by the several Departments, or any of the bureaus thereof, from the 4th day of March, 1845, un

sented before the Departments to justify the allow- to the present time. til the 4th day of March, 1819, which had been previously ance of the claims.

Mr. LOCKHART. I am satisfied with it as it presented and suspended, or disallowed in whole or in pari, The House then divided on seconding the de- now stands. and specifying the character of such claims, and also the mand for the previous question, and

The question now being upon seconding the dename of each person who at any time acted as agent or so. The SPEAKER announced that there were licitor for such claims; together with the names of the per

mand for the previous question, upon a division sons to whom the same or any part thereof was paid, spe. ayes 84, noes 80.

there were-ayes 99. cifying, if practicable, the several amounts paid to such Mr. CARTTER demanded tellers.

Mr. WILLÍAMS demanded tellers, which were agents or solicitors as fees for their services in prosecuting Mr. CABELL. I object to tellers. The call ordered; and Messrs. FULLER of Maine and said claims.

was made too late. The Chair had announced CHANDLER were appointed. Mr. GAYLORD objected. the result of the division.

The question was then taken, and the tellers reMr. FOWLER moved to suspend the rules, The SPEAKER. The Chair overrules the ob- ported-ayes 79, noes 50. and on that motion asked for the yeas and nays;jection. Tellers were demanded whilst the Chair So the previous question received a second. which were ordered. was in the act of announcing the result.

The main question was then ordered to be put, Mr. ASHE. I call for the reading of the resolution. We have not been able to hear a word der that we may have some principle decided. I amendment.

Mr. CABELL. I raised the objection, in or- || which was first on agreeing to Mr. Lockhart's of it in this part of the Hall.

called for tellers the other day and the Chair de- The question was taken, and the amendment The SPEAKER. The resolution has been | cided that I was too late, although I addressed the was agreed to. read once, but it will be read again unless objected | Chair before the result of the division was an- The question then recurred upon the adoption of to. nounced.

the resolution as amended, and being taken, it was Mr. ANDREWS objected.

The SPEAKER. Does the gentleman appeal | carried in the affirmative. Mr. ASHE. Then I must ask to be excused from the decision of the Chair?

So the resolution was adopted. from voting, for I do not know what the resolu- Mr. CABELL. No. I am indifferent about Mr. STANLY moved that the vote just taken, tion is,

the matter. I merely want to have the question by which the resolution was adopted, be reconThe question was put, and it was decided in the settled.

sidered, and to lay that motion on the table; which negative.

Tellers were ordered, and Messrs. FULLER of || latter motion was agreed to. So the House refused to excuse Mr. Ashe from Maine and CHANDLER appointed. voting.

INSTRUCTIONS IN RELATION TO CUBA. The question was then put, and it was decided Mr. FITCH. I appeal to the gentleman from in the negative—ayes 84, noes 85.

Mr. FAULKNER, by unanimous consent of Maine to withdraw his objection. We have none So the previous question was not seconded.

the House, introduced the following resolution: of us heard the resolution in this part of the Hall, Mr. LOCKHART. I desire to offer an amend

Resolved, That the President of the United States be reand cannot vote in the dark. ment to the resolution.

quested to communicate to this House, if not incompatible Mr. ANDREWS withdrew his objection.

with the public interest, all instructions from the Depart

Mr. FOWLER. Do I not still retain the ment of State to the diplomatic agents of the United States Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I object to that floor? I have not yielded it yet.

abroad, and all dispatches from them not heretofore coinresolution. I voted against a similar one last The SPEAKER. The gentleman effected his

municated to Congress, declaratory of, or relating to the Monday and shall vote against all of them.

policy of the Government of the United States in relation object by calling the previous question.

to the Island of Cuba. The SPEAKER. The proposition is to read Mr. FOWLER. The question is whether I the resolution.

The question was taken, and the resolution was do not still hold the floor for further remarks? Mr. STEPHENS. Oh, I have no objection to


The SPEAKER. The gentleman was not units being read.

RENTS PAID FOR PUBLIC BUILDINGS. derstood as claiming the floor until another genThe SPEAKER. That is the proposition. tleman had been recognized by the Chair.

Mr. DANIEL, by unanimous consent, introThe CLERK then read the resolution.

Mr. FOWLER. I claimed the floor as soon duced the following resolution: Mr. FICKLIN. Is the resolution amendable as the result was announced.

Resolved, That the Committee on Public Buildings be iaat this time?

The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks that the structed to ascertain and report to this House what buildThe SPEAKER. It is not. The resolution is gentleman did not claim the floor in time.

ings, er parts of buildings, in the District of Columbia, other not now before the House. The question is on

than those belonging to the l'nited States, have been used

Mr. LOCKHART moved to amend the resolu- by the Government between the first day of January, 1840, suspending the rules to enable the gentleman from tion by adding thereto the following:

and the first day of February, 1852, and the amount paid for Massachusetts to offer the resolution.

And the additional evidence, if any, upon which such

rent, or contracted to be paid, in every instance, and their The question was then put, and there were yeas

security and fitness as depositories of the public records. clains were allowed.

And that said committee inquire into the expediency of 164, nays 9; as follows: YEAS-Messrs. Abercrombie, Chas. Allen, Willis Allen,

Mr. LOCKHART then demanded the previous purchasing or erecting such additional buildings Allison, Andrews, John Appleton, Ashe, Avereli, Babcock,

deemed necessary. And that they have leave to report by question.

bill or otherwise. Barrere, Bell, Bibighaus, Bocock, Bowne, Bragg, Brecken

Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio. I wish to ask the ridge, Brenton, Briggs, Brooks, Albert G. Brown, George gentleman from Indiana to modify his amendment

The question was taken, and the resolution was H. Brown, Buell, Burrows, E. Carrington Cabell, Lewis D. 80 as to call for information in relation to the ad

adopted. Campbell, Thompson Campbell, Cartter, Caskie, Chandler, ditional testimony that was furnished upon claims Chastain, Churchwell, Clark, Clingman, Cobb, Conger; since 1849. My purpose is, that all the facts in

OCEAN STEAMERS-MAIL CARRIERS. Curtis, Daniel, George T. Davis, John G. Davis, Dawson,

Mr. MEADE asked the unanimous consent of Dimmick, Disney, Dockery, Doty, Duncan, Easiman, Ed- relation to the allowances of claims may

be brought the House to introduce the following resolution: gerton, Edmundson, Evans, Ewing, Faulkner, Ficklin, out, and that the country may understand whether Fitch, Fowler, Henry M. Fuller, Thomas... P. Fuller, this or that party is to blame.

