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Mr. ROBINSON, from the Committee on Roads [Cries of “Read the bill!”]

time to reach it. This bill has now been unaniand Canals, reported a bill to set apart and sell to The bill was then read through by the Clerk. mously reported to this House by the present Asa Whitney, of New York, a portion of the Mr. THURSTON. That is an important in- committee, and they unanimously ask that it shall public lands to enable him to construct a railroad vention. The patent expired in 1850, and is of be

put upon

its

passage, that it may not be again from Lake Michigan or the Mississippi river to no benefit to the inventor at all. He can only lost for want of time. As the honorable member the Pacific ocean; which was read a first and sec- use it himself. He has expended about $30,000 who reported this bitl (Mr. THURSTON] has said, ond time by its title.

in perfecting the machine. I hope it will be the this machine can be used only during the harvestMr. R. moved to refer it to the Conimittee of pleasure of the House to pass the bill.

ing season, about one month in each year. So the Whole on the state of the Union, and that it Mr. SACKETT. I move to refer the bill to that the whole use of it under the original patent be printed.

the Committee of the Whole on the state of the has been only fourteen months. Mr. DUNHAM moved to refer it to the Com- Union, and that it be printed,

Most inventions can be used every day and can mittee on Public Lands.

Mr. CARTTER. *Do I understand the gentle-be tried and tested in secret, while every experiMr. HALL. I hope that this bill will not be man from Rhode Island, (Mr. THURSTON,] to ment with this one must be made openly and bereferred to the Committee on 'Public Lands. It move to put that bill on its passage ?

fore the whole community. has been considered thoroughly by one of the

Mr. THURSTON. Yes, sir.

I reside, Mr. Speaker, in the same county with committees of this House, which is certainly as

Mr. CARTTER. I desire to make a few re- these inventors, and their invention has been percompetent to consider it as is the Committee on marks with reference to the propriety of passing , fected under my own eye. They have expended Public Lands, and the result of their labors is be this bill now, if the committee will listen to me. the whole lifetime of the former patent and more fore the House. I can see no reason why it I wish to say to the House, in the first place, that than thirty thousand dollars in perfecting their should be referred to the Committee on Public this bill

machine, and have not derived one dollar of profit Lands. That committee has already as much Mr. DUNHAM. I rise to a question of order. from their invention. business as it can attend to.

I ask whether the vote has not been taken on re- Mr. JOHN W. HOWE. I desire to ask if Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. Did not the ferring this bill to the Committee of the Whole on the patent has ever been renewed under the existbill come from the Committee on Roads and Ca- the state of the Union ?

ing patent laws? nals?

The SPEAKER. It has not been taken.

Mr. STUART. Nn, sir. Mr. ROBINSON. It did; and that committee Mr. CARTTER. I do not wish to detain the Mr. SACKETT. The gentleman does not unhave had it before them ever since it has been in

House five minutes. The bill proposes to renew derstand the question. They have had a renewal Congress.

the patent rights of Hascall & Moore, in their by the Commissioner for seven years. The question was first taken upon Mr. Robin- harvesting machine-not a common thrasher, or Mr. STUART. No, sir. The gentleman son's motion, and the bill was referred to the separator, or a reaper, but a combination of the from New York is entirely mistaken. It has not Committee of the Whole on the state of the whole, and in conflict with none of them-a ma- been renewed at all, Union, and ordered to be printed.

chine that has just been perfected under fourteen Mr. DUNHAM. Then I have only to say, Mr. ROBINSON, from the same committee, re- years of labor, and from which the inventors have they have no business here. They must go to ported back a bill for the improvement of Rock never drawn a farthing. It is a machine that can- the Patent Ofiice. Ísland and De Moines Rapids in the Mississippi

not come in conflict with any existing machine. Mr. STUART. The gentleman from Indiana river, with an amendment; which was referred io It is one that augments the agricultural facilities, is equally mistaken. Their former patent has exthe Committee of the Whole on the state of the for reaping, cieaning, and gathering grain. The pired, and Congress alone possesses the power to Union, and ordered to be printed.

inventors have been made poor in the process of extend it. They applied here in time, but their bill Mr. R. also, from the same committee, reported perfecting their invention, which process has cov- of the last session was lost, as I have stated. the following bills; which were read severally a

ered the entire period for which the patent was Mr. Speaker, I know all about this question; first and second time by their titles, referred to the granted; and if it is to be of any service to them, and I do not hesitate to say, unqualifiedly, that a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, the patent ought to be granted to them now, for more meritorious application cannot be presented and ordered to be printed, viz:

they have not the ability to wait upon the legisla- to the consideration of Congress, nor one, the A bill for the construction of military roads in tion of this House, and resort to the ordinary ap- granting of which, would be more beneficial to the Territory of Oregon;

pliances made use of for that purpose. This is a the agricultural community. The passage of this A bill for the improvement of the navigation of brief history of that matter. It is a machine that bill cannot interfere with the rights of any other the Arkansas river;

can only be perfected upon the prairies of the persons. The bill simply proposes to give to A bill for the improvement of the navigation of United States It is not adapted to the smaller ihese inventors what they have invented, and the Ohio river, between Pittsburg and the falls at

farming operations of the East, or to the woody they are required by it to establish their invenLouisville;

portions of the United States. I regard it as an tions by proof before the Commissioner of PatA bill for the improvement of the navigation of act of naked justice to the genius, labor, and per- ents, who will embrace in their specifications such the Ohio river below the falls at Louisville, and of severance of those gentlemen, that the grant should inventions only as they can so establish. And certhe Mississippi river; and

be made, for they have never yet derived a dollar tainly all that they have invented, they are entiA bill for the improvement of the navigation of from it. There are but two perfect machines that tled to, upon every principle of justice. All that the Missouri river:

have ever been built, and those machines have cost this bill proposes, is to do them justice; and I am Mr. JOHN W. HOWE, from the Committee them fourteen years of trial and labor, and all the not willing further to detain the House, or hazard on Roads and Canals, reported back, without money they and their friends could procure, to the the success of the bill by talking about it. amendment, House bill No. 68, being a bill to amount of $20,000 or $30,000. I hope the House Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. As I am not provide for the survey of sites for certain artificial will pass it as an act of justice.

opposed to the renewal of the patent, if it is reservoirs to be constructed at the main affluence Mr. SACKETT. I am entirely unacquainted proper to do so, and wishing some time to look of the Ohio river, in accordance with the plans with the character of this case. I only know it is into and consider it, I would move that the House heretofore submitted by Charles Ellet, jr., and an application for a renewal of a patent. But I do now adjourn, and then this question will come for other purposes; which was referred to the suppose there has been no renewal under the gen- | up when we next call for reports of committees. Committee of the Whole on the state of the eral law, authorizing renewals by the Commis- | I only suggest such a motion. Union.

sioner of Patents; but I know such a case is one, Mr. STUART. I am so satisfied that this Mr. STANTON, of Ohio, from the Committee in my judgment, which should not be passed thing is right, and it having received the indorseon Roads and Canals, reported back, with an

without the deliberation of this House. It is ask- ment of the Committees of both Houses, I move amendment, House bill to provide for the con- ing quite too much, for the Committee on Patents the previous question. struction of a ship canal around the falls of the to come into this House and say that it is a case Mr. DUNHAM. I ask for the reading of the Ste. Marie river, at the mouth of Lake Superior; which comes in conflict with no other patent that bill. It gives fourteen years' extensionwhich was referred to the Committee of the Whole is now in existence. Sir, that is covering quite Mr. ORR. I rise io a privileged motion. I on the state of the Union. too much ground. That is a question which may move the House adjourn.

