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which is required at the hands of the American the circuit court; after the pro forma decree with Mr. Kerr; and that he would have voted people, nainely, equal justice, and thereby | had been entered; atter error had been as for the amendnient and against the joint resorestore law and order to this country. Justice signed and writ of error prosecuted in this case. lution. is said to be blind and to be no respecter of So it stands, and the party has had no oppor The vote was then announced as above persons. I remind this House that by virtue tunity to plead it.

recorded. of their own law, this very act of July 17, 1862, I answer further, that it was the opinion of The joint resolution, as amended, was ordered remaining unchanged until December, 1817, the Attorney General at the time that the par to be engrossed and read a third time; and nearly everybody else was relieved from the don and amnesty would not of itself release being engrossed, it was accordingly read the operation of this very proceeding in the State the party, but gave authority to dismiss the pro third time. of Kentucky. In December, 1807, we repealed | ceedings.

Mr. BENJAMIN. I ask for the reading of that section of the law which authorized the Mr. JIAYNARD. Why does he not send the engrossed joint resolution. President to grant amnesiy to all persons up a transcript of the proceedings?

The SPEAKER. That request comes too affected by the law. I assisted in repealing that Mr. BINGHAM. The letter of the judge | late. provision, not because I did not approve of the explains all that.

It would cost $200, and you Mr. KELSEY moved that the joint resolu. original act, for I voted for it, as did my hon. take all the means out of the man's hands to

tion be laid on the table. orable friend from Michigan, not because we get it. He bad to rely upon the kindness of Mr. WARD demanded the yeas and nays. were opposed to the spirit of the law, but be The judge to give him a statement. The pro The yeas and nays were ordered. cause we tbought the then President of the forma decree, as the judge himself stared, The question was taken; and it was decided Uuited States was acting contrary to it, and was to get the question into the Supreme Court.

in the negative-yeas 61, nays 78, not voting not simpply contrary to that law, but to every He wailed eighteen months for that. The

57; as follows: law. For ihat reason alone we repealed it. trouble was that the district attorney did not

YEAS-Messrs. Armstrong, Arnell, Asper, Beaman, Mr. MAYNARD. I trust the gentleman in see tit or did uot choose to order a discontinu Beatty, Benton, Boles, Boyd, Buffinton, Burdett, his zeal for his new-found friend will not do ance of the proceedings below after error

Cessna Clarke, Amasa Cobb, Coburn, Cullom, Dickey, injustice to others. The gentleman will see taken. The President did not act as promptly ley, Hày. Hill,'Hoar, Hopkins, Julian. Kelsey, May

Donley, Duval, Dyer, Ela, Ferriss, Finkelnburg, Uawat once, suppose the courts of Kentucky should as he ought to have done. If he had given nurd, McCrary. Mercur, Jesse H. Moore, William take the view that he is inclined to take, that this paper to the district attorney when the Moore, Negley, Orth, Packard, Packer, Paine, Phelps, all these proceedings were a nullity and our

Porneroy, Prosser, S. wyer, Scofield, William J. Smith, case was pending in the court below we would

William Smyth, Stevens, Stokes, Stoughton, Stricklaw was unconstitutional, then but one step not be troubled with the question now. We land. Taffe, Tillman, Upson, Van Hora, Ward, more in the process follows, and that is that vested the power in the President, and in the

Welker, Whittemore, Wilkinson, Willard, Winans,

and Witcher--61. every man who had possession of the property absence of any fraud on his part that letter of NAYS-Messrs. Ambler, Archer, Axtell, Bailey, under the proceeding or authority of the United pardon and amnesty does equitably relieve him. Banks, Beck, Biggs, Bingbain. Bird, Bowen, Brooks, Slates is liable to be sued, and will certainly it is not only a pardon, but a general amnesty.

Burr, Benjamin F. Butler, Calkin, Cleveland, Cook, be sued and made to pay for the use and occu

Conger, Crebs, Davis, Dawes, Deteese, Dickinson, The word “ainnesty' is in the instrument Dixon. Dockery, Eldridge, Ferry, Fisher, Getz. Golpation of this properly:

itself, following the language of the statuie, laday. Griswold. Haldrman, Hale, Hambleton, HumMr. BINGHAM. lidoes not lie in the month and it was intended to relieve the party from

ill, Heaton. Hoag, Holman, Hooper, Ingersoll, of the gentleman from Tennessee to make tbat

But all forfeitures to which he was liable.

Jenckes, Johnson, Thomas L. Jones, Judd. Kelley,

Kerr, Knott, Lash, Marsball, Maybam, McCarthy. ulterauce after standing here and objecting to he was out of court and could not plead it. McCormick, McNeely, Moffet, Morgan, Morrissey, my putting into this bill an express declaration He now comes into this high tribunal of the Niblack, Peters, Potter. Reeves, Rogers, Schenck, that no such chain should be inade.

Schumaker. Slocum, John A. Smith. Joseph S. Smith, people, and I ask this House, in the presence Wortbington C. Suith, Stevenson, Strader, Sweeney, Mr. VAYNARD. When? of inat instrument containing the words

Trimble, Van Auken, Van Trump. Cadralader c. Mr. BINGHAM. I bave said it over and nesty and pardon,'' to give it the force and Washburn, William B. Washburn, Wells, Eugene M. over again.

Wilson, Win hester, Wood, and Woodward-78. effect to which it is entitled. I now call for a

NOT VOTING-Messrs. Adams, Allison, Ames, Mr. LAWRENCE. Will the gentleman yield vote on the amendment of the gentleman from Benjaipin, Bennett, Blair, Roderick R. Butler, Cake, for a question?

Pennsylvania, and if that is voted down I will Churchill, Clinton L. Cobb, Cowles, Farusworth, Mr. BINGHAM. Yes, sir.

Fiich, Fox. Garfield, Gilfllan, Greene. Haight, then offer the other amendinent, although it Hamilton, Hawkins, Hotchkiss, Alexander H. Jones, Mr. LAWRENCE. I ask my colleague | does not add any additional force to or change Ketcham, Kuapp. Litlin, Lawrence, Logan, Loughwhether this Mr. Blanton Duncan did not ac tbe etfect of the joint resolution as it now

ridge, Lynch, McGrew, Eliakim H. Moore, Daniel J.

Morrell. Samuel P. Morrill, Mungen. O'Neill, Paliner, cept a pardon with this qualification in it? stands.