Resolved, that the Committee on Naval Affairs inquire Gamble, Gentry, Giddings, Goodenow, Goodrich, Goran,

into the expediency of providing by law that every steainer Green, Grey, Grow, Hall, Harper, Hart, Hascall, Haven, The SPEAKER. Does the gentleman from

suitable to war purposes regularly running from any port in Hebard, Hendricks, Hibbard, Holladay, Horsford, Houston, Indiana agree to the suggestion made by the gen

the United States to any foreign port shall be a mail carrier, Howard, John W. 'Howe, Thomas M. Howe, Thomas Y.

under proper conditions, and entitled to receive, as comtleman from Ohio? How, Hunter, Ingersoll, Ives, Jackson, Jenkins, Andrew

pensation for such services, the postage arising from lefters Johnson, James Johnson, John Johnson, Robert W. John

Mr. LOCKHART. I do not.

or other matter transported by such steamer. son, George W. Jones, J. Glancy Jones, George G. King, Mr. CAMPBELL. Ah! Then only one side Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, objected. Preston King, Kurtz, Letcher, Lockhart, Mann, Martin, || is wanted.

Mr. MEADE. I move to suspend the rules, Mason, McCorkle, McDonald, McLanahan, McNair, Mea- The SPEAKER. The Chair must enforce the cham, Meade, Millson, Miner, Henry D. Moore, John

to enable me to introduce the resolution. Moore, Morehead, Murphy, Murray, Nabers, Newton, Olds, rule. Discussion is not in order.

Mr. JONES demanded the yeas and nays; but Orr, Andrew Parker, Samuel W. Parker, Beaslee, Penni- Mr. CARTTER. I appeal to the gentleman to I they were not ordered.

may be


The question was then taken, and the House Resolred, That the Governor be requested to forward highest number of the votes for Vice President, shall be refused to suspend the rules—ayes 54, noes not

these resolutions to our Senators and Representatives in Vice President. But if there should happen to be an equal. counted.

Congress, with a request to lay the same before their re- ity of votes between the persons so voted for at the second spective bodies.

election, then the person having the greatest pumber of


votes in tbe grate:i number of States, shall be Vice Presi

Speaker of the House of Representatives. dent. But when a second election shall be necessary in the Mr. DISNEY asked the unanimous consent of


case of Vice President, and not necessary in the case of the House to offer the following resolution:

Speaker of the Senate. President, then the Senate sball choose a Vice President

Approved, January 9th, 1852. H. W. COLLIER. Resoleed, That the Committee on Public Lands be in

from the persons having the two highest numbers in the

first election, as is now prescribed in the Constitution. structed to inquire into the expediency of providing by law, The question was then taken, and the rules SEC. 2. And be it further resolved, That article one, so that the accounting officers, in computing the amount were suspended.

section three, be amended by striking out the word “Ledue to the respective States on account of the percentage

Mr., BRAGG. I move that the resolution be gislature," and inserting in lieu thereof, the following to which they are entitled upon the proceeds or the sales

words, viz: " persons qualified to vote for members of the of the public lands within iheir linits, shall embrace, as

referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and

most numerous branch of the Legislature," so as to make sales, all public lands granted on account of military services. be printed; which motion was agreed to.

the third section of said article when ratified by three Mr. TOOMBS ohjected.


fourths of the States, read as folows, to wit:

Tbe Senate of the United States shall be composed of Mr. DISNEY moved that the rules be sus- Mr. SKELTON. I move that the rules of the two Senators from each State, chosen by the persons qualipended.

House be suspended, for the purpose of introdu- fied to vote for the members of the most punierous branch The question was taken, and, upon a division, cing a series of resolutions passed by the Legis

of the Legislature thereof, for six years, and each Senator

shall have one vote. 44 rose in the affirmative.

lature of the State of New Jersey upon the subMr. DISNEY demanded tellers; but they were ject of intervention.

SEC. 4. And be it further resolved, That article three,

section one, be amended by striking out the words “good pot ordered.

Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I object. behavior," and inserting the following words, viz: “the So the rules were not suspended.

(Cries of “ Read!', os

term of twelve years." And forther, that said article and

section be amended by adding the following thereto, viz:

The resolutions were then read for information. MAIL SERVICE ON THE OHIO AND MISSIS

" and it shall be the duty of the President of the United [They will be found in the proceedings of the Sen- States, within twelve months after the ratification of this SIPPI. ate of to-day.)

amendment by three fourths of all the States as provided Mr. STANTON, of Tennessee, asked the The question was then taken, and the rules were

by the Constitution of the United States, to divide the whole

number of judges as pear as may be practicable, into three unanimous consent of the House to introduce the suspended.

classes. The seats of the judges of the first class shall be following resolution; which was read for the in- Mr. SKELTON. I move that the resolutions vacated at the expiration of the fourth year froin such clasformation of the House, viz: be referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs,

sification; of the second class, at the expiration of the Resvleed, That the Committee on the Post Office and

eighth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of the and be printed; which motion was agreed to. Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the means of or

twelfth year, so that one third may be chosen every fourth ganizing an efficient system of mail service on the Ohio SUSPENDED AND DISALLOWED CLAIMS.

year thereafter." od Mississippi rivers, and that they report by bill or other

The article as amended, will read as follows:
Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, by unanimous con-

Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I object.
sent, introduced the following resolution; which

SECTION 1. The judicial power of the United States shall Mr. STANTON. I move that the rules be was adopted, viz:

be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts

Resolved, That the President of the United States be as the Congress from time to time may ordain and estabsuspended, to enable me to introduce the resolu

lish. requested to transmit to this House, in addition to the in

The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, ton. formation called for by the resolution which passed this

shall hold their offices during ths term of twelve years, and The question was put, and upon a division House on the 26th of January, 1852, relative to suspended

shall, at stated times, receive for their services a cointhere were ayes 53, noes not counted. and disallowed claims, a statement, specifying the claims

pensation, which shall not be diminished during their conwhich have been allowed upon additional testimony fur

tinuance in office. And it shall be the duty of the PresiSo the House refused to suspend the rules. nished to the Departments since the 4th of March, 1849.

dent of the United States, within iwelve inonths after the SPIRIT RATION IN THE NAVY.

ratification of this amendment by three fourths of all the

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. States as provided by the Constitution of the United States, Mr. GOODENOW asked the unanimous con- Mr. JOHNSON, of Tennessee. I ask the

to divide the whole number of judges, as near as inay be sent of the House to offer the following resolu- unanimous consent of the House for the introduc

practicable, into three classes. The seats of the judges of tion; which was read for information, viz:

ihe first class, shall be vacated at the expiration of the fourth tion of the following joint resolution, proposing year from such classification; of the second class, at the Resolved, That the committee on Naval Affairs be in- amendments to the Constitution of the United expiration of the eighth year; and of the third class, at the structed to inquire into the expediency of abolishing the spirit ration in the Navy, and of increasing the pay of all States, viz:

expiration of the twelfth year, so that one third may be

chosen every fourth year thereafter. elasses of enlisted men in that service.

