Imágenes de páginas

who supported him have but little cause to com- I want a fair, free fight in the next presidential can- The explanations of the Globe of that day and the plain of any tampering with Abolitionists or com- vass, I mean that I desire that the people may conversations with Mr. Ritchie in some measure binations with them for power. He spread the have some hand in arranging the preliminaries and softened the sternness of the text, but it left a hazy banner of agitation to the breeze, and was sus- making the selection between the individuals pre- fog in the atmosphere which caused small objects to tained by the Whigs of his State. I have no interest | sented as candidates for office. I am very far from loom in the distance. You have experienced this, in the matter further than the truth of history is objecting to a candidate because he is tlie nominee sir, doubtless, when in a morning mist a cow would concerned, and as a recorded evidence of what sort of the Baltimore Convention. Indeed such a nom- seem to be as large as an elephant. I prefer a reof materials we are called on to rely upon in the hour | ination would highly recommend him to my turn to the clear bright republican days of Mr. Jefof trial. It will teach my constituenis that I am no choice. Such an expression of preference by that ferson, for whom General Jackson cherished the alarmist, and that I have told them the truth. It li body would demand and receive my respect. If most profound regard. We must return to that is evident, from all the circumstances, that both he should be sound, true, and capable, frank and simple unsophisticated republicanism of the pure parties had a common purpose, but neither party honest in the declaration of his republican doc- and palmy days of our country, before the dishad any feeling for us. I am neither malignant nor trines, desirous for the repose of the country, and tribution of fifty millions of money, and whole resentful. It iny temper is excitable, it is easily the faithful execution of ihe laws, the fact of his empires of land gave the means of temptation appeased; but there is one thing which I never nomination would recommend him to my confi- and corruption, and placed in the hands of Conmean to do, and that is, to fawn upon the hand dence and secure my zealous support.

gress the control of jobs by which opulence may that strikes me. No, sir, I will never do it. I But, sir, the Baltimore Convention might make be attained in a few months or a year. To such will never be brought to sustain the pretensions of a nomination of those who do not answer this de- a candidate who believes in the sovereignty of the any man for the Presidency who is not a republi- scription—who do not possess these qualifiations; States, I care not whether he approved or disapcan; who does not distinctly acknowledge State and I will not support any such nominees. No proved of the series of measures called the comsovereignty and State rights upon the principles party ties shall induce me to perform an act by promise, but who is determined to execute the laws of their great apostle, Mr. Jefferson; who does not which I lose my self-respect. I am not ignorant and preserve the repose of the country, there will pledge himself to arrest agitation of the slavery || that all liberty—all that is valuable in free govern- be such a gathering as we have not seen for many question, and carry out the fugitive slave law by ments—have been often lost agreeably to the years. all the power with which he is clothed. I will

usages of parties, and in due form of party disci- To endeavor now to agitate the public mind on the make no compromise here. I opposed every meas- pline. An empty shadow takes the place of sub- measures of the last session would be the extreme ure of the compromise except the fugitive slave stance—the power transferred to the few from the of folly. The most of them are res perfecta. Callaw; and I regrelled that I was not able to defeat many, and the screws of party discipline may be ifornia is a State. Texas has accepted the ten all of them against which I voted. The State to applied to crush all who have independence to millions. Utah and New Mexico are complete in wrich I owe my allegiance, and the people whom speak the honest convictions of their own hearts. their organization as Territories, and the other I represent, were willing to try the experiment should they nominate a man who dodges voles, laws stand on the statute-book. Who would enof these measures, as they had become a part and who is not to be found in his place when vital gage in the peurile, as well as wicked purpose of of the laws of the land. They are a law-abiding questions are to be decided—whose letters and again agitating the public mind, without any prospeople, and I acknowledge the authority of the will communications require a second Daniel to inter- pect of a good result? And whilst I do not apof my people. I voted for the fugitive slave law; | pret them—or, like the riddles of antiquity, give prove of a policy which would assume the necesand it is the only one of the compromise measures employment and reputation to a second Edepus sity of sustaining those laws of last session by a for which I voted. But though I acquiesce in for his skill in unravelling the mysteries which buitress of resolutions this session, and whilst I do them, no man has a right to inquire as to whether they contain; or, like the Delphic oracle, which not perceive the wisdom of making the move, and I do so cordially or not. I will say, that I have made response to a certain king, who inquired amend the Constitution which recognizes its imperchanged no opinion as to the character of these whether he should go to war with the Romans, in fections and provides the mode of amendment, I measures, and I feel now as I felt then. My con- the following oracular words: Ibis, redibis, nun- am utterly averse to any course which would restituents feel now in regard to this subject, as quainque pevibis"'-words admitting the double vive agitation or revive discontent. every good citizen ought to feel, a strong desire translation: “You shall go, you shall return, you Mr. POLK, (interrupting.) I call the gentlefor the repose of the public mind by a general ac- shall not perish"-or “You shall go, you shall man to order. quiescence in and faithful execution of these laws. not return, you shall perish." The inquiring king Mr. VENABLE. Will the gentleman state his I am for preserving the Government upon the took the first interpretation-he went, he did not point of order? principles of the Constitution, and for obedience return, he perished. Other followers of the pro- Mr. POLK. My point of order is this: That to the law in every part of the United States. So pounders of oracles have in recent times renewed I cannot see what connection the coalition in Masfar as I am concerned, the recipient of my vote for the experience of this ancient king—they inter- sachusetts, and the State-rights doctrines have to President must be willing to carry out the law of preted for themselves--they went, and did return, do with passing a resolution about public printing, the land. I have no sympathy with those who but sadly beaten in the struggle.

