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census returns does not come within the contract tomb of the Capulets at once. In obedience to
PETITIONS, &c. with the pablic printer. That being so, then, I what I consider to be a pledge to the gentleman The following petitions, memorials, &c., were presented submit to the House that that committee have no | from New Jersey, (Mr. Skelton,] I now move
under the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees : more power over this subject than they have over the previous question, though I will withdraw it
By MI. STUART: Several petitions of citizens of Laany other subject that may interest the members || if any gentleman desires to ask a question for in- porte, Indiana, and Berrien county, Michigan, for the im
provement of the harbor at New Buffalo, in said State of of the House." They are a committee to take care || formation upon the subject.
Michigan. of that portion of the printing which is provided Mr. STANTON, of Tennessee. I desire to By Mr. GROW: The petition of citizens of Susquefor under the joint resolution of 1846—of that print- || ask the gentleman a question.
hannah county, Pennsylvania, for a mail route from Susing, and that only. Now the gentleman from Mr. ĜORMAN. "Is it for information upon
quehannah depot, on the New York and Erie railroad, to Indiana says-and'I concur with him in that re
Lenox, in said county. this subject? If it is, I will withdraw the call for
By Mr. BABCOCK: The petition of merchants, shipspect--that by the law under which this census was the previous question for the gentleman.
owners, millers, and others, of the city of Oswego, New taken, provision was made after providing for Mr. STANTON. It is. I desire to ask the York, praying Congress to make an appropriation to rebuild the printing of the preliminary blanks-that all the gentleman this question: If the House refuse to
the foundation of the light house at Oswego.
Also, the petition of citizens of Oswego county, New other printing was thereafter to be executed as pass this resolution, I want to know when and York, praying that the military bounty land law of 1850 Congress should direct. Now that Printing Com- where we may expect to have this printing done? may be extended to the widows of officers and soldiers enmittee, as I understand it, was raised for the pur- Mr. GORMAN. I will answer the gentleman.
titled to the benefits of said law, whether married or unmarpose of seeing that such printing as came within | If the House refuse to pass this resolution, the
ried at the time of application.
By Mr. CHANDLER: The memorial of merchants, shipthe joint resolution of 1846, was executed accord- | committee will then be at sea without chart or owners, underwriters, and other citizens of Philadelphia, ing to the terms of that joint resolution, and when, compass.
interested in the commerce of that port, remonstrating therefore, it is decided that the printing of this Mr. CARTTER. I desire to inquire whether against the repeal or impairing the efficiency of the existing censue does not come within the terms of the the gentleman from Indiana (Mr. Gorman] has ' ships and versels, and asking for additional and definite
law relative to expenses of proceedings in admiralty against resolution, I say it withdraws from the operation not yielded the floor?
legislation upon the subject. of the power of the committee the entire control The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Indiana By Mr. BÓWNE: The petition of citizens of New York of this business. These are the views which I || is entitled to the floor, and is on the floor.
and New Jersey, for a light-house on Mill Reef. entertain upon the subject; and while I have the
By Mr. ALLEN, of Illinois: The petition of J. Parkin
Mr. GORMAN. If any gentleman desires to son and 80 other citizens of Marion county, State of floor I will say further, with the permission of the ask any question for information upon the sub- Illinois, praying that the mails may not be carried upon the gentleman from Indiana, that it is a little difficult || ject of the public printing, I will yield the floor for
Sabbath day. for me to understand precisely, by what right this that purpose.
By Mr. JONES, of Pennsylvania: The memorial of resolution is here. It has never been referred to Mr. CARTTER. I desire to ask the gentle- | States, creditors of Texas, praying for the enactment of a
Hutchison & Co. and 41 others, citizens of the United the Joint Committee on Printing by this House. man if he will be kind enough to withdraw the law to secure the payment of their claims on Texas at the It is true that the other branch of Congress did previous question. The gentleman made a long Treasury of the United States: refer a similar resolution to the joint committee speech, and closes up by moving the previous ques
On motion by Mr. SCUDDER, it was for consideration; and it is also true that the joint || tion.
Ordered, That the petition of Elijah Swift and others, of
Massachusetts, asking an appropriation for the preservation committee did act upon that resolution, and report The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Indi- of the barbor of Great Hoods Hole, and the accompanying it back to the other branch of Congress. But no ana has withdrawn his call for the previous ques
be taken from the files and referred to the Commit
tee on Commerce. such resolution, emanating from this House, hastion, but he is still entitled to the floor.
Also, that the petitions of William C. Starbuck and others, been referred to the committee. The resolution Mr. ORR. I desire to inquire of the gentleman Josiah Bradlee and others, Charles Holden and others, Enos has originated there, without its having been com- from Indiana whether, if the previous question | Kent and others, Thomas Nickerson and others, Ezra Phinmitted to them by this House. be seconded, and the motion of the gentleman
ney and others, William V. Kent and others, and Robert I make these remarks, not because I desire to from New Jersey (Mr. SKELTON] to reconsider
B. Williams and others, citizens of Massachusetts, asking
for an appropriation for a breakwater at Great Point, Nandiscuss this question in its political bearings, in the vote by which this resolution has been referred tucket, be taken from the files and referred to the Commitany way or shape, but because I desire the House to the Committee of the Whole on the state of tee on Commerce. to understand that when I have come to the con- | the Union prevails, if we do not go back then clusion, in my own mind, that this census print- | under the operation of the previous question ?
IN SENATE. ing does not come within the contract of the pub- || And I desire to inquire further, whether if, when
WEDNESDAY, January 28, 1852. lie printer, and is not, therefore, within the joint we go back under the operation of the previous resolution of 1846, I hold that it is not, conse- question, any amendment can be offered to the
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. BUTLER. quently, within the control of the Committee on resolution?
EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS. Printing
Mr. GORMAN. I will say this, I call the Mr. GORMAN. I spoke upon that subject || previous question.