Resolved, c., That the following amendments to the
Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I object.
Constitution of the United States be proposed to the Legis-

Objection was made to its introduction. latures of the several States, which, when ratified by the Mr. GOODENOW. I move to suspend the

Mr. JOHNSON moved a suspension of the Legislatures of three fourths of the States, shall be valid to rules, to enable me to introduce the resolution;

rules for the purpose indicated by him; which all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution : and upon that question I demand the yeas and

That hereafter, the President and Vice President of the

motion, upon a division, was agreed to-ayes 89, United States shall be chosen by the people of the respective

noes 33. nays.

States, in the manner following: Each State shall be diviMr. FOWLER. I call for tellers upon the

The joint resolution was read a first and second ded, by the Legislature thereof, into districts, equal in yeas and nays. Tellers were not ordered.

time by its title, referred to the Committee on the number to the whole number of Senators and RepresentaThe question was then taken on the motion to

tives to which such State may be entitled in the Congress | Judiciary, and ordered to be printed.

of the United States; the said districts to be composed of suspend the rules; and there were upon a division

COAST SURVEY MAPS. contiguous territory, and to contain, as nearly as may be, -ages 54, noes not counted.

an equal nuinber of persons entitled to be represented under Mr. RIDDLE, from the Committee on EnSo the House refused to suspend the rules, and the Constitution, and to be laid off, for the first time, imme- graving, reported the following resolution, viz: the resolution was not introduced.

diately after the ratification of this amendinent, and after-
wards, at the session of the Legislature next ensuing the ap-

Resolved, That the Committee on Engraving be and they
portionment of representatives by the Congress of the United

are hereby authorized to contract for engraving or lithoStates; that, on the first Thursday in August, in the year

grapking seven thousand five hundred and twenty sets of Mr. BRAGG. I ask the unanimous consent eighteen hundred and filty-six, and on the same day every

maps accompanying the report of the Superintendent of of the House to present certain resolutions, fourth year thereafter, the citizens of each State who possess

thc Coast Survey, provided that the cost shall not exceed

$6,000. adopted by the Legislature of Alabama, upon thé

the qualifiations requisite for electors of the most numerous subject of intervention. I do not desire to have

branch of the State Legislatures, shall meet within their Mr. GOODENOW. I rise to a privileged ques

respective districts, and vote for a President and Vice Presthem read even. I move they be printed and re

tion. I move the House adjourn. ident of the United States, one of whom at least shall not ferred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. be an inbabitant of the same State with themselves; and

Mr. JOHN W. HOWE called for the yeas Mr. CARTTER. S object.

the person receiving the greatest number of votes for Presi- and nays; which were not ordered. Mr. BRAGG. Then I'move a suspension of

dent, and the one receiving the greatest number of votes for The question was then put, upon a division, and, the rules.

Vice President in each district, shall be holden to have re-
ceived one vote; which fact shall be immediately certified

there were 52 ayes and 84 noes. Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I call for the by the Governor of the State, to each of the Senators in

So the House refused to adjourn. reading of the resolutions.

Congress from such State, and to the President of the Sen- Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. What necesThe CHAIRMAN. If gentlemen will come

ate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The
Congress of the United States shall be in session on the

sity is there for the printing of this number of to order, the resolutions will be read for informa- second Monday in October, in the year eighteen hundred maps? tions. and fifty-six, and on the same day on every fourth year

Mr. RIDDLE. I will state, for the information The resolutions were then read as follows:

thereafter; and the President of the Senate, in the presence of the House, that we have already ordered the

of the Senate and House of Representatives, shall open all Joint Resolutions expressive of the sense of the General the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The

printing of six thousand extra copies of the report Assembly of Alabama in relation to the policy to be pur- person having the greatest number of votes for President, of the Superintendent of the Coast Survey in adsued by our Government in its intercourse with foreign shall be President, if such number be equal to a majority of i dition to the usual number authorized by law-fifnations.

the whole number of votes given; but if no person have teen hundred and twenty. The committee thought Whereas, from many indications of popular feeling in such majority, then a second election shall be held on the sone of the States of this Government, and from the first Thursday in the month of December then next ensuing,

they had no right to contract for the engraving of spreches and acts of many public men high in the confi- between the persons having the two highest numbers for extra sets of maps without an order from the dence of their own constituents, and in that of the people the office of President; which second election shall be con- House, and they have directed me, therefore, to of the United States, we are led to the belief that a spirit ducted, the result certified, and the votes counted, in the of interference in the political affairs of the European con

offer the resolution just read. The Senate have same manner as in the first; and the person having the tinent prevails to so great an extent as to induce the fear greatest number of votes for President, shall be President.

ordered the printing of ten thousand extra copies, that for the want of calm reflection, we may be involved in But if two or more persons shall have received the greatest, and the extra numbers ordered by the House can all the troubles and difficulties of the political affairs of na- and an equal number of votes, at the second election, then be had much cheaper by being lithographed at the tions and people far removed from us : the person who shall have received the greatest number of

same time. Be it therefore resolved, by the Senate and House of votes in the greatest number of States, sbal President. Representatives of the State of Alabama in General The person having the greatest number of votes for Vice

Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. The remarks Assembly conrened, That we hold it to be the duty of the President, at the first election, shall be Vice President, if of the gentleman, so far as they have Governent and the people of the United States to culti- such number be equal to a majority of the whole number of | give me the information I wanted. will ask vate relations of amity and good will with all the nations of votes given; and if no person bave such majority, then a the earth; in peace to treat all as friends, in war enemies ; second election shall take place between the persons having

another question, whether this resolution will inand to have entangling alliances with none; and to prac- the two highest numbers, on the same day that the second

terfere at all with the electrotyping now adopted tiee literally the doctrine of non-intervention.

election is held for President; and the person having the by the Coast Survey?


