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anything about it. I do not know that this will contract? Who is to determine whether Donelson

I now come to the last objection which I shall not be done; but I will wait until I see a majority & Armstrong have or have not conformed to the urge to the passage of this resolution. It has been of the two Houses of Congress in favor of this terms of the contract? To whom is the work to the policy of Congress, for some years past, to proposition, before I shall be prepared to believe it. be delivered? Who is to pay for it? Will my l open the public printing to competition, and thus Sir, I maintain that it would be in the highest honorable friend tell me whether it is to be paid for | prevent its being conferred on the political presses degree indiscreet for Congress to commit itself in out of the contingent fund or not? Is it printing in this city as a matter of favoritism; and the ziz dark to the printing of such an important doc- for the Senate? Is it printing for the House of question for the consideration of this honorable went as this without knowing what it is to be. Representatives? Or is it printing to enable us to body now is, whether the connection which forWe ought to have the document first, and ought || perfo our legislative duties? My honorable || merly existed shall be renewed. The proposition to refer it to the appropriate committee to give it friend, for reasons that will be directly apparent, submitted by my honorable friend from Indiana is a thorough examination. I do not know what will hardly contend that this is Congressional print- | precisely this, that we shall confer the printing of they are making up in the Department of the Inte- ing: Task, then, who is to attend to the execution | the census returns upon one of the political presses rior. I have a very great regard for the honorable of the contract, and from what fund is it to be paid in this city. Here I desire to call the attention of head of that Department, and great confidence in There is no doubt that Congress can provide for the Senate to the first introduction of our policyhis rectitude and patriotism; but I may not have such printing as is necessary for the performance and I believe a highly salutary policy-on ihis the same confidence in all heads of bureaus. It is of the duties of both Houses, or either House. subject into the legislation of the country. It will very possible that these returns may be made up But is this Congressional printing? My honora- | be found in a provision introduced into the civil in a way, and may be in a form which would not ble friend said, the other day, that it was not; and and diplomatic appropriation bill, which passed meet with the approbation of the two Houses of therefore we are not obliged to give it to A. Boyd the two Houses of Congress, and was approved Congress; and what is more than that, they may | Hamilton. I must acknowledge, Mr. President, May 18, 1842; published in the tenth volume of be erroneous. That is not by any means an un- that on very mature consideration, I have come to the Acts of Congress, page 189. It is as follows: exampled circumstance in the history of the coun- the conclusion that it is not Congressional print- “ For incidental and contingent expenses of the Departtry. In the case of the Census of 1840, after the ing, and not within the contract of A. Boyd Ham- ment of State, including the publication and distribution of returns came in, it was discovered that there was ilton. It is not printing for either of the two the laws, $25,000: Provided, that the job printing, stationprobably a very serious error in the taking of the Houses of Congress; it is not printing to enable

ery, and binding of each of the Executive Departments census in an adjoining county to this District-the

shall, until otherwise directed by law, be furnished by conus to discharge our legislative duties; but it is

tract, proposals of which shall regularly be advertised in county of Montgomery, in the State of Maryland - || printing for the Government and for the country. the public prints, and the character and description of and Congress passed a law authorizing the census I admit that either of the two Houses of Congress printing specified in each advertisement, as far as that can of that county to be taken over again. It was has a right, by a committee or otherwise, to make

be done, it being made a condition in all cases, unless othertaken over again, and an error of several hundred- a contract for such printing as may be essential to

wise specified in the advertisement, that the work shall be

done in the city of Washington, and the contract shall in I do not now recollect how large the number was, enable them to discharge their respective legislative each case be given to the lowest bidder, whose bid shall be but I know that an error of several hundred was duties. But can Congress, through one of the

accompanied with the proper testimonials of the ability of discovered on retaking the census of the county of committees of either House, arrogate to itself the

the bidder to fulfill his contract.” Montgomery, in Maryland.

power of making contracts for other printing than Here, for the first time, was introduced into the I maintain, then, that a document of so much such as is required to enable it to discharge its | legislation of the country the provision that all importance as this, and so deeply affecting the legislative functions? Will my honorable friend the departmental printing should be advertised interest and honor of the country, ought to come from Indiana (Mr. Bright] coniend that we should and put out to the lowest bidder, and that remains into the hands of the two houses of Congress, and take into our own hands the business of making the law of the land to the present hour. But undergo a careful examination, before we commit contracts for the printing that is required for the Congress continued, notwithstanding the passage ourselves in regard to printing it; whereas this is a various departments of ihis Government? Has of that law, to confer the printing for the two proposition to hand this entire document over to the Congress the right or power to embark in the busi- Houses of Congress upon the political press in bead of the Census bureau. I do not know how ness of making contracts generally? If, through this city; and in this respect I admit that there competent he may be. I believe he is a very the agency of the Committee on Printing, we can has been no difference between the two parties. worthy young man of some twenty-five or thirty make a contract for printing that does not appertain The Twenty seventh Congress passed the law of years of age. For aught I know he is doing his to our legislative duties, I desire to inquire of my 1842, to which I have referred. Then came the dury very well; but I am not prepared to say that he honorable friend whether, through the agency of Twenty-eighth Congress. The Senate was one shall settle this question of the census printing the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, way, and the House of Representatives the other. finally and forever. I am not prepared to say that we can make a contract for the transportation of The printing of the Senate was conferred upon even the rery able and excellent Secretary of the the mail? Why not raise a joint committee, on the publishers of a political press in this city, enInterior shali do so. We ought to have it before the principle of this resolution, and make a con- tertaining views in accordance with the majority 18. We ought to scrutinize it. We ought to see tract for the transportation of the mail? Why not | of the Senate; and the House made a disposition wbether it is correct or not; whether it is made raise a joint committee on Naval Affairs, and make of their printing in accordance with their views. out in proper form, and whether it is made out a contract for the construction of a frigate or ship This state of things continued until the first session in conformity to the law, before we commit our- of the line? Why not arrogate to ourselves all the of the Twenty-ninth Congress, when, the two selves to this printing. Why this hot haste? executive duties and powers of this Government Houses having become convinced that the busiCannot my honorable friend from Indiana wait for Mr. President, you know very well that the pub- | ness of conferring the public printing upon consix months? For within that period, I venture to lic printer-that is, the printer employed by the siderations of political favoritism was unsound say these returns will be completed. Cannot he two Houses of Congress—is considered an officer and injurious to the public, passed the joint resowait till the close of the present session of Con- of the two Houses. He is an officer of the Senate, || lution of the 3d of August, 1846, requiring the gress ? For a bill can be passed at any time for and an officer of the House of Representatives. || printing of Congress to be let out to the lowest printing these returns. Or, if these returns should And why? Because he is employed in doing cer

