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of that country, at a time when she had no benefit | 78th rule, defining the duties of the Committee of located, as is at present allowed for a cash sale of the same from the laws of the United States, and at a time Ways and Means, and the 91st rule, defining the quantity of land.

By Mr. CHANDLER: The memorial of C.C. Sadler & when she had no representative in any legislative duties of the Committee on Military Affairs. The

Co., Scull & Thompson, and other merchants of Philadel body, thus involving the very principle of the reye first clause of the 78th rule provides, "that it shall phia, asking for appropriations for erecting piers and conolutionary war-taxation without representation. be the duty of the Committee of Ways

and Means structing harbors in the river Delaware. It is perfectly just that the refunding should be to take into consideration all such reports of the

By Mr. SIBLEY: Papers relating to the claim of Joseph

Mozeau, praying to be refunded certain moneys improperly made, and it is money, moreover, our young State Treasury Department, and all such propositions | paid out by the commissioners of the United States under wants. I hope the House will consider the ne- relative to the revenue, as may be referred to them the Sioux treaty of 1837. cessity of the Military Committee having this bill, by the House; to inquire into the state of the Also, the petition of John Davis for a pension and for the because it was under military, occupation that the public debt or the revenue, and of the expenditure; allowance of bounty land. funds were collected; that military officers were and to report, from time to time, their opinion there right to James K. Paul, on the Ontonagon river of Lake

Also, a memorial to Congress in favor of a preimptian the agents by which it was collected; and that that on; to examine into the state of the several public | Superior. committee will alone be in possession of the in- departments, and particularly into the laws making Also, the petition of the people of Minnesota Territory formation that is necessary to the proper under- | appropriations of money, and to report whether for an appropriation to continue the construction of certain standing of the bill.

“the moneys have been disbursed confortably with roads therein, and also for an appropriation to complete the I have not the time nor the disposition to hunt such laws; and also to report, from time to time, By Mr. HENN: The petition of A. D. Jones and 38 oth up the Journals of this House, though I have * such provisions and arrangements as may be

ers, citizens of Madison county, Iowa, asking for the eslooked at them some time ago, to establish and to necessary to add to the economy of the depart- tablishment of a mail route from Oskaloosa, via Knoxville,

Indianola, and St. Charles, to Winterset. prove the reputation which I charged upon those ments, and the accountability of their officers. By Mr. CABELL, of Florida: 'The memorials of Capgentlemen—whether it is a creditable one to them or The 91st rule provides " that it shall be the duty tain William Blake's company of Florida volunteers; not—but I do not believe that the Journals of this of the Committee on Military Affairs to take into Captain Phillips's

company of Florida volunteers; Cap House will show any one single, solitary instance consideration all subjects relating to the military Captain Joseph Hale's company of Florida volunteers of an appropriation out of the ordinary appropria- l'establishment and public defence which may be Captain George E. McClellan's company of Florida voiuntions necessary to sustain the Government, and referred to them by the House, and to report their teers, and Captains Bush's, Prices, and Suwarrer's comperfectly in the routine of their duty, having been 'opinion thereupon; and also to report, from time panies of Florida volunteerne

Also, the memorial of the Jacksonville and Alligator supported by either of those gentlemen. I think || 'to time, such measures as may contribute to econ

Plank Road Company. not. I may be mistaken; but I do not know of 'omy and accountability in the said establish- Also, the memorial of the Florida and Georgia Railroad any. Their reputation is general, as I have stated ment."

Company it. It has come to me everywhere. Whisperings Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I rise to a ques

Also, the memorials of Augustus Steele, Alexander Wat

son, Jeremiah Wingate, Bulon's heirs, Giles U. Ellis, and have been made by members from bench to bench tion of order. I call for the reading of the 133

Samnel Clarke. all around the Hall, that Jones and Houston are rule.

By Mr. MILLSON: The memorial of William B. Bing. celebrated for that quality.

The Clerk read the rule, as follows:

ley and wife, asking compensation for lands sold to the Several Members. «Order!" "Order!”

United States as a site for the dry dock at Gosport. “ 133.-All proceedings touching appropriations of money Mr. MARSHALL. Now, I do not mean to shall be first discussed in a Committee of the whole

Also, the petition of Mrs. Harriet Saunders, administra

trix of 'Captain William Davis, praying compensation for charge it as a bad quality. Economy is admirable House."

the services, and reimbursament of the expenditures, of said in its place. I do not state it as a crime. I do Mr. S. The question of order I raise is, that Davis, whilst in command of the United States transport hope the bill will be referred to the other commit- this debate is altogether out of order.

schooner Eutala. tee, and taken away from that. I have felt obliged Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. The question was

Also, the petition of James Lewis, asking compensabon

for attendance as a witness on the district court of the to say this much thus early in the session. I may upon the propriety of the reference of the bill. United States. possibly have to suggest the same thing in other

Mr. STEPHENS. I raise the point that no Also, the petition of Major C. H. Fitzgerald, United States cases. "I rely upon the generosity of the House to debate is now in order.

Army, praying to be relieved from liability on account of give the bill at least a chance.

Mr. BRIGGS. I move the previous question.

the loss 01' 32,000 of the public funds.

By Mr. BISSELL: The petition of Silas Noble and othMr. HIBBARD. I have but a word to say, The SPEAKER. The gentleman from New ers, present and late officers of the land office at Diron, and it is not with a view to vindicate myself, or York (Mr. Briggs) moves the previous question. Illinois, praying for compensation for locating militały land any other member of the Committee of Ways The previous question, if sustained, will bring the

By Mr. THOMAS M. HOWE: The petition of C.A. and Means, from the remarks made by the gentle | House to a vote first on the proposition to refer Passavant and others, for the alteration of certain mil mutes man from California, (Mr. MARSHALL.] I took the bill to the Committee on Military Affairs, and so as to conform to the route of a plank road now in process no offence at them; I take none; but perhaps they if that does not prevail, then upon its reference to of construction between the city of Pittsburg and tie tora were superfluous. If I have any objection at all the Committee of Ways and Means.

of Franklin, in Pennsylvania.