The PRESIDENT pro tem. laid before the Sen
ate a communication from the War Department, before. I stated that a resolution precisely simi- Mr. CARTTER. I move to lay the motion to transmitting, in compliance with the resolution of lar to this, to give the census printing to Donelson | reconsider upon the table.
the Senate of the 26th instant, a copy of a letter & Armstrong, provided they will contract for it on Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. Upon that from Brigadier General Talcott to Colonel B. Hureasonable and proper terms, was submitted to the motion I ask the yeas and nays.
ger, dated November 1, 1850; which was read, and Joint Committee on Printing by one of the coördi- The yeas and nays were ordered, and the ques. referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. nate branches of the Government-the Senate. I tion being taken, there were—yeas 134, nays, 51; The members of that committee, on the part of as follows:
PETITIONS. the House, coöperated in recommending that that YEAS-Messrs. Abercrombie, Aiken, Allison, John Ap
Mr. MANGUM presented the memorial of resolution should be reported back to the Senate, pleton, William Appleton, Ashe, Averett, Babcock, Bar- William Newbold, assistant marshal for taking with a recommendation that it do pass. What
Bell, Bibighaus, Bocock, Bowie, Bowne, Bragg, Bren- the Seventh Census in Pasquotank County, North next? The Senate postponed action on the sub
ton, Briges, Brooks, Geo. H. Brown, Burrows, E.C.Cabell, Carolina, praying additional compensation; which
Caldwell, Lewis D. Campbell, Thompson Campbell, Cartject for two weeks. I then proposed to the joint ter, Chandler, Chastain, Clark, Clingman, Colcock, Conger,
was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. committee that we should take up the resolution Cottman, Cullom, Curtis, Dimmick, Dockery, Doty, Dun- Mr. HUNTER presented the petitions of Ann and report it to the House, and if the House can, Durkee, Eastman, Edgerton, Evans, Faulkner, Fick- Robinson, William K. Jennings, and Aphia W.
lin, Fitch, Florence, Fowler, H. M. Fuller, Gamble, Genshould pass it, it would expedite this printing. Now, what shall we do in order to act in good
try, Giddings, Gilmore, Goodenow, Goodrich, Grey, Grow, Jennings, the legal representatives of William
Harper, Isham G. Harris, Sampson W. Harris,'Haws, Bean, praying compensation out of the fund profaith with both parties? We have reported to Hascall, Haven, Hebard, Holladay, Horsford, Houston, vided by the treaty of Ghent for negroes carried this House the same resolution, which, with a
John W. Howe, Thomas Y. How, Jenkins, Andrew John- off by the British troops in the war of 1812; slight variation, was reported to the Se iate, and
son, James Johnson, John Johnson, Daniel T. Jones, G.
which were referred to the Committee on Foreign we ask you to pass it." Why? It is to stop the Kuhns, Kurtz, Mann, Humphrey Marshall, Martin, McDon
Relations. clamor—it is to stop the cry that the public print. || ald, McNair, Meacham, Meade, Miller, Millson, Miner, Mr. HAMLIN presented the memorial of asing is not going on. All we ask is, that you shall
Molony, John Moore, Morehead, Morrison, Murphy, New sistant marshals for taking the Seventh Census in give into the hands of the committee the power to
ton, Orr, Outlaw, Andrew Parker, Samúelow. Parker: Piscataquis county, Maine, praying additional make a contract with Donelson & Armstrong, if Sackett, Schermerhorn, Schooleraft, Schoonmaker, Scud- compensation. it can be done. If it cannot be done, there is an der, Smart, Stanly, Benjamin Stanton, Alexander H. Ordered, That it lie on the table. end of it. We ask that, and that is all we ask.
Stephens, Stone, Strother, Sweetser, Taylor, Benjamin
Thompson, Townshend, Tuck, Venable, Walbridge, Wal- Mr. SHIELDS presented the petition of the Will you give it? If you will, I see no necessity lace, Walsh, Ward, Watkins, Welch, Wells, Addison Mayor and members of the Board of Aldermen for speaking upon the subject of States-rights, se- White, Alexander White, Williams, Woodward, and and the Board of Common Council, of the city of cession, Free-Soilism, or anything else here upon
Yates-134. this question. Gentlemen want to know why we
NAYS---Messrs. Charles Allen, Thomas H. Bayly, Washington, praying that that city may be made
Breckenridge, Busby, Churchwell, Cobb, Dawson, Dean, a port of entry; which was referred to the Compropose to give the job to Donelson & Armstrong. Disney, Dunham, Freeman, Thomas J. D. Fuller, Gaylord, mittee on Commerce. It is because we believe they will be able to do it Gorman, Green, Hall, Hamilton, Hart, Hendrieks, Menn,
Mr. DODGE, of Iowa, presented the petition as well as any one else, and as low as anybody
Hibbard, Hillyer, Howard, Ingersoll, Letcher, Lockhart,
Mason, McLanahan, McMullin, Murray, Nabers, Olds, of Charles Mason, county judge of Des Moines else, and we prefer to give it to them, because they are political 'friends. I presume I shall not be
Penn, Polk, Price, Robbins, Robinson, Savage, Scurry, county, Iowa, praying the aid of the United States
in the construction of a court-house and jail for misunderstood in this. Now, I ask that you will ick P. Stanton, Richard H. Stanton, Abraham P. Stevens, sustain this committee, constituted by your order, St. Martin, Stratton, Stuart, George W. Thompson, Wil
that county, which was referred to the Committee in this resolution which they have reported to the cox, and Wildrick–51.
on the Judiciary. House according to your order. It is before you, So the motion to reconsider was laid upon the
IRISH EXILED PATRIOTS. and I ask you to reconsider the vote by which it table.
Mr. CASS. Mr. President, I hold in my hand has been referred to the Committee of the whole Mr. POLK. It is now the usual hour. I move a copy of the resolutions adopted at one of the on the state of the Union, where every gentleman | that the House adjourn.
most respectable meetings ever assembled at Dewho has had experience in this House knows The motion prevailed, and the House adjourned troit, and at which the Governor of the State prethat if it goes, you might as well consign it to the || till to-morrow at twelve o'clock.
sided, on the subject of the resolution pending
before us, for the intercession of this Government | spirit, and presented in the most unexception the resolution, that it shall not require a formal with that of England, to obtain the release of Smith | able language, and it leaves the British Gor- communication to the British Government, but O'Brien and the other exiled Irish patrieis, now ernment free to act its own pleasure, without shall be merely the expression of the deep interest suffering for political offences in a British penal giving us the slightest offence, 'should the resuit the American people feel in the fate of these exiles, colony, in the Southern ocean. I fully concur be unsuccessful. How such a course can be and our hope, that they will be speedily restored with the sentiments expressed in these resolutions, construed into improper interference, it passes to the condition of freemen. which I think have been prepared with good feel- | my powers of comprehension to perceive, as it did This course would require no formal diplomatic ing and good judgment, and in the measure it is two years ago, to understand how the refusal to correspondence, though it would make part of our desired the Government should adopt. For my make an appropriation to maintain a Minister at legislative history, testifying the feelings of the own part, I see no political objections, no indeli- the Court of Vienna could be an unjustifiable in people, and would become known to the Britisha cacy even in such a course, not of interference, terference with the Austrian Goverriment. And Government, through their Minister or through in my view, but of merciful suggestion; a just tri-aster puzzling myself upon the subject, time and our own, in an informal way, as is often the case, bute to the advancing opinions of the age. again, I am just as much in the dark as ever. It and also by the public journals of the day, and
How much nobler is the friendly expression of is best to let a little common sense into our diplo- the moral effect would be as great as a more direc! interest and hope like this,conceived and commu- matic questions, and not be too sensitive as to the application. I cannot believe that the British nicated in a proper spirit of deference and respect expression of our sentiments ouder proper circum- Cabinet would hesitate to yield to a wish of this for another power, than the angry remonstrances stances. Depend upon it, sir, we shall best pre- country so unexceptionably expressed. which crowd the pages of diplomatic history in serve our own self-respect by such a course, and Mr. President, is is surprising obat the sympaevery age of this world! Such a proceeding is an secure the respect of the world.