Mr. RIDDLE. I will answer the gentleman's Coast Survey office. The original copper-plate | retain or preserve the copper-plates prepared at the inquiry as far as I am able. In contracting for first made by the artist is reproduced by a chemi- | Coast Survey office. If all the impressions are lithographing, we are compelled to give the con- cal process. That is electrotyping. Now what I made from copper-plates, they will be worthless tractor the copper plates made at great expense by mean by electrotyping is making prints from the at the last, whereas in future they may be rethe Coast Survey office. The lithographer trans- electrotype of the plate thus produced. What I | quired. fers to stone the impressions from the copper plates wish to know of the Commitee on Engraving is, Mr. STEPHENS. I have but a word to say in the cheapest possible manner. It is not for us whether it is the object to have these impressions further, and then I will take my seat. It was my to say how he shall do it, but only to contract for made upon a principle different from that the Coast understanding the other day, when the Committee its being done well and cheaply. A mistake was Survey has now established ?

on Public Printing made their report, that the made by the gentleman from Kentucky

Mr. HAMMOND. The officers of the Coast Coast Survey intended to make all these maps and Mr. ŚTANTON, of Ohio. Does not this reso- Survey desire this course should be taken. . They charts by this new process of electrotyping. I lution, giving rise to debate, lie over?

desire that these plates shall be lithographed, and barely wish to know, whether it is their intention Mr. RIDDLE. The Chair has already decided that they shall not be printed from the original to keep up that process still at an expense to the that question. This is a privileged coinmittee, copper-plates, or copper-plates produced by the Government of 93 cents per copy, and also a conand can make its report at any time.

process to which the gentleman from Georgia (Mr. tract for lithographing the same? I ask the genThe SPEAKER. The gentleman is correct. Stephens] has alluded. They desire this, be tleman from Maryland, (Mr. Evans) who seems

Mr. RIDDLE. A .contract has been entered cause it is a cheaper mode of publishing than to be acquainted with this subject, whether that is into by the Senate with a gentleman in New York, from the copper-plates, or by the process to which the object? the lithographing to be executed by him under the the gentleman has referred. It is a cheaper pro- Mr. SACKETT. I understand that the large supervision of the Superintendent of the Coast cess, because the impression is transferred upon charts or maps are made for the practical benefit Survey. The Committee on Engraving thought stone rapidly, whereas it requires a number of of navigators. Now, what is the object and purit proper that a like agreement should be made for days under the other mode, and a new copper- pose of these outline maps? If they do not anthe lithographing of the maps for the House. plate. I do not know that I understand exactly swer that purpose, why do we make them?

Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. What dispo- l ihe point to which the gentleman from Georgia Mr. EVANS. I shall take about ten minutes, bition is to be made of these lithographs ?

refers, but if he supposes that it is the object of perhaps not more than five, in answering the inMr. RIDDLE. They are to accompany the

the committee to interfere with the duties of the quiries of gentlemen, and in making the proper report, and the report would be useless without officers of the Coast Survey, he is mistaken. explanation. The maps printed by the Coast Surthem.

Under the rules of the House, the Committee on vey are prepared by what is called the electroMr. STEPHENS. What'has become of the Engraving are bound to report to the House, type process. And if there is any gentleman here engravings which accompany the survey--done whenever maps of any kind are to be published, who does not understand it, I would advise him by the electrotyping process?

whether they be engraved or not. Now I do not to go over to the office and look at it, for it is one Mr. RIDDLE. "They have merely struck off propose to take any course which will not be ad- of the most beautiful chemical operations, worthy a few copies.

visable, and which the officers of the Coast Sur- the attention of any intelligent gentleman. These Mr. HAMMOND. I will say to the gentleman vey have not pointed out themselves. Their plates maps are sold in bookstores from ten cents to forty from Georgia, that these maps are engraved upon have actually gone on to New York for the use of cents each. The English Government in the copper at the office of the Coast Survey. Now, the Senate, and they are now transferring from same way print the Nautical Almanac, which costs it is proposed that there shall be a number of copies copper-plates to stone the impressions from which there say two dollars a copy, but which you can purof these maps printed, but it is not proposed ihat the maps are to be printed.

chase in this country for one dollar. The English they shall be printed from copper-plates, because Mr. STEPHENS. I wish to make another | print, moreover, large numbers of charts which are it is impossible that within a reasonable time, and inquiry of the gentleman. Can he inform the sold I believe much beneath cost. These charts, as at a reasonable expense, the work can be done in House what will be the cost of one of these im- || I observed before, are minute to the utmost degree. this manner. The copper-plates are sent off to pressions?

They contain every important position, the locaNew York, or some other city, where there is a Mr. HAMMOND. A friend near me says it tion of shoals, and directions for entering barlithographing establishment, and impressions from will not cost exceeding seventy-five cents. I knew bors, and all the leading lines, and bearings from the copper are to be transferred upon stổne. nothing of this resolution until my friend (Mr. | point to point, so that when any navigator arrives

Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. Is that by order | RIDDLE) showed it to me. The cost is less than upon the coast, he can make out his position with. of the Coast Survey?

was expected in the debate the other day. out difficulty. Mr. HAMMOND. It is by their order, and Mr. STEPHENS. Then there is another These charts never have been printed for the they are executing the work in that way. The question I wish to ask the gentleman. Is it the use of Congress, and never ought to be. It would Senate copy is now executed in that way. The object of the Committee on Engraving that some be an enormous job. They are printed and sold copper plates are in New York, and impressions of these copies of the Coast Survey shall be en- to navigators by the Government of the United from them are transferred to stone, because it is graved upon steel and others lithographed? States. But the report of the Coast Survey condone a great deal cheaper and more rapidly. As Mr. HAMMOND. It is intended that all shall tains what we cannot get out of the charis

. It to the electrotyping to which the gentleman refers, be lithographed.

contains a large number of astronomical and geoif he knows anything about its operations," he Mr. STEPHENS. Will the committee inform graphical positions; it gives the latitude and longiknows that it is a very expensive operation, and

me what the Coast Survey are making so many tude of important points; it describes the progress requires much time. of these electrotypes now for?

of the Coast Survey; it tells how the parties have Mr. STEPHENS. The other day, when a Mr. HAMMOND. I do not know that they | been engaged; how the work has advanced since proposition was made by the Committee on Print

last year; how they have expended the money ing to print this extra number of the report of the Mr. STEPHENS. I have seen them making voted to them; and everything which is usually Coast Survey, the chairman of the committee stated a number of them.