bidder. not be completed during the present session of tain work for us that is necessary to enable us to My friend from Indiana, (Mr. Bright,] and Congress, cannot the Senator from Indiana wait discharge our duties. Now, if we adopt this reso- other gentlemen, who advocate the resolution untill the opening of the next session of Congress? lution, will Messrs. Donelson & Armstrong beder consideration, are obliged to take the ground I most strenuously resist this extraordinary man- officers of the two Houses of Congress? Appointed that this printing does not come within the joint ner of doing business. When an important docu- for what? Not to print for the Senate or the resolution of 1846, or in other words, that it is not ment is to be made out-a document that is to go | House, but to print for the Government and for Congressional printing. Under what, then, does down to posterity—a document that is to contain the people of this country.

it come? It comes within the provision of the facts and statements, to say nothing about popu. My 'honorable friend from Arkansas, (Mr. law of 1842. It is departmental printing, which lation, in regard to our great industrial and agri- | BORLAND,) when he was on the floor the other || is already provided for. You have nothing to do cultural interest, which I trust and hope, and am day, objected most strenuously to the devolving with it unless to order the number of copies to be inclined to believe, will be made out correctly. I of this duty of contracting upon the Committee || printed. You may say how it is to be printed and insist that it would be in the highest degree rash, on Printing, insisting that it should be given of what quality the paper shall be. But the very not to say presumptuous, for us, without knowing to the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk moment that you order the number of copies, fix what it is, to commence the printing of some por- | of the House of Representatives, because, as the style of the work, and the quality of paper, tion of it; and what portion, in the name of Heaven, he truly said, the resolution called upon that com- and determine what the work shall be, then comes the beginning, middle, or end, no human being mittee to disharge executive duties. Ah! ex- in the law of 1842 and imposes it upon the Secreknows.

ecutive duties! Then why are we providing for tary of the Interior to let it out to the lowest bidBut, sir, I have another point to make; and that the discharge of executive duties by a joint com- der. Why, then, does my honorable friend prois, that this resolution, if passed, would, in my mittee of the two Houses of Congress? We have pose to interfere with this law? Why has he opinion, be an encroachment on the functions and a Joint Committee on the Library; and as a library || introduced this resolution ? He says it is not dalies of the Executive, and would, in fact, be a is an important establishment to enable us prop- Congressional printing: Why not let the law usurpation of Executive power. It is, no doubt, erly to perform our legislative duties, we charge it operate? Ah! but “the Union" office wants a competent for Congress to order the printing to be with the duty of purchasing a library for us. But little patronage. Is that a public reason upon done, and to fix the number of copies. We may, shall we charge it with the duty of purchasing a which the Senate are to act? Are we about to perhaps, say that certain parties shall execute the library for the Attorney General, for the Secretary upset this law of 1842, take this job out of the work, or that it shall be let to the lowest bidder. of the Treasury, for the Department of the Interior, scope of the operation of that law, and hand it Congress may doubtless prescribe the condition and or for the Post Office Department? I maintain, over to whom—and by whom? By a highlyterros; but, having said, for example, that it shall be sir, that this is entirely out of the range of our respectable committee 1 admit, but one organized executed by Donelson & Armstrong, can Congress legislative duties. It is an executive duty, which upon political considerations. We ore to turn it take upon themselves the making of a contract? must be discharged, if properly discharged, by the over to a political organ. And this is to be done And can they, by the agency of one of their com- executive department of the Government, and can- || by the Senate of the United States! Pretty elemittees, draw it up and put it in form? If we can not be discharged by a committee of the two vated legislation it is to be sure. We have our do so, who is to attend to the execution of the li Houses of Congress.

law that departmental printing shall go to the


lowest bidder; and this is not Congressional print-prove that we ought to blow up the system of let- were to be paid so much for every thousand ems. ing says my honorable friend. Besides the docu- ting out the departmental printing to the lowest | The type and the size of the page were specified, ment is not here, and we do not know what is bidder; and my friend from Indiana was obliged | but I have understood, and suppose the fact was done, whether the beginning, middle, or end. I to take the ground that the printing of the census so, that they got fonts of type cast to spread the presume we are to capture a part of it. My friend returns was departmental printing, to get it out letters out, so as to get many more ems than would from Arkansas, [Mr. BORLAND,)—for whom I of the hands of A. Boyd Hamilton, the printer of | be had if the type was put in the usual form. have great respect, and who we know has had the two Houses of Congress.

That was undoubtedly a violation of the contract. some experience in the military service of the I have already stated that the proprietors of the It was also violated in the quality of the paper. country, and very creditable experience too—is to political and of the job presses of this city are There was an utter failure to conform to the terms march at the head of the Committee on Printing very willing to get rid of the contract system, and of the contract in that respect, and there was a and invade the Census Bureau, capture something, that they would like to have the public printing more injurious failure, so far as the public busiand hand it over to the proprietors of the Union given out as a matter of favoritism; but I deny ness was concerned, in not furnishing the printed printing office. I do not know but that it will be that it has proved a failure. On the contrary, I matter within such a period of time as was indisdone; but I shall wait a good while before I be- believe it has saved a very large sum of money to pensably

necessary to render the documents vallieve it.

the public Treasury. I have here another docu- uable to Congress for the transaction of the public But, says my honorable friend from Indiana, ment printed under the system for departmental | business. the contract system is an utier failure, and it ought | printing. It is a history of the condition and Coming down to the last Congress, we find that to be blown up sky-high. I join issue with my prospects of the Indian tribes, by R. H. School- the contractors were William M. Belt, who took friend on that subject. I will admit that the con- craft, LL. D., illustrated by S. Eastman, United || the second, fourth, and fifth classes; John H. tract system for the two Houses of Congress has States Army. A more beautiful specimen of ty- Trenholm, who took the third class; and John T. proved, to some extent, a failure; but I utterly | pography, of paper, and of execution I never Towers, who took the first class, which was the deny that the contract system for the departmental I am ready to take up this census matter printing of bills and resolutions. In regard to Mr. printing has failed at all. On the contrary, I can and deal with it liberally and fairly, and I would | Towers, it ought to be stated that, so far as I demonstrate that it has succeeded, and has pro- propose the printing of it in a style of magnifi- | know and believe, there was a most perfect performmoted the public interest in a very high degree. I cence corresponding substantially with this work. ance of the contract on his part. I think the chairknow, Mr. President, that the contract system for There has been, then, no failure of the contract man of the Committee'on Printing will agree with the departmental printing is exceedingly distaste- 1 system in its application to departmental printing. mein regard to that. But so faras regards Trenholm ful to some portions of the political press in this But I admit that there has been some failure in it and Belt, there was a failure not less gross and city. The Democratic and some portions of the as it regards the Congressional printing; and I aggravated than that during the preceding ConWhig press do not like it. shall explain to the Senate how it is.