and as a general charge that he is laying about so are disunionists per se, and have never been will- The handwriting on the wall and the dream of loose that I cannot see what he is at myself. ing to resort to the highest remedy without the Nebuchadnezzar were explained by the prophet; (Laughter.) most serious cause and the general approbation of but in these days we are without prophets or The SPEAKER. The Chair, in obedience to a majority of those who felt the grievance of un- priests. Experience must be our instructor, and what seemed to be the desire of the House, did consútutional oppression. When I differ with history our guide. I desire a matter-of-fact man, not feel at liberty to arrest the course of remark gentlemen upon principle I can understand them. whose heart delights in an honest declaration of made by the gentleman from North Carolina. The It may be that I shall be compelled to act with gen- his opinions; who will leave plain men, like my- Chair, however, the point being raised, feels called tlemen with whom I differ as to some minor ques- self, in no doubt as to his meaning. No conven- upon to say, that, in his opinion, the gentleman is tions not involving great principles. But when it'tion can have authority to discharge a candidate | wandering from the question before the House. is a perfectly clear and conclusive indication that for the highest office in the gift of the people for Mr. VËNABLE. " I think I can satisfy the the difference between us will be about plunder, such a frank and open avowal of his views. Speaker that I am not wandering from the ques. and not about principle-about the disposition of Timidity and reserve presuppose a state of things the offices and emoluments of Government, there which must create disirust. No honest politician The SPEAKER. The Chair is very well satcan be neither coöperation nor confidence. I repre- dreads the disclosure of the fixed convictions of isfied that the remarks of the gentleman have been sent a plain, unsophisticated, agricultural people, his mind. There is a captivating beauty about irrelevant. who do not look to this Government for anything the boldness of integrity. "You see it in the fear- Mr. JOHN W. HOWE. Will the gentleman by way of support. They acquire an independ lessness, in the demeanor even of a child who has from North Carolina allow me to ask him a quesence by cultivating the earth. They do not look never been depraved by deception. Conscious tion? here for laws to put money in their pockets, nor purity of purpose desires no concealment. A Mr. VENABLE. I want first to put myself to the Federal Treasury io supply their wants. triumph of principle binds honest men together; | right with the Speaker. They labor not only to supply themselves, but to but woe to that party who are united only by the Mr. HOWE. I merely want to ask whether aid in maintaining here an eficient and economical system which derives its strength from the desire we are to understand that you will not vote for Government; to manage affairs in which all the of plunder. Should that Convention give us the Cass or Douglas? [Laughter.). States are concerned, and I can ole fur no measure man who does not require and would scorn to have The SPEAKER. The Chair decides that the which is to take the public ireasure to sustain a a new version put on his declarations-one who remarks of the gentleman from North Carolina are paper which sets itself up here as the organ of any will not hesitate to declare that he holds the re- not in order. particular party. I will vote for no measure publican doctrines of Mr. Jefferson, our acknowl- Mr. VENABLE. And I propose to show that which will place an immense money power in the edged leader,-I say Mr. Jefferson, because the course of remark which I was pursuinghands of metropolitan editors, and thus add to think it unwise to refresh ourselves at the branch Mr. SWEETSER, (interrupting.). I ask for their peculiar advantages for forming public opin- | when we can come at the spring: Besides, sir, || the enforcement of the rule. The gentleman from hon in the next presidential canvass.

we have had many mutations and interpolations North Carolina being called to order, and the But, sir, I do not wish to be misunderstood. I in the creed since his day. Although having || Chair having decided that he is out of order, he must ask the indulgence of the House for a short the highest confidence in the purity as well as must take his seat, under the rule. time longer. Having been exceedingly unwell all the great ability of General Jackson, I never The SPEAKER. The Chair decides that the the morning, I had not anticipated this debate. | adopted or approved of many of the doctrines of gentleman from North Carolina is not at liberty, Nothing would have induced me to make a single the proclamation. I adhered to him, however, | under the rules, to discuss the presidential quesTemark now, but that I had determined since the || and none feel a more profound reverence for his tion upon the proposition now before the House, commencement of the session that upon the very services and his memory than myself. I would and that his remarks were consequently irrelearliest opportunity I would be distinctly under- not abandon him, as some did with whom I agreed stood upon those great questions which now so about everything but some doctrines of the procla- Mr. VENABLE. I hope I may be allowed to much agitate the public mind. In order that I may mation, and go over to a party with whom I dis- || proceed in order. not be misunderstood, I ask gentlemen to attend to agreed about everything, and the proclamation too. Mr. WILCOX. I hope the gentleman will be the remark that I am about to make. When I say II Those who did so, were placed in a false position. Il permitted to proceed with his remarks, and that




the same latitude of debate will be extended to lished in an organ, and editorially introduced, as more cautious, and we repeat the same blunder. others.

possessing the entire proportions of the original It is best that you should strike out the names of Mr. CLINGMAN. I move that my colleague publication, when, in faci, one half of the original the individuals designated from the resolution. have leave to proceed in order.

article which it professed to quote, was excluded, They may obtain the contract if they will perform The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the pro- and the portion republished was turned to an en- it cheaper and better than anybody else. But position?

tirely different purpose from that designed by its prudence demands that whenever this bargain is Mr. SWEETSER objected.

author. The first part published apparently as a made, that propositions should be received from The question was then taken on Mr. Cling- whole was quite unexceptionable, and this latter any and all practical printers to do the mechanical man's motion; and it was agreed to.

portion which did not appear giving an offensive work, and the Government furnish the paper. I Mr. VENABLE, (resuming.) I profoundly character to it all. It reminded me of Milton's ask, and I hope some gentleman will tell me, why regret that I should have been so unfortunate in archangel, ruined, still beautiful and imposing in Donelson & Armstrong are to have this printing? presenting my views, as that any gentleman, or the upper portion of his person, but very much I ask again, and I receive no answer, why are the Chair, should have supposed that I was out of deformed about the lower extremities, (laughter.) they selected from all others to do this work? order. I was

was arguing to show, that my objection For myself I decline to give such papers the pub- What peculiar claim have they? to the proposition to give this printing to the par- lic patronage. While I am for paying to the last A VOICE. Why should they not have it? ticular individuals named in the resolution, might cent every man in our employ, and while I am Mr. VENABLE. Why should they have it? give color to the charge that this House were sus- for making a liberal allowance for that time. They have no claims upon me that I know of. taining a press with the view of giving it weight while I am unwilling that any man should | They have held me up in common with those with in the coming presidential election; that this Con- work for me, or the people I represent, or the whom I have acted as Southern fanatics coopergress was making themselves a party to such government to which I belong, without a full

, ating with Northern Abolitionists! They have dean arrangement, and identifying themselves with fuir, liberal, and generous compensation, yet I de- nounced us in the strongest terms which they were a party struggle by pensioning a press, which mand that our accounts shall be settled in a busi- | capable of using. They have no claims upon me, would be active in the formation of public opin- ness-like manner. I wish to know for what we and I wish to let them know it. A course such ion. It seems to me that this was relevant, as an are contracting. When the bargain is to be made, as this journal has pursued can never create a argument why the printing should not be given to all the printers in the country, all the press of the claim upon the confidence of those who received Donelson & Armstrong. I assure the House, country, should be invited to come into fair and their denunciations. What claims have they upon however, that I had no purpose to say anything honorable competition. Let the committee receive the Government? What claims have they more that was not directly relevant to the subject before propositions from any who may propose to do the than any other printers? What more than Blair