thy of the whole American people is so generally intercourse of good offices honorable to the mo- If this request is granted, it would be an act that awakened by misfortunes, as deplorable as these tives of the country adopting it, and to the coun- would produce a most favorable effect upon the cases preseni, and which appeal so powerfully to try receiving it, if received, as | trust this would people of this country; and if refused, as I have the best feelings of our nature, and in an especial be, with the feelings of confidence and regard i said, there the matter would end, unless, indeed, manner to that large class of our fellow-citizens, which dictate our conduct. Of course it imposes | the British Government should so far sorget what who trace their origin to Ireland ? Wherever there no obligations upon either of the parties, though is due to itself and to us, as to give a rude answer, is political oppression in the world, the heart of an certainly its favorable issue could not fail to not justified by the circumstances, nor the manner Irishman is with the oppressed, and his head and strengthen the ties of amity between England and of the application. I have no belief, sir, that such hands too, when the suffering is within his reach.
The Government of that country well knows a gratuitous folly would be committed; and even Ireland has furnished, and yet furnishes, a great that this is not a case where our application is if it were, we should find some means of not being portion of our emigrant population, whose worth uncalled-for, or which originates in unworthy left in debt upon the occasion. National dignity and talent and industry have added largely to the motives. It knows well, that a very considerable is a good thing, but let us not be everlastingly power and resources of the country. The victims portion of our population is connected with Ire- afraid that ours is in danger.
of harsh and hard laws at home, the emigrant land, either by birth or descent, and that many of As to the encouragement that this step would from that unfortunate land, knows how to value them are connected also by the ties of blood with give to similar applications by other powers to us,
liberty here; and I believe it would be a phenomethese unfortunate exiles. They sympathize deeply, it does not occasion me the slighiest concern. non to find an Irishman who was not ardently as do indeed the whole American people, with the | When such a case occurs here, and a like interest attached to the Constitution and union of these hard fate of these banished patriots-a feeling, I is felt elsewhere, and from like circumstunces,
States. have no doubt, which prevails to a considerable and an intercession is made for a similar object, And this attachment they have sealed with their extent in England, and one which animates the and in unexceptionable language, I trust it will be blood, upon every battle-field from Quebec to MexEnglish people, and which they never fail to dis-received in the best feeling; ayê, and granted, too, ico; defending with unsurpussed valor the stand. play when such occurrences take place in other | unless there are far stronger objections to the ard of our country, from Montgomery, who fell countries.
measure than there appears to me to be in the almost under the Arctic Circle, to my friend from It is said, sir, that this proceeding will open the present instance. If there could be any fear, Illinois, (Mr. Shields,] who poured out his blood way for similar applications, and that it is an im- | which I am satisfied there would not be, of the like water beneath the northern tropic, and gave proper interference with another Government, and release of these banished sufferers, lest they might me a proof of regard, rarely offered or received it has also been feared that we might be embar- again become dangerous, let them be sent to this by man, by sending me the expression of his rassed hereafter by the very precedent, applied to great asylum of the oppressed of all nations, 1 kind recollection, when he and the friends around ourselves, which it is now sought to establish. where we shall be ready to receive them, and ad him thought the hand of death was upon him,
Mr. President, a great change has taken place mir them to all the privileges of our political sys- and from which condition his recovery was little in the opinions of the world, on the subject of po- tem as soon as the provisions of our Constitution less than miraculous. He who has no sympathy litical offences. They nowhere carry with them will permit. If England hails their departure, we
with such citizens, nor part in their sympathies, reproach or shame. They violate indeed exist- | should welcome their arrival.
has few feelings in common with me. ing laws, but they generally originate in the most One word, sir, on the subject of precedents,
As the resolution is already before us, I move praiseworthy motives, and are pursued at the whose appearance I anticipate on this occasion, as that these proceedings lie upon the table and be hazard of every earthly good, as Washington and an old enemy, always upon the alert to enforce the printed. a host of other illustrious men in ancient and in stand-still policy. For once let us put a foot down
Mr. BERRIEN. Let the resolutions be read. modern days pursued their patriotic enterprises. without first peering carefully about to ascertain The Secretary read them as follows: Nothing more distinctly marks the improved | if a foot was ever placed in ihat precise spot be.
Whereas, in the year 1848, when the people of Ireland condition of public feeling than the abolition in all fore. Let us yield to the generous sympathy of felt deeply aggrieved for their political and social condition, constitutional governments of those atrocious and our nature. Let us obey the inspirations of the and alleged that that condition was in a great mea: ure revolting punishments, once inexorably inflicted age, and try, where the trial is proper, " to set
owing to the administrative policy of the Government of
England towards that country : by power upon patriotism. To feel and express the prisoner free.". If the world 'must have precommiseration for such victims is now acknowl
And whereas Messrs. O'Brien, Mitchell, Meagher, cedents, let us make one; they have been made O'Donohue, Martin, O Dougherty, and others, deemed that edged to be consistent with every principle of the before us; and this will be a precedent for peace,
a resort to revolutionary measures was the only remedy most rigid inorality. They are recognized as and not for war; for mercy, and not for vengeance
presented by which to redress the grievances complained of: being unfortunate, but not vicious. Indeed, they
And whereas their error, if they did ert, was one of opinnor oppression; a precedent for intercession be- ion as to the best mode to be adopted to remedy the existing are often noble men, as are those whose case en
tween Governments, in favor of suffering human- evils and relieve the sufferings of the people of Ireland gages our attention, and who deserve the kind inity. Let us set an example, if there never was
which sufferings and the necessity for relief were adnitted terest of the world, both from their motives and one before.