gress. I do not know that they had type of a peMr. HALE. How is it with the Free-Soil But before I go any further I wish to call the culiar character cast to help out the line and spread portion?

attention of the Senate to the amendment which I the matter over as much surface as possible. I Mr. SMITH. I do not know how it is with have offered, and I will explain to the Senate its suppose they had not. But, nevertheless, there the Free-Soilers. I cannot say, as I am not in very precise character. It proposes to separate the com- was an utter failure in the quality of the paper and intimate communication with them. I will leave position and press work from the supplying of the in the binding, as the chairman of the committee that to my honorable friend from New Hamp- paper, and both from the binding, and to make a very well knows. Trenholm and Belt were conshire, who is entirely competent to represent that separate and distinct contract for each, and all to tractors for the binding I believe; and I understand portion of the publishing interest in this city. be done under the provisions of the law of May that they farmed it out and made considerable

But I defy gentlemen to show an instance where 18, 1842. Perhaps by way of amendment to the || profit upon it, to the amount of several thousand there has been any failure. My honorable friend resolution it would not be strictly necessary for dollars. There was the same failure with regard from Michigan, [Mr. Cass,) who, I am sorry to me to propose anything more than a specification to the promptitude of the execution of the work, see, is not in his seat, indicted the contract sys- of the number of copies, with a provision that the which was necessarily indispensable to the public tem for the departmental printing on the ground work should be executed under the supervision interest. Every word which the chairman of the that the “ Blue Book” had not been furnished us. and direction of the Secretary of the Interior. It committee stated on that subject was true. I shall He said that the law required that it should be would then become departmental printing, and ever bear testimony to the rectitude and fidelity laid on our tables; he did not say when, exactly, would necessarily be executed under the law of with which he and the other member of the combut he was for blowing up the whole concern be- Muy 18, 1842. 'But if I were simply to propose mittee (Mr. Hamlin) discharged duties, in regard cause we had not the 6. Blue Book." It is a

an amendment of that character, it would leave to it, which were very painful. pretty large concern, [exhibiting a copy,) and is the composition and press work to be paid for in But I will add something which the chairman growing rapidly. I have sometimes thought that connection with the supplying of the paper; for forgot to state, and that is, that after the docuI would take the “ Blue Book” of the present day, the party to do the composition and press work ments had accumulated in our document room, and that which was published when I came into would supply the paper for the work. But for and after he and the Senator from Maine (Mr. Congress, and take the difference between the two reasons which I shall indicate directly, I think it Haulin) had decided that they would not receive in pounds avoirdupois. I think the difference may is highly important that the composition and press them—and I believe that I concurred with them, be calculated in pounds; at all events, I know that work should be separated from the supplying of too—at my suggestion the other members of the it is very large, and it is an indication of what the paper, and that both should be separated from committee saw fit to appoint me a sub-committee strides our Government is taking in.extravagance, the binding. My amendment, therefore, contem- to look into the matter; and I believe they gave not to say in downright corruption. But my plates, on the one hand, the adoption substantially me instructions not to receive the documents; or friend from Michigan wants to blow up this sys- of the principle of the law of May 18, 1842. But || rather, I was appointed to receive them if they tem of departmental printing by contract because some modification of that law is deemed neces- conformed to the contract. I went into the docuhe has not the Blue Book. If it had so turned sary, so that the composition and press work shall ment room and looked at them. I knew that out that the Blue Book had not been published be separated from the supply of paper, and more- the contract, if performed according to its spirit just when it was ordered to be published, viz: the over, that the party who enters into this contract and letter, would involve the contractor in an first Monday in January, taking into view our shall give due security for the performance of the enormous loss. And I confess that I had in my monstrous labors during the six weeks of the ses- contract, the law of 1842 containing no provision proceedings under that head some reference to sion-you know, Mr. President, what they have of that character. Having thus explained briefly the condition of the surety of the contract. I rebeen, ihe manner in which we have devoted our- the character of my amendment; having shown fer to Mr. Ritchie. I felt for him a sentiment of selyes to other subjects, and the profound anxiety the Senate that this is departmental printing, and commiseration. I thought he had a ruinous conunder which we have labored for the promotion having proposed that it shall be brought within tract. Members wanted the documents; and I of the public interest, particularly under the head the scope of the provisions of the law to which I took the responsibility of deciding that they should of settling over again that matter of the compro- have alluded, I now proceed to the consideration, come in. I thought they were worth all that we mise-one would suppose that the Senator from as briefly as I can, of the subject of Congressional had agreed to pay for them, although they did not Mi.bigan ought not to make such grave com- printing, for the two are necessarily connected to accord with the contract. They were received; plaints, if the delivery of the book had happened some extent with each other.

but I did not suppose that the two Houses of to be some two or three days behind the time. I have already insisted, and, I trust, have shown, Congress would entertain the purpose of passing