But suppose that this proposition—as is not work, and then let them decide as they may think & Rives—more than Boyd Hamilton, already exthe case-limited the committee to bargain with a proper, according to the merits of the several com- ecuting a ruinous contract, struggling with the notoriously corrupt man--and I am only putting petitors. I am in favor of the amendment of my embarrassments arising out of that contract, and an extreme case--it would then be certainly in Triend from Maryland, (Mr. Evans,] that the pa- | claiming this printing at our hands. It is a job order to say that the resolution was wrong, be- per shall be furnished by the Government, and of practical printing, and practical printing alone; cause it limited the committee to bargain with a the names of the individuals in the resolution be but Boyd Hamilton is no editor, merely an hum. very unsuitable person. And that was the whole stricken out.

ble laborer at the press. Then I should like to drift of my remarks. Such a press, fed by the Mr. GORMAN. Will the gentleman from know—and the question has not been answeredGovernment out of the public Treasury, might North Carolina allow me for a moment? That from whence and how did this claim of Donelson succeed in forcing upon the country one who was gentleman is aware that Blair & Rives did the & Armstrong originate? not suitable for the object in view. The commit- printing for the last census. Now, the price paid Mr. Speaker, I have spoken plainly, because I tee, in no event, should be limited by a vote of this in that case may be a guide for the price in this. think plainness and candor becoming and proper. House to any particular individual, inasmuch as Now, I ask the gentleman from North Carolina, I have, without resentment, given expression to it narrowed down the field of selection, and must if he supposes any committee composed of honor- the convictions of my understanding, and the feel. result, in the progress of events, in a system of able men, and honest men, who have the letting ings of my heart. I mean to act independently favoritism, which neither the principles of justice of that contract, will, for the purpose of allow- and without any concealment of my views. The nor the good sense of the people would tolerate. ing any party to make money for any political time when I had feelings of resentment has passed

When called to order by the gentleman from purpose or any other purpose, make an arrange- away. The assault upon the old line Republican Tennessee, (Mr. Polk,] I had yielded the floor to ment for this census printing at rates above those State-Rights Democracy was, so far as I was conthe gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Howe,] generally paid for the same kind of work? cerned, fierce, but impotent. But the memory who asked me whether I would vote for General Mr. VENABLE. The gentleman knows that of events is not so easily obliterated. I believe Cass or Mr. Douglas? I hope it is not out of I do not doubt the honesty and integrity of any that we are deeply responsible for the disseminaorder to be respectful to the gentleman, and I re- member of that committee.

tion of unsound opinions—more so, indeed, than ply-that I drew a character for whom I would Mr. GORMAN. Then I hope the gentleman for criminal acts. The one is a general and ex. not vote; if it fits no person, it damages no one; will not continue to insist that the course of pro- tensive evil; the other limited it its effect, and disif it does, it is his fault, not mine; but I decline to ceeding proposed in this resolution will result in armed by the deformity of the vice. I confess make a personal application of my remarks upon corruption. If I supposed myself capable of an that my spirit chafed when I saw in a paper pur. the call he has made. I have now said what I action of this kind, I should consider myself un- porting to be the organ of the party to which, from intended to say relative to the Presidency, and worthy of a seat in this body.

my youth up, I had belonged, denunciations on what I have said was legitimately connected with

Mr.'VENABLE. It was no part of my pur- those, the gravamen of whose offence was, that the subject-matter before the House. I have said pose in making these remarks, to implicate my they concurred with Jefferson and the Republican it because I think it due to the country, that its honorable, gallant friend, the chairman of the Com- fathers—that they adhered to the ancient Repubrepresentatives should not adopt an indirect sys- mittee on Printing. I know that he would recoil lican landmarks, and venerated almost to idolatry, tem of pensioning the press,

No editors of the from contamination or the suspicion of corruption the Constitution. The selection of the editors of journals of the country should be enabled by jobs with the sensibility of a wound-his nature is too that organ as the peculiar favorites of this body is thrown in their way to make a fortune out of the elevated, and his heart too pure. This is also true the exclusion of all others—the extinction of any Treasury for mere party purposes. I appeal to of honorable gentlemen connected with him upon chance of competition; a selection which, to be this House to say whether it is proper that this that committee. I have the highest confidence in just, must be founded upon acknowledged public job should be approprinted in the manner which them. But they are not practical printers. They service and extraordinary individual capabilities. this resolution proposes, merely because a major- do not understand the art and mystery of printing, ! No evidence of either has been furnished, and I ity of this House have the power to do it. If the and therefore I say that the contract should not be insist that so extensive and costly an operation be House desires to elect a public printer, let it be given unconditionally to Donelson & Armstrong, | submitted to the ordinary competition which the done, and the rates and compensation fixed. But and leave them to set their own prices. Besides, custom of the country has made law; that the law it is certainly wrong to do so by indirection. I will show that the census printing under Blair & requiring the printing to be let by contract to bidEvery man should have his just dues. But if it | Rives was very different from the census printing ders be complied with, for it is unrepealed, and is a bad plan to let out the public printing to the now, and that ihe prices of printing and paper are that our present printer at least have a chance to lowest bidder, do not adopt the other extreme of now greatly below the rates at the date of their recuperate from the effects of a b d contract, by a letting it out w the highest bidder! If we pass

chance for a better one. this resolution, and give the contract to Donelson Mr. GORMAN. If the gentleman will allow Mr. NABERS. I shall take particular pleasure & Armstrong, we exclude competition; and if they me I will tell him that one member of the Com- il in paying a little attention to a few of the obserwill not do it at what the commitee consider a mittee on Printing, upon the part of the Senate, vations which have fallen from the lips of the disreasonable price, you will have no printing done, (Mr. Hamling) is a practical printer.