Also, the petition of Thomas H. Baird, of Pennsylvania, to what the gentleman has said, it is that he did Tho previous question was then seconded, and for balance alleged to be due to Dr. Absalom Baird, for not do me the high compliment of including me, the main question ordered to be put.

commutation of half pay, &e. though an humble member of that committee, in

Mr. HIBBARD. I call for the yeas and nays By Mr. PORTER: The petition of George Elliott, forhis remarks. The gentleman says he deems the

merly of Kentucky, now or Franklin county, Missouri, on the question; which were ordered. bill is prejudged that it is sure to be defeated if it Mr. ROBINSON moved that the House adjourn; while in the discharge of his duty at the battle of Fort

a soldier of the war of 1812, who was wounded and disabled goes before the Committee of Ways and Means. || which motion was agreed to; and

Meigs, on the 5th of May, 1813-asking Congress for arrears I have no such opinion to express; but his firm

The House adjourned.

of pension. conviction of the future fate of this bill has seemed

Also, a petition for the relief of Elizabeth Prewitt, widow

of Robert Prewitt, deceased, of Lincoln county, Missouri, to me to indicate in his own opinion that there is


in regard to services rendered by her deceased husband or may be something “ rotten in Denmark.” My By Mr. FREEMAN: A bill granting to the State of Mis- under a certain mail contract. mind is not in this way made up. As a member sissippi the right of way and a donation of public land

for Also, the petition of Samuel Gladney, of Lincoln cointy, of the committee, of course my mind is open, as I

the purpose of locating and constructing a railroad from Missouri, asking Congress to release to him any title the

Brandon to the eastern border of said State, in the direction United States may have in a certain tract of land, in said suppose is that of the other gentlemen, to a fair of Montgomery, Alabama. consideration of that bill upon its merits. Nor Also, a bill granting lands to the State of Mississippi for Also, the petition of James W. Campbell, for relief in have we, so far as I know, any wish that the

the purpose of improving the navigation of the Pearl, Big | regard to the supposed entry of certain lands at the United House would impose duties upon us that do not

Black, and Yazoo rivers, in said State of Mississippi. States land office at Palmyra, Missouri, some years since ;

By Mr. TUCK: A bill to provide for the ascertainment which lands he had lost by the failure of duty of the belong to us. Nor have I any objection, if this and satisfaction of the claims of American citizens for spo. register of said land office. House choose, with a full and fair understanding i liations committed by the French prior to the 31st day of Also, the memorial of the General Assembly of Missouri, of the matter, to take from them this duty, or any July, A. D. 1801.

asking Congress to make a grant of land to aid in the conother of the onerous duties which devolve upon

By Mr. EASTMAN: A bill granting the right of way and struction of a railroad through northern Missouri, from the

making a donation of land in aid of the construction of a city of St. Charles to the northern boundary of said States the Committee of Ways and Means; but I wish railroad in the State of Wisconsin, from the northern line By Mr. DOTY: The petition of Thomas L. Franka, to object to this understanding, because & preceof the State of Illinois to Lake Superior.

and the administrator of Louis Grignon, for compensation dent may be set in this matter. I suppose this bill Also, a bill granting certain lands in the State of Wiscon- for

supplies furnished the troops of the United States.

Also, the petition of the register and receiver of the land ought to, and I wish it to be referred to the Com- sin, in aid of the construction of a plank road from the Wis

consin river to the mouth of Willow river on Lake St. office at Willow river, for compensation for extra services mittee of Ways and Means, because I think it is Croix,

for land warrant entries. clear, beyond all doubt, that it belongs to that Also, a bill granting certain lands in the State of Wiscon- By Mr. FULLER, of Maine, the petition of William committee. What is it, sir? The gentleman states

sin for the purpose of improving the navigation of Black Wetherlee and others, citizens of Castine, Maine, merrivera

chants and ship owners, praying for the erection of a it to be a bill respecting a part of the revenue of By Mr. DOTY: A bill 10 establish the collection district monument on Steel's Ledge, so called, in Penobscot Bay. the Government-a part of the money that is now of Wisconsin, and declaring Green Bay a port of entry. By Mr. DIMMICK: The petition of Thomas Sletor and the revenue of the Government. It proposes to

Also, a bill to provide for the protection of commerce on 180 other persons, of Northampton county, Pennsylvania, take from the Treasury of the United States a Lake Michigan, within the State of Wisconsin.

praying for a modification of the bounty land law of Sepcertain sum—several hundred thousand dollars- | Department of the Interior.

Also, a bill to establish an Agricultural Bureau in the tember 28th, 1850, so as to increase the allowance of land

granted to the persons mentioned in said law, and make it and refund it to the State of California. It was By Mr. HENN: A bill to continue half pay to certain equal to that granted to the soldiers in the war with Mexico. money collected as revenue, if I understand the widows and orphans.

Also, the petition of divers officers and soldiers of the bill aright, in California before it was a State, or

Also, a bill to relinquish to the State of Iowa the land

war of 1812, praying for a like modification of the act of 28th ganized in its present form. This is a bill touchreserved for salt springs therein.

September 1850, and an increased allowance of land to be

granted to the persons mentioned in said Inw, equal to that ing the revenue-touching the means of the Gov. ernment to that extent. It is a matter that clearly


granted to the soldiers in the war with Mexico.

By Mr. MURRAY : The petition of the assistant marand plainly belongs to the Committee of Ways rule, and referred to the appropriate committees :

The following petitions &c., 'were presented under the shals of Sullivan county, New York, praying for addi

tional compensation for taking the Seventh Census. and Means, and to none other. The House have power to send it elsewhere. They can do it if they

By Mr. TAYLOR: The petition of Seneca W. Ely, By Mr. JOHN W. HOWE: The petition of Robert Allen

present receiver of public moneys at Chilicothe, Ohio; John and others, citizens of Butler county, Pennsylvania, praying please; but if this precedent—this example—is to Hough, late receiver at the same place; Anthony Walke, Congress to establish a post road from the city of Pittsburg, be set, let it be done with a fair understanding of present register of the land office, and

Thomas J. Winship via Alleghany city, Perrysville, Wexford, Zelienople, the question.

Harmony, whitestown, Prospect, Centreville, Harrisville, same compensation to land officers for their services in case and Waley, to Franklin, Venango county, I propose only to read the first clause of the

of each land warrant already located, or hereafter to be On inotion by Mr. KINC, of New York, the petition and



papers of Sylvanus Burnham were referred to the Commit- in public meetings and otherwise, have spoken in the hands of a Mexican previous to the date of tee on invalid Pensions.

terms of rebuke not to be misunderstood, and it Al, the petition and papers of Zacharia Barber were

the treaty, and being in his hands at the date of reterred to the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions.

appears to me to be the duty of this body, particu- that instrument, it ceased to be an American claim, Also, the petition of Samuel Drew, asking interest on larly, to hold up such acts of gross dereliction of and consequently became a Mexicam claim, and pay due to him as a soldier in the war of 1812.

duty to the scorn of the world. Among these are was, therefore, not provided for by the treaty. It Mr. BRAGG withdrew from the files the petition of the

to be enumerated the insults offered to our flag, in should also be observed that the treaty makes the bars of Scmoice, and referred the same to the Comınittee en Private Land Claims.

the firing into the Falcon; the arrest of the Prome- decision of the Board of Commissioners final; and theus; the merciless and inhuman butchery of that, consequently, this memorialist has no redress

fifty untried, unarmed, American youths; "the except by application to Congress. IN SENATE.