But, sir, I have taken the liberty to inquire into that there has been no failure of this system under a bill to make up any loss that he would sustain this matter, and I have here a memorandum of the head of departmental printing; but I have also under that contract which was violated so gross. the delivery of this most interesting concern called said that there is a failure, and a very serious fail- || ly; and least of all did I believe that they would the Blue Book, which is contracted out to the ure, in its application to Congressional printing. pass a bill, as the House of Representatives did, lowest bidder. It is a pretty good book; the pa- And why has that been so ? The joint resolution and as I was afraid the Senate might possibly do, per, the type, the binding, are all good. If I get directing the printing for the two Houses of Con- || which would give him the enormous fortune, acihe census returns printed as well, I shall be con- gress to be let out to the lowest bidder, was cording to the statement of the Senator from Artent. The law says that it shall be laid on our adopted at the first session of the Twenty-ninth | kansas, of $200,000 under this broken contract. I tables on the first Monday in January; and I be-Congress. At the second session of that Con- never had the slightest idea that they would give lieve that was the very day on which the Senator gress a contract was made, in conformity with the him a fortune of $100,000; least of all did I believe from Michigan made his speech by way of assault provisions of that law, with Wendell & 'Van Ben- that it would go up to such a figure as that on this departmental public printing. Now, I || thuysen, to execute the largest portion of the named by the Senator from Arkansas. find that one hundred and seventy-five copies were work. A small portion of it was assigired to an- In this way I admit that this method of disposdelivered on the 29th of December, one hundred other firm of the name of Tipten & Streeper; but ing of the public printing to the lowest bidder under and twenty on the 31st, and two hundred and five much the largest portion of it-nearly the whole, | the joint resolution of 1846 has proved a failure. on January 3, which was Saturday; and the law in fact-was assigned to Wendell & Van Ben- | But the system of disposing of the departmental said they should be here on our tables on the thuysen. I admit that they utterly failed in the printing—and this is printing of that character-in Monday following. That is the case which was performance of their contract. They failed in the that way, has not failed. But why has the conbrought forward by my friend from Michigan, to typography. According to the stipulations, they Il tract system with regard to the printing of the two



Houses of Congress failed? It is partly the fault

Now if we separate the supply of paper there is some difference in regard to questions of of the two Houses of Congress, but perhaps much from the composition and press work, they will public policy. We may have different views with more the fault of the contractors themselves. have no margin: they will have to bid for the thing regard to the questions whether we should encourWhen the Thirtieth Congress, either by design or itself. As things now are managed they do not age our own domestic industry; whether we bazleet, tolerated Wendell & Van Benthuysen in || bid on the composition and press work alone; but should have a system of harbor and river imte violation of their contract—so grossly as they combine it with the idea that they will cheat in the provements. And if I am a Whig this day, it is wedased it—they laid the axe at the root of the paper. All we have got to do, is to furnish our- simply because I believe that certain measures of tre; they laid the foundation for the complete sub- selves with the paper. I am perfectly willing to public policy are indispensable to the public welTersion of the whole system. What followed ? In say to the honorable Senator from Indiana, that if fare; and it is not because I believe the Whig the case of Trenholm & Belt, they underbid even the he will join with me in separating the supply of party, in general or in detail, is any more pure or prices of Wendell & Van Benthuysen, who claimed paper from the composition and press work, I do any more honest than the Democratic party. I to have sustained under their contract, broken as not care what he does with the composition and might illustrate this, and show how the two parit was, a loss of about twenty thousand dollars. press work. I think that strictly, it ought to be ties act when they give out jobs of this character What did they do?

In consequence of the tolera. let out to the lowest bidder; but I do not care two to political organs; ton that had been extended, in the violation of straws, if it is distributed around among the I referred a while ago to gentlemen for whom I their contract, to Wendell & Van Benthuysen, various printing establishments of the city; and if have the highest respect the proprietors of the they did exactly the same thing. Then comes A. || you are hard pressed for the want of a little sup- National Inielligencer More pure, more honest Bayd Hamilton. It is no part of my business or port for a political organ, why I will indulge you or excellent gentlemen do not live on the face of du:y, or even of my right, as I am situated, to with a large slice; and you can take it all for the earth. But in the Twenty-seventh Congress, prejudge his case; but I know perfectly well what aught I care. The large fortune that has been having a large W big majority in the two Houses, s to follow. We are not to have the documents made by one concern in this city, has been princi- we made an order that the public printer should in proper season. Those that are laid on our pally realized in the profit on paper. I do not do the printing at the rates of 1819, with twenty tables may be, perhaps, printed according to the mean to accuse those gentlemen of cheating in the per cent. off. We elected Gales & Seaton printers terms of thecontract, or very nearly so; but in regard paper; for I have no idea that they did so. And for the House of Representatives, and Thomas to the long numbers, we have every reason to an- if this plan be carried out, and a contract be made Allen printer for the Senate. We went along very uopate the same violation of contract by him, | with Donelson & Armstrong to do this great job well, until the last day of the Congress, (the 3d #hich we have tolerated in Wendell & Van Ben- —they to furnish their own paper—if they do not of March,)--and I would remind Senators that if duysen, and which, in the case of the last Con- make a large fortune, I am greatly mistaken. One any mischief is to be done, it is sure to be done stess, we were about to compensate by an enor- hundred thousand dollars transferred from the pub- on the 3d of March. There was then slipped mous fortune and would have done so had it not lic Treasury to their private coffers, would be the into the appropriation bill a provision repealing been for my friend from Maryland, [Mr. Pearce,] very lowest figure which the amount of profits those rates, and paying the public printers the who stepped in and performed the very unpleasant would probably reach. If they do the work, I am rates of 1819 in full. This is the history of the task of objecting to it, at the last moment of the perfectly, willing they should have a reasonable matter so far as the political party with which I last session of Congress. He thus successfully profit. 'I am willing they should have a profit of am connected is concerned. I am inclined to resisted a measure which I can only characterize $5,000 or $10,000; and I would not find much fault think that I am about as impartial on this subject 25 a most enormous outrage; though not so in- | if it were to be $20,000; but when you come to as any other member of this honorable body; and tended by honorable Senators here who favored this business of handing over to men-I care not I sometimes think I am the only man entirely that measure, for I impeach the rectitude of no who they are, whether they belong to the Union competent to do justice to both parties in this can. Then it is absolutely necessary that we office, the National Intelligencer office, or the Re- matter. [Laughter.] should have some change in this system. But I public office-large fortunes, I object to it in toto. I would refer to the case of Thomas Ritchie, desire to say to my honorable friend from Indiana It is of evil example.

who violated his contract in the most outrageous that I am not for giving up the contract systein, Mr. President, no man knows better than your