Poland, Randall, Reading. Rice, Roots, Santord, SarMr. BINGHAJ. Ought he to be con: The question first recurred on Mr. SCOFIELD'S gent, Shanks, Sheldon, Stiles, Stoue, Swann. Tanner, demned for that? amendment.

Townsend, Twichell, Tyner, Voorhees. Wheeler, Mr. LAWRENCE. I want to read the words The House divided; and there were-ayes

Williams, and John T. Wilson-57. of the pardon which he accepted. They are

So the House refused to lay the joint resolu. 40, noes 45. as follows:

Mr. KELSEY demanded the

tion on the table. and

yeas nay 3. “That the said Blanton Duncan shall not by vir

Mr. ARNELL moved that the House do now The yeas and nays were ordered. tue of this warrant claim any property or the proceeds of any property that has been sold by the order,

The question was taken; and it was decided | adjourn. judgment, or deeree of a court under the confiscain the aitirmative-yeas 80, nays 70, not voting

The House divided; and there were-ayes 30, tion laws of the United States." 46; as follows:

noes 60; no quorum og. Mr. BINGHAM. Very well.

Mr. ARNELL demanded the
YEAS--Messre. Ambler, Armstrong, Arnell, Asper,

and yeas

pays; Mr. LAWRENCE. Here he is accepting Beman, Beauty, Bevjanin, Bentoni, Boles, Buyd,

and tellers on the yeas and nays. Buttinlun, Burdett, Cesoni, Churchill, Clarke, Amasa bis pardon on the ground that he will not claim

Tellers were not ordered; and the yeas and Cobb, Clinton L. Cubb, Coburu, Conger, Cullom, any property or the proceeds of any property Dickey, Douley, Duval, Dyer, Ela, Ferriss, Ferry, nays were not ordered. disposed of under any decree of a court of the Fister, Hawkius, Hill. Hoar. Hopkins, Alexander So the House refused to adjourn. United States.

H. Jones, Judit, Julian, Kelsey, Ketcham, Knapp, Mr. BINGHAM demanded the previous

Laflin, Louguridge, Maynard, McCrary, Eliakim H. Mr. BINGHAM. I am aware of the pardon, Moore, Jesse 11. Moore, William Moore, egley, question on the passage of the joint resolution. and sent myself for the document from which

Orth. Packard, Packer, Paine, Palmer, Phelps, Powe The House divided ; and there were--ayes

ruy, Prosser, Sawyer, Scotield, Shauks, William J. the gentleman reads. Instead of weakening

65, noes 53. Smith, Wilnam Smyth, Stevens, Stevenson, Stokes, this case it strengthens it. It sets forth ibat Stoughton, Strickland, Taffe, Tanner. Tiliman,

So the previous question was seconded. by virtue of the pardon he, Duncan, will not

Tyner, Upsou. Van Horn, Ward, Cidwalader c. The main question was then ordered.

Washburn, William B. Wizsi buro, 'Welker, Whitteclaim the proceeds of any property sold by

Mr. KELSEY. Idemand the yeas and nays inore. Wilkinson, Willard, Williams, Wiuans, and judgment or decree of a court under the con Witcher-80.

on the passage of the joint resolution. This is fiscaiion laws of tbe United States. He is not

NAYS-Messrs. Areher, Axtell, Beck, Biggs, Bing. the pioneer proposition for the return of con.

hun. Bird, Blair, Bowen, Brooks, burr. Benjamin F. claiming any that has been sold. The words

fiscated property to condemned rebels. Butler, Culkin.Cleveland. rvok, Crebs, Davis. Dawes, ** disposed of" are not there. The gentleman Deweese. Dickinson, Dixon, Dockery, Eld inge, The yeas and nays were ordered. from Onio, not content with letting Andrew

Finkeluburg, Getz, Golladay, Griswold, Harghit, The question was taken ; and it was decided

lulu • 1,1 1, Tale. I'll blet 11, H.ml, 10g, lolJohnson exercise amnesty under the act of

in the affirmative-yeas 82, nays 67, not voting man, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Johnson, Tuomas L. Jones, 1802, proposes to exercise a little of it himself. Knott, Lash, Marshuil, Mayham, McCarthy, Mc

47; as follows: I know that the words “dispose of” are in the

Cormick, MoXceis, Mercur, Motiet, Morgan, Daniel YEAS-Messrs. Ambler, Archer, Axtell, Bailey,

J. Moriel. Morrissey, Viblack, Peters, Potter, Reeves, Banks, Beck, Biggs, Bingham, Blair. Bowen, Brooks, slarute. The statute contemplated divestment Rice, Rogers, schumaker, Slocum, Joseph S. Smith, Burr, Benjamin F. Butler, Calkin, Churchill, Cleveof real estate uuder that act only by a sale,

Wortbingion C. Smith, Strader, Swann, Sweeney, land, Cook, Crebs, Davis, Dawes, Deweese, Dickinson, and I read the section in the hearing of the

Trimble, Van Auken. Van Trump, Weils, Eugene M. Dixon. Dockery, Eldridge, Ferry, Fisher, Getz, Golla

Wilson, Winchester. Wood, and Woodward-70. House to show it.

day, Griswold, Haight, Haldeman, Hale, Hambleton, NOT VOTING--Messrs. Adams, Allison, Ames, Hamill, Iloag, Hoiman, Hooper, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Mr. MAYNARD. It might be so.

Bailey, Banks, Bennett, Roderick R. Builer, Cake, Jobnson, Thomas L. Jones, Judd, Kelley, Knott, Mr. BINGHAM. Yes; it must be so. The

Cowles, Farnsworth, Fitch, Fox, Garfield, Gufillan, Lash, Marshall, Mayham, MeCarthy, McCormick,

Greene, Ilamilton, Hawley, Way, Heaton, Hooper, McNeely, Moffet, Jesse H. Moore, Morgan, Daniel J. court was required to make the order for the Hotchkiss, Kelley, Kerr. Lawrence, Logan, Lynch, Morrell, Morrissey, Niblack, Poiter, Reeves, Rice, sale in such form as would divest ownership MeGrew, Samuel P. Morrill. Mungen O'Neill, Poland, Rogers, Schumaker, Slocum, John A. Smith, Joseph in real estate in the party condemned as a

Raudall. Reading, Roots, Santord, Sargent, Schenck, S. Smith, Worthington C. Smith, Stevenson, Strader,

Sheldon, Jobn A. Smith, Stiles, Stone, Townsend, public enemy

Swanı, Sweeney, Trimble, Twichell, Van Auken, Twichell, Voorhees, Wheeler, and John T. Wil Van Trump, Cadwalader C. Washburn, William B. Now, Mr. Speaker, this pardon is dated the 800-16.