Anglo-Franco guard-a-costa of Cuba;') and the He states, still further, that there are $45,000 of Tuesday, December 16, 1851.

vindictive cruelty to Thrasher,—not to speak of the the residue of the three millions and a quarter still Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. Butler.

transportation, to the dungeons of Spain, of the one | unexpended, and that the Government of his coun

hundred and tifty American citizens who, like The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the | Thrasher, were condemned upon a mock trial, | plied to the payment of this debt. I again beg to

try have requested that this amount should be apSenate a report of the Secretary of State, showing thereby adding insult to injury.

state that the commissioners decided that this claim the amount expended from the appropriation for

I move that the resolution be printed, and laid was a just one, and that it was American in its the expenses of the agent of the Sublime Porte, on the table.

origin, American in its character, but that having and the balance remaining in the Treasury; which The motion was agreed to.

been assigned to a Mexican at the date of the was read.


treaty, it ceased to be American and became MexOrdered, That it be referred to the Committee on Finance and prioted.

Mr. GWIN presented the memorial of Eliza C. || ican; whereas, the petitioner shows most conclu

Bache, widow of George M. Bache, a lieutenant sively that this decision is not within the spirit IOWA ON THE COMPROMISE MEASURES.

in the Navy, praying that she may receive the and meaning and equity of the treaty. Mr. JONES, of lowa. Mr. President, it is

same amount that was paid to the widows of those I move that this memorial, together with the acwith feelings of gratification and pride that I pre- officers who were lost in the brig Somers; which companying documents, be referred to the Comzent to the Senate certain resolutions, which were was referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. mittee of Claims. adopted by the Legislature of Iowa on the 25th Also, the proceedings of a meeting of the citi

The motion was agreed to. of January last, but which did not reach me until zens of San Diego, California, protesting against Mr. WADE presented the petition of Priscilla after the adjournment of the last session of Con- | the change proposed to be made in the contract C. Simonds, praying compensation for the efects gress. I regard these resolutions as speaking the with the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, by the of her son, Moses H. Simonds, who died in serpne American sentiment upon the question of sla- substitution of a coasting steamer; which was re- vice, which were taken possession of by his suvery, and the rights and duties of our people under | ferred to the Committee on the Post Office and perior officer and lost; which was referred to the the Constitution and laws of the land. But to me, Post Roads.

Committee of Claims. Mr. President, they afford an additional gratifica- Also, the petition of officers of the revenue ser- Mr. DAVIS presented the petition of Gridley tion, which is, that they are in sentiment an ap- vice stationed in California, praying an increase of Bryant, proposing to enter into a contract with the proval of the course of my colleague and myself | pay; which was referred to the Committee on Government for the erection of a permanent lightupon that series of measures known as the “Com- | Finance.

house on Minot's Ledge, in Massachusetts bay; promise." We were the only Senators from any Also, the petition of Joseph Hill and sons, pray

which was referred to the Committee on Comof the free States who were not instructed to vote ing compensation for horses and mules stolen for the Wilmot proviso, and its kindred abolition by the Indians in California; which was referred Mr. BRADBURY presented the petition of doctrines. Left to our own judgment, we gave a to the Committee of Claims.

Isaac Lilly, praying compensation for a vessel and cordial and unwavering support to each and every Also, the petition of James R. Browning, pray- cargo seized and sold by an agent of the Governone of those measures, believing, as I then did | ing indemnity for property stolen and destroyed ment, under the erroneous pretext of her having and now do, that we voted on the side of our coun- in California during the war with Mexico; which on board timber cut from the live-oak land of the try, and for its future welfare and prosperity. was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. United States; which was referred to the Commit

These resolutions, I am very certain, reflect the Also, the memorial of James C. Cushing and tee on the Judiciary. sentiments of the Democratic party of Iowa, and others, representing that they have discovered a Mr. FISH presented the memorial of E. Pavena small portion of the Whigs of that State. The pass through the greater range of the Sierra Ne- stedt and F. A. Schumacher, praying the return of democracy of Iowa never adopted the Wilmot pro- vada, and proposing to open a wagon-road upon duties paid on goods which were lost at sea; which viso in any State or even county convention, certain conditions; which was referred to the Com- was referred to the Committee of Claims. and their whole course through that period of fa- mittee on Public Lands.

Mr. BRADBURY. I present a memorial of natical excitement was such as, in my humble judg- Mr. HOUSTON presented the memorial of $. William T. Johnson and others, publishers of ment, to commend itself to every lover of the H. Duff, praying compensation for services in newspapers in Maine, praying an alteration in the Union. I wish I could say as much for my polit- seizing spirituous liquors under an order of Gen- rates of newspaper postage. izal opponents in that State, who, through their eral Taylor, during the war with Mexico; which I am requested to call the particular attention of Euty and State conventions, and presidential was referred to the Committee of Claims.

the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads TEA, all declared for that proviso, and strove Mr. SHIELDS presented a memorial of offi- to a defect in the present postage law. The petifor its adoption, notwithstanding the attitude as- cers of the Army serving in New Mexico, pray- tioners do not, by any means, ask to do away abied lyevery Southern State upon that that they may be placed on the same footing in with the system established by law during the last Aed is is due to truth further to say, that some of regard to pay as the troops serving in California; session of Congress, but desire that a defect in these designing and fanatical Whig politicians, which was referred to the Commiitee on Military that law may be remedied. They set forth that who strove to introduce the poisonous ingredients | Affairs.

they are the publishers of newspapers which are of Abolitionism and Free-Soilism into the Legisla- Mr. SHIELDS. I present the memorial of José devoted to the publication, in an extended form, ture of our State, and voted in that body to instruct | Marja Jarero, a citizen of Mexico, praying the of the details of legislative proceedings and detheir Senators here to go for the Wilmot proviso, ll payment of a claim of an American citizen against bates; that their circulation is largely dependent have been rewarded by this Administration by the Government of Mexico, which was received upon members of the Legislature, who purchase appointment to some of the most responsible and by said Jarero in payment of a debt. He repre- their papers in quantities from time to time for Incrative offices in that State, and that, too, after sents himself to be a citizen of Mexico, and a distribution among their constituents; that the the President and the department (Interior) had General in the Mexican service.