Mr. ROBBINS. hope not; there is so much Mr. STANTON, of Kentucky, from the Com. I belong to a court, which may belong to the conmittee on Public Buildings, made an adverse re

sideration of many other patentees, interested in business upon the Speaker's table. port on the memorial of certain laborers on the this question.

Mr. ORR. I demand tellers.

Whether the case is one that ought to pass at Mr. POLK demanded the yeas and nays; but public buildings, asking for an increase of wages; which was ordered to lie on the table and be

all or not, is not now a proper subject of consid- they were not ordered. printed

eration. It is, to say the least, one of a class of Tellers were then ordered, and Messrs. ORR

cases which demand the attention of this House, and MEACHAM appointed. Mr. S., from the same committee, reported a and should not be acted upon precipitately. I The question was then taken, and the tellers rebill to authorize the Secretary of War to purchase therefore renew the motion to refer it to the Com-ported—ayes 54, nays 73.

in
mittee of the Whole House.

So the House refused to adjourn. the occupancy of the Government, situated on the

I feel confident, sir, that Mr. HAVEN. Before the vote is taken, I desire corner of Seventeenth and F streets, in the city of if the gentleman from New York (Mr. Sackett) to learn from the chairman of the Committee on Washington; which was read a first and second

was aware of all the facts in regard to this bill, || Patents, [Mr. CarTTER,] whether there was any time by its title, and referred to the Committee of he would not press his motion to refer it to the evidence before that committee in reference to the the Whole on the state of the Union, and ordered Committee of the Whole House.

assignment by these patentees of their right? to be printed.

In addition to what has been said by the hon- Mr. CARTTER. 'I recollect of none. I will Mr. THURSTON, from the Committee on orable chairman of the Committee on Patents, state to the gentleman from New YorkPatents, reported a bill for the relief of Hiram (Mr. Cartter,] I will state, that a similar bill for The SPEAKER. This conversation is not in, Moore and John Hascal, for the renewal of a the relief of these inventors passed this House at order, and can only be allowed by unanimous, patent on a reaping and thrashing machine; which the last Congress, was referred to the Committee was read a first and second time by its title. on Patents of the Senate, and by it reported back There was no objection. Mr. T. moved to put the bill on its passage. favorably, but was lost in the Senate for want of Mr. CARTTER: The machine has never been

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perfected so as to make it the subject of merchan- | Catharine Proctor Hayden, daughter and heir to referred to the Committee on Revolutionary dise during the whole life of the patent.

Colonel John White, deceased, praying the reim- Claims. Mr. HÃVEN. If there be such assignments, | bursement of advances made by her late father, NEW JERSEY ON NON-INTERVENTION. cautious legislation is demanded at our hands. and payment of the seven years half pay due for Mr. STOCKTON. Mr. President, I hold in

Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, demanded the yeas his military services in the revolutionary war; my hands a series of resolutions passed by the and nays; which were ordered.

which was referred to the Committee on Revolu- Legislature of the State of New Jersey, and by Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I move that tionary Claims.

their authority transmitted to me. I ask that they the House adjourn.

Mr. MILLER. I desire, Mr. President, to

may be read and printed. Mr. HOUSTON. I would suggest the pro- present the memorial of silk manufacturers, dyers, The Clerk read the resolutions, as follows: prieiy of clearing the Speaker's table. and other persons interested the silk trade of

Joint Resolutions in relation to Governor Kossute and the A Voice. It will take a whole day. the United States, praying that Congress may re

doctrine of national non-intervention. Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. If the Speaker | peal that part of the taritř law of 1846 which im- Whereas Louis Kossuth, Governor of Hungary, exiled asks for the unanimous consent for that purpose poses fifteen per cent. duty upon raw silk. As from his country because he made a gallant but ansuccessbefore my motion is put, I will readily agree to it. ihe facts and considerations stated in the petition ful struggle for his country's rights, bas come to the United Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. I object. are important with regard to the interests of the

Stalcs, an invited guest of the nation

1. Be it resolved by the Senate and General Assembly of The question was then taken upon the adjourn- | parties represented, and as it expresses so clearly the State of New Jersey, That Louis Kossuth be invited ment, and it was decided in the affirmative-ayes | the distinctions and unjust operation of the tariff to visit this Legislature at its present session, that we may 72, noes 58. of 1846 in reference to its not making a proper

extend to him the hospitality of the State and assure him of So the House adjourned. discrimination between the raw material and the

our sympathy.

2. Be it resolrod, That in Louis Kossuth we recognize a manufactured article, I hope the memorial will be true patriot, and the able and eloquent expounder of conPETITIONS, &c. read.

stitutional rights and liberties; that we sympathize with The following petitions, memorials, &c., were presented The memorial was accordingly read, and re

him and his countrymen in the calamities which bave beunder the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees: ferred to the Committee on Manufactures.

fallen their fatherland; that we deeply deplore that the

recent glorious struggle for the freedom of Hungary was By Mr. BUELL: The petition of John Mann, for a pen- Mr. SUMNER presented the petition of Mar- rendered unsuccessful by the treason of their general, and sion.

tha L. Downs, widow of Lieutenant Downs, the armed intervention of Russia, contrary to the princi. Mr. SIVEETSER gave notice of his desire to withdraw from the files of the House, in order to refer to the Commitcommander of the United States schooner Gram

ples of justice and international law; and that we trust, by

the blessing of Divine Providence, that all his future efforts tee of Claims, the papers of C. Nisewarger and William pus at the time she was lost, praying that the same

in the cause of his country may be crowned with success, S. Sullivant. By Mr. EDGERTON : Petitions of citizens of Defiance

allowance of pay may be made io the widows and and that the people of Hungary, now dispersed or downcounty, Ohio, for a mail route from Toledo, via Bryan and

orphans of persons belonging to that vessel, as trodden, may be restored to freedom and happiness, under Hicksville, Ohio, to Fort Wayne, Indiana. has been made in similar cases; which was re

the protecting care oi a constitutional government erected

by themselves. By Mr. HENN: The petition of citizens of Kanesville, ferred to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