He was a printer, and made his confaoegh we can change it; and we ought to attend self, that the idea has got to be somewhat rife in tract with his eyes open; and yet the House of to the modification of it immediately. Perhaps I the country, that men can come to Washington, Representatives passed a bill last year, giving him Day feel it my duty, at the very next meeting of spend one or two winters here, and carry large the rates of 1819, with fifty per cent. off. The the Senate, to introduce a resolution on this sub- estates out of the city, obtained, too, from the Gov- honorable chairman of the Committee on Printject, charging the Committee on Printing with the ernment. I have seen men about our public hotels ing, for whom I have a sincere respect, has told duis of considering what modification should be soking cigars, and enjoying themselves in a va- us that that would have put two hundred thousand made in this system. And I am willing to make riety of ways, who come here and remain during dollars into Mr. Ritchie's pocket. So that I think the resolution larger—to inquire whether we should a few sessions of Congress, and return home with the two parties stand exactly even. It is a neck De repeal or set it aside entirely: for I wish no large estates, obtained in prosecuting claims before and neck-race between “ Eclipse” and “Henry." United inquiry on this subject. But I will now in- the Departments, before Congress, and before In the Twenty-seventh Congress, we Whigs drate what are my ideas in regard to the change that Commissioners here. When any man makes an had a majority. “We made an order that the pubanguld take place. I do it with the more freedom, enormous amount of profit here, on anything, no lic printers should receive the rates of 1819, with because it will serve to illustrate my views in in- matter what it is, it brings a horde of people upon twenty per cent. off. When they accepted the oftroducing to the consideration of the Senate the us: it is ruinous in every shape and form; and is fice of public printers under these rates, a contract amendment which I have offered to this resolution. | doing infinite evil and infinite mischief to the coun- was made thereby; and I have always believed

I think we should separate the supply of paper try. I am utterly opposed to this system. Ithat we had no right to vote that money. Alfrom the composition and press work. That is have been in the habit of earning what little bread though I was then a member of the House of Repthe first step to be taken. Why should not the I have eaten by the sweat of my brow; and all of resentatives, I was not present at the time. I do United States furnish its own paper? What has us who are here in the two Houses of Congress, not know what might have been done if I had hapbeen the difficulty with the execution of former I believe, earn pretty well the pittance we receive | pened to be there. But it so happened, that very contracts? And what are to be the difficulties of in the form of compensation. When I am an urgent professional engagements called me to my the present session of Congress? They arise from home, like other honorable members of this body, home some two or three days before the close of the the manner in which we are cheated in paper; and I devote myself to the duties of my profession, Congress. Possibly I might have voted for it; ! I do not believe I use too harsh a term in connec- and endeavor, with other citizens of the country, might have been persuaded to vote for it. And tion with this subject. Let us furnish our own to earn an honest livelihood. But I am totally op- this is the way in which these things are usually paper. I want to know why we should be cheated posed to this system of getting estates by filching | done. un paper! Why is it that adventurers can come from the Government-coming here with enor- If we make this contract, Donelson and Arminto this city-men who are not connected with mous claims for a quarter or a half million of dol- strong will have money, and a good deal of it, out Ray, establishment here-and underbid all the lars, and dividing the plunder with influential and of the Treasury. Mr. Donelson is a gentleman beal printers? It is because the bidding is not able men, who are supposed to have an influence who has occupied very conspicuous positions in merely on the composition and press work. The with this Secretary, or that board of Commission- our diplomatic relations; and long before I knew party takes his pay on the composition and press ers. I say that is corrupt; it is of evil example; him personally, I was taught, by a perusal of his work. If the orders are for short numbers, com- and therefore ) resist this scheme. It is not de correspondence with the Government, to cherish position and press work is to be high; if for long signed, I know, to be a scheme of plunder, but I sentiments of very high respect for him, as a man numbers composition and press work will be venture to say it will result in plunder.

of talents and a man of high integrity. If you comparatively low. The bidding being on the How is this contract to be enforced against give these gentlemen this contract, I believe that press work and composition with a stipulation in Donelson & Armstrong? Suppose we enter into they will manage it in the same manner that other regard to the quality of the paper, the parties || stipulations with them, and they do not choose contracts have been managed. They will intend who really intend to get the contract, and at the exactly to perform them: suppose they do not to do the business with integrity and with fidelity. same time cheat us out of the due performance of furnish as good paper as the contract requires But, suppose there shall be a defalcation in the is, come in and bid on composition and press work them to furnish: suppose they do not execute the paper; if you brought them right up to the mark, at a very low rate: whereas, the proprietors of work in the time stipulated-how is the contract it might be ruinous to them. I want to know if the Union, the proprietors of the Intelligencer, the to be enforced? Is it to be believed that a politi- a political committee, or a political majority in the proprietors of the Republic, and the proprietors of cal majority of the two Houses of Congress get- two Houses of Congress, will enforce the contract the various job establishments in this city, such ting up a contract to support a political organ, against them in such a case? No, they never will as Towers', bid for the composition and press work will enforce that contract to the ruin of the pro- | do it. with the idea of performing the contract. But your || prietors of that organ? I say they never will do I have said that this is departmental printing. adventurer comes here and bids on composition and it; and I will not claim that the party with which If the amendment shall pass, we separate the papress work at a low figure-below everybody I act stands on any higher ground in this respect per from the composition and press-work. There else and then calculates to make up the difference than the Democratic party. I have lived long is one fact which I must state here. There is a by supplying a kind of paper utterly inferior. Thus enough to understand that there is but little differ- stipulation in our contract for the Congressional these adventurers get the means of taking con- ence between parties in regard to men, although I printing, requiring that it shall be done on paper

weighing fifty pounds to the ream. My worthy high time that public attention should be called to a cold. Yet I do think that there is in this subfriend, the chairman of the Committee on Print- this matter.