present postage law, establishing a high rate upon been notified, verbally and in writing, as well as Mr. S. As I desire to have this memorial referred | transieni newspapers and requiring their prepayby reference to the journals of the Legislature, (to to the Committee of Claims, I should like to have ment, operates very injuriously against that part which they had access,) of the obnoxious proceed- the attention of the chairman of that committee of their circulation which is thus derived from ings of those to whom they deemed it proper to for a moment. The memorialist states, that members of the Legislature; and that their paper extend their favorand patronage. These attempts | previous to the war he procured, in payment of is thus prevented from having as full a distribution of the Administration to keep in favor with that a debt, a claim against the Mexican Republic; | as it would have were this part of the law someclass of politicians in Iowa and in other North- that this claim was for arms and munitions of what modified. Undoubtedly, members of the ern States, are, doubtless, unknown to my distin- war purchased by the Mexican Minister for his | Legislatures of other Slates were similarly situated, guished friend, (Mr. Foote,] who has, within the Government. He further states that the claim as well as the publishers of other papers. past week, been so complimentary to those who was established in the courts of Mexico, and The memorialists believe that the existing rates now administer the General Government.

admitted by the Mexican Government; that after of postage established in regard to papers sent Mr. President, there are, in my opinion, other the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo the Mexican from their office are adequately sufficient, and they acts of gross violation of public duty upon the Congress decreed that it was one of the claims to therefore ask that, in this respect, the law may be part of this Administration. I allude, sir, to their be paid out of the three millions and a quarter modified. course towards the people of our country in not which was set apart by the treaty for that pur

I move to refer the memorial to the Committee seeing that their rights were protected, and the laws pose; that upon the application of the Mexican on the Post Office and Post Roads. and treaty stipulations for their benefit fully en- Minister, the claim was submitted to the Board of The memorial was so referred. forced. T'heir management of our foreign relations Commissioners for their decision; that the decis. Mr. SEBASTIAN presented a petition of the calls condemnation at the hands of other membersion of the Board was adverse, on the ground that || late and present land officers at Batesville, Arkanof this body, who are more competent to the task, it was not an American claim at the date of the sas, praying compensation for services in entering and who, I hope, will, at the proper time, do so. treaty, being held by a Mexican. Now this is the lands under bounty land warrants. A bill having I am sure our honorable friend from Mississippi | point to which I particularly request the attention been reported, it was [Mr. FootE) would, were he permitted to remain of the chairman of that committee, as well as of Ordered, That it lie on the table. * with us during the residue of this session. The such of the members as may be present in the public press-Democratic I mean, not Whig—as Serate. It was considered a valid American claim | Spalding, praying arrears of pension; which was well as the people everywhere, North and South, ll in its origin and character; but having passed into II referred to the Committee on Pensions.

De overed as presented the petition of Samuel

Also, the petition of Jacob Young, praying to was referred the bill to extend the time for select- Mr. PRATT. I should like to have the resolube allowed a pension; which was referred to the ing lands granted to the State of Michigan for tion read. Committee on Pensions.

saline purposes, reported it without amendment. The resolution was read, as follows: Also, a memorial of citizens of Washington,

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed by the SEVENTH CENSUS.

Chair to wait upon Louis Kossuth, Governor of Hungary, praying arf appropriation for the erection of an

Mr. BORLAND, from the Committee on Print- and introduce him to the Senate, equestrian statue of Washington under the reso

ing, to which was referred the joint resolution in lution of Congress of 1783; which was referred to

Mr. GWIN. I would be much gratified if the relation to printing the Seventh Census, reported Senator from Illinois would withdraw his motion the Committee for the District of Columbia.

it without amendment, as follows: Mr. WHITCOMB presented resolutions adopt

for a few moments, so as to permit a bill to be read

Be it resolved, 4c., That the Joint Committee on Printing a third time. ed at a meeting of citizens of Westfield, Indiana,

I feel pretty well assured that there be directed to contract with Donaldson & Armstrong for will be debate on the resolution of the Senator from recommending that the sale of the public lands be

printing the census returns, upon such terms as they may discontinued, and that they be granted in limited deem reasonable.

Illinois—the Senator from Wisconsin amongst quantities to the citizens of the United States with

Mr. BRIGHT asked that the resolution might || minute to have the bill I have mentioned rend a

others will debate it and it will not take one families; which were referred to the Committee on

be considered at this time. Public Lands.

Mr. UNDERWOOD. Let it lie over.

third time. If there were not likely to be debate Mr. MALLORY presented the memorial of

The resolution was passed over accordingly.

on this resolution I would not ask the Senator to Isaac Bush, John Price, and Thomas Suarez,

give way.

BILLS INTRODUCED. praying compensation for themselves and the offi

Mr. SHIELDS. I wish to call up this resolucers and men under their command during the Mr. HUNTER, agreeably to previous notice, tion because I think that under existing circum

asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill to proSeminole war in Florida; which was referred to

stances it should now be acted upon. If it is likely the Committee on Military Affairs.

vide for the compensation of such persons as may to create any debate it can be laid over. But after

be designated by the Secretary of the Treasury the action that has already been had upon the PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED.

to receive and keep the public moneys, under the subject I cannot imagine that it will generate deOn motion by Mr. GWIN, it was

15th section of the act of August 6, 1846, for the bate. I think the question has been as much Ordered, That the documents on the files of the Senate

additional services required under that act; which debated already as is desirable, and I am also inrelating to the claim of B. Juan Domercq, a Spanish sub

was read a first and second time by its title, and clined to believe that the Senate generally concur ject, be referred to the Committee of Claims. referred to the Committee on Finance.

in that opinion. On motion by Mr. HOUSTON, it was Mr. DOWNS, agreeably to previous notice,

Mr. BADGER. It seems to me that the quesOrdered, That the petition of G. Thomas Howard, on

asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill for the tion with regard to this resolution occupies a difthe files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

relief of William Darley; which was read a first ferent position from that which it occupied on the On motion by Mr. CLARKE, it was

and second time by its title, and considered as in joint resolution. I entertain now precisely the Committee of the Whole.

same opinions which I entertained prior to the pasOrdered, That the petition of Samuel Crapin, on the files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Pensions. On motion by Mr. DOWNS, it was

sage of that resolution-opinions which I have On motion by Mr. DOWNS, it was

Ordered, That the further consideration thereof be post- | already expressed to the Senate. But, by an unOrdered, That the memorial of L. E. L. A. Lawson,

poned to Monday next, and be the special order of that common unanimity in both branches of Congress,

day. heir of General Eleazer W. Ripley, on the files of the Sen

Kossuth has been recognized as the guest of the ate, be referred to the Committee ou the Judiciary.