Washburn, Wells, Eugene M. Wilson, John T. Wil12th day of October, 1866—three years after So the amendment was adopted.

son. Winchester, Wood, and Woodward-82. the deterioination of this suit in ibe district

NAYS-Messrs. Armstrong, Arnell, Aner. BraDuring the vote,

man, Beatty, Beniamin, Benton, Boyd, Bulinton, court; afier the proceeding had gone up into Mr. LAWRENCE stated that he was paired l Burdett, Cessna, Clarke, Cuiluun, Díckey, Dooley,

Duval. Dyer, Ferriss, Finkelnburg, Gilfillan, Haw

SEIZURE OF THE FOREST QUEEN.

United States known as article fifteen ; which kins, Ilawley, Ilay, Hill, Hoar, Hopkins, Hotchkiss, Julian. Kelsey. Knapp. Logan, Loughridge, May

The SPEAKER also laid before the House

was ordered to lie on the table and be printed. nard, McCrary, McGrew, Mercur, Eliakim H. Moore, a communication from the Secretary of War,

EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION. William Moore, Negley, Orth, Packard, Packer,

in relation to the seizure ofthe steamship Forest Paino, Palmer, Phelps, Pomeroy, Prosser. Sawyer,

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Scofield, William J. Smith, William Smyth, Stokes, Queen by the United States military authorities

Sepate a letter from the Secretary of the InteStoughton. Strickland, Taffe, Tillman, Townsend, on the Mississippi river during the late war for Tyner, Upson, Van Horn, Ward, Welker, Whitte

rior, communicating a report of the commis. more, Wilkinson, Willard, Winans, and Witcher-67. . alleged violation of military orders and regu

sioners appointed under the thirteenth article NOT VOTING-Messrs. Adains, Allison, Ames. | lations; which was referred to che Comunittee

of the treaty between the United States and Bennett, Bird, Boles, Roderick R. Butler, Cake, on Military Affairs. Amasa Cobb, Clinton L. Cobb, Coburn, Conger,

the Senecas and mixed Senecas, Shawnees, Cowlos, Ela, Farnsworth, Fitch, Fox, Garfield,

RETIRED NAVAL OFFICERS.

and other Indians, concluded February 23, Greone. Hamilton, Heaton, Alexander H. Jones, Kerr, Ketcham, Laflin, Lawrence, Lynch, Samuel P.

The SPEAKER also laid before the House 1867, to ascertain and report the amount of Morrill, Mungen. O'Neill. Peters, Poland, Randall, a communication from the Secretary of the

money due by the United States to the WyanReading, Roots, Sanford, Sargent. Schenck, Shanks, Sheldon, Stevens, Stiles, Stone, Tanner, Voorhees, Navy, transmitting a petition in reference to

dotte Indians; which was referred to the Com. Wheeler, and Williams—47. retired and reserved officers of the United

mittee on Indian Affairs, and ordered to be So the joint resolution was passed.

States Navy; which was referred to the Com | printed. Mr. BINGHAM moved to reconsider the vote mittee on Naval Affairs.

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. by which the joint resolution was passed; and

UNITED STATES COURTS.

Mr. RAMSEY presented the memorial of also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid

Mr. BINGHAM, by unanimous consert, in

the American Atlantic Telegraph Company of on the table. troduced a bill (H. R. No. 140) for an act in

New York, remonstrating against the extenThe latter motion was agreed to. addition to an act to provide for the holding

sion of any franchises to any foreign companies Mr. BINGHAM demanded the previous 1 of courts of the United States in case of the

for telegraph purposes ; which was referred to question on the adoption of the title.

the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads. sickness or other disability of the judges of the The previous question was seconded and the district courts, approved July 29, 1850; which

Mr. HAMLIN presented the petition of citi. main question ordered ; and under the opera

zens of Washington city, praying for the re. tion thereof the title was adopted.

was read a first and second time, and referred
to the Committee on the Judiciary.

moval of the Baltimore and Washington railroad Mr. BINGHAM moved to reconsider the vote

depot; which was referred to the Committee by which the title was adopted; and also moved

PROTECTION OF INTERNAL COMMERCE. on the District of Columbia. that the motion to reconsider be laid on the Mr. BINGHAM, by unanimous consent,

Mr. WILLEY presented the petition of the table. also introduced a bill (H. R. No. 141) to secure

administrator of James Gould, deceased, father The latter motion was greed to. and protect the freedom of transit and com

of Charles M. V. Gould, deceased, late private merce within the United States; which was

company A, third West Virginia volunteers, MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.

read a first and second time, and referred to praying the payment of $100 bounty due the A message was received from the Senate, by the Committee on the Judiciary.

father of deceased soldier; which was referred Mr. McDonald, its Chief Clerk, notifying the

to the Committee on Military Affairs. House that that body had passed bills and joint

COMMITTEE ON RECONSTRUCTION.

Mr. SHERMAN presented the petition of resolutions of the following titles; in which the The SPEAKER announced that he had A. D. L. Payne, of Marietta, Ohio, praying for concurrence of the House was requested : appointed Mr. Lawrence, of Ohio, to fill an a pension; which was referred to the Commit

An act (S. No. 37) to remove the charge of original vacancy on the Committee on Recon tee on Pensions. desertion from certain soldiers in the second

struction, his name to come in on the list next He also presented the petition of Mrs. Ra. South Carolina mounted infantry;

above that of Mr. Beck, of Kentucky. chael Millican, of Ohio, praying to be allowed An act (S. No. 133) to incorporate the Wash

And then, on motion of Mr. LAWRENCE, a pension; which was referred to the Commitington General Hospital and Asylum of the (at four o'clock p. m.,) the House adjourned. tee on Pensions. District of Columbia ;

He also presented the petition of citizens of A joint resolution (S. R. No. 8) for the relief

Ohio, praying for an amendment to the pen. of settlers upon the absentee Shawnee lands

PETITIONS, ETC.

sion laws so as to allow pensions to the legal in Kansas; and

The following petitions, &c., were presented representatives of soldiers who died at home A joint resolution (S. R. No. 17) authorizing | under the rule, and referred to the appropriate during their veteran furlough; which was rethe sale of the Chattanooga rolling mill prop. committees :

ferred to the Committee on Pensions. erty at Chattanooga, Tennessee, to the South By Mr. HOPKINS: A petition of property.