contained in a report, so as to enable the members to the House, that the Coast Survey office could

Mr. EVANS. I will answer the gentleman. of the House of Representatives to vote intelligiprint these maps at one dollar a set, by the electro- | The engraved plates of the Coast Survey office bly on the propositions submitted to them. Hoxivping process, and I believe at ninety-two cents. are for the large charts—some of them as large ever, in order to illustrate any report which conThe gentleman now says that the electrotyping is as a blanket. You do not propose to put these cerns mathematical and geographical positions it very expensive. I believe the Superintendent of into a small document. The copper-plate print- | is of course necessary to accompany the report the Coast Survey represents it as very cheap. I ing requires to be done under a roller, and the with maps. Everybody knows that. It is 'nehare seen them electrotype, and I think it is about most rapid copper-plate printer can produce only | cessary that the child at school should be taught one fifth cheaper than engraving. Why, then, a very few impressions in a day. The litho- | geography by maps. These coast survey reports should we get these coast-survey maps engraved graphs, however, can be produced in great num- are a sort of treatises on geography, and they I am not certain that it is not cheaper than the bers in a day, like the ordinary mode of printing, therefore require slight skeich maps, which are price I mentioned, but the House has ordered this and at a much cheaper rate than by the use of admirable, as far as they extend, but which do large number of extra copies, upon the ground copper-plates. The large electrotypes prepared not extend to the minutiæ required in the large that we could get them at ninety-three cents a in the Coast Survey office are for the great charts. | charts.

They take these charts and reduce the size, so Mr. SACKETT. I desire to know if the gen. Mr. RIDDLE. You may get them much less you can get them into a small document.

tleman is advocating the doctrine, that under the by lithographing, as low as seventy-five cents. Mr. STEPHENS. I understand from the gen- power which we have to furnish such conveni

Mr. STEPHENS. Then I wish to inquire of tleman from Maryland, [Mr. Evans,] then, that ences as the commerce of the country may rethe chairman of the committee, whether it is their ithese lithographs are for one class?

quire, we can furnish charts and maps to schools intention to take this map-making out of the Coast

Mr. EVANS. What I meant was this: The i and colleges ? Survey?

plates prepared for the use of navigators are large Mr. EVANS. I am doing no such thing; and Mr. RIDDLE. It has always been taken from plates printed from copper, and those which are if I had been doing it, I might be doing worse their hands; but they have superintended the ex- to be prepared for the document we print for distri- than desiring to bring information home to every ecution of the work.

bution are outline sketches showing the general child in the land. I venture to say, that the gen. Mr. EVANS. I merely wish to say that elec- progress of the Coast Survey. They do not show tleman's own constituents might profit by it, if we trotyping is not engraving or printing. It is a The minutiæ, and are not intended as a guide to only sent them the New Testament. (A laugh.) process of making a copy of the copper-plate. It navigators, but show the great progress of the But I was not talking about any such thing. is not the process for printing at all. It is the survey for the consideration of the House. The

was answering the inquiry of the gentleman, who preparation of an engraved plate from another en- large plates, as the gentleman from Georgia has desired to know why these small charts were furgraved plate by the galvanic process.

seen, enter into the most minute particulars, and nished. Now, if we were to use the electrotype Mr. STEPHENS. The electrotyping is sim- are intended for the practical use of navigators. plates of the Coast Survey office, and if the maps ply a reproduction of an engraved plate so as to Mr. RIDDLE. I will state, for the information were to be prepared from those plates, and bound prevent the retouch of the plate by the artist. of the gentleman, it is the desire of the Coast This has been done by a discovery made in the | Survey, and the interest of the Government, to l culable.

up with the report, the expense would be incal





I see

Mr. STANTON, of Tennessee. With the per- || [Mr. STANTON, the maps in each copy of the very inaccurate upon the most important points, mission of the gentleman, I will remind him, and report will cost only seventy-five cents, instead of while in a geodetic chart showing the trangulaparticularly the gentleman from Georgia, (Mr. ninety-two cents, as was supposed when the sub- || tion, the hydrography, and the topography of the STEPHENS,] of a faci. It was stated in the debate ject was last before the House.

coast gives it absolute certainty, as to the locality on a former day that the maps for each one of Mr. FICKLIN. I desire to ask my friend from of the channel in every point, and every circumthese copies would cost ninety-two cents, and it Maryland (Mr. Evans) one question in relation to stance connected with it; and as the gentleman now appears that they will cost only seventy-five this engraving. I find, on examination, that there from Maryland has remarked, with the aid of

The House, in adopting the former reso- is a large number of maps in the document room those charts any navigator can enter any one of lution, virtually adopted this one, although they connected with the Coasi Survey. I wish to know our ports with safety, without any other aid. believed the work would cost more.

whether they are the same with those which it is Mr. FICKLIN. In reply to the request of my Mr. FULLER, of Maine. Did not similar proposed to engrave? I will send some specimens friend from Maryland, (Mr. Evans,) that I would maps accompany the report of the last year? to the gentleman from Maryland, so that he may present to him the maps which I sent him a moMr. EVANS. Certainly; and for every former be able to answer my interrogatory.

ment ago, I beg leave to say, that I will give them It is not a new proposition. Ever since Mr. EVANS. They are not. The maps to to him with all my heart; and if he wants more, Mr. Hassler took charge of the Coast Survey, which the gentleman has called my attention he can have two horse wagon loads by going up and during the whole time it has been under the were not prepared by the Coast Survey office at

to the document room. charge of Mr. Bache, maps have always accom- all,

Mr. EVANS. I should like to inquire of the panied the report, and they are indispensably ne- Mr. FICKLIN. Who were they prepared by, gentleman what right he has to give them away? cessary to elucidate it. We have been in the then?