Mr. UNDERWOOD, agreeably to previous no- nation. This has been done no doubt upon the On motion by Mr. SEWARD, it was

tice, asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill to supposition that the joint resolution would be

provide for the repair and improvement of the dam | approved by the President of the United States, of Ordered, That the petition of Phebe Glover, on the files

at the head of Cumberland Island, in the Ohio | which there can be no doubt; and the question of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Pensions.

river; which was read a first and second time by NOTICES OF BILLS.

now is, Being, by the action of the constituted its title, and considered as in Committee of the || authorities, such guest of the nation, is it proper Mr. DAVIS gave notice of his intention to ask Whole.

that this resolution should be taken up and passed? leave to introduce a bill for the relief of Charles

On motion by Mr. UNDERWOOD, it was That point being settled I shall make no vexatious A. Kellet.

Ordered, That it lie on the table. Also, a bill for the relief of Enoch Baldwin.

opposition to the proceeding. Mr. FELCH gave notice of his intention to ask

Mr. BRIGHT, agreeably to previous notice, Mr. BORLAND. It seems to me that the acleave to introduce a bill to revise and continue in

asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill to provide tion of the Senate, so far as this resolution is conforce for a limited time the provisions of an act

more effectually for overcoming the obstructions cerned, has settled the question, unless a change relative to suspended entries of public land.

to the navigation of the Ohio river at the falls | takes place in the minds of the Senators. This Also, a bill to authorize the State of Illinois to

thereof; which was read a first and second time resolution was a material part of the resolution select the balance of the lands to which she is en

by its title, and referred to the Committee on which was rejected the other day, and which was Roads and Canals.

offered as an amendment to the resolution of the titled under the act of 20 March, 1827, granting lands to aid that State in opening a canal to conMr. DODGE, of lowa, agreeably to previous Senator from New York.

The PRESIDENT. It is not in order to disnect the waters of the Illinois river with those of notice, asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill Lake Michigan.

to grant to the city of Burlington, in Iowa, the cuss the resolution until it is taken up. Mr. UNDERWOOD gave notice of his intenland heretofore reserved between that city and the

Mr. BORLAND. That is the reason why I tion to ask leave to introduce a bill to extinguish | Mississippi river; which was read a first and sec- think it cannot be taken up, being part of the the individual stock in the Louisville and Portland

ond time by its title, and referred to the Commit- resolution of the Senator from New York; and Canal, in order to make the navigation free and tee on Public Lands.

that resolution was the same in substance as the to enlarge it.


resolution of the Senator from Illinois, with the Mr. JAMES gave notice of his intention to ask Mr. BRADBURY, agreeably to previous no

exception of this portion which it is now proposed

to revive. leave to introduce a joint resolution authorizing | tice, asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill to the President of the United States to appoint a com- provide for the ascertainment and satisfaction of

The question was then taken on the motion to mittee of practical scientific men, to make a series claims of American citizens for spoliations com

take up the resolution, and it was decided in the

affirmative. of practical experiments for the purpose of ascer- mitted by the French prior to 31st July, 1851;

Mr. ATCHISON. I would like to know the taining if possible the cause or causes of the ex- which was read a first and second time by its

effect of that resolution before I vote. If this plosion of steam boilers.

On motion by Mr. BRADBURY, it was

committee shall be appointed, I suppose they will

proceed to New York, or wheresoever Kossuth

Ordered, That it be referred to a select committee conMr. PRATT submitted the following resolution sisting of five members, to be appointed by the President.

may be, for the purpose of bringing him to Washfor consideration: Resolved, That after the first day of January next, Fri

Mr. Bradbury, Mr. Smith, Mr. Brigut, Mr. ington and introducing him to the Senate. Downs, and Mr. Felch were appointed the com

Mr. SHIELDS. I will amend it by saying days of each week shall be set aside for the consideration

mittee. of private claims, and that on those days private bills have

“ on his arrival in the capital.

No objection being made, the resolution was so priority over all other business.


amended. REPORTS OF STANDING COMMITTEES. Mr. MALLORY, agreeably to previous notice, Mr. WALKER. Mr. President: NotwithMr. FELCH, from the Committee on Public asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill to re- standing it has been announced by the mover of Lands, to which was referred the petition, reported | peal the act entitled " An act concerning tonnage this resolution that it has been discussed suffia bill authorizing Victor Morass to relinquish cer- duty on Spanish vessels;" which was read a first ciently, I ask the attention of the Senate for some tain lands, and to enter the same quantity else- and second time by its title, and referred to the ten or fifteen minutes, that I may express my where; which was read, and passed to a second Committee on Commerce.

views upon the subject. It is true that the resoreading.


lution has been discussed, but my views have He submitted a report on the subject, which was ordered to be printed.

The engrossed bill to establish a branch of the

not been expressed. Differing so widely in some He also, from the same committee, to which was Mint of the United States in California, was read

respects from some who have spoken, I have been referred the bill for the relief of Charles Melrose, the third time and passed.

particular in maturing my own views, and I shall

be particular in expressing them to the Senate. reported it without amendment.


The present occasion and the subject of presHe also submitted a report on the subject, which Mr. SHIELDS. I move to take up a resolu- ent discussion, are more momentous and of deeper was ordered to be printed.

tion which I moved to lay on the table the other import than the eye or the mind will readily disHe also, from the same committee, to which day. The resolution proposes the appointment of cover without careful examination and deep reflecwas referred the bill to extend the time for select- a committee of three to introduce Louis Kossuth tion. They merit this examination and reflection; ing lands granted to the State of Wisconsin for to the Senate. I presume that, after what has taken and from me they have and shall receive them— saline purposes, reported it with amendments. place, both here and in the other House, there || not, however, from considerations of mere eti

He also, from the same committee, to which will now be no opposition to the resolution. quette-of what is due to Governor Kossuth as a man or a patriot, or to the Senate, as regards its || liberty, shall we never raise our voice or hand to internal polity or concerns of other nations. But dignity; but from considerations of a far deeper, || defend or sustain it, but erase and expunge it, by I take and maintain a wide distinction between the broader, and more sacred character-such as con- conceding the right of despots to perpetually vio- | internal concerns of nations, and international concern the happiness, security, and duty of our Re- || late it? Shall another Poland be stricken from cerns. While Russia or Austria is content under publie.

nationality and independence, to non-entity and a monarchy or despotism, or so long as the monWhen the question was taken upon the resolu- | oblivion, by a triple European despotism? Shall arch or despot can, within himself, or with his tion to welcome Governor Kossuth to the capi- Italy again, while able, willing, and striving to own resources, maintain his authority and power, tal and country, I voted for it, as I shall for that || stand erect and free against her native oppressor, be it so-let him alone. This is a matter of internow under consideration; but for very different be stricken down, bleeding, and more enslaved, at nal concern to the nation, and she has the right to reasons, and from very different motives from any the feet of tyrannic France and Austria? Or shall be let alone. I would protest against the interferthat I have heard expressed in the Senate. I diu Hungary, struggling alone and friendless against ence of our own or any other country as a Govand shall do so, not as a mere personal compli- | the tyranny of Austria, with victory and triumph || ernment. But when the people of either rise up ment to Governor Kossuth, (great and preëminent | already perching upon her republican standard, be and seek to throw off