3. And be il resolved, That every nation has a right to Iowa, asking that they be allowed to purchase the land on Mr. BADGER presented the memorial of J. alter, modify, abolish, or adopt its own form of government, which said town is situated, and for the appointment of a Board of Commissioners to superintend the survey of said

H. Williams, the memorials of E. D. Austin, D. and regulate its own internal affairs, and that an arned it town, and to adjust the titles to lots therein. Hurdle, William H. Hood, Carlton Hall, James

tervention of any other nation to control or destroy this

right is an infraction of international law. By Mr. SCUDDER: The petition of Ezra Taylor, and M. Waddill, N. McCrummer, W. H. Marshall, 4. And be it resolved, That the supremacy of the non130 others, citizens of Dennis and Harwich, Massachusetts, T. H. Tomlinson, John B. Goelet, Brian Hellen, intervention law, acknowledged by all nations, would tend asking an appropriation for a light-vessel on Succonesset shoals, in the Vineyard sound. M. D. King, and John A. Selby, assistant mar

to maintain national rights, prevent national wars, and give

a lasting peace to the world. By Mr. JONES, of Pennsylvania: The proceedings of shals for taking the Seventh Census in North Car

5. And be it resolved, That our Senators and Representathe Berks county tariff meeting.

olina, praying additional compensation; which tives in Congress be requested to obtain the passage of a By Mr. ALLEN, of Illinois: The petition of citizens of were referred to the Committee of Claims.

resolution by Congress, instructing the representatives of Hamilton, Saline, and Gallatin counties, in the State of IlJinois, praying that a mail route may be established from the

Mr. JONES, of lowa, presented the proceed

the United States to the Governments of Europe to urge

upon those Governments a declaration that the forcible intown of McLanesboro', in Hamilton county, to the town of || ings of a meeting of stockholders of the Dubuque

tervention of one nation to regulate the internal affairs, or Equality, in Gallatin county, in the State of Illinois. and Keokuck Railroad Company, held at AnaBy Mr JOAN W. HOWE: The petition of Joseph S.

to alter, modify, abolish, or prescribe the form of goversWhite and 384 other citizens of Lawrence county, Pennmosa, Iowa, in relation to the donation of land

ment of another nation, is an infraction of the law of na

tions. sylvania, praying Congress to adopt some mode for the ami- for that railroad; which was ordered to lie on the

6. And be it resolved, that the Governor be requested to cable adjustinent of national difficulties without resort to table.

transmit a copy of these resolutions to the President of the

Mr. HAMLIN presented a memorial of as- United States, to Louis Kossuth, and to each of our SenaBy Mr. FULLER, of Maine : The petition of Charles T. Emerson and 85 others, citizens of Washington county,

sistant marshals for taking the Seventh Census tors and Representatives in Congress. Moine, being ship-owners, ship-masters, pilots, and others in Oxford county, Maine, praying additional com- Mr. STOCKTON. Mr. President, no one interested in navigation, praying Congress to make an ap- pensation; which was referred to the Committee need doubt my regard for the old Democratic prinpropriation for building a ligbt house on Round Island, in of Claims.

ciple, that the representative is bound by the the entrance of Machias river, in said State. By Mr. BRAGG: The petition of Charles Bingham, mar

Also, resolutions passed by the Legislature of will of his constituents. No one need doubt the shal of the southern district of Alabama, praying for addi

Maine, in relation to Louis Kossuth and the doc- profound respect which any expression of opinion tional compensation for taking the census.

trine of non-intervention; which were ordered to by the Legislature of New Jersey will command By Mr. AIKEN: The resolutions of the General Assem- lie on the table and be printed.

from me. I know no higher honor than faithfully bly of South Carolina relative to the establishinent of a branch Mint at Charleston, South Carolina.

Mr. DOWNS presented the memorial of the to represent my native State. I can enjoy no Also, the memorial of the Chamber of Commerce of heirs of James Perrie and Lucy Perrie, praying higher satisfaction than to feel that I merit her Charleston, South Carolina, praying the establishment of a the confirmation of their title to certain lands held

approval. My ambition in the discharge of my branch Mint in that city.

under a Spanish grant; which was referred to the duties here, is to promote her interests. "In doing Also, the memorial of Hugh Craig and other citizens of the Chesterfield district, South Carolina, praying for the Committee on Private Land Claims.

that, I know that I shall promote the welfare of establishment of a branch Mint at Charleston, South Car

Mr. FELCH presented the petition of Christo- our whole country: olina.

pher Knowlton, praying a pension for services Sir, I execrate the oppressors of poor HungaBy Mr. PARKER, of Pennsylvania : The petition of the heirs of Robt. Laughlin, late of Westmoreland county, Penn

in the revolutionary war; which was referred to ry, and cordially sympathize with the Legislature sylvania, deceased, praying compensation for property dethe Committee on Pensions.

and people of New Jersey in her sufferings. I stroyed during the revolutionary war, and accompanying Also, two petitions of citizens of Michigan, am as desirous for her independence and the expapers withdrawn from the files of the House.

praying a donation of land to that State for the tension of human liberty as any of my fellowAlso, the petition of Jolin De Arnut, praying for the pas

construction of the Oakland and Ottawa railroad; citizens. Nevertheless, I am constrained to say, sage of a law authorizing the Postmaster General to pay him for the loss sustained in carrying the mail, with the

which were referred to the Committee on Public that while I agree to every sentiment of freedom accompanying papers withdrawn from the files of the Lands.

and love of liberty contained in the resolutions House

Mr. DODGE, of Wisconsin, presented a peti- | which you have just heard read, I do not entirely Also, the petition of Joseph Law, late postmaster at

tion of citizens of Green Bay, Wisconsin, pray- concur in the principles of public law by which law refunding to him $68 32, ainount of Governinent

funds ing the sale of so much of the military reservation the object they have in view is sought to be obin his hands as postinaster, and lost by reason of the freshet at Fort Howard as is not needed for that post; | tained. I will, therefore, with the Senate's leave, of July, 1851, on the Juniata river.

which was referred to the Committee on Public proceed to state, in a few brief remarks, the By Mr. CHASTAIN: The petition of Hugh W. Proud

Lands. font, one of the heirs and administrators of Captain John

grounds of my opinion—what, in my judgment; Morrison, who se

Georgia Continental Line du- Mr. PEARCE presented a memorial of mer- are the responsibilities of this Government, and ring the war of the Revolution, praying commutation pay. chants, ship-owners, underwriters, and others in the course we ought to take in regard to our for

terested in the commerce of Baltimore, praying eign relations. The course suggested by the resIN SENATE. that the act of March 3, 1847, for the reduction

of olutions is not precisely the one preferred by me. Monday, February 2, 1852.

the expenses of proceedings in admiralty against They do not avow the principles which this Gov. Prayer by the Rev. L. F. Morgan.