ject matter that is entirely worthy of attention, ing, has obtained information which he will ex- I have already occupied more of the time of the and I want my Northwestern friends particularly cuse me for mentioning: he has heard of cheat- Senate than I intended to occupy; and I am sensi- to consider it.' We ask nothing for our State; we ing among the manufacturers of paper. In ble that I have given my views, such as they are not petitioners here for the assistance of Conmodern times they have discovered a mode of in- are, to the Senate in a very imperfect form; but I gress in any form, for improvements of our hartroducing some mineral substance into paper to intended to have gone into the subject of the enor- bors and rivers, or for appropriations of public make it weigh some twenty-five per cent, more mous expenditures under the head of printing, lands in aid of railroads. They are asked and than the proper materials would weigh. I have and here I wish to speak of one evil that flows from demanded, and required in the Northwestern secno idea that Donelson and Armstrong would giving the public printing out to political favoritestion of our Union, and I stand ready to accord buy such paper. But suppose you stipulate with by a majority of the two Houses of Congress. them, and will do so most cheerfully. But to enthem as you have stipulated with A. Boyd Ham- The tendency of it is, in my opinion, to enhance able us to do it, I demand, and shall insist, on a ilton, that the printing shall be done on paper the amount of expenditures enormously under one proper economy in all the Departments of the weighing fifty pounds to the ream; I have no idea party or another. I say that if a majority of the Government. Where shall we begin? I think that gentlemen as respectable and honest as I be- iwo Houses of Congress arrogate to themselves some reformation is necessary, and I think the lieve Donelson and Armstrong to be would, the

power of giving out the printing upon consid- very first thing we should do is to reform ourknowingly, purchase such inferior paper: sup- erations of political favoritism, it influences, in a selves, reform Congress, reform the extravagant pose, however, that it was their misfortune io very considerable degree, the number of copies and wild expenditure which we have had here. have such paper, and they actually print the Cen- that are to be printed. When you embark in the And how are we to do it? Not by making the sus returns upon it: suppose when you get the matter of political favoritism, avowedly, or if not public printing a matter of favoritism, but by disCensus returns you should find the weight of the avowedly, really; when you make a contract pensing it, as I conceive, under the provisions of book to be made up of lead or some material im- under this feeling, is there not a strong temptation existing laws, though I should like to have such properly intermixed with the paper, are you go- held out to the majority to augment unduly the | modifications made as I have suggested in these ing to exact anything from these gentlemen? Are quantity of matter ordered to be printed? I do | remarks. they to be made to stand up to their contract ? not say that any such purpose is entertained here What have we before us, Mr. President and Would not the condition of the Union office then in regard to this printing. I do not say that any what are the results at which we have arrived? come into view ? and would it not be said, We honorable member of this body would intention- This is not Congressional printing; it is departmust not suffer our organ to be broken up? You ally do any such thing; but I do say that such is mental printing. Then I say the number of copies never can enforce such a contract made with the the tendency.. I believe that this principle of po- should be specified; and in regard to that, there is proprietors of a political organ, by a political litical favoritism has operated heretofore in the a blank to be filled in my amendment. I wish to committee, appointed by a political majority in procuring of an undue increase of the amount say a few words on that subject in this place. In the two Houses of Congress-certainly to sub- of printing ordered by the two Houses of 1839, when Congress passed a law for taking the serve the public interest, not to support the organ. Congress. Perhaps honorable Senators and hon- | Sixth Census, they made a provision for printing I would not suggest such an idea as that, because orable members of the House of Representa- | the returns; and they then ordered ten thousand it would involve an imputation on the motives of tives have hardly been aware of the presence of copies of the returns to be printed. Now, what honorable Senators, in which I never indulge. the motive in their own minds; perhaps it would number of copies shall we order at this time? I

I am in favor, then, of separating the supply of not be so with a majority of the members; a con- have great difficulty as to making any order about paper from the composition and press-work, in the siderable number may be in favor of printing a it, until I know what is the magnitude of the printing of the two Houses of Congress, for then large number of any particular document without work. If it is to be a very large work, as I beprinters can stand face to face, and bid on the reference to any consideration of that character; | lieve it will be, I am for a small number of copies. composition and press-work, the prices of which yet a few, with a view to favor the public printer, I doubt exceedingly whether we ought to exceed are well known to everybody. The market prices a political favorite, might be induced to think that ten thousand. I know we have more States now of composition and press-work

are just as well on the whole they would favor the proposition, al- than we had in 1840. We have added five addiknown as the price of cotton in Texas. The diffi- | though, otherwise, they would be opposed to it. tional States since that time; we have a vastly culty heretofore has been that the contractors have I have before me some statistics in regard to larger extent of territory, and a much larger pophad a vast margin under the head of cheating in the Congressional printing, which I obtained from ulation. Therefore I will not complain if honorpaper. If that margin is taken away, it is all ihat the office of the Register of the Treasury. I will able Senators should propose to print twelve is wanted. If that is done I do not care what not occupy the time of the Senate by going into thousand copies. In the Twenty-sixth Congress you do as to composition and press-work. I any details. I wish to give some statistics, and I believe ien thousand copies of the returns of the would be very well satisfied to distribute that work then conclude this branch of my remarks. The Sixth Census were ordered to be printed, and in amongst the various printing establishments in the aggregate amount paid for the printing of the two the Twenty-seventh Congress we ordered a comcity; and I am not certain that I would not say that I Houses during the Twenty-second Congress, the pendium to be made, and twenty thousand copies would allow no one to compete for composition and first Congress under General Jackson's adminis- of it to be printed. press-work unless he were a resident of the city of tration, was $142,685 65; for the Twenty-third I am opposed to any compendium of this census. Washington, and had his establishment here: for I Congress, $353,429 18, being a great deal more Blair & Rives obtained a very large and lucrative wish to keep these adventurers out of this matter. I than double the cost of printing for the preceding job in printing the original returns of the Sixth feel a sincere respect and sympathy for the press Congress; for the Twenty-fourth Congress the Census; and I hope it was not the purpose of the here, and am willing myself to do something towards amount was $154,221 17; for the Twenty-fifth Whig Twenty-seventh Congress to give a job in sustaining il. I think that, strictly, the composi- Congress, $218,047 59; for the Twenty-sixth the form of a compendium to the Madisonion news. tion and press work ought to be given to the low- || Congress, $190,824 59; for the Twenty-seventh paper then printed in this city. That compendium est bidder, but if you choose to distribute it among Congress, $293,457 38—that was a Whig Con- cost a large sum, and I believe it never was of the the printing offices here, I will not object; or if gress, and it seems to have gone pretty deep into least practical utility. I do not believe it necessary you choose to elect a printer to do it, still I have the Treasury under the head of printing; for the to print a vast number of such a document as this no objection. But I do object to this old corrupt | Twenty-eighth Congress the amount paid for to circulate all over the country. It will be of no system of enabling men by being elected printers | printing was $356,431 65; for the Twenty-ninth use. Congress must have a proper supply-the to Congress to make large fortunes mainly by de- | Congress, $259,596 75.