' the yoke, or break the chain as I concede and claim his merits to be;) for this, I again trampled to the dust-enslaved and chained that galls them, and the other would interfere to I infer, he did not and does not desire. The pur- by intermeddling Russia ? and all this without a prevent them, this becomes an international conpose of his mission and his life has a far higher | murmur or a blow from the land of Washington cern—an affair between nations; and involves a and more noble end and aim. Nor did I, nor shall || and Franklin? God forbid ! Yet, address these breach of the law and morals of nations, in which I Fote on this subject for the purpose of rendering questions to some Senators, whose heads have we become an interested party with all other namere vocal tribute to his political creed, princi- whitened in the service and battle of conservatism, | tions. Against such interference I would not only ples, or character. This can be better done by the and they will answer, Yes; but I address them to have our country protest, but I would have her people in their spontaneous plaudits, responsive to the manly hearts of the American people, and the interpose both her moral and physical power, whether his sentiments. Indeed, sir, if these had been and answer will be one universal and indignant, No! in conjunction with England or alone. In this were the only reasons which my mind could urge Never!

case we have the right to interpose, and I contend upon the subject, I should have voted against the Sir, our strength no longer consists in a policy that justice, as well as our interest and security, forner, and would vote against the present resolu- so criminally neutral. It did so in the beginning, makes it our duty to interpose. lution. I am averse to all personal adulation, in- only because the success of our experiment was Sir, peace is beautiful and holy when it can be tended - merely as such, and where no practical distrusted by the people of all countries; and we justly and honorably maintained; but war, with good is intended or can result. I mistake Gov- could gain no sympathy by showing sympathy | all its tragedy and blood, is less to be dreaded etnor Kossuth's republican principles if he do not with others. But our success is no longer proble- than dishonorable or "ignoble peace;”—peace at entertain similar sentiments. Nor yet, sir, have matic, nor the permanency of our Government and the expense of peace, justice, liberty, and the I voted, nor shall I vote for these resolutions be- institutions doubted by any. Republican spirits, rights of man. In the case supposed, even war cause I can see in their consequences no change in in every clime, feel joy in our triumph, and are on our part, against intervention, would be sacred gar neutral policy, but for the very reverse. I ad- enlisted for our defence and protection. Their to the cause of peace. It would be necessary in vocate them because I think I discover in them the hopes run high to imitate our example; and they order to conquer conflict, establish peace, and deinitiatory step toward the abandonment of our now feel those hopes would be forever blasted by our fend the right. Without our interposition, there impolitic, unwise, and unjust system of neutrality. downfall. If we now discharge aright our high would not be peace, but wrongful war; and we, Let no one do himself the injustice, or me the mission, by sympathizing with them in their too, a party to the wrong by acquiescence As a false charity, to suppose that this is a conclusion struggle, and danger should assail us, they will friend and advocate of peace, as well as of naa determination to which I have hastily sprung. feel our cause to be their own; and whatever soil tional morality and national law, I would recomFar from it, sir. I have long desired to see our they may tread, will be made a recruiting station mend war in such an extremity, when merely Deutral policy abandoned or overthrown; and 1 || in our defence. The next army that invades our moral means had proved unavailing. Nor would bail the events of the present hour, as happy omens country will come to fight our battles, and not to I delay or wait for the coöperation of England of a speedy consummation of my wishes. crush our liberties. With us, the day of conflict | though I am not one of those who would decline

I contend, Mr. President, that what was our with mercenaries will have passed; and armies of it. An alliance for such an occasion would not policy in our infancy and weakness, has ceased invasion will have become but organized armies conflict with the policy or advice of Washington. to be our true policy now that we have reached of immigration, seeking a hearthstone and a home He never condemned alliances temporary and bo manhood and strength. And I deny, what is arong us, to be enjoyed and defended in common for the occasion. He only declared that “it is Doften asserted, that either Washington or any with our own. Șir, if you deem me visionary, | your policy to steer clear of permanent alliances." the founders of the Republic, ever recom- or ever-sanguine in these opinions and hopes, pray He did not even recommend that this " policy” mended that the neutral policy of our early days tel ine where you would find the Hungarian, the should be permanent and perpetual; but for such shoald become an established principle, to govern Gernan, the Irishman, the Briton, Frank, or time only as would enable you "to gain time to the condact of the country in the days of its ma- Swede, who would wield the sword or bear the * your country to settle and mature its institutions, turity and power.

stan'lard of a despot upon our shores, and against and to progress without interruption to that deAs a period and condition of human existence, our country and republic? You could not more 'gree of strength and consistency which is ne irinant weakness is naturally timid, and in- | gravely insult the millions of these braves amongst cessary to give it the command of its own forstinctively cautious. It ranges only within the us, than by asking them if they would do so.

'tunes.” walks of Berity and home; is governed by its Yet, sir, they are but the representative few of I believe that such time has been gained, and vants or necessities-without the power of ad- | countless hosts left behind, actuated by a similar | that our country has reached the required condiventure to supply or gratify even these. It may spirit. The situation of a Haynau, commanding | tion; and so far from condemning and declining boak on with tears, commiseration, and pity, at a an army of these in America, would soon be for- || the occasional cooperation of other countries in cruel imposition or infliction upon its fellow and lorn and pitiable indeed. The treatment of the such a cause, I would approve and accept it, as I infant associate; but it can neither resent the English brewers would be mercy and hospitality || would, indeed, invite it. Trong por defend against it-it can only stand itself, compared to that he would receive here, at Mr. President, of two things I feel certain: first, careful and trembling for its own securityStrike | the hands of his own troops.

that the spirit of Russian absolutism, unless preit cannot-to interpose would be futile and dan- But, sir, seal or lock up the stores of your sym- | vented by the interposition of constitutional govgerous. But when arrived at manhood, the same || pathy-suffer the spirit of liberty to struggle, ernments, will triumph and prevail in Europe, and course of conduct would merit and receive the hiss bleed, and expire alone in its unequal conflict ultimately turn upon liberty here and elsewhere; of scorn, and stamp the wretch a coward and pol- with intruding despots, and you cut the sympa- | and, second, that the only Powers on the broad troon. It would also render his position insecure, thetic chord that binds the freedom-loving world face of God's earth which can interpose and preby inviting insult and aggression.

to your cause; you consolidate despotism, and at vent it, are the United States and England. SepSo it was, so it is, and so it will be, with our | length, when it shall turn upon you, as the last arately or in concert, then, we must act or fall; or, Government and country. When we had but just survivor of republicanism, you, too, must strug: || if not fall, must ultimately suffer and bleed to a struggled into infant existence, we could manifest | gle, bleed, and fall alone. No friendly heart or hand | degree of depletion tenfold that which our timely commiseration and pity only, when we saw the will be left to sympathize or strike in your cause interposition would cause. feeble breast of our sister, Poland, mangled by the or your defence.