Mr. FICKLIN. Why, by going up there, habit for many years past of printing the journals Mr. EVANS. I think they were prepared and selecting them, and having them brought down of officers who have traversed the western coun- under the direction of the Navy Department. here: try-California and New Mexico, and of accom- When these come to be compared with those Mr. EVANS. That is no right at all. panying them not only with maps and charts, but which we now propose to publish, I think there Mr. FICKLIN. I hold them by possession ; with views and likenesses of Indians, got up at will be found some difference. I am a judge of and, as a gentleman near me suggests, by the an enormous expense, and not at all necessary to maps.

right of discovery too. (A laugh.] the elucidation of the works. I am confident that Mr. FICKLIN. In looking over the document While up, I wish to say to my friend from if gentlemen will look into the matter, they will room I found some two-horse wagon loads of North Carolina, (Mr. Venable,) who, I am glad find that these maps are indispensably necessary. maps there of this species.

to see, is engaged in this subject, that a few days They are not put in for show, for shey are not Mr. EVANS. hope the gentleman will let ago, when this subject was under discussion, he showy maps at all. Nor are they put in to show me keep the maps he has sent to me. I hope he was eloquent and ardent in showing the necessity how deeply scientific they are; that is done in the intended to send them to me as a present. of these maps and charts. I did not then have large maps; they are merely for the elucidation of Mr. VENABLE.' The charts which the gen- the opportunity of showing him that in the docuthe report.

tleman from Minois (Mr. Ficklin) has presented ment room a great number of these maps may be Now, I wish to say a word to the House in re- here, are nautical charts, and are very unsatisfac- found in relation to his own Statc; that there is a gard to the way in which these surveys are made. tory. Those which we propose to publish are sufficient number in regard to Cape Fear to have

a gentleman before me who knows per- geodetic charts, which, as the gentleman from supplied his constituents with all the information feetly well how things are done, and who will cor- Maryland (Mr. Evans] has informed us, make they require, if they are correct, so that no navirect me if I am in error. I mean the gentleman allowance for the shape of the earth, which is gator need have any fear in entering Cape Fear. from Delaware, [Mr. Ripple,) whom I have spheroidical. Nautical charts were prepared by (A laugh.) known for a long time, and who is well acquainted order of the Government as far back as 1805, but Mr. RVÉNABLE. Will the gentleman allow with the process. In making marine surveys, the they are delusive. They are not accurate, because, me to say, that if he will look at these charts-for earth is regarded as a flat surface-a plane, but not being constructed upon the actual spheroidical || I have looked at them not casually, but I have everybody knows that it is not so; and therefore, shape of the earth, each detached map may be examined them closely he will find that the presin making geodetical surveys it is necessary to accurate, but when placed by others do not fit- ent observations were made by the Coast Survey, take the rotundity of the earth into account.' In one overlaps the other, and the channels are not and the present charts supply all that is wanting ; carrying on the coast survey of the United States, therefore correctly marked with reference to one while he will find that ihe mere nautical ones, in the first place, the whole country is divided another. These maps are made with reference | being based upon the supposition that the earth is into certain triangles. A great deal of care is re- to the triangulation of which my friend from Ma- flat, are of very little use, because inaccurate in quired to present those triangles properly. No ryland speaks. The larger and smaller triangula- 1 this : suppose a nautical chart of Norfolk harbor single angle of a triangle must be too obtuse, none tion present to you the precise shape of our coast be made, and the one of some harbor on the coast too acute. They should be as nearly as possible over the whole extent where the surveys have l of North Carolina at eighty or a hundred miles equilateral. These triangles are then plotted down been completed. Now, it does seem extraordi- distant, he must perceive that no reference being on one of these charts, and as every angular point nary that'any difficulty should be raised upon had to the spheroidic shape of the earth, they must of every triangle is an absolute, correctly ascertain this subject. Look at the whole of our Pacific, be inaccurate in relation to each other. They ed position in the country, if any gentleman has as well as our Atlantic coast! These charts are were nautical surveys and entirely distinct from one in his district, he has an absolute position ascer- prepared by a corps of the most accomplished the system of observations taken by the Coast tained there with reference to every other part of scholars, comprising practical engineers-gentle Survey. And that survey which he has given me, the earth's surface. These charts will be highly men educated in the Navy-gentlemen skilled in as far as the coast of North Carolina was conuseful to persons preparing maps of counties, as the science of hydrography-gentlemen educated cerned, was far from being a complete one. They they show what their geographical position is with at West Point-gentlemen skilled in the science surveyed Cape Fear, but they did not survey the regard to other places. These small maps, which of topography—all of them men of the highest | whole coast. It is the misfortune of North Carocan be lithographed at very slight expense, contain altainments, who have been employed for a long lina that her coast is one of the most dangerous a great deal of very valuable geographical inform- | time on our coast, and are in every respect quali- in the United States, and much more so formerly ation necessary to the elucidation of the report fied for the execution of a work demanding the than now, because of the want

of such observaand to enable Congress to understand it.

highest scientific attainments. And the charts tions as are now in progress. But little has been There is this difficulty about electrotyping, that which they have constructed from their own obser- expended on that coast, whilst the bounties of the the printing from copper plates requires to be done vations are complete and accurate. The nautical Treasury have been poured out with a liberal hand by a peculiar press with rollers. Each plate re- charts which have been heretofore constructed are on the Northern Atlantic and Lake coasts of the quires to be carefully arranged. It requires skill taken upon the principle that the earth is a plane, United States, with channels ascertained and in the operator, and only a few copies can be flat surface. They will, therefore, be incomplete shoals marked by lights which shine like stars on struck off in the course of a day. But where you and inaccurate. Now, every gentleman here the dark waters, yes, sir, in constellations, our use lithographic plates, you can use an ordinary knows that the effect of mistaking a few feet one coast has been neglected, and the perils of navipress. It is the same difference as that between side or the other of a channel may be the loss of gation greatly increased. The progress of the copper-plates and wood-cuts. The wood-cuts are the vessel and all it contains. But these charts coast survey off North Carolina, conducted by easily done, because they are inserted amongst give every point with such accuracy that there can the distinguished Superintendent and his accomthe types; but if you have copper-plates, it must be no mistake, and in the absence even of a pilot plished assistants, have in a great measure reall be done by rollers, and therefore, if the Coast may give the means of a safe approach to a har- | moved the difficulty, and pointed out the channels Survey office undertake to use copper-plates in- | bor.

which render navigation practicable and safe. stead of lithography, it will subject the House to Mr. FULLER, of Maine. Since Congress The engineers employed in the Coast Survey at very great expense.

have ordered six thousand copies of those charts to present have not completed the whole coast from These plates are necessary for the elucidation | be printed I have received two letters from gentle | Cape Fear to Charleston, and the work is in progof the report. They ought not to be copper plates men of great experience, saying that the use of ress, and along the coast of Georgia. They have on the large scale, because they would be too mi- those charts would enable them to enter any port published a portion of these charts. But I will nute for that purpose, and would cost too much; covered by them, without the aid of a pilot, they say to my friend, in order that he may have some they ought not to be copper-plates on the small

idea of the value of this work, that the knowledge scale, because of the difficulty of printing; but Mr. VENABLE. There is no question about heretofore possessed of this coast was so imperthey ought to be lithographed, because that can it, as I have before remarked; it is reduced to a fect and so unsatisfactory, that it was impossible to be done with the usual press-work, and at any demonstrative certainty. It is a mathematical as- get a vessel insured at any reasonable rate which rate, much cheaper.