tinguished gentleman from North Carolina, (Mr. or you will have this subject back again in this Mr. VENABLE. That makes the chance a VENABLE.) I am prepared, to some extent, to apHouse for discussion. The whole matter will have great deal better. But, as I was proceeding to say, I preciate his allusion to the Washington Union. another hearing and another decision. I trust the I will show that the census printing under Blair And I am prepared, to a limited extent, to appretime is near for us to have a printing bureau, as a & Rives was a very different matter from what ciate the feelings of the gentleman, for he has, no part of our organization, and the printing executed the census printing is now. We have been shown doubt, felt the weight of that paper during the last by our own employees--when the whole work that it will take volumes upon volumes to com- summer and the last fall. shall be done by us, and the entire matter be un- plete it. The office of Superintendent promises to Mr. VENABLE. If the gentleman will allow der our own control-that the time is near when fill the coming decade. I have not stated, nor do me, I will merely say, that I was elected by one we shall get rid of this job work—this bleeding the I intend to state, what Blair & Rives made by thousand four hundred and forty majority of the Treasury in order to obtain the means of propa- that contract. They confess to a large amount voters in my district. gating particular political doctrines, and for the made by contract, and it is theirs. But if I have Mr. NABERS. I will say to the gentleman, purpose of controlling public sentiment. We made an improvident bargain once, and did not if that will give currency to a speech, I was elected have already had a good deal of experience in this avoid the mistake the next time, then experience by three thousand majority of the voters in my matter. T have lately seen at least one article pub- ll would be worthless. We learn nothing if not made district. But I am going to speak of the doctrines


take the Census.

promulgated in the Washington Union, and before By Mr. HORSFORD: The petition of sundry citizens Mr. BRADBURY presented the memorial of the people too. And by the by, without mean

of Ontario county, New York, praying for an appropriation Cornelius Vanderbilt, proposing to contract for

to reimburse to individual contributors to the Industrial Exing the slightest disparagement to the gentleman

hibition at London, the expenses which they have been carrying the mail between New York and San from North Carolina, or his constituents, I will obliged to pay,

Francisco twice a month by the Nicaragua route; say, that I was elected by a constituency equal in By Mr. BRIGGS: The memorial of Walter R. Jones and

which was referred to the Committee on Naval inielligence with those of the gentleman to whom others, asking Congress for the iminediate establishment of

Affairs. a Mint of the United States in the city of New York ; to I propose, briefly, to reply. Now, I ask, what gether with a statement of the amount of gold bullion

Mr. MALLORY submitted documents in supterrible thing has Donelson & Armstrong done? received at the port of New York from California during port of the claim of W. F. Russell tą indemnity What breach of the law have they been guilıy of, the year 1851.

for property destroyed by the United States troops that they are to be condemned here, in connection

By Mr. EDGERTON: The petition of Nathan Averill for a grant of land.

in Florida; which was referred to the Committee with the resolution now under consideration ?

Also, the petition of citizens of Henry county, Ohio, for

of Claims, Why, they have been teaching consolidation ! a mail route from Kalida, Ohio, to Adrian, Michigan.

Mr. SHIELDS presented the petition of the They have been teaching Federalism! Now, I Also, the petition of citizens of Williards county, Ohio, for a nail route from Bryan, via Nimrod, West Butsalo, and

heirs of Elisha Merriman, a revolutionary soldier, put it to gentleman upon this floor, Have the Lakes Corners, to Nettle Lake.

praying a pension; which was referred to the editors of that paper been engaged in teaching Also, the petition of Amiable Brileau for remuneration Committee on Pensions. federalism, or consolidation? or have they only for losses in the Revolution, as a refugee from Canada, and Also, the petition of Joseph Smith, sen., praying departed from the gentleman's particular views

for a grant of land.
By Mr. GAYLORD: The petition of E. G. Coulson, and

compensation for services rendered and supplies of these things? To be more explicit, have they 240 citizens of Morgan county, Ohio, asking for the uncon

furnished the United States in the Black Hawk departed froin the text, or from the gentleman's ditional repeal of the fugitive law.

war; which was referred to the Committee of commentary upon the text? I wish to know that. By Mr. McLANAHAN: A petition from citizens of Claims. While the gentleman charges upon that paper the

Union and Perry counties, Pennsylvania, desiring the estab-
lishinont of a post route from Millestown, Perry county, to

Also, the petition of Orris Crosby, praying an inculcation of such sentiments as have fallen from Mitllinsburg, Union county.

increase of pension; which was referred to the his lips to-day, I desire to know if it may not be By Mr. FOWLER : The petition of C. P. Stickney and Committee on Pensions. possible that he, too, might possibly be mistaken 616 others, legal voters of Fall River and Taunton, in Bris

Mr. SOULE presented the petition of the Gerwith regard to the true and orthodox doctrines of tol county, Massachusetts, praying for the passage of tariff laws for the benefit of American citizens.

man Society of New Orleans, praying that the the Democratic party? Who are Donelson &

By Mr. APPLETON, of Maine: The petition of Eben- transportation of passengers on steamboats on the Armstrong? I never heard them charged as Con- ezer Evans, for increase of pension; and

western waters may be regulated by law; which solidationists and Federalists until 1851. Never ! Also, the petition of the children of Joseph Dale, for a was referred to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. ORR. I call the gentleman to order.


By Mr. ASTIE: The petition of Thomas F. Ganse, pray[Cries of " Go on!” is Go on!”']

PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED. ing for additional compensation, as deputy marshal, to Mr. ORR continued. I hope the gentleman

On motion by Mr. DAVIS, it was will be allowed to proceed in discussing the resolu

Ordered, That the petition of Caroline L. Eustis, on the tion before the House; but it seems to me this de


files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Revobale would be much more appropriate in Commit

lutionary Clairns. tee of the Whole on the state of the Union.

TUESDAY, January 27, 1852.

On motion by Mr. DAVIS, it was A MEMBER. Then let us go into Committee of Prayer by the Rev. L. F. Morgan.

Ordered, That the petition of Silas L. Loomis, on the the Whole on the state of the Union.

files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee of Claims.


On motion by Mr. PEARCE, it was to arrest the gentleman from Mississippi (Mr. | Senate a communication from the War Depart

The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the

Ordered, That the petition of Hans Nelson, on the files NABERS] in the course of his remarks; but it cer

of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Naval Af

fairs. tainly is not in order to discuss the subject pro

ment, transmitting, in compliance with the resolu

tion of the Senate of the 22d instant, a copy of a posed to be discussed by that gentleman. His

REPORTS FROM STANDING COMMITTEES. letter “from Colonel Benjamin Huger to General remarks, in the opinion of the Chair, are irreleGeorge Talcott, bearing date at Fort Monroe Ar

On motion by Mr. SHIELDS, it was
Fant to the subject.
Mr. FREEMAN. I move that the gentleman
senal, November 5, 1850;" which was rend and

Ordered, That the Cominittee on Military Afairs be dis

charged from the further consideration of the memorial of referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. hare liberty proceed.

the Oneida Indians, and that it be referred to the CommitMr. MCMULLIN. I ask the gentleman from

The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the tee on Public Lands. Mississippi to give way in order for me to move

Senate a communication from the Treasury De- On motion by Mr. SHIELDS, it was

arine an adjournment. partment, containing a statement of the

Ordered, That the Committee on Military Affairs be dis(Cries of " Oh no!” “Oh no!'']