ships and vessels, may not be repealed or altered; ernment ought to assert and maintain-which the

which was referred to the Committee on the Judic United States always has asserted, and which I EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION. ciary.

hope she will continue to assert as long as there The PRESIDENT pro tem. laid before the Mr. SOULE prescnted a memorial of officers, is a single despotic Government existing whose Senate a letter from the Secretary of the Interior, clerks, and others employed in the civil and mil- || people rise to demand the blessings of liberty. transmitting a communication from the Commis- litary departments of the United States Governsioner of the General Land Office, accompanied

Sir, when we cast oureyes over the world-everyment in Mexico, during the late war with that Re- where with the exception of America---we see by the annual reports of the Surveyors General public, praying to be allowed three months' extra the surface of the whole earth appropriated by of Illinois, Missouri, and Oregon Territory, which pay; which was referred to the Committee on absolute monarchs. The only country which en. were not received in time to accompany the last Commerce.

joys republican Government, and whose people annual report; which was read and referred to the Mr. FISH presented the memorial of Edward adequately appreciate free institutions, is the Committee on Public Lands.

P. Torrey, legal representative of Joseph Torrey, United States.' Those free institutions comprePETITIONS.

an officer in the revolutionary war, praying to be hend all that survives of free principles and politiMr. BERRIEN presented the memorial of l allowed interest on commutation pay; which was cal liberty

In them is concentrated all that is

red in

valuable of what man has ever achieved in quali- people who implore assistance,” is not only in despots of the world by any such proclamation. fying himself for self-government.

conformity with the universal practice of nations, | What hope would remain to the oppressed after The Mosaic Republic-Rome and her Em- | but it is sustained and inculcated by the best such a declaration The radiant light which, emapire--the transitory Commonwealths of Italy and authorities on public lau.

nating from this Republic, has so long cheered Germany, which heralded the revival of learning

Vattel says:

and animated their hearts would shine no longer all stand as beacon-lights to warn and instruct us. “ But if the prince attacking the fundamental laws, gives -all would look black and cheerless, and despair All that is of value in the institutions of the Great his subjects a legal right to resist him-jf tyranny becoming would settle darkly on their prospects. Alfred or modern Britain is ours—improved, per- insupportable, obliges the nation to rise in their defence, Besides, would not the establishment of the fected, and divested of every element which can

every foreign power has a right to succor an oppressed peo-1! principle of non-intervention as the law of nations,

ple who implore their assistance. interfere with, or enfeeble the sovereignty of the people. We are, in truth, the residuary legatees

Again, the same author says:

be in direct opposition to the principles declared

by Mr. Monroe in relation to this continent ? of all that the blood and treasure of mankind ex

" For when a people from good reasons take up arms pended for four thousand years have accomplished against an oppressor, justice and generosity require that bound, under no circumstances and at no time, to

Does any one doubt, that if this country felt itself brave men should be assisted in defence of their liberties. in the cause of human freedom. In our hands Whenever, therefore, a civil war is kindled in a State, for- interfere with the affairs of Europe, that before alone is the precious deposit. Before God and the eign powers may assist that party which appears to them to world, we are responsible for this legacy. Not for have justice on its side. He who assists an odious tyrante established in the whole Southern portion of this

many years monarchical governments would be our own benefit only, but for the benefit and hap- || against his duty." he who declares for an unjust and rebellious people, offends

continent? Does any one doubt that, before many piness of the whole family of man. What course, So much for the law; now as to the practice.

years, the Island of Cuba would be a dependency then, shall this Government take to perpetuate our

Mr. Wheaton says, in his history of the "Mod- of Great Britain? It does, then, seem to me palliberties and to diffuse our free institutions over ern Law of Nations:

pable that while peace is the policy of this counthe world? 1st. We must guard our constitutional grant of the application, by the allied Powers, of the principle of “ The first war of the French Revolution originated in try, and while we should always bear in mind

the admonition of Washington against entangling delegated power from infraction. We must abide armed intervention to the internal affairs of France, for the alliances, that it would be suicidal to the honor, to within the limits prescribed by the States to the

purpose of checking the progress of her revolutionary prin the interests and prospective power of this GoGeneral Government. We must discreetly exer- ciples and the extension of her military power. That this

vernment, if the United States should incur any cise the powers actually granted, and abstain nental war of 1792 will be apparent from the examination obligation by which they would forever be forbidfrom the exercise of all powers not granted. of historical documents.”

den from interfering in the affairs of other nations 2d. We must so direct the foreign affairs of this He says again:

whenever circumstances in any case might render Government, that the progress of liberty shall be " That the measures adopted by Austria, Russia, and it necessary, just, and expedient. Therefore it promoted and not retarded. This progress may Prussia, at the Congress of 'Troppau and ot' Laybach, in seems to me that this principle of non-intervention not be promoted by war except under peculiar respect to the Neapolitan revolution of 1820, were founded i would be in direct violation of all the rights and circumstances. Peace, as I said upon a former

duties of a free and independent republic occasion, is the true policy of this Republic. || internal concerns of its different states.” pean continent a perpetual pretext for interfering in the

Now, sir, in the practical application of these ** Peace is the animating genius of our institu- Mr. Wheaton, speaking of that period of time principles to the important topic of the day, I will tions;” and, indeed, ought to be of those of all between the peace of Westphalia (1648) and that take hold of that idea which others seem to have nations. of Utrecht, of 1713, says:

handled with such significant delicacy. I am not But the whole world, wherever you look, with “Whatever disputes might arise as to its (intervention] | afraid to express my opinions on this subject, or, the exception of a portion of this continent, being application, the principle itself was acknowledged on all indeed, on any other, although the press (which, under monarchial governments, 1 desire to know | hands."

God knows, is brave enough) seems to shrink from how the oppressed and fettered nations of the Sir, I well know that the opponents of interven- touching it; and I say, for one, that I am not preearth are to break their chains, and maintain tion are in the habit of relying on isolated pas- pared to go to war with Russia on account of themselves against the armies of despotism, if the sages from writers on the law of nations in sup- Hungary, partly because Russia is our old, and law of nations reads that there shall be no inter- port of this doctrine. But it will be found, on a true, and faithful friend, and partly because Hunvention in their behalf?

thorough examination of those writers, that all garian liberty, through the instrumentality of the I cannot give my consent to any proclamation they mean to say is, that no nation has a right | United States, is at present an idea Utopean and of principles, which may be construed to abridge to interfere with the domestic concerns or the mu- impracticable. This proposition is self-evident, the right and sacred duty which belongs to this nicipal institutions of foreign countries, or to stir and requires no demonstration; it is an impossible Government, to do whatever it may choose to do up to rebellion their citizens or subjects. But they thing, and what is impossible can't happen, in aid of any people who are striving to throw off all agree to the right to intervene when a people never come to pass. But, Mr. President, though the yoke of despotism.

have actually risen and are striving to throw off I am not prepared, nor willing to go to war with Buc, Mr. President, there are, in my judgment, intolerable oppression.