by the Government of England: their character, and also from the position, once There have been examples enough of folly and
And whereas the means adopted by these political oflend
ers against the existing authorities of the British Empire high, but now low, to which they have fallen, and cruelty in national intercommunications. We resulted in their condemnation and banishment to a penal in consequence of an effort made not for them- shall lose, neither in position nor character, by
colony: selves, but for their country. It cannot be--there endeavoring to furnish some of wisdom and mer
And whereas we deeply deplore their present sufferings, is not the slightest danger of it—that such a na
and anxiously desire their release and restoration to their cy. If success follows the effort it would be a families and to society : tional application will ever be made in any case but | brighter page in our history, than is supplied by And whereas a resolution is now pending before the Conin one like this, which is as far from moral guilt the bloodiest and most renowned of our battle. gress of the United States in the following words, to wit: as innocence is from crime. Let no one fear that fields. I shall vote for the original resolution,
“Be it resolved, &c., That in consideration of the general this example will ever be used or abused for the
sympathy felt by the people of the United States for Smith even if it is not modified, because, though the O'Brien, Thomas F. Meagher, and their iminediale assopurpose of intermeddling with the ordinary crim- President has declined to enter into a diplomatic cintes, (exiled Irisli patriots,) and the warm sympatvira inal proceedings of other powers. The vicious correspondence with the British Government upon
felt by the countrymen of these distinguished sufferers, who will lind no commiseration for their punishment, i. this subject, on an application recently made to
have become citizens of the United States, the President nor will any friendly hand be stretched forth to
of the United States be requested to authorize a corre him, I do not understand that he would have any spondence to be opened with the Government of her Majesaid them. And even in this case, however much objections to such a measure, if Congress should ty, the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, appealing to our interest might have been excited, it would have probably led to no action, had we not found take upon itself the responsibility of inviting his
the magnanimity of the British Government and people in action; and I feel assured that the President would
their behalf, and respeetfully requesting the liberation of a justification in the circumstances I have stated.
these personages from their present confinement, with an be gratified to see the accomplishment of the obThere is, therefore, no ground to apprehend that
offer to receive them upon the hospitable shores of the Uniject, by means, that might appear to him proper, nations might become embarrassed by such appli- as he expressed upon that occasion, the sympa
Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with Messrs. cations, or that they would lead to ill will or misthies, that an American citizen and an American
O'Brien, Mitchell, Meagher, and their associates in exile, understanding. As to improper interference, it
and heartily respond to the sentiments contained in, and the Chief Magistrate ought to feel, under such cir- | objects contemplated by, the foregoing resolution, and reappears to me an entire misconstruction of the
cumstances. But, sir, there is a mode, in which spectfully recommend to our Sepators and Representatives term to apply it to a case like this. It is not in- this expression of national feeling may be ob
in the Congress of the United States, that they each give terference at all; it is intercession. It is a simple tained, and this difficulty and others too, that have
to the same an earnest, cordial, and efficient support. request, made from the best motives in the best li been urged, avoided, and that is, by so modifying
Resolved, That we do not assume for our Government the right to dictate to, or in any wise interfere with, the ac
tion of any foreign power, in relation to its domestic policy, I sponsive ear to the interposition which we propose matter; but I have been perfectly willing to join but as a member of the great family of nations, desirous of cultivaung in the hearts of goveroments a care for the hap
to make or not, it will have its moral effeci, and it with others to approach the British Governnient piness of individuals, a solicitude for their improvement,
will reach and cheer the hearts of these victims of in such a way as to procure their pardon. I beand a sympathy for their sufferings, we wish to express in oppression in their lonely and desolate place of lieve it might have been done, or that something this form our painful sense of the condition of the individ- exile. Sir, it will do that if it does nothing else; might have been done towards it; but I cannot vals in question, and ask such respect for our application
and it will teach another lession-it will teach the countenance a proceeding of this kind, which I as may comport with the dignity and policy of Great Britain, and the humane and liberal sentiment of the age, be
oppressed the world over that the nations of the think must result in utter failure. hieving that the advancernent of civilization and christian earth have exploded and are exploding the notions Mr. SHIELDS. I do not mean to speak on this morality has induced an international sympathy which we that corporations, great and small, have no souls, subject at present; but I do wish to say to iny friend feel fully justifies such a procedure on our part. Resolred, That the strength of the British Empire and
and that they have learned that the men of which from South Carolina that I feel there is great force the present tranquillity of Ireland, forbid the idea that these they are composed have souls, and have hearts, in the remarks he has made this morning. I feel political offenders cannot be set at liberty with safety to and that they do not forget the promptings which that the object cannot be accomplished by an atthe Government, and that when the public security or the spring from those hearts; that they assume the tack upon the British Government. My object in retorination of the sufferer is not the purpose or the apparent tendency of punislıment, but the reflection of terror
responsibilities which belong to them as Senators. rising at this time was to ask the Senate to take and the grautication of resentment, it only tends to exas
Having said thus much I leave the subject, with up the resolution which is now on the table, in reperate its vieiims, corrupt its authors, and deaden the moral the earnest hope that the Senate will consent to gard to this subject, in order that some future day sense of the community which it affects. act favorably in relation to it.
may be assigned for its consideration. I leave Resolred, That the exercise of this act of clemency and
Mr. BUTLER. I would like to say a single merey on the part of the British Government, in obedience
that day at the discretion of the Senate; but I to the request of America, would tend to efface the asperity word in connection with this subject.
wish the resolution to be taken up at as early a which became interwoven with the early bistory of the The PRESIDENT. There is no question be- day as possible. When it shall be taken up I Republic, and establish more plainly the relations of' ainity
fore the Senate, but by unanimous consent the wish to say a few words on this subject. I would and peace, which now so happily exist between the two Governments. Senator can proceed.
state that I wish the resolution to be taken up for Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing preamble and res
Mr. BUTLER. There are many reasons the purpose of offering an amendment so as to olutions be forwarded by the president of this meeting to which would induce me to take an active part for avoid making it a diplomatic measure. My obthe President of the United States, the President of the UniIrd States Senate, and each of our Senators in that body,
the release and pardon of these patriots who have ject is so to modify the resolution as to avoid the and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and each
been made so much the subject of eloquent eulogy. possibility of a repulse on the part of the English of our Representatives in that body.
Permit me to say, however, that if the object of Government. I should be very sorry to see this Mr. HALE. I do not propose to detain the gentlemen be to procure the release and pardon of Government make an application, officially, to the Senate but a moment; but I rise to express my
John Mitchell and Wm. Smith O'Brien, I believe British Government, which that Government cordial approbation and assent to every word they are taking the very worst course that could would be authorized to treat with contempt. As which has so eloquently fallen from the lips of | be suggested to accomplish the object. If a prop- a citizen of this country, I should be one of the the bonorable Senator from Michigan. It is er application were to be made to the British last to seek to place this Government in that conrarely that I allow myself to throw a considera- | Queen, by an appeal to the British Minister, er dition. My object, therefore, is to put the resolution personal to myself upon this body, or upon in some other mode that would be likely to be ac- tion into such a form as that, while, indirectly, it any body which I have the honor to address; || ceptable, as an appeal to her clemency, perhaps will accomplish the object, as I trust it will, we but upon this occasion I hope the Senate will in. the objece might be attained. But if in applying shall at the same time preserve the dignity of this dulge me for a moment, if I suggest a single fact for the pardon of these patriots, you use the lan- Government under all circumstances, and give no that may excuse somewhat the warmth which I guage of reproach to the British Government, you earthly or reasonable cause of offence whatever to feel on this subject.