certainment of the locality of a channel, and the was bound for this coast; but since the work has In conclusion, let me say that, as was suggested charts being constructed with reference to the shape been completed under the Superintendent of the by the gentleman from Maine, [Mr. Fuller,) of the earth, there can be no mistake as to their Coast Survey, these difficulties have been rethis is no new thing introduced to inveigle Con- | accuracy. If you will consult a mariner-any moved in a great measure, and insurance can gress, but an old-established thing; and further, | man skillful in the business of sea-faring life, he easily be effected. The difficulties upon the shore es was stated by the gentleman from Tennessee, I will tell you that mere nautical charts are often l of North Carolina have been so far removed, that

were so accurate.


although it has been heretofore regarded as a most Mr. VENABLE. I merely stated the differ

NOTICES OF BILLS. dangerous coast, yet vessels are now enabled to ence beiween nautical and geodetical charts.

Mr. WEIGHTMAN gave notice, under the rule, of his enter our ports oiten without the aid of a pilot. Mr. FICKLIN. I understood my friend from

intention to introduce a bill amendatory of the act approved This has been the result so far as that coast is con- North Carolina to intimate that it had not been

September 9th, 1850, entitled " An act proposing to the state

of Texas the establishinent of her northern and westen cerned. Now, I am sure that my friend will not ascertained by the Coast Survey and Department | boundaries, the relinquislıment by the said State of all terhesitate for the expense of a small appropriation, that the form of the earth was not a plane flat sur- ritory claimed by her exterior to said boundaries, and of all when millions of money and the lives of thou- face. He says that the information which we her claims upon the United States, and to establish a terri. sands of men are at risk. I should be as un- received in 1832 was incorrect. But if he will

torial government for New Mexico."

Mr. ALLISON gave notice that he would, on to-morrow, willing as any one to vote unnecessary appropri. ok into the matter he will find that a great deal or on some subsequent day, introduce a bill granting one ations for this or for any other purpose; but wise of this incorrect matter was published by order of million of acres of land to the State of Pennsylvania, for the economy is always liberal. Who has a more per- the House. A great many more numbers were

purpose of aiding the Pittsburg and Erie Railroad Company fect right to protection than the hardy mariner, printed than was netessary for distribution by the

in constructing their road. whose enterprise binds the four quariers of the members of the House, world together in commercial intercourse? Whose If the number to be printed is decided upon, and

PETITIONS, &c. life should be more dear to the country than his the question is one of mere form between these The following petitions, memorials, &c., were presented who brings comfort, luxury and wealth to our two committees, I have nothing more to say in

under the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees: shores? Whose life of daring and of danger is regard to it; but if it involve, in any way, the pub- Joshua Frepron, praying for commutation pay.

By Mr. MEADE: The petition of the heirs of Captain of such inestimable value to every branch of in- 1 lishing of a larger number than has been heretofore

Also, the petition of David Toole, praying for a pension dustry in our land ? Commerce is the right arm ordered, I am, for one, against it.

in consideration of injuries received while in the service of of the country; all that can be done to invigorate Mr. GORMAN. It does not involve a single | the United States during the late war. and strengthen it should be the statesman's care. cent inore expense. It is a a question relating to

By Mr. ALLISON: The petition of sundry citizens of Knowledge, scientific, accurate knowledge, builds the duties, falling, in part, legi

Washington county, Pennsylvania, praying that the carrynately, to the

ing and delivery of the mail on the Christian Sabbath, or the most enduring monuments which perpetuate Committee on Engraving, and another part to the Lord's day, be prohibited. the memory of the statesman's skill. The lives Committee on Printing. It is the same thing here- Also, two petitions from citizens of Western Pennuyla and the property of our sailors and merchants all tofore decided upon, and does not involve any ad

vania, for a ship canal around the falls of Sainte Marie's demand that we should be liberal in furnishing the ditional expense.

By Mr. ASHE: The memorials of Dickson Mallard and information which will protect them, and I am wil- Mr. FICKLIN. I will remark, in regard to Carlton Hall, deputy marshals, praying additional competiling at any reasonable cost to furnish it. The fear- this coast survey, that it has been well said by my sation for taking the census. ful loss of lives and property produced by defec- friend from North Carolina, (Mr. VENABLE,) that

By Mr. THOMAS M. HOWE: The memorial of Thomas

R. Holmes and others, citizens of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, tive charts and unlighied shoals and rocks, and the dollars are not to be regarded in reference to it; praying for the construction of a ship canal around the talls perils of navigation incalculably increased, are de- and, indeed, they need not be counted, because it of the river Ste. Marie, Michigan. mands to which we cannot be insensible or un- will continue from year to year and, as I appre

Also, the memorial of N. P. Sawyer and others, of Pittsmindful. All commercial nations are engaged in a hend, from century io century at a cost of hun

burg, of the same tenor.

Also, the memorial of William M. Semple and others, of like enterprise with ourselves, and liberally furnish dreds of thousands of dollars, and there will be Pittsburg, for the same. all the information which they obtain. Our own no end to it while this Government has a sea- Also, the memorial of W. W. Wallace, J. D. Williams, 3: Colonel Frémont, when he first visited the Pacific coast. That being the case, and such the proba

and others, of Pittsburg, for the same.

Also, the memorial of Charles Naylor and others, of coast, detected by observation an error in Merca- bility, I think it very important we should watch

Pittsburg, for the same. tor's chart, by which San Francisco was placed sev- over this expenditure, which already is becoming By Mr. SCHOONMAKER: The petition of 287 musters eral miles further on the coast than it really was, very large, not to say enormous. It was sug- of vessels hailing from various ports in the United Suick, and which had caused the wreck of many vessels gesied that the previous question should be moved;

who have freighted from Rondout during the season of

1851, for an appropriation to remove obstructions from the that ran upon the shore before they were aware of but as I do poi desire to do so, I will yield the

channel of the Rondout river, at or near its junction with its proximity: He made the communication, and floor.

the Hudson river, in the State of New York. I am informed that the English Board of Admiralty Mr. ORR moved the previous question; which Also, a petition of citizens of the State and city of New had just before sent a corps of engineers to ascer- received a second, and the main question was or

York, for the same purpose. tain the cause of the frequent losses in that pardered to be put.