Russia, or to disturb the present state of things in tuo ertremes, which should be avoided in the con- It is my deliberate opinion, sir, that we not only Hungary, about which we have so little satisfacduct of our foreign relations. 1st. We should have the right, but that it would be our duty, un- tory information, I will once more repeat, and denot recklessly interfere with the affairs of foreign der some circumstances, in our own good time, clare it in the face of the world, as my opinion, nations. We should count the cost, weigh well when the occasion is roper, and it may be prac- that this Government has an indisputable and perthe duty and necessity, and be sure that our ob- | ticable, to assist any people who rise to achieve | fect right to interfere whenever, by such interferjects are practicable and attainable, consistent with their liberties and to establish a republican govern- | ence, she can promote her own interests and the principles of our Government and promotivement. Sir, it has been practiced by all nations advance the cause of liberty--whenever, by such. of human liberty and happiness. Washington, from time immemorial; and all the paper promul- interference, she may successfully rescue from the and the master spirits of that age of great men, gations which will ever be made will never stop grasp of tyranny an oppressed nation, whom she knew well, that in the infancy of this Government, this practice among nations. The only way in may see fit to assist and to place among the indewe were not able to cope with the European bel | which it can be arrested, is by appealing to their pendent nations of the world. This is a principle ligerents who had given us such just cause of interest and safety-by, boldly declaring that we which we cannot, we dare not, we never will reoffence. But he foresaw the period when this Re- will interfere whenever it suits us. Sir, what law linquish. It is an inherent principle of nationality, public would be able, not only to protect itself, but will they or do they consult except the law of under no pretence whatever to be surrendered. to stand forth as one of the greatest Powers of the their own will ? You cannot chain up the great Sir, if tyrants have used it heretofore to enearth. He foresaw, likewise, that our mission Powers of the earth by paper declarations of the thrall mankind, this growing Republic will some was not compatible with any entangling alliances law of nations. The law of nations in modern of these days use it for their freedom. In peace with other nations. He therefore admonished times, as well as of old, is the law of the strongest. let it be maintained with unfaltering tenacity; in us to avoid all such connection. Notwithstand - || This we experienced to our loss and sorrow for war let it be asserted by all the power of arms; ing, sir, the able and ingenious manner in which many years, during which our commerce was and when the great contest begins, as before 1900 the invitation has been given, that we should en- plundered by Great Britain and France, and for it must, between free principles and the right of tangle ourselves in a coalition with Great Britain | which redress has been vainly sought up to this self government and despotic power, then let it be to dictate this new law of non-intervention to all time by our suffering fellow-citizens.

inscribed upon all our banners everywhere nations, I am, so far as it respects this overture, It is true, indeed, that nations have generally | wherever they float, on every sea, and land, and for abiding by the advice of Washington- I want exercised this right for the purposes of oppression ocean and continent, where the warfare rages, no entangling alliances.

and injustice, and in hostility to the rights of man- | let it herald the advent of freedom and national in2d. The other extreme which we should avoid, kind. But a better time is coming, the time when dependence, and the discomfiture of tyranny and and into which so many are desious that we should the United States may interpose against the op- oppression. rush headlong, without a glance to the future, is, pressor and in favor of the oppressed.

I move that the resolution be laid upon the table that forgetting all our obligations and duties to the Therefore, I am unwilling, after tyranny has so and printed for the use of the Senate. cause of humanity, and to the principles of uni- long had sway, and lorded it over the destinies of Mr. MILLER. I have also received a copy of versal freedom, we should, from unworthy fears | mankind, now to avow a principle which leaves to the resolutions just presented by my colleague; but or false conservatism, hastily decide that we have its tender mercies the happiness of the whole hu- as the subject matter to which they relate is now no concern in the condition of the world beyond | man race.

before the Senate, in the resolutions presented by our own boundaries ; and precipitately resolve, Sir, an avowal by us of the principle of non- | the Senator from Rhode Island, (Mr. CLARKE,] 1 that in no event and under no circumstances shall || intervention would raise a wall up, around this will not, at this time, during the morning hour tres. we interfere in behalf of oppressed nations. Republic, as high as heaven, and would shut in pass upon the Senate with any remarks of mine,

I cannot consent to yield and abandon this natu- the light of liberty from surrounding nations. The | but will at an early day take occasion to respond ral right, which all nations from time immemorial || avowal of such a principle at this time would be to these resolutions, and express my views fully have exercised. Sir, I say that intervention, not received with one universal shout of joy by all upon the important matter there embraced. for the purpose of helping an odious tyrant to put the potentates of Europe, and with one universal And although I do not acknowledge the docdown liberty-because that is against the laws of wail of lamentation and woe by all true lovers of trine of instruction in any of its forms, yet the exGod and man-but in behalf of "an oppressed l freedom on earth. I am unwilling to gratify the | pressed opinion of the Legislature of New Jersey will always receive from me the most profound time when I may be enabled to return, I feel it to acts. It proposes no approval, on the part of this consideration and the highest respect.

be my duty to ask to be relieved from serving on body, of the provisions contained in any one of The motion was then agreed to.

the select committee raised on the memorial of those acts. Ii declares nothing respecting them,

honorable D. L. Yulee, and that some other Sen- except as a whole. It declares nothing respecting PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED. ator may be appointed in my place.

them, except that those acis do, as a whole, in On motion by Mr. HAMLIN, it was

The honorable Senator was excused from fur- their mutual coniection and dependence upon cach Ordered, That the memorial of the assistant marshals for ther service on the committee.

other, constitute an adjustment-constitute a settaking the censuis in Piscataquis county, Maine, on the files The PRESIDENT. It will be necessary for tlement--and constituting a settlement, that they of the Senate, be referred to the Cominittee of Claims.

the Senate to select a member of the select com- ought not to be touched by the legislation of ConOn motion by Mr. CLEMENS, it was

mittee, in the place of the honorable Senator from gress until experience shall demonstrate thai fur. Ordered, That the documents on the files of the Senate Georgia, who has been excused.

ther legislation is necessary. That is what the relating to the claim of the State of Alabama for interest on deferred payments on the five per cent. fund, under the

Mr. PEARCE. I hope that by unanimous resolution declares, and that is all that the resolucompact for her admission into the Union, be referred to consent the Chair will be allowed to appoint. tion declares. As it is very brief, allow me to read the Committee on Public Lands.