Hospital fund for the fiscal year ending June 30, | charged from the further consideration of the memorial of 1851; which was read.

John M. McIntosh, and that it be referred to the ConmitMr. McMULLIN. I desire to inquire of the

tee on Public Lauds. Chair if this matter will not come up to-morrow

Ordered, That it lie on the table and be printed.

Mr. WADE, from the Committee of Claims, agnin?


to whom was referred the petition of Lieutenant The SPEAKER. It will come up as unfinished Mr. BADGER presented the memorial of Rob- John H. Patterson, reported “That the prayer business.

ert Burns, assistant marshal of the county of of the petition ought not to be granted." Mr. McMULLIN. Then I move that the Davidson, North Carolina; the memorial of R. B.

He also, from the same committee, to whom House do now adjourn.

Morisey, assistant marshal of the county of- was referred the petition of José Baya, reported, The motion was agreed to; and North Carolina; the memorial of Thomas F.

“ That the prayer of the petition ought not to be The House adjourned till twelve o'clock to- Gause, assistant marshal of the county of New granted.” morrow. Hanover, North Carolina; the memorial of Rich

Mr. FOOT, from the Committee of Claims, to ard Fauntle, assistant marshal of the county of NOTICE OF A BILL.

whom was referred the petition of Phæbe Glover, Chatham, North Carolina; the memorial of R. Mr. WASHBURN gave notice of his intention to intro

submitted an adverse report; which was read. duce a bill entitled " An act for shortening the transit of the Barnes, assistant marshal of the county of Jones,

Mr. BAYARD, from the Committee of Claims, mails between New York and London." North Carolina; the memorial of H. Currie, as

to whom was referred the petition of Joseph Hill, sistant marshal of the county of Robeson, North

submitted an adverse report; which was ordered PETITIONS, &c. Carolina; the memorial of Edward Vail, assistant

to be printed. The following petitions, memorials, &c., were presented marshal of the county of Sampson, North Carounder the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees:

Mr. MALLORY, from the Committee on NaJina; the memorial of Charles W. Lee, assistant By Mr. JOHN W. HOWE: The petition of E. F. Curtis,

val Affairs, to whom was referred the petition of marshal of the county of Johnston, North Caroof Pennsylvania, praying Congress to pass a law making

John M. Simonton, submitted a report, accompalina; the memorial of John D. Hawkins, jun., nied by a bill for his relief. land warrants under the act of 1850 assignable.

Al-0, two petitions from sundry citizens of Butler and assistant marshal of the county of Franklin, North
Beaver countes, Pennsylvania, praying Congress to estab- Carolina; the memorial of John P. Pitt, assistant

The bill was read and passed to the second readsu a poet route from Butler county to New Brighton, in

ing. Beaver county, via Petersville, Evansburg, Zclienople, | lina; and the memorial of P. A. Jones, assistant marshal of the county of Edgecomb, North Caro

Mr. FISH, from the Committee on Naval Afand William Butt's Store. By Mr. PORTER: Five petitions, signed by over three

fairs, to whom was referred the petition of John marshal of the county of Granville, North Caro- | S. Devlin, administrator of Elijah J. Weed, subhundred citizens of Marion, Shelby, and Macon counties, | lina; praying additional compensation for taking | mitted a report, accompanied by a bill for the relief Missouri, asking the establishment of a post road from

the Seventh Census; which were referred to the Hannibal to Bloomington, via Warren, Oak-Dale, Shelbyvule, &c. Committee on the Judiciary.

of the securities of Elijah J. Weed, late Quarter

master of Marines, deceased. By Mr. GOODRICH : The petition of E. P. Day and The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the

The bill was read and passed to the second readouers, for an appropriation to defray the expenses incurred Senate the memorial of Charles Bingham, United by contributors of articles from the United States to the In

ing. dustrial Exhibition in London. States marshal for the southern district of Alabama,

Ordered, That the report be printed. By Mr. ROBINSON: The proceedings of a public meet

and his assistants for taking the Seventh Census, ing of citizens of Lawrenceburg, Indiana, praving a divis- praying additional compensation; which was re

Mr. FOOT, from the Committee on Pensions, ion of Indian Territory southwest of Missouri river, and ferred to the Committee on the Judiciary.

to whom was referred the petition of Nancy for defining the limits of Nebraska, and for other purposes. 8:40, the petition of Thomas Hamilton, John C. King, Mr. BERRIEN presented a petition of the Bar

Wright, submitted a report, accompanied by a bill

for her relief. and others, of Decatur county, Indiana, praying for the of Georgia, praying that the salary of the district establishment of international arbitration, &c.

judge of the United States for that State may be The bill was read and passed to the second readBy Mr. JOHNSON, of Tennessee: A preamble and res- increased; which was referred to the Committee i ing. olutions bearing the following title, viz: “Land Reform." Resolutions adopted at a public meeting of the inhabiton the Judiciary.

Ordered, That the report be printed. ants of the county of Dearborn, State of Indiana, convened Mr. FISH presented the memorial of George Mr. RUSK, from the Committee on the Post in the town of Aurora, in the said county, on the 16th day Griswold and others, citizens of New York, pray- | Office and Post Roads, to whom was referred the of January, 18522, recommending a reform in the land laws

ing the establishment of a United States Mint in | petition of Robert Jamieson and Benjamin Wilof the United States, and that the public lands be granted in small Sparcels to actual settlers for cultivation, free of ex

that city; which was referred to the Committee on || liamson, submitted a report, accompanied by a bill achon by the Government. Finance.

for their relief.