Congressional Library, the Departments, the State falcations in paper. It is corrupt in its tendency. That closed the old system of choosing politi- governments, the leading seminaries of learning, It is of evil example. It serves to disseminate in cal favorites to be printers to both Houses. Now and the literary institutions of the country, should the country the idea that a man can, by undue we come to the new system. For the Thirtieth be well supplied. As for putting this census into means, make a fortune out of the Government of Congress, the printing cost $182,887 12. I have the hands of a vast multitude of people in this the United States. Indeed, our Government has a statement here of what has been paid out of the country, it is, in my judgment, utterly absurd and made progress, and I am sorry to say it, in cor- Treasury for the printing of the last Congress. It ridiculous. It is of very little use, except to Conruption, during the past few years, which should is $125,783 36; but I understand that there is a gress, to enable it to make an apportionment of awaken and alarm all good citizens of the country. considerable amount of work yet to be done. the members of the House of Representatives

When I came into Congress the received opin. Therefore we cannot yet tell what will be the among the respective States, and to furnish staion among members was, that the expenditures of aggregate expenditures for the printing of the tistics of the population and of the business of the the Government should, in no event, exceed about || Thirty-first Congress. Thus, since General Jack- i country. But who are the men who are comtwenty-one millions of dollars per annum; and I came into power, the enormous sum of petent to deal with the contents of the census in remember very well that the expenditures by $2,277,364 40 has been expended in printing for this regard : Only staticians—very learned men, General Jackson's and Mr. Van Buren's admin- the two Houses of Congress. I do not hesitate to and there are a very few of them in this country. istrations, of about twenty-one millions of dollars say that every penny of this over half a million of I am perfectly free to admit that I should myself per annum, during what is usually denominated dollars was completely thrown away. We have be utterly incompetent for such an undertaking of the Harrison campaign, was held up in contrast printed almost everything, of which the human this sort, although there may be members of this with the expenditure of the administration under mind could conceive, until we were converting body who may be competent. I would therefore John Quincy Adams, as being perfectly enormous Congress into one vast book concern, as our hon- || have no compendium-I would print a limited and in the highest degree corrupt. But what now ored friend, the former Senator from Missouri, number of copies of this work. My own belief is the state of things. These expenditures have (Mr. Benton) used to express it.

is, that ten thousand or twelve thousand copies been carried from twenty millions up to about Now, then, I will admit that we are brought to will be an abundant supply for the entire country. fifty millions of dollars; and it is a painful duty a period when we ought to consider what we are You ought to have some copies to send to Europe, for me to discharge when I say, what I verily be- to do in regard to Congressional printing. I to interchange with foreign Governments, and perlieve, that corruption and extravagance in the have thrown out these views in a manner which I haps some to send to some of the leading semiGovernment have increased just about in the confess is somewhat embarrassed and imperfect, naries of learning in Europe. same proportion as the increase of our expendi- resulting in a great degree from' a weakness of my After we have supplied Congress, the General tures—more than one hundred per cent. “It is | lungs at the present time, laboring, as I do, under | Government, the State governments, and the va.



rious seminaries of learning, and sent copies to the employed abandoned us, and abandoned their con- | gentleman who has charge of the Census Bureau Foreign Ambassadors, I think we shall have gone tracts. I have come to the conclusion that it is the privilege of making a contract for this printquite as far as the public interests require. l'am, | immaterial what kind of contract we make, or how | ing. The inference follows as a matter of course therefore, for filling up the blank in this amend- guarded it may be, we cannot get the work laid on that it would have taken the direction which I inmat, as at present advised, with ten thousand our tables in the manner we contract for it. Idicated. cepies; but I will not even object to twenty thou- | was even disposed to tolerate that in view of the Mr. SMITH. I do not know what the gentlesand copies, if honorable members desire that repeated decisions of the Senate, so long as it ap- man may find recorded in the debates of the Sennumber; but I should be utterly opposed to print- | plied to work of an ordinary character. But 1 | ate, as having been said by me, but I know that I je a compendium such as was ordered by the was unwilling to see this class of service; 1 was never entertained any such view as that. I must Twenty-seventh Congress, because I believe there unwilling to see returns so valuable as I consid- || also say, in very broad terms, that my friend from is no real practical utility in such a work. ered these returns to be, printed on the kind of pa- | Arkansas [Mr. Borland) is entirely mistaken. I

Having demonstrated, as I trust I have, con- l per and in the manner in which our public print- | do not know but that I may have used language clusively, that this is departmental printing; hav || ing has been hitherto done. Hence I proposed, in from which he properly inferred what he seems ing shown that the law of 1842 is now in full the resolution, that the committee should have a to have inferred; but I have never entertained any force; having shown that that law has worked discretionary power; not that they should be abso-such views, but have been from the beginning towell, and that all contracts under that law have lutely compelled to contract with these parties, but tally opposed to breaking up the contract system. been performed; having shown that the public that they should contract with them provided they | And if I felt at liberty to state to the Senate the treasure has been economized in a very consider- | would make a contract for work upon reasonable appeals which have been made to me by some of able degree by the operation of that law; having terms, done in the manner the committee would my own political friends in this city, proprietors słown, as I trust I have, that the public interests require.

of political presses, or at least of one of them, in in every regard, require that that law should be Under this resolution, the committee will have regard to this very thing, and in furtherance of maintained, and that the law which provides for i enlarged powers. They will have a right to say the views of the honorable Senator from Indithe printing of the two Houses of Congress should that they will pay so much for paper, so much for be amended, I ask, upon what principle is it that composition, and so much for press-work; and I Mr. BRIGHT. I gave way for an explana

any one member can rise in his place and demand hope that, if the resolution shall pass, the contract tion. I hope the honorable Senator from Conde passage of the original resolution submitted for the paper, and the contract for the compositionnecticut will not extend his remarks. by my honorable friend from Indiana, and upon and press-work will be separate. I believe that, in Mr. SMITH. I was not going to extend my what principle can any one object to the amend this way, we shall get the work better done. They || remarks further; but I wished to say that if I felt tient which I have proposed, separating the sup- have the power to say on what kind of paper the || at liberty to bring the matters to which I have al10 ply of paper from the composition and the press-work shall be done, and how much they will give luded before the Senate, nobody would liave any his work and from the binding, and requiring the for the composition, and how much for the press- || doubt with regard to the position which I now fra Beretary of the Interior, with proper securities work.

occupy, and ever have occupied, on this subject. and under proper supervision, to let out all three The printing provided for in this resolution is Mr. CLARKE. If the honorable Senator from

matters to the lowest bidder, which I am entirely not covered by any general law. That, the com- Indiana will give way, I will move an adjournsure can be done, and will secure this printing mittee have already decided and reported to this ment.

more effectually than in any other form which can body. This printing is not disposed of; and Mr. BRIGHT. I desire to conclude what little Fiba proposed ?

the question is, What disposition will the Senate || I have to say on this subject this evening. I think I was near overlooking one single point. If make of it? The gentleman says we are in hot || I see a disposition on the part of the Senate to

majority of the Senate (which I can hardly be- || haste; that we are too early; that an effort is made | vote on the resolution this evening: lere) shall reject my proposed amendment, then I | by this resolution to reward a partisan press. Mr. DAWSON, Mr. CLARKE, and others.