might as well expect to release a victim with his the British Government. When the resolution Sir, my mother, many years dead, was the only hand in the wolf's mouth, by irritating the wolf. shall be called up. at some future day, I hope child of an Irish exile. His name was O'Brien. If you expect to attain the object contemplated- to be able to put it into that shape; or if I should And I should feel, if in this place, or in any place, and I am sincerely disposed to take every reason- not be able to accomplish it, I hope the honorable whenever and wherever a word of sympathy is able measure to effect it-it is not to be done by Senator from Michigan, who has already made the to be expressed for an Irish exile and an O'Brien, reproaching the British Government.
suggestion, and other Senators more experienced that I should be false to every pulsation of my There are many considerations which would in- than I am, will aid me in the accomplishment of heart, to every drop of blood ihat flows in these duce me to take a special interest in the fate of that end. veins, and to that which no man can be false to, these gentlemen, particularly in the fate of one of
Mr. CASS. I would suggest to the Senator the memory of a deceased mother, if I did not ex- them. I allude to Mr. Mitchell. I have thought
that he had better lay his amendment on the tapress it. No, sir; let whatever consequences, per- that something might be done, but not in this way ble, and let it be printed. sonal or political, stand in the way, so long as the -not by making it a subject of political discus- Mr. SHIELDS. I would like to have as'early blood of my mother flows in my veins, and so sion-(by that course we might cheer the Irish a day as possible fixed for the consideration of the long as I remember who I am, and what I am, and rouse them, and obtain their applause and
resolution. whatever words of sympathy, of counsel, or of support, for ought I know, but we shall not sub- Mr. BADGER. Why not to-morrow? encouragement, an Irish exile can have, that he serve the end contemplated of procuring the par- Mr. SHIELDS,(after consultation with several shall have from me.
don and release of these prisoners)—for, by that Senators.) I will say Monday, as I believe there These are the reasons and the motives which course, we shall defeat the very object in view. is no special business before the Senate for that impel me, and they are powerful beyond and over Why, do you suppose that you can approach the day. In accordance with a suggestion of the Seneverything else. I confess that if I have an im- | British Government and tell them that this is our ator from Michigan, I will not call up the resolupulse and a passion, which is reckless and uncal | opinion, and that it must yield to the demonstra- tion until to-morrow; and I will prepare my culating as to consequences, it is when an appeal tions of public feeling in America, upon the sub- amendment in the mean time. is inade to my heart for an Irish exile, more par- ject of their government? I will answer for it, The PRESIDENT. The Chair will state that, ticularly and emphatically when that exile is an that John Bull has resentment enough to hurl back inasmuch as there is no question before the SenO'Brien. Sir, I go with the honorable Senator upon you any such attempt to influence his policy ale, and as the resolution to which the Senator from Michigan-I go for this movement with all by a legislative demonstration of this kind.' No, from Illinois refers is on the table, this discussion my heart; and I yield to the truth of another dec- sir; it is a false step-permit me so to say. is altogether out of order. It has only been tollaration of the honorable Senator and that is, that I willing to vote for any resolution in favor of these erated by unanimous consent. the heart of the Irishman is with the oppressed. patriots, who have been banished from their coun- Mr.-BADGER. I merely wish to remind the I do not want to give that a technical, local, or iry because they loved it; and who were willing Chair that there is as much a subject of discussion fanatical meaning. It is true there is an old max- to run the hazard of measures of redress for now before the Senate as there was when the Senim of the common law, that “corporations have wrongs, which they supposed, at least, they were ator from Michigan made his speech. no souls;' and hence it is inferred, that having no suffering under. Surely. something must be par
The PRESIDENT. The Chair is aware of souls they have no sympathies, no affections, and doned to the spirit of liberty, under which they that; but he did not know, until the resolutions no hearts. It may have been true; but I trust acted. My sympathies are with them. But to were handed up by the Senator from Michigan, that this great corporation of States and commu- make my views effective, I am not going to take what that Senator was about to bring before the nities may come forward and demonstrate to-day a step of this kind, which I know must result in Senate. that that exploded idea of the common law is not failure. If we are to do things of this kind, when- Mr. CASS. I held the resolutions in my hand true as relates to this great corporation of munici- ever we may think it convenient, in relation to while I was speaking: palities and States; and that we shall demonstrate foreign Governments, we may involve ourselves in Mr. BADGER. I believe that, under the rules, ihat we have souls and hearts that can feel. the predicament of making a demonstration when no Senator can make a speech unless there is some
If, from motives of State policy, the President we cannot back it by any legislative act whatever. l subject before the Senate. There must either be of the United States shall decline to interfere, it || I am not willing to see the American Senate or a motion pending, or he must make a motion bewill be none the less true that the resolution of the the American Government place itself in the situa-fore he can make a speech. American Senate has been spoken, and that it has | tion which it cannot maintain. If you intend to
The PRESIDENT. The Chair did not know, spoken and echoed and reëchoed the sentiments take this position for the purpose of procuring the until he saw the resolutions presented by the Senof the great American people, and that will carry pardon of these exiles, you are not to do it by ator from Michigan, whether there was any subwith it all the moral force that it is entitled to. menaces and reproaches; you are not to do it by ject properly before the Senate. So far as that is concerned-the moral force that mere vain declarations, that the institutions of The resolutions were laid upon the table. is to be attached to the declaration of the senti- Great Britain are rotten, and that we intend to
PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED. ments of the American Senate—with all respect correct them by our interference, and rescue Ire
On motion by Mr. SOULE, it was to the President of the United States, I tell him it || land. The object will not be attained by declara
Ordered, That the memorial of the corporate authorities is of very little consequence whether his name is | lions of this kind.
of Shreveport, Louisiana, on the files of the Senate, relaaffixed to it or not. The resolution will have been I would to God I could take some step for the ting to a Marine Hospital at that place, be referred to the entertained, the Senate will have spoken, and release of John Mitchell and Smith O'Brien. I Committee on Commerce. whether the British Government shall lend a re- will not state all that I have done in relation to this On motion by Mr. DOWNS, it was
Ordered, That the petition of Joseph H. D. Bowmar, on of the salaries of the officers of the Territories of Mr. MANGUM. I hope the honorable Sena. the files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on the United States."
tor will withdraw that motion, as it is important Private Land Claims.