Mr. FENTON presented the petition of John western Iron Company.

holders in squares Nos. 687 and 688, Washing | Hegeman, praying compensation for the use by GRANT OF LANDS TO ALABAMA. ton, District of Columbia.

the United States Army of his improvement Mr. JULIAN. I ask unanimous consent

By Mr. KELLEY: A memorial from the on pontoon boats; which was referred to the of the House to take from the Speaker's table Philadelphia Commercial Exchange, praying

Committee on Military Affairs. Senate bill No. 11, to renew certain grants of

Congress to take such action as will prevent Mr. WILSON presented the petitions of lands to the State of Alabama, for reference

the encroachments of the sea from reaching Henry R. Bell, of Texas ; W. G. Vaughan, of ovly. the light-house at Atlantic City.

Mississippi; P. M. Russell, of Georgia ; P. B. There was no objection; and the bill was

By Mr. LAFLIN: The petition of John Rhu Crowan, G. H. Sonsball, J. A. Wallace, James taken up, read a first and second time, and re

bart, Philadelphia navy-yard, for a pension. A. Coleman, and A. D. Lockett, of Virginia; ferred to the Coinmittee on the Public Lands.

By Mr. MOORE, of New Jersey: A petition | H. C. Eustis, of Mississippi ; George H. Les. Mr. HOLMAN moved to reconsider the vote

of the mayor and council of Atlantic City, New ter, of Georgia ; and James T. Johnson, of by which the bill was referred; and also moved Jersey, setting forth that the light house at that Virginia, praying for the removal of their politthat the motion to reconsider be laid on the place is now in danger of being undermined ical disabilities, which were ordered to lie on table.

and destroyed by the encroachments of the the table. The latter motion was agreed to.

sca, and praying that for the benefit of com Mr. FESSENDEN presented the petitions

merce, the protection and safety of property of W. L. Goggin, of Virginia; George W. G. CONTESTED-ELECTION CASES.

and life, steps may be promptly taken to pre Browne, of Texas; Charles H. Huff, Thomas The SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid vent the loss of this light. bouse, the continu W. Winn, and Enos H. Barnes, of Virginia, before the House the following papers ; which ance and preservation of which is demanded || praying to be relieved froin their poliucal diswere referred to the Committee of Elections : by every consideration of public interest and abilities; which were ordered to lie on the Depositions in the Arkansas contested-elec by the principles of humanity:

table. tion case of Elliott vs. Rogers;

By Mr. ORTH: The petition of Mary W. PAPERS WITIIDRAWN AND REFERRED. Answer of the sitting member in the Mis. Ensminger, of Indiana, asking for a pension. souri contested-election case of Shields vs.

Mr. PRATT. I ask leave to withdraw from

By Mr. TOWNSEND: The petition of Bar. Van Horn;

the files of the Senate Senate bill No. 279 of bara Knerr, the widow of a revolutionary solPapers in the Kentucky contested election dier, for a pension.

the second session of the last Congress, for the case of Barnes vs. Adams;

Also, a petition for the removal of the polit

relief of William Henry Otis, and all the papers Further depositions in the Arkansas con ical disabilities of Richard D. Wills, of imelia

connected therewith. tested election case of Elliott vs. Rogers ; and county, Virginia.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The Chair is Testimony in the contested election for a

informed that by the usage of the Senate all seat in the Forty-First Congress from the third

bills which have died are not withdrawn ; but congressional district of South Carolina of

IN SENATE.

the accompanying papers will be withdrawn Hoge vs. Reed.

Friday, March 19, 1869.

and referred to the committee. REMOVAL OF POLITICAL DISABILITIES.

it

On motion of Mr. FOWLER,
Prayer by Rev. F. S. De Hass, of Wash-

was The SPEAKER also laid before the House ington.

Ordered, That leave be granted to withdraw the a memorial from certain parties therein named The Journal of yesterday was read and

petition and papers in the case of the beirs of Wil

liam B. Lewis from the files of the Senate. from the State of Virginia, asking that their approved.

On motion of Mr. NYE, it was political disabilities may be removed ; which The VICE PRESIDENT presented resolu. was referred to the Committee on Reconstruc.

Ordered, That tho Williain James have leave to tions of the Legislature of Massachusetts, rati

withdraw bis petition and papers from the files or tion.

fying the amendment to tbe Constitution of the the Senate.

The pre

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.

been no divorce. It extends no right at all tee to Audit and Control the Contingent ExMr. POMEROY, from the Committee on

that would not have existed if a divorce had penses of the Senate: Public Lands, to whom was referred the joint

not taken place. The patent being assigned to Resolved, That the extra messengers of the Senato resolution (S. R. No. 11) extending the time

her as her separate estate, as alimony, the be paid their respective salaries during the recess to construct a railroad from the Saint Croix committee thought it altogether proper that

from July 27 to September 25, 1868, it being the same

period for wbich the clerks of committees have alriver or lake to the west end of Lake Superior

she should have the right to make application ready received compensation. and to Bayfield, reported it with amendments. for the extension of the patent.

NEW ORLEANS MARINE IOSPITAL. He also, from tbe same committee, to whom

The bill was reported to the Senate without was referred the joint resolution (S. R. No. 6) amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a

Mr. KELLOGG submitted the following enabling actual settlers to purchase certain third reading, read the third time, and passed.

resolution; which was considered by unanilands obtained of the Cherokee Indians, re

FREEDMEN'S BUREAU.

mous consent, and agreed to:

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be ported it with amendments.

Mr. WILSON. I am directed by the Com directed to transmit to the Senate any information He also, from the same committee, to whom mittee on Military Affairs, to whom was referred

in his possession regarding the present condition, was referred the joint resolution (S. R. No.

including the original cost and present value, of the 19) enabling actual settlers to purchase certain

the bill (S. No. 146) relating to the Freedmen's marino hospital at New Orleans. lands of the Great and Little Osage Indians, Bureau, to report it back without amendment,

PRIVATE BILL DAY. and with a recommendation that it

pass ;

and reported it with amendments. Mr. CASSERLY, from the Committee on as it contains but a single section of a very few

Mr. HOWE. I move that the Senate pro. lines, and has once before passed the Senate,

ceed to the consideration of the order intro. Public Lands, reported a bill (S. No. 167) I ask unanimous consent to put it on its pas

duced by me yesterday. amendatory of an act to protect the rights

The VICE PRESIDENT. The Senator from sage now. of actual settlers upon the public lands of the United States, approved July 27, 1868, and for

There being no objection, the Senate, as in

Wisconsin moves to proceed to the consideraCommittee of the Whole, proceeded to con:

tion of the resolution offered by him yesterday, other purposes; which was read, and passed to

which will be read.
a second reading.
sider the bill. It provides that the second sec.