The bill was read and passed to the second read- tee on Naval Affairs. The usual number of copies is a matter certainly more local than this. We ing.

of those papers was ordered to be printed for the have printed extra copies of documents about He also, from the same committee, to whom was use of the Senate, on the recommendation of the everything under heaven; and, not satisfied with referred the petition of N. Kuykendall

, submitted Committee on Naval Affairs. This is a proposi- printing documents about everything under heaven, a report, accompanied by a bill for his relief. tion to print two thousand additional copies. "The we have gone into the clouds, and printed extra

The bill was read and passed to the second read-Committee on Printing directed me to report in numbers of documents containing speculations ing.

favor of the resolution, and I have done so. My upon storms, for whose information I know not; Ordered, That the report be printed.

opinion, however, as an individual Senator is, for the action of what body I know not. Mr. DAWSON, from the Committee on Mili

that the resolution ought not to be adopted. I If the Senate will look into this document, they tary Affairs, to whom was referred the memorial | say this without reference to the merits of the

will find it as I stated; it relates to vital and imD.'D. Mitchell, submitted a report, accompanied question involved in the papers, but simply be- portant questions pending before the country: the by a bill for the relief of Lieutenant Colonel Mitch- cause I think it is contrary to the rule usually acted rights of junior officers under superiors, and the ell, of the State of Missouri.

on, that is, to refuse to print additional numbers of rights of sailors. I carefully avoided, when I was The bill was read and passed to the second read copies of papers of this sort. They relate, as I up before, expressing any opinion on the merits ing.

understand it, simply to a personal quarrel be- of the controversy in volved in this case, because Ordered, That the report be printed.

tween individuals, and the printing of the papers it seems to me, that if there ever was a single Mr. STOCKTON, from the Committee on Na

will be, to that extent, taking a part by the Senate document that ought to command the respectful val Affairs, to whom was referred the memorial of

in the quarrel. No public interest, that I can see, consideration of the Senate, and ought to induce Wm. A. Christian, submitted a report, accompa

is to be advanced by the publication. If the par- them to print such a number of copies as would nied by a bill for his relief.

ties desire that the public should be more generally enable this question to be understood, it is this The bill was read and passed to the second read

informed on the subject, let them print these copies one, which relates to the rights, the interests, the ing. at their own expense, and send them out to the

protection, and guardianship of a class of AmeriOrdered, That the report be printed. country.

can citizens, who are without protection, and

Mr. 'HALE. I ask the attention of the Senate, Mr. NORRIS, from the Committee on Foreign and I will not occupy its time for five minutes. i legislation of Congress. I refer to the sailors.

without guardianship, if they do not find it in the Relations, to whom was referred the petition of have read these papers. They relate to two of The question of their rights is before the Senate. G. Thomas Howard, reported a bill for his relief.

the most important questions that can come before Here is a document containing the proceedings of The bill was read and passed to the second read

the Senate. "They relate to the government of the a court of inquiry, touching that very matter. ing.

Navy. They relate to the rights of junior officers, Here is a report showing what the action of the NOTICE OF A BILL.

under alleged oppression by their superiors. It Government has been on that very question. Mr. FISH gave notice of his intention to ask must be manifest to everybody that they are ques- Here is a report which shows the construction leave to introduce a bill for the relief of William tions of high interest. I do not pretend to pass an which the head of the Department puts upon the Bedient, late a sergeant in the 4th regiment of opinion upon the merits involved in the case; but administration of the law in that particular. Upon artillery.

I tell the Senate, that these papers relate vitally, a question of this sort, when we ask to have such BILL INTRODUCED.

to the rights of every junior officer under a supe- a document printed, it is objected to. The honMr. CLEMENS, agreeably to previous notice, rior. And what strikes my mind with more force orable Senator from Missouri finds fault that we asked and obtained leave to introduce a bill to

is, they relate to the rights of every private sea- have not asked for a larger number. Perhaps if extend the benefit of the act to regulate intercourse

man in the Navy of the United States. They , I had been brought up in a larger part of the withe Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the

have been submitied to the Naval Committee, and country, where the boundaries of States are frontiers, approved the 30th of June, 1834, to the ordered to be printed. The usual number has been larger, and the rivers are larger, and everything people of the State of Texas, and others; which

ordered to be printed; and it seems to me, on ques- is larger, I might possibly have inculcated larger was read a first and second time by its title, and

tions of this magnitude, if we have a report of the ideas, and asked for the printing of ten thousand referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

Committee on Printing, it is but a small matter to copies; but I come from a modest part of the On the motion of Mr. WHITCOMB, the bill print two thousand copies of an official document, country; and, therefore, when I ask for the printintroduced by him yesterday, entitled "A bill relating to the most vital questions that affect the ing of a small number of copies, I hope that this granting the right of way and making a grant land

American Navy, and not, as I understand, to a fact may not be made to prejudice the claim which to the States of Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa, in aid mere private and personal quarrel.

I make, if it is small. of the construction of a railroad from Wabash to

Mr. ATCHISON. I have but one word to say Mr. BERRIEN. Mr. President, assuming that the Missouri river," was read a second time and

in relation to this matter. I suppose this document this document contains those important questions, referred to the Committee on Public Lands.

was communicated, in the first place, for the ac- which it is said by the Senator from New Hamp

tion of the Senate, and ordered to be printed for shire are embraced in it, his argument is perfectly GOVERNMENT WAREHOUSES.

the use of the Senate. In addition to that, it is conclusive to prove that the Senate ought to inMr. HUNTER submitted the following resolu- now proposed to print two thousand extra copies form themselves of the contents of these papers. tion for consideration; which was considered by for distribution. For whose information are these If they really do involve questions which are imunanimous consent, and agreed to:

two thousand copies to be printed? Is it for the portant to the rights and interests of officers of Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed information of the American people at large? Or ihe Navy, and of the sailors belonging to that arm to report to the Senate the number of public warehouses is it for the information of a few select individuals, l of the country's service, it behooves the Senate now leased by the Government, the places where leased,

outside of the Senate Chamber, outside of the walls to inform themselves of these questions; and if the periods for which they are leased, the terms upon which they are leased, and the amount expended upon them for of Congress ? I would like these questions to be it be necessary to regulate their legislating accordJabor and other purposes. answered.

ing to the information which is communicated, it If this is a question for the action of the SenLIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

is the duty of the Senate to require that they ate, it is proper and right that the document should should be printed. Mr. PEARCE submitted the following resolu

But the argument of the Senbe printed, in order that each Senator may exam- ator from New Hampshire does not proceed a tion; which was considered by unanimous consent, and agreed to:

ine it for himself. But I can see no earthly good single step, unless we mean, according to what

to be effected by printing these additional num- seems to be the propensity of the day, to look beResolved, That the Committee on Public Buildings be

bers. I do not know what portion of the commuinstructed in inquire into the expediency of enlarging, re

yond this Senate Chamber for legislation, and inpairing, and refitting the principal apartment heretofore nity is to be enlightened by the printing of two voke instruction from without. I do not perceive occupied by the Library of Congress, so that it may be en- thousand additional copies of this document. If that there is any, the slightest ground, for the extirely fire-proof and capable of further extension in bar

it is a document of high importance; if it is one penditure which is proposed to be incurred on this mony with the general plan of the Capitol, upon the removal of the Senate and House of Representatives and their ofin which the American people feel a deep interest,