Also, a petiton of Hester Serrine, formerly Hester Paul

ding, of Yorktown, New York, and widow of John Paulding, Our corps is

The resolution was again read for information, deceased, one of the captors of Major Andre, for a pension. now prosecuting the work off Oregon and Cali- and the question was then taken upon the adop- Owen, of Ohio, 1. E. Boyce, of Indiana, and 52 othere

, fornia, and I trust we shall sustain the enterprise, || tion of the resolution, and it was agreed to.

inventors, praying Congress for the completion of the Patent and publish the results, until there shall noi be a


Otfice building according to the original design prepared by shoal, channel, or inlet, cape, promontory, or bay, Mr. DAVIS, of Indiana, by unanimous con

William P. Elliott, an architect of the city of Washington, which may not be made perfectly familiar to ali sent, introduced a bill, of which previous notice

and approved by the President of the United States in the whose business and occupation lead them to the

year 1836. had been given, entitled "A bill to grant to the By Mr. GREEN: The memorial of Colonel George W. dangers of the seas, that our statesmen and

States of Indiana and Mlinois a portion of the Morgan, and others, asking an increase of the pension of scholars may also learn those things so necessary public lands therein, for the improvement of the

George Momony, a soldier in the Mexican war. to be known before they undertake to legislate or River Wabash;" which was read a first and sec

By Mr. AIKEN: The memorial of the Chamber of Comto teach.

inerce of Charleston, South Carolina, praying that an apond time by its title, and referred to the Commit. || propriation be made for deepening the bar and otherwise Mr. STANTON, of Tennessee. Will the gentee on Public Lands.

improving the entrance to the barbor of Charleston, South tleman from Illinois (Mr. FICKLIN) allow me to

PUBLIC PRINTING OFFICE. say a word? About iwo weeks ago we ordered

By Mr. PORTER: A memorial signed by J. K. Sheeley,

Mr. DOTY, by unanimous consent, introduced this printing to be done. It was then stated that

and four others, commissioners of the Asylum for the Deaf the cost of the whole would be about ninety-two a bill, of which previous notice had been given,

and Dumb, recently established by the State of Missouri, at entitled "A bill to establish a public printing office,

Fulton, in said State, asking a donation of public land for cents. We have already ordered the printing to

the use and benefit of said asylum. be done, and, as I understand it, this is a mere

and to provide for the appointment of a Superin- · By Mr. ANDREWS: The memorial of James T. Clark

tendent of Public Printing;" which was read a and others, deputy marshals of Oxford county, Maine, for question of form. The Committee on Engraving thought it would be necessary for them to report,

first and second time by its title, and referred to increase of compensation for taking the census of 1854. and for that reason the subject has again been the Committee of the Whole House, and ordered

By Mr. DISNEY : The memorial of William Wilson

Chancellor, asking Congress to endow the National Unibrought before the House. Now, what can be to be printed.

versity " in Ohio. the difficulty in the matter? The printing has POWERS AND DUTIES OF AMERICAN CON

Also, the memorial of merchants, shippers, ship-owners,

underwriters, and others, of Cincinnati, remonstrating been ordered, and the engravers must go on with


against the repeal of the act for the reduction of costs, &ca the work.

Mr. SACKETT, by unanimous consent, intro- in admiralty: Mr. GORMAN. I also desire a word of ex- duced a resolution; which was read for informa- || 70 other citizens of Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania,

By Mr. KUHNS: The petition of John C. Plumer, and planation. The Committee on Engraving reported tion, as follows, viz:

praying for the establishment of a direct mail route froin upon precisely the same thing which was reported Resolved, That the Committee on Foreign Affairs be in- Westnewton to Greensburg, in said county. upon by the Committee on Printing. The other structed to inquire into the powers and duties of American On motion by Mr. HOLLADAY, it was day I reported the cost as ninety-two cents, but it

Consuls and Commercial Agents in relation to American Ordered, That the petition and papers of Messrs. Finnall has since been ascertained that it could be done

seamen, mariners, officers, and commanders of mercbant & Graham be withdrawn from the files of the House, and

vessels of the citizens of the United States, in foreign ports be referred again to the Committee on the Post Office and for considerably less than that amount. But the and places; and to bring in a bill to more completely define engraving of the work belongs to the Committee and establish such powers and duties.

By Mr. BOYD: The petition of James Sweet, praying on Engraving, and the printing belongs to the Mr. SACKETT. If the House will allow me compensation for a horse lost in the military service of the Commitlee on Printing. "The question remains

United States. one word upon that resolution, I presume there By Mr. CHURCHWELL: The memorial of E. Wilson, exactly the same, so far as the House is concerned, will be no objection to it.

of Tennessee, praying for the passage of a law autborizing as it did when it was up before. I hope the gen- Voices. «Hear!” “ Hear!”

the election or appointment of two public printers to Contleman will call the previous question, and let us Mr. S., (continuing.) There is a claim now be- | gress, one a Democrat and one a Whig. dispose of it at once. fore Congress, of a considerable amount, arising

Also, a memorial, praying for the passage of the home

stead bill. Mr. FICKLIN. That is just what I wanted out of the exercise of very doubtful powers of one Also, a memorial, praying to bave the nct of 3d March, to find out, whether it is a question of form or of of our consuls, and it is for the purpose of having i 1851, so atnended as to have one uniform rate of postige substance. and obtaining a competent committee to examine

throughout the United States and Territories. Mr. VENABLE. It is simply a question of into their power and duties, that I ask the adop

By Mr. MOORE, of Pennsylvania: The memorial of form. tion of this resolution.

John S. Littell, asking for per diem, mileage, &c., for con

testing the seat of J. Robbins, jr., in the 31st Congress. Mr. FICKLIN. These charts which I pre- The question was then taken on the adoption of By Mr. BELL: The petition of citizens of Patterson sented here, I think were published in 1839. Now, the resolution, and it was agreed to.

townsbip, Dark county, Ohio, praying for the establishment my friend from North Carolina rather intimates Mr. ORR moved that the House do now ad- of a mail route from Jacksonville, in said county, to Lorathat the spherodical shape of the earth was not journ; which motion was agreed to; and the House

mie, in Shelby county, Ohio.

By Mr. CHANDLER: The memorial of sundry citizens then understood.

adjourned till lo-morrow at twelve o'clock, m. of filinois, asking for a grant of public land to aid in the


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