The Chief Clerk read as follows:
tion of the act entitled "An act relating to the
ISABELLA C. YOUNGS.
Freedmen's Bureau and providing for its dis-

Ordered, Tbat until otherwise provided the session

on each Friday, after the morning hour, shall be set Mr. WILLEY. I am instructed by the Com continuance," passed on the 25th day of July, apart for the consideration of bills and joint resolumittee on Patents and the Patent Office, to 1868, shall be so construed that the educational tions from the Committees on Claims, Patents, Penwhom was referred the petition of Isabella C. department of the bureau and the collection sions, Private Land Claims, and the District of

Columbia, which shall severally be considered, unYoungs, wife of Theophilus Youngs, to report and payment by the Commissioner of the bu

less otherwise directed, in the order in which they a bill for her relief; and if I may so far claim reau of moneys due to colored soldiers, sailors, stand upon the Calendar. the indulgence of the Senate I will ask that and mari or their heirs, shall be continued The VICE PRESIDENT. The motion is the bill be put upon its passage now. until the 1st day of January, 1871.

to proceed to the consideration of this resoluThe bill (S. No. 166) for the relief of Isa. The bill was reported to the Senate without tion. bella C. Youngs, wife of Theophilus Youngs, amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third Mr. TRUMBULL. I hope that that is not was read the first time, and passed to a second reading, read the third time, and passed. to be adopted. reading

BILLS INTRODUCED.

Mr. FESSENDEN. Not at this session. The VICE PRESIDENT. If there be no

Mr. HOWE. Why not? objection, the bill will be considered now. Mr. TIPTON asked, and by unanimous con

Mr. TRUMBULL. If such a resolution as Sir. CONKLING. Let us hear it read in

sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. full. 168) granting lands to aid in the construction

that be adopted, it is very manifest that we are The VICEPRESIDENT. It will be reported of a railroad from Lincoln, in the State of

going to proceed to general legislation on sub. in full, after which the Chair will ask for obNebraska, to Denver, - Colorado Territory;

jects of private claims and everything else at jectious, if there be any: which was read twice by its title, referred to

the present session of Congress. I thought it

was well understood that the session was to be The Chief Clerk read the bill.

the Committee on Public Lands, and ordered amble recites that letters-patent were on the 20th to be printed.

confined to a few subjects which were thought of May, 1836, issued to Jaines M. Miller for an

Mr. DRAKE asked, and by unanimous con

to be of pressing importance, and that we "inprovement in surface condensers for steam sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No.

should bring the session to a close as soon as engines ;' and that the supreme court of the 169) to regulate the construction of bridges they could be disposed of. I hope myself that

we may be able, if not to concur in the House District of Columbia, on the 4th of January, over the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, and

resolution on that subject, to adopt a resolu1866, ordered, adjudged, and decreed that all

for other purposes; which was read twice by his right, title, and interest in and to the inven: its title, and referred to the Cominittee on Post

tion to adjourn at a very early day.

Mr. GRIMES. This is in the nature of a tion and letters patent so granted should be

Offices and Post Roads. transferred to and vested in Isabella C. Youngs

Mr. DRAKE. While I am up I will ask to

rule for ali sessions.

Mr. TRUMBULL. No, sir; it is for this in as full, ample, and beneficial a manner to have an amendment printed to the bill (S. No.

session. 44) to amend the judicial system of the United

Mr. HOWE. For all sessions. held or enjoyed by him. The bill therefore States, that is to come up hereafter.

Mr. TRUMBULL. The Senator intends it authorizes the Commissioner of Patents, upon

The proposed amendment was ordered to be

printed. due application inade to him by Isabella C.

to apply to the present session, as I understand

it. I do not wish to object to taking it up; Youngs, ber heirs or assigns, to extend and

Mr. PRATT asked, and by unanimous con:

but I object to the merits of the resolution, renew in the name of Isabella C. Youngs, her

sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. heirs or assigns, the patent of James M. Miller, 170) for the relief of William Henry Otis ;

and I hope the Senate will not proceed to take

up time with it. No. 14923, for an “improvement in surface which was read twice by its title, and referred

Mr. HOWE. The Senator does not object condensers for steam engines," for and during

to the Committee on Claims. seven years from and after the 20th of May,

Mr. FENTON asked, and by unanimous

to its being taken up, I believe.

The VICE PRESIDENT put the question 1870, for the use and benefit of Isabella C. consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S.

on the motion to proceed to the consideration Youngs, her heirs and assigns, upon the same No. 171) to encourage the building of steam.

of the resolution, and declared that the noes principle and evidence as if the application

ships in the United States and to provide for were made by the original patentee. the transportation of the United States mails | appeared to have it.

Mr. HOWE. I ask for a division, and I have There being no objection, the Senate, as in

to Europe by steamships built in the United Committee of the Whole, proceeded to conStates; which was read twice by its title, re

one word to say. I merely ask the Senate to sider the bill. ferred to the Committee on Post Offices and

take the order up. If it is the judgment of the Mr. GRIMES. Let us hear the report read. Post Roads, and ordered to be printed.