Relying upon the statement of the fices to the wings of the Capitol.

ten thousand or twenty thousand copies should be Senator from New Hampshire, I should think it NAVAL APPOINTMENTS.

printed. It seems to me that the motion does not my duty to adhere to the original recommendation Mr, HALE submitted the following resolution resolution only proposes to print two thousand go far enough, on this account. The fact that the of the Committee on Naval Affairs. Upon the

recommendation this document was printed for for consideration:

copies satisfies my mind that it is for the purpose the use of the Senate; and I intend to inform my. Resolved, That the Committee on Naval Affairs be in

of distributing this document among u very few. self of its contents for the guidance of my juda structed to inquire into the expediency of providing by law that appointments in the naval service of the United

I have not read the document, and from what has ment; but I do not feel that I am under any obli. States shall hereafter be for a limited time, which shall be been spid of it, I cannot conceive that it would be gation to distribute two thousand copies of this expressed in the commissions.

of the least interest to any portion of the people of document among the people of the United States CAPTAIN WILLIAM K. LATIMER.

the State of Missouri. It may be of inierest to to invoke their aid in the formation of my opinion. The Senate, on the motion of Mr. HALE,

the officers of the Navy, for aught I know. It may || I am opposed to the resolution. proceeded to consider the following resolution, re.

be of interest to persons connected with the Navy. Mr. PEARCE. I should like to know whether ported from the Committee on Printing:

If so, ascertain the number actually necessary,

and it is proposed to publish not only the charges and

place them at the disposal of the Secretary of the the finding of the court, and the opinion of the “ Resolved, That two thousand additional copies of the charges and specifications, before the court of inquiry against

Navy, for distribution. For my own part, I do not Secretary of the Navy, but also the evidence in William K. Latimer, a captain in the Navy of the United desire to be troubled with documents of this char- the case? States, and the accompanying papers, which were ordered acter. If this resolution should be adopted, I sup- Mr. BORLAND. No, sir. to be printed, be printed for the use of the Senate.”

pose my distributive share would be one sixtieth Mr. PEARCE. I should still like to know Mr. BORLAND. I simply wish to call the part of iwo thousand. What disposition to make precisely what it is that is to be published. I canattention of the Senate to the character of that of such a number I do not know.

not understand what we are to publish from the resolution. The proceedings of the court of in- Mr. HALE. I am exceedingly sorry to meet reading of the resolution. quiry, in the case of Captain Latimer, were called this opposition. I believe that yesterday we or- Mr. BORLAND. It is not proposed to pubfor by a resolution of the Senate, and when they dered five thousand extra copies to be printed of lish the testimony at all. That is all to be left were received they were referred to the Commii- || the geological survey of the Siate of lowa. That out.





Mr. PEARCE. It may possibly be necessary questions of this sort, involving flogging in the be reached at an earlier day. I have no desire to for the vindication of the officer charged, that his Navy and discipline generally, ii may be a desire delay action upon this biil. On the contrary, I defence should be printed with this document. I to scatter such a document in some portions of agree with the Senator from Maine that this bül is cannot tell what ought to be printed until I see the the country to produce agitation and to annoy one of great importance, and I wish to have it papers. Unless we can know exactly the state of Senators with petitions on the subject of which acted upon as early as possible. But this I think ihe case, I am opposed to this printing.

the petitioners know very little practically. I hope I will be best attained by permitting the bill to reMr. BORLAND. I will state to the Senator the Senate will refuse the printing of these addi- tain its present place on ihe Calendar, while at the that the resolution does not propose to publish the tional copies.

same time great advantage will result to the busitestimony at all. It leaves out a large portion of The resolution was rejected.

ness of the Senate generally by adopting that the report, and it seems to me that if the purpose is

NAVY-YARD AT SAN FRANCISCO. to enlighten the public in regard to the matter, the

Mr. BADGER. Every day furnishes addiwhole of the proceedings and testimony should be

On the motion of Mr. BADGER, the Senate

tional evidence of the propriety of an amendment published. We should thus involve the publica. sider the bill to establish a navy-yard and depot || session of Congress, and that is, that all questions proceeded, as in Committee of the Whole, to con

to the rules of the Senate, which I submitted last tion of a very large book, for this is one of the largest documents that has ever come before us.

on the Bay of San Francisco, in California, and in relation to the taking up of bills should be deMr. HALE. How large a pamphlet will this for other purposes. make?

Mr. BADGER stated that his object in calling tlemen is, do not let us consume the whole day

cided without debate. Now, all that I ask of genMr. BORLAND. About one hundred pages. for the consideration of this bill was, that he might in debating whether we will take up this bill

. Mr. STOCKTON. I desire to say that I canhave the opportunity to submit several amend

Mr. BORLAND. I think if nothing else had not see the propriety of publishing a document ments for the purpose of having them printed.

ever been said against this practice of making spenow before the Senate for its action. I may be

The amendments having been submitted, wrong, but it does appear to me that as we are

On motion by Mr. GWÍN, the further consid

cial assignments, there is one argument which going to act upon the subject, all that is necessary eration of the bill was postponed till to-morrow.

ought to be conclusive against it. That argument

has been repeated so often, that it has now become for us is to have the papers printed for our own


perfectly familiar to every member of the Senate,

Mr. BRADBURY. I desire to call up the bill and it is, that in very many instances, more time The PRESIDENT. That has already been to provide for the ascertainment and satisfaction of has been consumed on the question of taking up ordered.

claims of American citizens for spoliations com- bills than has been consumed on the merits of the Mr. RUSK. I should have voted against this mitted by the French prior to the 31st day of July, | bills themselves, and the question of their passage. proposition at any rate, believing it entirely use- 1801, for the purpose of making it a special order For that reason, I think that the impolicy of conless to add to our expenditure and delay other for some future day. I gave notice, at the time I tinuing such a course must be demonstrated to the necessary printing. But when I learn that the reported the bill, ihat I should propose to have Senate. And, sir, there is another matter which testimony upon which the papers were founded is some day assigned for its special consideration. || I would mention as a reason why this practice of to be left out, I certainly cannot be guilty of such | It is a matter of so great importance that I think making special orders has been resorted to, and gross injustice towards this officer, who seems to it should be taken up now for the purpose I have thus far sustained. I know of no other reason be assailed by the Senator from New Hampshire, | indicated.