The PRESIDENT. The commitiee was se- it to the Senate : On motion by Mr. ATCHISON, it was lected in the first place by the Senate. The Chair, Be it resolved, That the series of measures embraced in

Ordered, That the memorial of the heirs of Hascal Detch- therefore, prefers that the Senate itself shall fill the the acts entitled " An act proposing to the State of Teras mendy, on the tiles of the Senate, be referred to the Com- vacancy. It is an important committee, raised to

the establishment of her northern and western boundaries, mittee on Private Land Claims.

the relinquishment, by the said State, of all territoryctumed determine the rights of persons claiming seats in by her exterior to said boundaries, and of all her claims On motion by Mr. ATCHISON, it was the Senate. The Chair does not, therefore, wish upon the United States, and to establish a territorial govern Ordered, That the petition of J. Epes Cowan, on the files to take the responsibility of filling the vacancy.

inent for New Mexico," approved September 9, 1830;" An of the Senate, be referred to the Commillee on Private Land He trusts, then, if such is the pleasure of the Sen

act for the admission of the State of California into the Claims.

Union,'' approved September 9, 1850 ; “ An act to expablish ate, that Senators will now prepare their ballots a territorial government for Utah," approved Septeinber 9, On motion by Mr. JONES, of lowa, it was for another member of the committee. Or the bal- 1850; “ An act to amend and supplementary to an act ettOrdered, That the petition of Charles H. Buxenstein, on loting can be postponed until 10-morrow.

titled 'An act respecting fugitives from justice, and persons the files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Mr. WALKER. I move to postpone it until

escaping from the service of their masters,' approved Frb. Pensious. to-morrow.

ruary 12, 1793," approved September 18, 1850; and " Anaet

to suppress the slave trade in the District of Columbra, On motion by Mr. FISH, it was

The PRESIDENT. It will lie over until to- approved September 20, 1850. commonly known as the Ordered, That the heirs of David Noble have leave to morrow, and the Chair will then request Senators “Compromise Acir," are, in the judgment of this body, a withdraw their petition and papers,

settlement in principle and substance-a final settlement of to prepare their ballots for a member of the select

the dangerous and exciting subjects which they embrace, REPORTS FROM STANDING COMMITTEES. committee.

and onght to be adhered to by Congress until time and er Mr. JONES, of lowa, from the Committee on

DISCIPLINE IN THE NAVY.

perience shall demonstrate the necessity of further legisla Pensions, to which was referred the petition of Mr. BADGER. The Senate will recollect that

tion to guard against evasion or abuse. Adam Huys, submitted an adverse report; which I reported some time ago, from the Naval Com

Now, I appeal to every gentleman wbo is a was ordered to be printed." mittee, a bill to enforce discipline and promote

member of this body, if anything can be clearer He also, from the same committee, to which good conduct in the naval service, by which it was

than that the resolution affirms nothing but this: was referred the bill for the relief of Philip Miller, i intended to provide a substitute for corporal punish

that these measures constitute a settlement of the reported it without amendment. ment. That bill.was reported by the committee,

questions to which they referred and which they Mr. SHIELDS, from the Committee for the in the same form in which it passed the Senate,

embraced. Why, it is there in plain and unmis. District of Columbia, to which was referred the with great unanimity, at the last session of Con

takable language. There is not one word, leties, bill to amend an act entitled "An act to incor- gress. It is very desirable that that bill should be

or syllable in the resolution that says any one of porate the Washington Gas Light Company, acted on speedily. We have squadrons now about

those measures was in in itself the wisest or the approved July 8, 1848, reported it without amend- | going to sea, in distant ports of the United States,

best; or that it was even wise or good, considered ment. and it is important that the officers of the Navy

by itself. The affirmation is, that these measures He also, from the same committee, to which should have some system to enforce discipline. I

constitute a settlement; and from that is deduced a was referred the memorial of the Rector of St. should ask the Senate to take up the bill io which

further assertion, thai, constituling a seulenient, John's Church, Washington, reported a bill for the I have referred this morning, but for the fear that

they ought to be tried, they ought to be allowed relief of St. John's Church, in the city of Wash it might interfere with the honorable Senator from

to rest, they should not be interfered with until by ington; which was read and passed to the second Mississippi, [Mr. McRae,) who is entitled to the

time and experience the necessity of change shall reading. floor on another subject. I wish merely to say at

be demonstrated. Is not that clear? Why, in Mr. DAVIS, from the Committee on Com- this time, that I believe the bill will not occupy

the very ordinary transactions of life, if half a merce, to which was referred the bill to provide much time. It is a case of emergency that it

dozen individuals who had been engaged in a partfor the removal of obstructions in the river Savan- | should be passed at once, and I give notice that I

nership transaction, or any other mutual business, nah, in the State of Georgia, and for the improve will ask the Senate to-morrow morning to take'up

come to a settlement of pending difficulties between ment of the same, reported it without amendment. || the bill and dispose of it.

them, and that selulement should be made by muMr. DOWNS, from the Committee on Private

tual grants and releases among them, mighi it not

THE COMPROMISE MEASURES. Land Ciaims, to which was referred the petition

be-would it not be affirmed, that ihose mutual

The Senate resumed the consideration of the of Joseph H. D. Bowmar, reported a bill for his

acts of grant and release constituted a settlement, relief; which was read and passed to the second resolution declaring the compromise measures a

and ought to be adhered 10? But surely it never definite settlement of all questions growing out of reading.

would be, it never could be understood, that each the institution of slavery. CUBAN PRISONERS IN SPAIN.

and every one of the parties entering into this muMr. McRAE resumed and finished the speech Mr. DOUGLAS, from the Committee on For- which he commenced on Thursday last against

tual arrangement with regard to their difficulties,

approved of each and everything that was done in eign Relations, to which was referred the bill for the resolution. At his request its publication is the whole series of measures that constituted the the relief of American citizens lately imprisoned deferred. It will be published in the Appendix. and pardoned by the Queen of Spain, reported it Mr. BADGER. Mr. President, I think the I am able to understand the meaning of the lan

adjustment. Certainly not. Therefore, as far as without amendment. He also asked the unan- honorable Senator from Mississippi, (Mr. Mc- guage in which this resolution is couched, there is imous consent of the Senate to have the bill taken Rae,) who has delivered a speech, which will not in it a single word, letter, or syllable which afup and disposed of, as it was of urgent necessity. certainly not soon be forgotten in this body, as firms anything about any one of these measures, or The Senate accordingly proceeded to consider

well for its substance as for his admirable manner, does anything but declare that, together, they con. the bill as in Committee of the Whole; and no has, nevertheless, fallen into an error as to the stitute a settlement. A settlement how? In principle amendment being made, it was reported to the character and purpose of the resolution now under and substance. It does not declare that the princiSenate, was ordered to a third reading, and was the consideration of the Senate, submitted by his ples of each and every separate measure were right read a third time and passed.

late colleague in this body; and I wish, for a few principles; but that the whole together consuNOTICES OF BILLS.

moments, to call the attention of the Senate to tuted, in principle and substance, a settlement. Mr. MALLORY gave notice of his intention to

what is the true character of that resolution. ask leave to introduce a bill to be entitled " A bill

The honorable Senator set out with the declara- il measures were separate and distinct acts of legis.