Senate that the order should not take effect at

the Mr. WILLEY. There is no written report

Mr. FERRY asked, and by unanimous con -

ment, and that will relieve these several comaccompanying the bill; but I can state in a

sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No.
172) to establish the office of associate judge | floor; but at present—I know it is the case

mittees from any obligation to struggle for the moment what it is. The lady making application for this relief was divorced by a decree of

for the eastern district of Texas; which was the supreme court of the District of Columbia read twice by its title, referred to the Com.

with the Committee on Claims, and I think

there is abundant evidence that it is the case from her husband, and in making provision mittee on the Judiciary, and ordered to be

with the other committees mentioned in the for her alimony this patent was assigned to

printed. her in her own individual right. It will expire

Mr. RAMSEY asked, and by unanimous

order-they are pressed with business, and they

have no excuse for not making reports, and, in day, 1870. If there had been no divorce consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S.

making reports, they have no excuse to offer her husband would have had a right under the No. 178) granting lands to the States of Michi

for not asking the consideration of the Senate law to make application during the time pregan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota to aid in the

to those reports. Now, if it is the judgment scribed by law before the Commissioner; but construction of certain railroads; which was

of the Senate that ng bills reported from any having been assigned to her in her own right mittee on Public Lauds, and ordered to be of these committees shall be considered at the

printed. make that application which her husband would

present session, let them say so by an amend

ment of this order, to make it take effect here. bave made if no divorce had taken place. It is

PAY OF MESSENGEIXS.

after, and the committees will be relieved from simply to place her instead and substitute her Mr. ROBERTSON submitted the following all responsibility: to the rights of hier husband as if there had resolution ; which was referred to the Commit Mr. CONKLING. I should like to inquire

upon it.

take it up

man.

the reso

of the Senator whether the same result will not Mr. TRUMBULL. If the Senator from vorces in the District of Columbia. It provides be produced if it be the pleasure of the Senate Wisconsin will allow me, I wish to ask him if that in all cases in which by existing law the not to take up the order at all? That will be he desires to debate the order if it is taken supreme court of the District of Columbia is a clear mode of signifying to the committees, up, or is be willing to take a vote upon it? auihorized to decree a divorce from bed and as the Senator says, that it is not their duty to Vír. HOWE. I do not want to debate the board it shall, in cases hereafter instituted, struggle for the floor to press their measures. question. I wish to get the sense of the Senate bave authority in its discretion to decree a Mr. HOWE. No; I should not regard it in

divorce from the bonds of matrimony. that light, and I do not think that would be Mr. TRUMBULL. If we can get the sense The bill was reported to the Senate withont the inference. That would be simply saying of the Senate quicker by considering than by amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a third that the Senate was disinclined to set aside | postponing it I hope the Senate will agree to reading, read the third time, and passed. Friday for this purpose, and would leave these

PROPERTY OF MARRIED WOMEN. committees to struggle for the floor every day Mr. DRAKE. I would suggest an amendand every hour of the day, and with no excuse

Mr. TRUMBULL. There is another little ment to the order. for not doing it. It seems to me it is an eco The VICE PRESIDENT. It is not yet bill that I will call up, the bill (S. No. 75) nomical measure, and will tend to the saving of before the Senate. The motion is to proceed regulating the rights of property of married time, for the Senate to set apart someday for the to its consideration, upon which a division is women in the District of Columbia. consideration of private bills. I have proposed demanded.

The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, this order after consultation with the chair. Mr. POMEROY. I shall be glad to have it

as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to men of several of the committees mentioned taken up, because I think we ought to have an

consider the bill. It provides that in the Dis. in it. They desire it. I know it will be a great order such as has been suggested by several

trict of Columbia the right of any married relief to the committee of which I am chair. Senators, to proceed with everything as ii stands

woman to any property, personal or real, It cannot be, it seeins to me, objection on the Calendar, unless it is otherwise ordered | belonging to her at the time of inarriage or able to the Senate, unless they are disposed to when a bill is called up, so that every bill shall | acquired during marriage in any other way than say that none of these bills shall be considered have at least one opportunity of being heard.

by gift or conveyance from her husband to the at this time. If they are disposed to say so I think that ought to be the order of the Sen. prejudice of his creditors, shall be as absolute let them say so by an amendinent to the order. ate, rather than setting apart special days for

as if she were a femme sole, and shall not be Mr. CONKLING. Why by an amendment the consideration of particular subjects. I do subject to the disposal of her husband, nor be to the order ? not care to discuss it now; but at some time I

liable for his debts; but such married woman Mr. HOWE. Because I do not think of any shall urge that course on the Senate.

may convey, devise, and bequeath the same, or other way of saying it.

The motion to take up the resolution was

any interest therein, in the same manner and Mr. CONKLING. If the Senator will allow not agreed to; there being on a division-ayes

with like effect as if she were unmarried. Any me, as I took the liberty of interrupti hinn, 13, noes 21

married woman may contract, and sue and be this is the suggestion which strikes my mind :

sued in her own name, in all matters having

FINAL ADJOURNMENT. if the present order is to be so amended as to

relation to her sole and separate property in

Mr. WILSON. I move to take apply to the next session, and not to this, what

up

the same manner as if she were unmarried; motive can there be in pressing it now? None,

lution of the liouse of Representatives fixing but neither ber husband nor his property shall i submit, except a fear that at the next session the day of adjournment of the present session be bound by any such contract nor liable for it inight not be the pleasure of the Senate to

of Congress. adopt this order. If it is the pleasure of the

Mr. SHERMAN. I do not see any object || judgment may be enforced by execution against

any recovery against her in any such suit, but Senate at the next session so to adjust the rules

in taking up that resolution now. I do not her sole and separate estate in the same man. the Senate can say so ; but why say it now?

think we have got far enough yet to be able to ner as if she were sole. Oniy, I submit, for fear that then the Senate fix a day of adjournment.

The Committee on the Judiciary reported an would be unwilling to say it. Now, I should

Mr. TESSENDEN. I hope that resolution amendment in section one, lines six and seven, vote to let this stand until the next session of

will not be taken up at present. It is utterly to strike out the words “ to the prejudice of Congress. i do not know that then I shall be impossible now with the business pending to his creditors." in favor of it; but I see no reason why now,

fix a day of adjournment, especially such an The amendment was agreed to. on this hasty occasion, we should undertake to early day as that named in the resolution. We

The bill was reported to the Senate as foreclose ourselves as to the next session ; and ought to go a little further and see what we are

amended, and the amendment was concurred if the purpose is to apply it to this session,

to do, which we cannot possibly ascertain until then, for other reasons, I hope the Senator we get some knowledge of what is proposed by

in. The bill was ordered to be engrossed for will not press it. the Committee on Appropriations of the House

a third reading, was read the third time, and

passed. Mr. HOWE. Mr. Presidentof Representatives, and see how much time

IIOUSL DILL REFERRED. The VICE PRESIDENT. Before the Sen there is to be given to other subjects. There ator from Wisconsin proceeds the Chair wiil is a very important question wbich has been The joint resolution (H. R. No. 29) for the state that be supposes this debate to proceed before the Senate for several days. It may be

relief of Blanton Duncan was read twice by by unanimous consent, as by the eleventh rule

decided to-day, and it may not.