that is usually assigned for making such disposiof putting part of the proceedings before the com- Mr. RUSK. I think our experience with re- tion of a bill, than that it has some special merit munity and leaving out the testimony. I cannot gard to the assignment of a particular day for the over other bills, and on that ground precedence is consent to publishing only that objectionable mat- consideration of matters which Senators desire to claimed for it. I suppose, however, that there is ter which I understand the Senator from New be made special orders, shows that the effect is to de- no Senator who brings forward a bill here who Hampshire to desire to spread out before the lay them and our other business also. It promotes does not consider it as of sufficient importance to country, certainly not for the information of the debate much more when bills come up out of their claim the speedy attention of the Senate. Now, country. The ordinary number—some three hun regular order. I think every one will agree with sir, there are between fifty and one hundred imdred copies—have already been printed for the use that the result has been as I have stated; and portant bills before the Senate at this time, and yet of the Senate. I do not wish the inflammable mat- I hope, therefore, the motion may not prevail. I matters which I certainly do not consider of much ter to which the Senator alludes sent out as part shall vote against it.

importance, have been made special orders, and a and parcel of the proceedings, for I consider that Mr. WALKER. I entertain the same opinion day has been assigned to each of them. And what this document will be inflammable matter without with regard to the assignment of particular days | advantage do we gain by this? We certainly gain the testimony upon which the findings of the court for the consideration of particular bills, which the nothing in favor of the particular bill, if we are to were made.

honorable Senator from Texas has expressed. I take equally and fairly the measures which are Mr. HALE. The Senator from Texas misun- do not intend to ask for the assignment of any brought forward by Senators on this floor. So far derstands me entirely if he understood me as as- particular day for the consideration of any meas- as my short experience has taught me, I am satsailing any officer. I stated expressly that I ure in which I am particularly interested. I am isfied that this course of making special orders has would not state my opinion on the merits of the willing that any bill, in which 'my State is special delayed the business of the Senate, while it has case one way or the oiher.

ly interested, shall take its regular turn on the done nothing to advance the progress of the parMr.-RUSK. Did not the Senator say that he || Calendar; and if it gets no action, I am willing to ticular bill, the furtherance of which it was indesired to place before the country the construc- let it take its chance in its order. There are indi- || tended to promote. Here is an illustration: How tion placed upon the law by the Secretary of the vidual States which are as much interested in the much time have we lost here this morning, in the Navy?

passage of other bills as the claimants for indem- mere discussion of whether we will take up a bill? Mr. HALE. Yes, sir,

nity for French spoliations are for the passage of The amendment, to which the Senator from North Mr. RUSK. If that is not conveying an insin- this bill, and the representatives of these States || Carolina alluded, was not adopteduation against an officer, I misunderstand lan- | may, with as much propriety, ask that their favor. Mr. BADGER. I know it was not. guage.

ite measures shall be set down as special orders Mr. BORLAND. And I have made these reMr. HALE. I think the Senator will be at a as these claimants. I hope we have got through marks to strengthen the remark made by that Senloss to find for whom censure is intended or im- || with special orders. I agree with the Senator from ator, and with the view of putting a stop, if posplied., I said that here was the construction Texas, that special orders provoke debate. Mem-sible, to the practice of making special orders. which I understood the Secretary of the Navy to bers come here prepared to make speeches, and Mr. BELL. I have one word that I wish to put on the administration of that part of the law. their speeches touch somebody who feels bound say, not upon this question, because by parliaI carefully avoided expressing any opinion, and, to reply, and that reply begets another, and so the mentary law it is not a debatable question, and I indeed, I cannot say that I have any opinion on debate is continued for a long time. I hope this deny that any gentleman is able to show any parthe merits of the particular controversy involved | bill will not be made a special order, and that no liamentary law, or anything more than a loose in this case. I only say that the Senate should other special order will be made.

practice which has grown up in this body, to waract informedly on the matter. I have no interest Mr. BRADBURY. This bill is certainly one rant any debate upon this question. I never knew in this matter. I have no friend involved in it of very great importance. It is one upon which in my experience in the other House, that debate at all.

I suppose every Senator will desire to be called to could be extended further, except by general conMr. MANGUM. This is a very small mat- vote, and my purpose in making it a special order sent, than when a member desired to give priority

I am opposed to the publication of this addi- was, that we might know beforehand when the to any bill, to give him the opportunity of stating tional number of copies of this document, and I subject was to come before us for consideration. his reasons why it should be taken up out of its wish to call the attention of the Senate to the his- || It is usual to give some consideration of this kind regular order. "If another member rose to speak tory of the Committee on Printing. Sir, that to bills of so much importance, involving so much upon the question, it was out of order for him to committee was raised for the purpose of diminish- l general interest. I believe it will not lead to any proceed, except by general consent. This dising unnecessary and extravagant expenditure in increase of debate; but, on the contrary, that de- cussion is clearly out of order, and it is clearly regard to the public printing; and the first year it bate will thereby be lessened. I hope, therefore, out of the indulgence of the body that such a pracwas in operation, of an equal session with the that the Senate will agree to the motion.

tice has grown up. I know it is very difficult for session preceding of the same length, the expendi- Mr. GWIN. It is because this is a bill of great you, Mr. President, to restrain members when so ture for the public printing was reduced from importance that I am opposed to making it a spe- many desire to express their sentiments and opin$39,000 to $14,000. " I regret to see that we are cial order. I am anxious to take up the Calen- ions for or against a proposition of this kind; but running into ancient extravagance. I think we dar, and to clear it of all bills as they stand there I must maintain that it is now out of order. I ought to adhere to the recommendation of the in regular succession. I wish to proceed with the have not said anything except in vindication of committee in most cases, especially when they re- business of the Senate, and I feel assured that by what I consider to be the parliamentary order of fuse to publish additional numbers of these docu- i refusing to make this a special order, and proceed- the body. If Senators choose to indulge in a

We print a vast deal of matter here that ing with the Calendar, we shall accelerate busi- licentious debate of this description, it is their own is of no interest to anybody. As far as is ne- ness; because gentlemen understanding that to be fault, but it is out of order. cessary for our legislation here, we have already the rule will push the business, in order that the Mr. BADGER. Following the example of my printed the usual number of these documents. On particular bills in which they have an interest may friend who has just taken his seat, and endeavoring

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