Why in principle and substance? Because these relating to the sale of public lands in certain cases." tion, that it involved the merits of the several acts : lation, and do not, in form, appear to be a setMr. WALKER gave notice of his intention to

of Congress referred to in it, and which form the tlement. Each one, on ils' face, stands as an ask leave to introduce a bill for the relief of the adjustment or con promise which was adopted at

independent exercise of the legislative power. heirs and representatives of Captain

the first session of the last Congress; that this res- Therefore, they do not constitute, in form, a set

olution requires in every one who votes in its fa- tlement. But the language of the resolution is, MEXICAN INDEMNITY.

vor, an approval of each and every one of those that they constitute a settlement in principle and On the motion of Mr. HUNTER, the Senate measures; and, therefore, cannot properly receive substance. This means, that although they were proceeded to consider, as in Committee of the the support of any member of this body who Whole, the bill to provide for carrying into execudenies or doubts the propriety of any one of those

all separately passed, they were all designed they

were all understood—they were all voted upon by tion, in further part, the twelfth article of the treaty

those who passed them, with the understanding with Mexico, concluded at Guadalupe Hidalgo;

Now this to me is totally and absolutely a mis

that there was a mutual connection and dependand no amendment being made, was reporied apprehension of what the resolution contains. ance between them; and that after they were all to the Senate, was ordered to a third reading, and The resolution, if I am able to understand the passed, they were, and were entitled to be, con was read a third time and passed.

meaning of the plain English words in which it is sidered a settlement of the questions embraced in FLORIDA SENATORIAL ELECTION.

drawn up, says nothing about the merits of any them. I shall vote very cheerfully for this reso

one of the particular acts referred to. It affirins Mr. BERRIEN. Being compelled to leave the nothing as to the excellence or propriety of the

lution; but I shall not consider myself, in so voting, city to-morrow, and being uncertain as to the il particular provisions contained in any one of those

as expressing, in the remotest degree, the opinion that I approve of all, or any one of these separate

measures.

ness,

measures by itself considered. It is true I do ap- | amendment was offered by me, and it was adopted House, that the bill grants a patent for fourteen prove of most of these measures. I approved of by the Senate. And I must say, that if there is yearsthem at the time. But in voting for this resolu- anything in the original resolution which has Mr. CARTTER. I object to any remarks. tion I shall express no such sentiment; I shall , merits which commend it to the favor of the Sen- The SPEAKER. All discussion is out of order. merely express this: that these measures consti- ate, no part of those merits have been removed by Mr. TAYLOR. I wish to make an inquiry of tuted a settlement; and that, irrespective of my the amendment which I had the honor to submit. the Chair. If the House refuse to refer this bill, opinion with regard to the merits of the particu- Mr. UNDERWOOD. As the usual hour for will not the question then come up upon its enlar measure which entered into and formed that adjournment has arrived, if the honorable Senator | grossment? settlement, the settlement ought to be adhered to; will give way I will move that the Senate adjourn. The SPEAKER. It will, under the operation it ought to be tried until it shall be ascertained by Mr. BADGER assented.

of the previous question. experience, that it is necessary that Congress And then, on motion, the Senate adjourned. Mr. SACKETT. I ask that the bill be read. should enter into further acts of legislation upon

Mr. CARTTER. I object. the subject. That is what I understand by it.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Mr. SACKETT. Do we understand the genA word now in regard to the form which the

tleman from Ohio, (Mr. CARTTER,) the chairman resolution has assumed in consequence of the

Monday, February 2, 1852.

of the committee, as objecting to the bill being amendment which I had the honor to submit to The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer read? the Senate. If I understood the honorable Sena- by the Rev. Mr. MORGAN.

Mr. CARTTER. The gentleman understands tor from Mississippi, he said he considered the The Journal of Friday last was read.

that the bill has been already read by sections. resolution better in its original shape--liable to less Mr. GIDDINGS said that he discovered that Mr. SACKETT. Last week; and I ask that objection-one for which he could vote-while he the Journal of Friday last states that he had re- it be read again. would not feel himself at liberty to vote for the ported, without amendment, from the Committee The question was then taken on the motion to resolution in its present form. 'Let us see what on Territories the bill authorizing the Governor refer the bill; and there were-yeas 39, nays 137, the original resolution in this respect declares; and of the Territory of New Mexico to call an extra as follows: how it stands in its amended form; and let us see if session of the Legislative Assembly of said Ter- YEAS-Messrs. Abercrombie, Averett, Bragg, Caskie, there is anything in it, in its present form, that can ritory. He reported the bill with an amendment, Churchwell, Clingman, Curtis, Daniel, Dawson, Dunham,

Evans, Faulkner, Picklin, Floyd, Gamble, Isham G. Harbe considered objectionable, which did not exist ina and desired the Journal to be so corrected. higher degree in the form in which it was originally It was ordered, and the Journal was then ap- Johnson, George W. Jones, 3. Glancy Jones, Knrtz,

ris, Haven, Holladay, Ingersoll, Ives, Jackson, Andrew proposed. The original resolution says that these i proved.

Letcher, Mason, Millson, Olás, Outlawr, Samuel W. Parmeasures "are, in the jadgment of this body, en- Mr. SIBLEY asked the unanimous consent of ker, Phelps, Powell, Sackett, Smith, Alexander H. Ste"titled to be recognized as a definitive adjustment the House to allow him to introduce a resolution.

phens, Toombs, Wallace, and Wilcox-39.

NAYS-Messrs. Aiken. Charles Alien, Willis Allen, Alliand settlement of the distracting questions grow

MOORE AND HASCALL.

son, Andrews, William Appleton, Ashe, Babeock, Barrere, *ing out of the system of domestic slavery-and

Bell, Bibighaus, Bissell, Bocock, Brenton, Briggs, Albert G. as such said measures should be acquiesced in is the unfinished business of Friday last, which is

The SPEAKER. The first business in order Brown, George H. Brown, Buell, Burrows, Busby, E. Car"and faithfully observed by all good citizens.".

rington Cabell, Caldwen, Lewis D. Campbell, Thompson In what sense is an approval of the particular the consideration of bill No. 193, for the relief of Campbell, Cariter, Chandler, Chastain, Clark, Cobb, Col

cock, Conger, John G. Davis, Dimmick, Disney, Dockery, measures referred to--of the merits of the several Hiram Moore and John Hascall, upon which the

Doty, Duncan, Eastman, Edgerton, Edmundson, Ewing, acts of Congress composing that series of meas- i previous question was ordered to be put; which Fitch, Fowler, Henry M. Fuller, Thomas J. D. Fuller,