Mr. SOULE gave notice of his intention to ask that we should go into executive session. On mation by Mr. MALLORY, it was leave en introduce a bill to establish a naval depôt Mr. McRAE. I withdraw the motion to adOrdereil, That the documenti on the files of the Senate, in or near New Orleans,
journ, and move to postpone the further considrelating to the claim of John P. Duval, be referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.
eration of the resolution until to-morrow, at one
o'clock. On motion by Mr. BERRIEN, it was Mr. DOWNS obtained leave to bring in a bill
The motion was agreed to. Ordered, That the memorial of William Y. Hansell, Wil- for the relief of L. E. L. A. Lawson, sole survivliam H. Underwood, and the legal representatives of Sam
EXECUTIVE SESSION. ing heir of General Eleazer W. Ripley, deceased; uel Rockwell, deceased, on the files of the Senate, be re. which was read a first and second time by its title,
On the motion of Mr. MANGUM, the Senate ferred to the Committee on the Judiciary. and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
proceeded to the consideration of executive busiOn motion by Mr. SEBASTIAN, it was
ness; and after some time spent therein, the doors
SAN DIEGO RIVER. Ordered, That the petition of the heirs-at-law of Joseph
were reopened, and, on motion, Valliere D'Hauterive, on the files of the Senate, be referred Mr. GWIN submitted the following resolution The Senate adjourned. to the Committee on ihe Judiciary.
for consideration; which was agreed to: On motion by Mr. GWIN, it was
Resolred, That the Committee on Naval Affairs be inOrdered, That the message of the President of the United structed to inquire into the expediency of appropriating HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, States in relation to California clairns, communicated the such sum of money as may be necessary to divert the river 26th instant, be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. of San Diego into False Bay; which river now empties into
WEDNESDAY, January 28, 1852. the bay of San Diego, and by its deposit is gradually filling The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer REPORTS FROM STANDING COMMITTEES.
up said hay, thereby creating a forinidable obstruction to its Mr. RUSK, from the Committee on the Post navigation
by the Chaplain, Rev. Mr. Morgan.
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. Office and Post Roads, to which was referred the
DEBATES OF THE SEVATE.
Mr. HOUSTON moved that the House resolve joint resolution to provide ice-boats for the Poto
On motion by Mr. NORRIS, and by unanimous
itself into Committee of the Whole on the state of mac river, reported it back without amendment,
consent, the vote ordering the resolution for settleMr. BUTLER, from the Committee on the Juring the accounts for reporting the debates and
the Union. diciary, to which was referred a bill “to amend proceedings of the Senate to be engrossed and read
Mr. HARRIS, of Tennessee. If the motion to an act entitled • Anaet for the punishment of crimes
go into Committee of the Whole do not prevail, I à third time, was reconsidered. in the District of Columbia,'” reported it back
ask what will be the first business then before the
The Senate resumed the consideration of the without amendment.
House? Mr. BRADBURY, from the Committec on the motion of Mr. Norris, reads as follows: said resolution; and having been amended on the
The SPEAKER. It will be the call of comJudiciary, reported a joint resolution authorizing
mittees for reports.
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate be, and he is the purchase of the ninth volume of the laws of the hereby, authorized and instrucied to audit, and from time to
Mr. HARRIS. I hope it will be the pleasure United States; which was read and passed to the time to settle the account of John C. Rives, for the reports
of the House to allow the morning hour to be apsecond reading
or the Senate proceedings and debates published in the propriated to the regular order. Mr. HAMLIN, from the Committee on Com
“ Daily Globe, 'at $7 50 per column: Provided, horcerer, Mr. HOUSTON. I hope the House will go
That in auditing and settling such accounts nothing shall be merce, to which was referred a memorial of F.
into Committee of the Whole, and finish the Mexallo red for the publication of revised speeches, a report of McManus, reported a bill for extending like prin- which has once been published, nor for messages and re
ican indemnity bill. It is very necessary that the ciples to those conferred by the act entitled " An ports from the executive officers of the Goverment, nor House should come to some final action upon that
for reports from committees of the Senate. act allowing drawback upon foreign merchandise
subject as soon as possible. There is a special
Ordered, That the resolution be engrossed and read a exported in the original packages to Chihuahua and
order for to-morrow, and gentlemen must see the imthird time. Santa Fé, Mexico, and to the British North Amer
portance of disposing of the indemnity bill to-day. THE COMPROMISE MEASURES.
Mr. McLANAHAN. I ask the chairman of ican Provinces adjoining the Uunited States," approved March 3, 1845, to foreign merchandise
The Senate resumed the consideration of the is the Committee of Ways and Means to withdraw exported to Mexico by certain indicated routes;
resolution submitted by Mr. Foote, of Missis- i the motion to go into Committee of the Whole, in which was read and passed to the second reading. sippi, and amended on the motion of Mr. Badger order to allow me to make a report from the Com
mittee on the Judiciary. It is a report which I On motion by Mr. HAMLIN, it was
A Resolution declaring the Measures of Adjustment to am confident the House is anxious to receive; and Ordered, That the Committee on Commerce be dis
be a detinitive settlement of the questions growing out of I submit to the gentleman from Alabama (Mr. charged from the further consideration of the memorial of
domestic slavery. merchants, underwriters, and others, interested in com
Houston) whether it will not better facilitate the
Be it resolved, That the series of measures embraced in merce, presented the 21st instant. the acts entitled “An act proposing to the State of Texas
business of the House by allowing this report now Mr. HUNTER, from the Committee on Fi- the establishment of her Northern and Western boundaries,
to be made? the relinquishment, by the said State, of all territory claimed nance, to which was referred the bill to remit or
Mr. HOUSTON. If the House have no obby her exterior to said boundaries, and of all her claims refund duties on goods, wares, and merchandise
jection to receive the report of which the gentle upon the United States, and to establish a territorial governdestroyed by fire, reported it with amendments. ment for New Mexico," approved September 9, 1850; “An
man from Pennsylvania (Mr. McLanahan) deHe also, from the same committee, to which
act for the admission of the State of California into the sires to present as it is a report which will have was referred the bill for the relief of Williams, Sta
Union," approved September 9, 1850; “An act to establish a an important bearing on one of the appropriation
territorial government for Utalı,” approved September 9, bills--I shall not object; but I must decline to ples & Williams, reported it without amendment. 1850; “ An act to amend and supplementary to an act enHe also, from the same committee, to which titled "An act respecting fugitives from justice, and persons
withdraw my motion to go into committee. was referred the bill for the relief of James Fer- escaping from the service of their masters,' approved Feb
The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Pennruary 12, 1793," approved Septeinber 18, 1850; and “An guson, surviving partner of the firm of Ferguson
sylvania can present his report only by unani| act to suppress the slave trade in the District of Columbia," & Milhado, reported it without amendment.
mous consent. approved September 20, 1850, commonly known as the Mr. BERRIEN, from the Committee on the Compromise Acts,” are, in the judgment of this body, a
Mr. SMART. I object, unless the other comJudiciary, to which was referred the memorial of settlement in principle and substance-a final settlement of
mittees be allowed to present reports. William Woodbridge and Henry Chipman, pray
the dangerous and exciting subjects which they embrace, Mr. HOUSTON. I now beg to press my
and ought to be adhered to by Congress until time and er ing compensation for services in adjusting titles to perience shall demonstrate the necessity of further legisla
motion to go into Committee of the Whole on the land in Michigan, reported a bill for their relief; ion to guard against evasion or abuse.
state of the Union; and upon that motion I ask which was read and passed to the second reading. Mr. DAVIS addressed the Senate at some length, the yeas and nays; which were ordered. On motion by Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, it was in opposition to the resolution. His speech will
Mr. JONES,' of Tennessee. I desire to ask if Ordered, That the Committee on Military Affairs be disbe found in the Appendix.
the bounty land bill, which is made the special charged from the further consideration of the memorial of Mr. MANGUM. The Senator from Missis- order for to-morrow, will not then take precedence J. Smith, and that it be referred to the Committee of Claims. sippi has intimated a desire to address the Senate
of the Mexican indemnity bill ? On motion by Mr. DOWNS, it was on this subject.