There are

its title, and referred to the Committee on the adopted for the guidance of the Chair it is

some other matters that we must act upon; and Judiciary. provided that " motions to take up or proceed

it is quite manifest that we cannot adjourn on to the consideration of any question shall be

the day fixed by the House of Representatives, Mr. SUMNER. I move that the Senate determined without debate upon the merits of although I should be very glad to do so; nor the question proposed to be considered." If can we yet tell when we can fix a day. If we

proceed to the consideration of Senate bill

No. 82. no Senator objects, however, the Chair will not were now to fix a day with the idea of rescind

The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, arrest the debate.

ing it afterward we should accomplish nothMr. HOWE. I have only a word to say in ing except confusion. I hope, therefore, the consider the bill (S. No. 82) to pay Charles

as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to reply to the Senator from New York. I wish Senator from Massachusetts will withdraw his

Weile for services performed as consulat Tumhe would try to attend to the difliculty that I motion, for I assure him that we cannot at pres.

bez, Pera.

It provides for the payment to try to present to the Senate, and hope he will ent fix a day understandingly.

Charles Weile or bis legal representatives at understand it. I say, if the Senate will take

Mr. WILSON. If we take up the resolution this order up and will amend it so that it will

the rate of $500 a year, from the 1st of July, we can amend it.

There are really but very 1867, to the 18th of September, 1868, that being not take effect until a future session, then few bills that need action at this session of Con.

the regular salary of the consul at Tum bez, these committees will be relieved from all obligress. I felt grateful, for one, when the House

Peru, whose duties he discharged during that gation to struggle for the floor and to get con

of Representatives fixed an early day for adsideration for their bills. The Senator suggests journment, for I think the sooner we get away

time without receiving any compensation. they will be relieved if the Senate refuses to from here the better it will be for the country

The bill was reported to the Senate without

amendment, ordered to be engrossed for a proceed to the consideration of this resolution. and for ourselves. I withdraw the motion at

third reading, read the third time, and passed. Mr. CONKLING. Why is not that true ?

present, however. Mr. IIOWE. It is not true for this reason :

BILLS BECOME LAWS.

MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE. it is simply a declaration by the Senate that

A message from the House of Representa

A message from the President of the United they will not set apart Friday for the consideration of tbose bills; but it is not an instructives, by Mr. McPucrson, its Clerk, announced

States, by Mr. Porter, his Secretary, antion that they will not consider the bills at all. that the House had passed a joint resolution

nounced that the President had on the 18th These committees are left, the (H. R. No. 29) for the relief of Blanton Dun.

instant approved and signed the following just as they are

bills : now, with the duty pressing upon them to ask

can, in which it requested the concurrence of
the Senate.

A bill (S. No. 23) for the further security for the consideration of their bills whenever

of equal rights in the District of Columnbia ; they can get the floor, not merely for Fridays,

DIVORCES IN TIE DISTRICT.

and but for Saturdays and every other day of the Mr. TRUMBULL. I move to take up Sen. A bill (S. No. 25) supplementary to an act week, and for every hour in each day. I do ate bill No. 76, which I think will take but a entitled "An act to authorize the extension, not know how I can be relieved from that moment.

construction, and use of a lateral branch of duty. It is an irksome oue. It leads to an The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, the Baltimore and Potomac railroad into and expenditure of a great deal of time in useless as in Committee of the whole, proceeded to within the District of Columbia,'approved coutroversies about the order of business. consider the bill (S. No. 76) concerning di February 5, 1867.

CHARLES WEILE.

COMMITTEE ON RETRENCHIMENT.

made a decree against the United States, and reparation, under such circumstances, simply Mr. PATTERSON submitted the following we are simply carrying into execution the de because we have an unsettled question with the report:

cree of the court. The case is pot one that Government of which those people are citizens The committee of conference on the disagreeing

comes under any treaty stipulation, or that can or subjects until those unsettled questions shall votes of the two Houses on the concurrent resolution hereafter be provided for by a treaty. It stands || be adjudicated. I do not hold to the doctrine relative to the raising of a joint select Committee on

by itself on a decree of the court.

It is res

of my honorable friend, and I hope it will never Retrenchment, having met, after full and free conference have agreed to recommend, and do recom

adjudicata ; there is no question about it. be recognized by the Senate of the United mend. to their respective Houses as follows:

Mr. STEWART. I am at some loss to see States, but that we shall pass these private That the Senate recede from its amendments to said resolution and agree to the same with an amend.

how a British ship during the rebellion could be bills, and, so far as we are concerned, do that ment as follows: in live four strike out the word wrongfully seized. That is the point with me. wlich is right. seven" and insert the word “five;" so as to make They were making open and flagrant war upon Mr. STEWART. Mr. President, I do not the resolution read : Resolved by the House of Representatives, (the Senus, and I suppose it was because of our situ

think we are under any obligations, either ate concurring.) That a joint select Committee on ation at that time that we did not retaliate.

through our courts or through Congress, to Retrenchment, consisting of four meinbers of the They were fitting out ships and destroying our pay these claims until we have a settlement Senate and five members of the House, be appointed

commerce. I do not propose to retry the with Great Britain. by the Presiding Officers of the two Houses, with the

It is true the subjects of same powers and duties as were conferred upon the cause; but I propose to question the judg: Great Britain bave claims against us, and we seleet Committee on Retrenchment of the Thirty ment of any court which says that it was illegal have claims against that Government. We Ninth and. Forrieth Congresses, and to whom all

at that time for us to seize a British ship. I matters yet remaining undisposed of which were

think our claims are equally just, and until referred to the Coinmittee on Retrenchment of the

undertake to say that while they were destroy. there is a settlement and they shall all be setFortieth Congress shall be referred. ing our shipping it was perfectly legal and

tled I do not believe we are under any obliga. J. W. PATTERSON, J. W. GRIMES,

proper for us to destroy British shipping any. tion to them. The action of the courts is predE. CAS-ERLY,

where that we could find it, and to send out icated upon a state of peace. It is predicated Managers on the part of the Senate. our privateers for that purpose. We refrained

upon the assumption that there are no questions M. WELKER,

from it as a matter of policy, because we were of dispute pending between Great Britain and T. A. JENCKES,

unable to retaliate for the wrongs they were W. E. NIBLACK,

the United States. It is predicated upon legisManagers on the part of the House. committing; but it seems to me very improper lative action, had long before the war, providing The VICE PRESIDENT. The adoption of

to commence paying for these things now until how these claims should be adjusted, providing

we shall have a settlement with Great Britain this report will require unanimous consent, as

for their examination primarily in the courts it devolves a duty on the Presiding Officer

for the Alabama claims and for the damages with jurisdiction to try and ascertain the facts. which can only be devolved by unanimous

really committed by the British Government. They have ascertained that there is so much

It seems to me entirely out of place to pay consent.

due. Now the political department, Congress, The report was concurred in unanimously.

these claims at this time while negotiations on is called upon to make an appropriation to pay that subject are pending.

them. I say the time of making that payment, BRITISII STEAMER LABUAN.