Gaylord, Giddings, Goodenow, Goodrich, Gorman, Green, ures—how is an opinion expressed upon the merits main question is upon the motion to refer the bill of these particular measures, more in the amended to the Committee of the Whole, and the yeas and

Grey, Grow, Hall, Hammond, Harper, Ilart, Hascall, Heb

ard, Hendricks, Henn, Hibbard, Horsford, Houston, Howform than in the original form of the resolution ? | nays were ordered.

ard, John W. Howe, Thomas M. Howe, Thomas Y. How, The original form declares that they are entitled

Mr. CARTTER called for the order of busi- Jenkins, James Johnson, John Johnson, Robert W. Jolm

son, Daniel T. Jones, George G. King, Kulins, Locklart, to be recognized as a definitive adjustment and

Mr. SIBLEY again asked the unanimous con

Mace, Mann, Edward C. Marshall, Martin, McCorkle, settlement of the distracting questions growing

McLanahan, McMullin, McNair, Meacham, Meade, Miner, out of the system of domestic slavery; while the sent of the House to introduce the following reso

Molony, Henry D. Moore, John Moore, Morehead, Muramended resolution declares that they are a settlelution:

phy, Murray, Nabers, Newton, Orr, Andrew Parker, Pearment in principle and substance-a final settle- Resolved, That the Committee on Public Lands be in

lee, Penniman, Perkins, Porter, Price, Riddle, Robbins, ment of the dangerous and exciting subjects which structed to inquire into the expediency of devoting the pro

Robinson, Russell, Schoolcraft, Scurry, David L. Seyceeds of the Fort Snelling military reserve, when sold, 10

mour, Origen 8. Seymour, Skelton, Smart, Stanly, Benjathey embrace. "If approval is implied in the one the benefit of the University of Minnesota, in lieu of a like

min Stanton, Abrim P. Stevens, Stone, St. Martin, Strat. case, I pray you to tell me if the ingenuity of man

ton, Strother, Stuart, Sweetser. Taylor, George W. Thoninumber of acres of land already granted by Congress for

son, Thurston, Townshend, Tuck, Venable, Walbridge, can show that the same approval is not implied in that purpose, and that the said committee report by bill or

Walsh, Ward, Watkins, Welch, Wells, Addison White, the other? It cannot be shown. Gentlemen may otherwise.

Wildrick, Williams, and Woodward-137. assume that it is so: gentlemen, if they take that There being no objection, the resolution was in- So the bill was not committed. view of it, will, of course, act upon the supposi- troduced.

Mr. SACKETT. Mr. Speaker, is the previous tion that it is so. But I maintain, that upon a just The question was then taken, and the resolution question exhausted ? exposition of this language, the idea of approval was agreed to.

The SPEAKER. It is not exhausted. of the particular measures constituting the adjust- Mr. MOLONY. I have a favor to ask of the Mr. CARTTER. Is it in order to move a rement, is no more expressed in the one

case than in || House-one which I rarely ask, but always vote consideration of the last vote, and to lay that mothe other. It was not, therefore, on that ground, to grant. It is simply the introduction of a bill, tion upon the table? • that I submitted the amendment which the honor of which previous notice has been given, which I The SPEAKER. It is. able Senator from Mississippi, [Mr. Foote,] who desire may be referred to a committee.

Mr. CARTTER. I make that motion to reoffered the resolution, felt willing to accept, and It was then read for information, as follows: consider. which he, not having control of the resolution, in A bill granting to the State of Mlinois and Indi- Mr. SACKETT. I believe I have the floor. the judgment of the Chair, was, on a division, ana the right of way for, and a portion of the pub- The SPEAKER. The gentleman made no adopted by the Senate: but it was for another pur- | lic lands to aid in, the construction of a railroad || proposition. pose. The resolution as originally framed, de- il from Lafayette, Indiana, across the Grand Prairie, Mr. SACKETT. I inquired if the previous clared these measures were to be acquiesced in in- | via Middleport, to La Salle county, Illinois. question was exhausted, with the intention of definitely, under all circumstances, without any Mr. SKELTON objected.

maving a reconsideration. limitation. I suggested then, in substance-I do Mr. FOWLER asked the unanimous consent The SPEAKER. It is not a debatable proponot remember the particular phraseology which I || of the House to introduce a resolution.

sition at all events. used—that there was at least a plausible objec. Mr. SKELTON called for the orders of the day. Mr. SACKETT. I wished to make a statetion to the resolution in undertaking to give an un- The SPEAKER. The Chair has already ment in regard to this bill. I desire to move a realterable character to these measures. I did not stated that the unfinished business of the House consideration. esteem that objection as just; still it was enter is the consideration of bill No. 193, being a bill The SPEAKER. For what purpose does the tained; and I wished to remove from the resolu- l for the relief of Hiram Moore and John Hascall. gentleman from New York (Mr. SACKETT) claim tion every objection, not only real but plausible; | A motion was made to commit the said bill to a the floor? and therefore suggested the amendment by which Committee of the Whole House, made the order Mr. SACKETT. For the purpose of moving it is deelared with regard to these measures that of the day, and printed, upon which the previous a reconsideration. they ought to be maintained untouched, until we l question was moved and seconded, and the main Mr. CARTTER. I had anticipated that motion see what will be the result upon them of time and question ordered to be put; and upon this question already, for the benefit of the gentleman, under the experience. the yeas and nays were ordered.

recognition of the Chair. Then, in the second-place, I thought that the Mr. CARTTER. I submit whether the pre- The SPEAKER. The gentleman from New Original form of the resolution was subject to a vious question was not called upon the motion to York [Mr. SACKETT) claimed, and was upon the real objection, which was, that the Senate, instead pass it?

floor, and the Chair thinks he was entitled to it.. of declaring what ought to be the action of this The SPEAKER. That will be the effect if the Mr. SACKETT. Is it in order to make an exbody, would deelare by it what should be the duty House vote down the proposition to refer. If the planation to the House, of the object of my motion ? of the citizens of the country. It seems to me | House refuse to refer the bill, it will, under the Mr. CARTTER. I will inquire, if the gentleunnecessary to declare that the citizens of the operation of the previous question, be brought 10 | man having voted against the proposition, can now country ought to obey the laws of the country; a vote upon the engrossment of the bill.

make a motion to reconsider and at the same time I thought the resolution in- Mr. SACKETT. I ask, if the House refuse to The SPEAKER. The gentleman cannot make sufficient, because it ought to declare our own refer the bill, whether it will be then open to such a motion. views and our own purpose with regard to the amendment?

Mr. ROBBINS moved to lay the motion to remaintenance of those laws-the legislative power The SPEAKER. It will not-the previous consider upon the table; which motion was agreed over that subject being in this body and in the question having been ordered.

to. other House. It was upon that ground that this Mr. SACKETT. I only wish to say to the The question then being, Shall the bill be en

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