The SPEAKER. It will take precedence. Ordered, 'That the Committee on the Judiciary be dis- Mr. McŘAE. That was my intention.
Mr. HOUSTON. At the request of gentlemen charged from the further consideration of the memorial of Mr: MANGUM. I will very cheerfully give withdraw the call for the yeas and nays. I do
I ask the consent of the House to George Hervey.
way to the gentleman for that purpose. If I can On motion by Mr. DOWNS, it was
get the floor when he shall have concluded his re- not wish unnecessarily to take up the time of the Ordered, That the Committee on the Judiciary be dis- marks, I will endeavor to get rid, if such be the
House. charged from the further consideration of the memorials of marshals and assistant marshals, praying additional comsense of the Senate, of the further consideration
There was no objection, and the call for the yeas pensation for their services in taking the Seventh Census, of this resolution. I think the debate on it has
and nays was withdrawn. which have been referred 20 that committee, and that the been wholly unprofitable; and if it produces the
Mr. HOUSTON asked for tellers; which were same be referred to the Committee of Clains. slightest effect on the public mind, it will be that
ordered, and Messrs. Houston and Fowler were On motion by Mr. MORTON, it was which is pernicious and deeply injurious. How
appointed. Ordered, That the Committee of Claims be discharged ever, out of courtesy to the Senator from Missis- The question was then taken, and the tellers refrom the further consideration of the memorial of Gad sippi, who is here for the first session, I feel it to
ported—ayes 101, noes 29. Humphries, and that the same be referred to the Committee
So the motion prevailed. on Military Affairs,
be my duty to give way to him; but I hope I shall
MEXICAN INDEMNITY BILL.
Mr. McRAE. Mr. President, I thank the hon- The House accordingly resolved itself into Mr. McRAE gave notice of his intention to ask orable Senator from North Carolina for the cour- Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, leave to introduce a bill entitled “An act to repeal tesy which he has extended to me; but there will Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, in the chair. the proviso in the act of Congress entitled 'An act noi be time enough to-day for me to make the re- The CHAIRMAN stated the first business in making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic marks which I desired to make on this resolution, order to be the annual message of the President expenses of the Government for the year ending and the questions embraced in it. I therefore ask of the United States, and the resolution of the genthe 30th of June, 1852, and for other purposes,' the Senate to adjourn now, so as to enable me to tleman from Alabama (Mr. Houstox) to refer it approved March 3, 1851, relating to the payment speak to-morrow.
to the several standing committees.
Mr. HOUSTON. I move to take up House sacrificed by subjecting the Government of Mex- vote against such proceeding, emanating from bill No. 46, to provide for carrying into effect, in ico to the cupidiiy of British bankers, and to the what quarter it may: further part, the twelfth article of the treaty with political influence of our rival, England. And Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia. I had not designed Mexico, concluded at Gaudalupe Hidalgo. what is the justification? Why, the wretched, to say anything more about this matter, and am
The motion was agreed to, and the bill was read miserable plea, that the terms of the treaty having very reluctant to do it now. The gentleman from as follows:
fixed the time, mode, and place of payment, it was Tennessee (Mr. Johnson) says that I had been Be it enaded, &c., That the sum of $3,180,000 be, and the not competent for the Executive to alter it,-a plea | authorized to inform this House that if this offer paine is hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treas- utterly untenable. And here permit me to say, of Duff Green had proposed to have given us ury not otherwise appropriated, for the payment of the installment and interest, which will fall due on the 30th of
that no man on earth would saucily fout the re- twenty per cent., it would not have been accepted. Vay, 1852, under the twelfth article of the treaty between ceipt of acquittance in the face of a foreign Min- So I was. But the gentleman undertakes to infer the United States and Mexico, made and concluded at ister who should come forward with a reclamation from that, that it establishes that Mr. Webster, Guadalupe Hidalgo, on the 24 of February, 1848. for money paid under such circumstances.
having made a contract with his friends, would The CHAIRMAN stated the question pending But, independent of the argument which I think not have varied that contract even though the to be upon the amendment of the gentleman from will be found to be perfectly irresistible, a single Government would be greatly benefited thereby. California (Mr. MARSHALL) to the amendment of fact shows the insufficiency of the plea put for- Did not l inform this House, at the same time, the gentleman from Tennessee, (Mr. Johnson.) ward by the Secretary of State. We had it au- that it was Mr. Webster's opinion that he had no
The amendment of Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, thoritatively announced a few days since, by the legal authority to accept these terms? That was was read as follows:
chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, Mr. Webster's opinion. It is my opinion, and I " And that said sum be paid over to the proper authorities that a part of the very first payment was made venture to say would be the opinion of nineteen of Mexico by the Secretary of the Treasury of the Vuited by the Government, not in gold and silver, as the twentieths of ihe Congress of ihe United States, States under the supervision of the President.”
terms of the treaty required, but in ordnance. who would look at the subject. Is the Secretary of The amendment of Mr. MARSHALL, of Califor- | Again, in the case of the man Forstall, who, upon State, the President, or the Secretary of the Treasnia, to the amendment was read as follows: one occasion, advanced some hundred thousand ury authorized to accept these drafis? Have * Prorided, That the President may cause the payınent dollars
they any other authority than the authority conp Je made al such tine and in such inanner as will be most
[Here the Speaker's hammer fell.]
ferred upon them by the Constitution and the law ? accepłable to the Government of Mexico." Mr. MEADE demanded tellers upon the ques
Mr. 'HOUSTON. I would say a word to cor- I ask, where is the law upon the statute-book
rect an erroneous impression in the mind of the authorizing the Secretary of State, or the Secretion, but they were not ordered. The question was then taken on the amendment il gentleman from Ohio. I intended to say on a for- tary of the Treasury, or anybody else, to accept
mer occasion—but I do not remember the precise these drafts from the Mexican Government? to the amendment, and it was rejected.