Sir, the portents of the hour are momentous iniron heel of despotism, and her substance divided, This, sir, must be the result at last, if we con- deed; and I fear are too dimly seen, or not at all, and her name blotted out by tyrants. But now, || tipue our present policy. No one can believe, that, by the Senate and the country. With no enemy when matured and strong, shall we supinely and with the present and growing intelligence of the axeld, despotic Europe is trembling under the timidly look on, and see all the morals, justice, world, despotisms and republics can much longer sullen tread of a conscript soldiery; while gloomy and principles of international law violated, without | occupy the earth together. The flame of conflict Apprehension sits a joint occupant of the throne interposing? The law of nations, under that of is already kindled; the blood of one or the other of monarchy. Why is this so? It is that a murthe Creator, is the law of the civilized world—is must quench it. Between the spirits of the two mur of discontent-suppressed and low indeed, as binding upon despots as upon republicans, and || political existences, there can be no compromise; yet determined and universal—is heard to rise from republics are as much interested in its maintenance one or the other must quit the world." In the the oppressed and down-trodden millions; and beas monarchies, or despotisms, and have more struggle we cannot remain neutral if we would cause monarchs see and know that occasion only night to interpose to defend and maintain it, than || and it is useless longer to disguise the fact. For is awaited by these millions, to rise and strike a they to violate and destroy it. And what princi- | one, I throw off all disguise. I am for the cause more universal, terrible, and determined blow than ple or rule of that law should be more dear to of liberty and free Government, against slavery ever yet was struck, for self-emancipation, selfAmerica, than that which secures the right of the and despotism, throughout the globe-and this government, and freedom. They see, also, that Tasses to rise and throw off the yoke of oppres- || without disguise.

such an occasion will offer in the approaching dou through the medium of revolution, and this, Far be it from me, however, to recommend or struggle for the French Presidency. Princes, on to, in a fair and single-handed contest with the || advocate the policy of predatory or aggressive the one hand, are looking to the Czar of Russia oppressor? Bat, while this principle is thus dear warfare, or warfare for conquest.' I will go as far to bear them safely through; while the republican and important to our country and the cause of || as the most pacific against all interference in the masses, on the other, are looking with beseeching


eyes to America and England. Shall we turn suth. If he was sufficiently known and described The latter part of the amendment to insert the coldly away, and leave tyranny to riot in its crim- by that name there, is it necessary or proper to word “Governor "before" Louis Kossuth," was son orgies, and to raise its shout of triumph over assert a different description here?

not agreed to. the rights of nations and mankind? or shall we Mr. SHIELDS. I had no object in view, ex- The question was then on the resolution as interpose, AND INTERPOSE Now, to prevent it, and cept to make it conform to the language of the amended. to staunch the flow of human blood? For one, President's nfessage. I do not want to cavil about Mr. MASON. I do not doubt that the very by all the sacred promptings of the human heart, it. I think he is called Governor in the message. | distinguished gentleman for whom this honor is I'am for the latter! I would now, or before an- || We are accustomed in this country, when a man intended,

is the patriot whom he has been described other moon had waned, throw patent to the world has held an office, to continue calling him by the to be by Senators on this floor; and that he is wora declaration that hereafter the practice, if not the title which he had while in that office. I do not thy of the honors which have been heaped upon policy of nations, must be “hands off," or non- think it amounts to much. Some honor me, by him by the people of America. When the vote intervention in the internal concerns or revolutions of calling me “General," though I am no General was taken upon the resolution of welcome to him, other nations; and this declaration I would make now. And we have Governors and Generals all I was not here,

or I should have voted for it good, too, when occasion should demand, by the over the country. However, I am willing to make cheerfully. But I am not prepared to extend the blood and treasure of the land. But with such a it conform to the exact language of the President's distinguished honor of a reception by the Senate, declaration, the occasion would never arise: we message, whatever that may be, because I regard to that gentleman--an honor which has never been, would have no occasion to shed the one or to ex- that as a kind of committal by the Executive, the I believe, conferred upon a citizen of American. pend the other. These, sir, are the views which representative of the nation, and I wish to go on It has been conferred only upon General LafayI entertain. I speak for no one but myself; but I as he commenced.

ette, who had been identified with the most trying should speak as I have though I knew I stood Mr. BADGER. I shall not move any amend- scenes of our revolutionary struggles. alone. I neither ask nor expect commendation ment to the resolution. The Senator can shape it It is not, therefore, for any purpose of detractfrom this Senate-it is not for its commendation as he pleases. But I would submit to my friend, ing from the merits of the gentleman to whom that I speak or think in matters of political import, that when, in the joint resolution, which is the act this honor is proposed to be extended, that I have but for the approval of my own heart, and for the of both Houses and is of the nature of a law, this desired thus to place myself right in the vote promotion of right and justice, with the best inter- l gentleman is named by his Christian and surname || I shall give. I have another reason, sir. So far ests of the Republic.

only, and as this proceeding of the Senate is in- | as I understand it, his avowed mission to the UniThese being my views, I have all along regretted tended to follow out what has been done by that ted States of America is to endeavor to induce this. to hear Senators, while advocating these resolu- | joint resolution, that it is the resolution which we Government to depart from our long-established. tions, so careful to disavow any meaning in them, are to follow, and not the incidental expression in policy in relation to foreign nations. It may be or, in other words, to hear them declare, in effect, the President's message. This resolution styles that if this peculiar reception be given him by the that they designed nothing tangible or practical; him "Louis Kossuth, Governor of Hungary." I Senate, it may be construed into some disposition and yet, at the same time, profess the highest de- admit that in common conversation, in addressing on the part of the Senate to accredit him on his votion to the cause of liberty, and the deepest the honorable Senator from Illinois, we call him mission. sympathy for struggling and oppressed humanity. i "General Shields;" but I submit that no formal

Mr. SHIELDS. Will the honorable Senator If our devotion and sympathy lie no deeper than paper in the world would now describe him as allow me to make a suggestion? I have interfered the lip, they will be but little consolatory to Kos- * James Shields, Brigadier General."

with the Senator from South Carolina, (Mre suth or to Hungary.. To prove that they lie no Mr. SHIELDS. I will read the language of Rhett,] believing that this would occasion no dedeeper, I would advise that, when we meet the the President's message. I hope my honorable bate. country's guest, and extend to him the right hand friend frone North Carolina will not regard it as a