Mr. FESSENDEN. I am rather surprised the time of passing any bill to make that payMr. SUMNER. I move that the Senate pro at the doctrine enunciated by my honorable ment, is a matter that Congress may properly ceed to the consideration of Senate bill No. 84. friend from Nevada. We were not in a state consider.

The motion was agreed to; and the Senate, of war with Great Britain, nor did Great Britain That these claims should never be paid I do as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to send out her cruisers to prey upon our com not pretend to say; but I say that the present consider the bill (S. No. 84) to carry into effect merce. If so, we should have been in a state

is a very inappropriate time to press their pay. the decree of the district court of the United of war. Whatever injuries may have been ment, while our claims upon Great Britain States for the southern district of New York committed by individual citizens of that coun remain unadjusted. There are a great number in the case of the British steamer Labuan. It try are matters of settlement between the two

of our citizens who are kept out of their honproposes to pay to William Bailey, William Governments.

est dues by the action or non-action of the Leetham, and John Leetham, of England, or While we were at war with a portion of our British Government; in the first place, by its their legal representatives, owners of the Brit own fellow.citizens certain British ships, pur action in recognizing the confederate States as ish steamer Labuan, $131,221 30, with interest suing a lawful commerce under British colors, | a belligerent. That led to most of the diffifrom June 2, 1862, to the time of payment, and were seized by our cruisers, taken before our

culties. Then, subsequently, our citizens suf$5,000 without interest; also, to Messrs. De own courts for adjudication, and our own courts fered from their action in winking at the AlaJersey & Company, of England, or their legal || have decided that those seizures were wrong. bama and other ships leaving their ports to representatives, part owners of the cargo of ful, without authority of law, without cause,

prey upon our commerce. They take their good the same steamer, $3,613 92, with interest and they have ordered restitution. That is

time to give us reparation, and I think it is no from May 21, 1862, to the time of payment; simply the fact with regard to it. Now, to say more than right and just that Congress should and to Francisco Amendiaz, of Matamoras, that we will not pay the sums adjudicated by take its good time io consider these private Mexico, or his legal representatives, part our own courts to be due, on the ground that claims of British subjects. I do not suppose owner of the cargo of the same steamer, we had committed a wrong, because certain

there is any American who thinks it would $2,067 17, with interest from June 6, 1862, to wrongs committed on our commerce through have been unjust or ungenerous for us at the the time of payment; these sums being due the instrumentality of private citizens of that time the depredations were being committed under a decree of the district court of the Government remain unredressed, is to assume

upon us to retaliate. We were undoubtedly in United States for the southern district of New a ground that is not tenable either in law or in

a position where it might have been unwise, Yurk, provounced March 25, 1868, on account equity, nor in my humble opinion is it consist.

where it might have been impossible for us to of the illegal capture of the British steamer ent with national honor or national obligation.

assert onr rights. Labuan and her cargo by a cruiser of the United We put ourselves, or endeavor to put our Mr. FESSENDEN. That would have been Slates.

selves, on bigh ground. We say that in all Mr. STEWART. I object to the consider cases we deal justly and honorably with other Mr. STEWART. Certainly it would; but ation of that bill.

nations and inean to do so. While we say that, as it was, the war was all carried on on one Mr. SUMNER. The Senator can assign we sav also that we mean to demand repara side. The cruelty of this action on the part his reasons. The bill is before the Senate for tion for wrongs done to us. We are demand

of Great Britain is fully realized by the Americonsideration. ing reparation of the British Government for

can people. They understand that their just Mr. STEWART. I understand this is to wrongs done by individual citizens of that

claims are deferred; and I believe that it is pay for a British vessel.

Government, in consequence, as we say, of a our duty to consider and take our proper time Ir. SUMNER. It is a decree of one of our neglect of duty on the part of the Government

for paying ary claims for ships destroyed beown courts. It has been adjudicated; it is res itself. That is one question. It has not been

longing to subjects of that Government. They adjudicata.

adjudicated nor agreed upon. There is no drove our commerce entirely from the seas, Mr. CONKLING. It simply carries out the judgment of any court and no compact as yet and even after the close of the war they gare judgment of a court.

upon the subject. It remains open; it may re shelter to one of the worst pirates that ever Mr. STEWART. I would absolutely refuse, main open for many years.

On the other hand

disgraced civilization. I allude to the pirate if I had power to do so, to carry out the decree there are innocent citizens of that friendly | Wardell, who destroyed a whole fleet of whaling of any court for the payment of British claims. Power-friendly I mean in the eye of the law. Il vessels in the Pacific, when he had in his hands My objection is that it is a decree to pay Brit against whose property we have committed

papers which announced the surrender of Lee ish subjects for the capture of their ships during trespasses, whose property we have taken for

and Johnston and the close of the rebellion. the rebellion. I do not believe in paying those alleged wrongs.

We have taken, as I said be

He wantonly, without any cause whatever, at all until we set with Great Britain. fore, that property into our own courts, under burnt and made the Pacific lurid with the tlames Whether they are just or unjust, I believe our own jurisdiction, and our own courts have

of the ships of honest whalemen. This same they should be settled at the time we have a decided that we have done wrong, and have Wardell escaped to England. general settlement. I am opposed to paying fixed the sum that we should pay as reparation. them at all at this time. I should like to hear Now, sir, I hold that we cannot justify a refrom the chairinan of the committee. fusal to do right in these cases, perfectly well

The VICE PRESIDENT. The Senator from Mr. SUMNER. The case is very plain. A known and understood, and recognized by the Nevada will suspend his remarks. The mornBritish ship was wrongfully seized by one of laws of nations and the laws of all civilized | ing hour having expired, the Senate resunies, our cruisers; then there was an appeal, and people. It is not consistent with our honor as in Committee of the Whole, the considerathe condemnation was set aside, and the court or with honesty to refuse to make it proper tion of the bill (H. R. No. 3) to repeal an act

war.

TENURE-OF-OFFICE LAW.

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