The question then recurred upon the adoption language I used--but the idea I intended to convey Why, sir, a transaction more void of authority it of the amendment of the gentleman from Tennes
was, that the arms were disposed of and the pro- | is impossible to conceive of than the idea that the
ceeds were applied to the payment, in part, of the || Secretary of State is to accept drafts upon our see, (Mr. Johnson,) and being taken, it was de- || installment; and the records will so appear. 1 || Treasury, in absence of law specificully to authorcided in the negative. So the amendment was rejected. say the amendment of the gentleman ought not to
ize it. There is no authority authorizing him to Mr. CLINGMAN. If there is no amendment be adopted.
do it. Is he an independent power? Has he any pending, I move that the committee do now rise
Mr. DISNEY. I care nothing about the amend right without authority of law to ind our Treas
ury or commit our Government in a moneyed an'l report the bill to the House. Mr. DISNEY. I desire to offer the following nothing about the amendment, and therefore I do
Mr. HOUSTON. The gentleman says he cares
transaction? Why, sir, it is nothing but the re
spect I feel for some gentlemen who have enteramendment: ** To be paid in a manner conformably to the request of not wish to consume any time in discussing it.
tained such an idea, that prevents me from speakMr. JOHNSON, of Tennessee. I propose to
ing of it as one of the most monstrous propositions tbe Mexican Government." amend the amendment as follows:
I ever heard propounded in the American ConMr. Chairman, I am by no means prepared to
gress. say what I should like to say, but I feel' I could Provided it impose no additional expense upon the United The question was then taken on the amendment, not permit the opportunity to pass without stating
and it was rjected. distinctly to the House and to the country my
Mr. J. said: It seems the conclusion is foregone, Mr. JOHNSON, of Tennessee, proposed the views with regard to this matter; and my present and that this House, with the chairman of the
following amendment: purpose is, upon some future occasion, when I Committee of Ways and Means at its head, is Provided, That it shall not be inconsistent with the terms shall have time and opportunity, to elaborate the
determined to indorse the course pursued by the of the treaty made between the two existing Governments. matter. I desire now simply to state, in the time | Secretary of State.
Mr. JOHNSON. The gentleman from Virallotted to me, that the correspondence submitted Mr. HOUSTON. Not at all.
ginia, in the conclusion of his remarks, informed to the House, under the resolution of the House, Mr. JOHNSON. One thing that we have been the House that it was merely out of respect to has substantiated the charges before this commit- complaining of, and considered to be wrong, is, some members that he did not speak of this proptee. And I now, standing in my place as one of that the Secretary of State should go on, in advance | osition in stronger terms. I do not know what the representatives of the American people, dis- of an appropriation being made by Congress, and those terms would have been, other than what he tinctly and specifically arraign the present Admin- | make a contract with a set of bankers for the pay- has generally given. In other words, he treats istration, at ihe bar of the public opinion of this ment of money, that he did not know whether the the idea as being supremely ridiculous. Well, interests in trusted to their care. I arraign it for Congress of the United States would appropriate sir, at this stage of the proceedings, I consider it wronging the Treasury of the Republic out of a a dollar to meet or not. This we assume to be ridiculous and in violation of the law, of the large sum of money which might have been saved wrong, and as going beyond the legitimate duties / spirit and genius of the Constitution and the to it by agreeing to the proposition of the Mexi- of the Secretary. But it seems to be the inten- | treaty itself, for Mr. Webster to have made the can Government for the payment at some place in || tion of this House, with the chairman of the arrangement, and for him to come forward and the United States of the money due to her. I arraign Ways and Means at its head, that Mr. Webster's indorse it in advance of the appropriation by them for disregarding that comity, which should course is to be indorsed. We are told, further- || law of the money. I assert that it is in violation exist among all the nations of the earth, but par- more, in this discussion, and that, too, by the of law, and that Mr. Webster, nor anybody else ticularly between our Government and the Gov- chairman of the former Committee of Ways and had the right to accept drafts upon the Treasury ernment of the Republic of Mexico at this peculiar Means, that the Secretary of State authorized him when the money had not been appropriated. But time, and by the disregard of which this Admin- to say, that this proposition would not have been is not it as just, as legal, and would' it not be as istration has not only injured the monetary inter- | accepted, in connection with Mr. Green, had the much in conformity with the treaty, to make the ests of this country, but they have given a blow Mexican Government agreed to pay twenty, per arrangement through General Green, or the Mexito its political interests in the future. The corre
Such a remark is contained in his printed can Minister, with the Mexican Government, as spondence submitted to this House shows that speech; and he was authorized to state it to this through the Barings & Brothers, in advance of the with Mexico this has been a most important mal- House and this country, that if this Government || appropriation of the money! Most unquestionter. The Mexican Minister was instructed to could have realized twenty per cent. by this
ably it would. And how do the facts stand ? press it to the very verge, but to abstain from ation, that this Secretary would not have accepted | There was an attempt to make an arrangement actually giving offence. To Mexico it was indeed it. What is the conclusion to be drawn from this with Mr. Clayton, when he was the Secretary of important. Mr. Webster admits that the request declaration, which the chairman of the committee State, for the payment of this money; and what was made, and he admits, too, that he promptly was authorized to announce to this country? Is did he say upon ihe subject? He said that in adrefused to listen to it,-a refusal which, in view not the conclusion clear and irresistible in regard vance of an appropriation by Congress, he did of the anxiety of the Mexican Government, must to the Secietary of State, that “I have made an not feel authorized to make any arrangement. hereafter be deleterious to the political interests of arrangement with my friends, by which I can be Thus far the position is true. But if we could this country, not only in relation to the general in- benefited, or by which my friends can be bene- make an arrangement with one class of individuterests which may arise between the two Repub- fited, and which cannot be departed from, notwith- als in anticipation of the appropriation, could we lics, but particularly in reference to a right of way, I standing some persons may come forward and not make an arrangement with another class? It and the establishment of convenient communicaoffer twenty per cent. for the privilege of transact- is a mere mattes of discretion of the exercise of tions between our fellow-citizens upon this shore ing this business?" I say these facts ought to be the judgment of the parties authorized to make and those upon the Pacific shore. For already known to the country. With all these facts be- the payment. How does this matter stand? Here we see the fact announced in the public prints fore us--the making of this contract in advance of is a negotiation going on, and suppose the money that a proposition is pending upon the part of the any law making an appropriation, and without was appropriated, as it was proposed to be, some Mexican Government to grant a right of way to even kowing whether this House would take upon twelve months ago, could not the Treasurer of the the direction, care, and management of England. itself the high responsibility of refusing to make United States accept a draft drawn by the proper I therefore say that I arraign this Administra- the appropriation--we are called upon to indorse | authorities of Mexico, and pay money upon that tion for willfully and without justification, per- these high-handed measures. I say for one—and draft as well as upon a draft drawn by anybody else? mitting the best interests of the country to be li I speak irrespective of party-I intend to give my Oh! but the gentleman seems to think otherwise.