Mr. MASON. I have finished what I had to in fellowship, we offer him with the left our act of mere incidental expression, or as a trivial docu- say. neutrality; and declare to him that it is a fixed, un- ment. “The instruction above referred to was Mr. UNDERWOOD called for the yeas and alterable law of the land. From that he may read: complied with, and the Turkish Government

Sec. 1. Be it enacted, &c., That if any citizen of the having released Governor Kossuth,' &c. “ Gov- Mr. SHIELDS. Oh! no. It will be a much United States shall, within the territory and jurisdiction ernor Kossuth.” I am willing to make the reso- higher compliment to pass it without the yeas and thereof, accept and exercise a commission to serve a for- lution conform to that.

nays. eign prince, state, colony, district, or people, in war, by land or by sea, against any prince, state, colony, district,

The PRESIDENT. The Senator from Ilinois The yeas and nays were ordered. or people, with whom the United States are at peace, the proposes to strike out “Governor of Hungary,” The question being taken, resulted-yeas 30, person so offending shall be deemed guilty of a high misde- and insert previous to the name "Louis Kos- | nays 15; as follows: ineanor, and shall be fined not more than $2,000, and shall

suth," the word " Governor," so that it will read YEAS-Messrs. Atchison, Bradbury, Brodhead, Caes, be imprisoned not exceeding three years. SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That if any person “ Governor Louis Kossuth."

Chase, Clarke, Davis, Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodge shall, within the limits of the United States, fit out and Mr. HALE. The President, when he first lowa, Douglas, Felch, Fish, Foote of Mississippi, Fook or arm, or attempt to fit out and arm, or procure to be fitted mentioned this matter, simply calls the gentleman of lowa, Miller, Nortis, Seward, Shields, Smith, Stockton, out and armed, or shall knowingly be concerned in the fur

“Louis Kossuth," and I think that is a better Sumner, Wade, Walker, and Whiteomb_30. nishing, fitting out, or arming of any ship or vessel, with intent that such ship or vessel shall be employed in the ser- title than any we can put on him. Governors are

NAYS-Messrs. Bayard, Borland, Butler, Clemens, vice of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, dis- very cheap. There are a good many of them. Dawson, Hunter, Jones of Tennesse, King, Mason, More trict, or people, to cruise or commit hostilities against the There is but one Louis Kossuth, and I think | – 15.

ton, Pratt, Sebastian, Spruance, Underwood, and Upham subjects, citizens, or property of any foreign prince or state, “ Louis Kossuth” sounds better than “Governor or of any colony, district or people, with whom the United

The resolution was adopted as amended, as folStates are at peace, or shall issue or deliver a commission

Kossuth,” or “Squire Kossuth,” or any other || lows: within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, for title. any ship or vessel, to the intent that she may be employed Mr. DOUGLAS. It would not add any im- the Chair to wait upon Louis Kossuth, on his arrival at the

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed by as aforesaid, every person so offending shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and shall be fined not inore

portance to it, unless an objection were taken to it. capital, and introduce him to the Senate. than $10,000, and imprisoned not inore than three years,

Then, if we should strike it out, it might be sig.
nificant. If it be necessary to express the proper

From this, Kossuth will learn that lip-devotees i idea, I presume the addition of one word will ac- special order, being the resolution declaring the

The Senate resumed the consideration of the to liberty in the United States, punish practical complish it—we might say “ Louis Kossuth, the devotees as malefactors and criminals,

righiful Governor." If he be not the Governor measures of adjustment to be a definitive settleSir, I repeat that if I had nothing but words to de facto, if he is not in the exercise of the power

ment of the questions growing out of domestic render in the service of Hungarian freedom, I belonging to that station, I apprehend there can

slavery. would be silent. But I have more: I will not only be no question that he is the rightful Governor


RRETT resumed and finished the speech speak for it, but I will vote for it-write for it; of Hungary, although ejected from Hungary for which he commenced yesterday, a report of which and when occasion shall demand,

under the

smile the time being, I would suggest the insertion of will be found in the Appendix, of Heaven, I will fight for it. So would others the word "rightful.”

After a few words from Mr. Foore, and a brief who have spoken with so much seeming caution- Mr. HALÈ. Before the question is taken on

conversation, in which Mr. BORLAND, Mr. FOOTE, and they might as well ayow the fact. They do the amendment of the Senator from Illinois, (Mr. Mr. Mason, and others took part, (for which see no good by their mental reservations--let them i Suields,] I desire to read a single extract from the Appendix,) Mr. Mason obtained the floor, and speak out, and act. Then Kossuth will have re- President's message, in which he refers to the res

on motion, ceived a compliment, sublime indeed a compli- oluțion passed last session. He says: “On the

The Senate adjourned. ment of the means to triumph in the cause of lib-third of March last, both Houses of Congress erty, and Hungary will be free.

6 passed a resolution requesting the President to HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. BADGER. There is one thing in that • authorize the employment of a public vessel to resolution to which I wish to call the attention of convey to this country Louis Kossuth and his

Tuesday, December 16, 1851. my honorable friend from Illinois, [Mr. Shields.] • associates in captivity. That is the President's

The House met at twelve o'clock, m. The resolution styles Louis Kossuth, "Governor message. Reference is there had to what Con- The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. of Hungary." That, I suppose, must be intended | gress ħad formerly done, and I suppose that the

COMMITTEE ON THE RULES. to assert the fact that he is Governor in reality or same words are used. If the Senator would make The SPEAKER announced that the following Governor in right. I suggest to my friend that the resolution read literally correct, I suppose it | gentlemen had been appointed the Committee on he does not mean to make any such assertion. would be “ Louis Kossuth aforesaid;" but I pre- the Rules, by a resolution of the House: GEORGE And surely it cannot be necessary to make known "sume he will not do that. It will be better to let || W. JONES, of Tennessee; ALEXANDER H. STEwho Louis Kossuth is, to add as a description it stand as it stood originally. It is a better title PHENS, of Georgia; Joseph R. CHANDLER, of beyond his name the words, "Governor of Hun- than any we can give him.

Pennsylvania; John L. ROBINSON, of Indiana; gary." I would suggest, also, to the Senator, il The question being taken on the part of the Edward Stanly, of North Carolina; David L. that the phraseology of the joint resolution which " amendment offered by the Senator from Illinois, Seymour, of New York; GEORGE G. King, of has passed both the Senate and the House differ | [Mr. Shields,] to strike out “Governor of Hun- Rhode Island; Edson B. OLDs, of Ohio; and Danfrom this. He is there designated as Louis Kos- il gary," it was agreed to.

IEL WALLACE, of South Carolina."


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