Leve prepared another amendment, upon which I The honorable Senator certainly forgets that at You cannot get a vote to-night. shall ask my honorable friend from Indiana to the last session of Congress he himself proposed Mr. BADĞER. I hope the Senator will give relect, and which I think will meet with his con- in the Committee on Printing to give this very way. It is now late. currence that is, to give the composition and work to the Republic. Hot haste! It was not Mr. BRIGHT. I yield. press-work to Donelson & Armstrong upon such too early at the last session of Congress to agitate On motion, the Senate adjourned. warms us the committee may think reasonable; the question. but at the same time to require the Secretary of Mr. SMITH. As the honorable Senator never the Interior to contract with the lowest bidder for | has attended any of the meetings of the Commit

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. the paper, and also for the binding of the work. || tee on Printing, I presume he makes the statement

MONDAY, January 12, 1852. If the proposition I now make shall be rejected, I that I was in favor of giving the printing of the The House met at twelve o'clock, m. skall then consider it as settled so far as a major- census returns to the Republic on the authority of

The Journal of Friday last was read and apity of the Senate are concerned—that they are de- others. All I have to say is, that the gentleman | proved. termined to put this work, to some extent at least, is entirely misinformed. in the hands of Donelson & Armstrong, and I

Mr. CLINGMAN. There is, I understand, Mr. BRIGHT. If I am not correct I hope the upon the Speaker's table a bill

which has been shall then feel it to be my duty to make an en- | chairman of the Committee on Printing will cor- | returned from the Senate with an important amenddaror to improve the proposition in other modes.rect me. la this way, if it shall be the pleasure of the body Mr. BORLAND. I presume the statement of ment. It is the bill making appropriation for the

to patronize the establishment of Donelson & Arm- | the Senator from Indiana was made on informa- repair of the Capitol. It ought to be acted upon; bring, (and I admit that it is a highly respectable tion received from me. He is mistaken, however, and if there be any objection, I shall move a susvery large and lucrative job to do the composition necticut proposed to give this printing to the

Re- and in order that we may act upon the amendment

of and press-work. It will be a job which I will public. I did say that the Senator from Connectiventure to say will furnish them with all the sup-cut was in favor of the proposition made by the

THE LAWS OF NEW MEXICO. plies which will be required under present emer- Superintendent of the Census to leave the

printing Thé SPEAKER. The first business in order gencies. I have no feeling on the subject. I am to him, and have it executed at that time. Whether | is the proposition to reconsider the vote by which stoly doing a public duty, and I leave the sub- || he would have had it done at the Republic office or the laws of the Territory of New Mexico were lead in the hands of the Senate, with the assurance elsewhere I do not know. But the Superintendent ordered to be printed. That being a privileged that for one, I intend to acquiesce cheerfully in of the Census did express a wish—and that sub-motion, it must be first disposed of 'before a whatever may be the decision of a majority of this ject came before the committee to be permitted motion to suspend the rules can be entertained. kesorable body.

to have the printing executed as he might think Mr. WEIGHTMAN. I was not, Mr. Speaker, Mr.BRIGHT. I am very anxious that a vote proper at that time. The committee decided that in my place when this debate took place, and should be taken on the resolution this evening. ! an arrangement of that sort could not be entered | when the gentleman from Arkansas [Mr. JohnLate heretofore said more on the subject than I into, because the census bill itself, after providing | son) made his motion to reconsider the order to expected to say at the time I introduced the reso- for the execution of the preliminary printing, re- || print the laws of New Mexico; and I hope if he bution, and yei there is much in the speech of the quired that the report of a plan for publishing the be not prevented by any important matter of prinhonorable Senator who has just taken his seat census should be made to Congress at the presentciple from so doing, that he will withdraw his opthat deserves a reply. Much of it, however, session, and

that the printing of the census returns position. I am desirous that any suspicion, which does not meet the question before the Senate. At should be done as this Congress should direct. | may be harbored in the mind of any gentleman the time offered this resolution, my sole object Therefore they did not feel authorized to enter upon this floor, in reference to the laws of New was to secure the performance of a work which 1 into any arrangement, or give their assent to any- Mexico-that they contain anything hostile or thought would be of great service to the public. I thing of that kind. I then understood the Senator anything inconsistent with the existence of the

un assure the honorable Senator that I had no from Connecticut, and I now understand him, to most kindly respect towards the Government and Reh motives in view as he would seem to impute have been in favor of the arrangement proposed people of the United States--may be discharged da me. It is true that I named in the resolution by the Superintendent of the Census.

by the fullest investigation. The gentleman from Which I offered the individuals who were to per- Mr. SMITH. I wish to say a word on this | Arkansas, [Mr. Johnson,) and other gentlemen, form the service. And why? For the reason that, subject. It is very unusual, I believe, to bring are, I believe, mistaken in supposing that these upon inquiry, I ascertained that they were in pos into the Senate conversations in the rooms of the laws have ever been printed. Heretofore the laws Session of the materials; that they were so situated committees of this body.

of the Kearny code, as it is called, were reënacted Bluet they could go forward with the work imme- Mr. BRIGHT. I refer for my information to in such words as these: “And all that portion of diately, provided they could get a fair

price for it. a debate that came up on a collateral question at the Kearny code and laws of Mexico, not inconI beg leave to remark, that ever since I have been the last

session. I have not

the debates before sistent with the Constitution of the United States member of this body, until this session, I me, but I think that I can turn to them and show and the laws passed by this Legislature, are have advocated the contract system, and I only that the honorable Senator from Connecticut ex. hereby reënacted.” That is all that the gentleabandoned it when I found that the men we ll pressed a preference at that time for giving to the ll man can find upon this subject. They never have

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