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OF ILLINOIS

of the courts. The President, by proclamation, abrogated martial law in Kentucky on the 12th of October. On the 15th General Palmer telegraphed the Secretary of War that colored people were not permitted to cross the Ohio on ferry-boats, and again, on the 16th, that department passes to colored men were dishonored on the ferries, and added, “I have ordered the Post Commandant here (Louisville) to compel them to do so (honor them). The alarm amongst the negroes upon the report of the withdrawal of martial law, of which I have no official information, renders this course necessary. Am I right?” Mr. Stanton answered that the department could not properly interfere in the matter.

The demand for his removal was angrily pressed, but the administration could not remove him for cause. October 20th he was thus telegraphed :

“ MAJOR-GENERAL PALMER:

“ Major-General Thomas having reported in favor of your retaining command in Kentucky, and approving your administration of the department, the President has approved his report, and overruled the application made for your removal.

“By order of the President, "E. D. TOWNSEND, A. A. General.”

Thus was treason and half-confirmed loyalty again baffled. General Palmer's administration will stand approved in history. He has recently been honorably mustered out, and has returned to his former home. Malicious prosecution seeks to disturb him, but the loyal people of loyal Illinois, and a restored Union will not permit à competent and faithful servant to be wronged.

CHAPTER XXXIX.

REGIMENTAL AND PERSONAL.

TAE FOURTEENTH INFANTRY_ITS CAMPAIGNS AND MARCHES-THE FORTIETH--THE FIFTY

FIFTH--FROZEN IN-SHILOH_FINAL ROSTER-COLONEL OSCAR MALMBORG--THE SIXTY-FIRST-COLONEL DANIEL GRASS-TAE SEVENTY-SEVENTH VICKSBURG AND ARKANSAS POST-THE EIGHTY-SEVENTH-SERVICE AS MOUNTED INFANTRY-BANKS' RED RIVER EXPEDITION_COLONEL JOHN M. CREBS--THE ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTEENTH-SUFFERINGS AND PRIVATIONS-ATTACK UPON VICKSBURG-SERVICE IN LOUISIANA-FINAL ROSTER—THE FOURTEENTH CAVALRY_DIFFICULTIES IN RAISING THE REGIMENT—PURSUIT AND CAPTURE OF JOHN MORGAN—CAMPAIGNING IN TENNESSEE THE FIGHT AT BEAN STATION---ROUT OF “THOMAS' LEGION"-STONEMAN'S RAID UPON MACON-A TERRIFIC FIGHT AND A SAD DISASTER PERSONAL SKETCHES-MAJOR WILLIAM MCCULLOUGH--COLONEL JOHN M. SNYDER.

FOURTEENTH ILLINOIS INFANTRY.

M HE Fourteenth regiment was one of the six regiments organized

1 under the first call for troops. It was mustered into the State service on the 4th of May, 1861, at Camp Duncan, Jacksonville, by Adjutant-General Mather. The following were among the original officers of the regiment:

Colonel, John M. Palmer; Lieutenant-Colonel, Amory R. Johnson ; Major, Jonathan Morris ; Adjutant, William A. Scott; Quartermaster, Henry Coffman; Paymaster, Robert P. McKnight.

The regiment lay in camp at Jacksonville until May 25th, when it was mustered into the United States service, for three years, by Captain Pitcher, U. S. A. The original roster was as follows:

Colonel, John M. Palmer; Lieutenant-Colonel, Amory K. Johnson ; Major, Jonathan Morris ; Adjutant, Robert P. McKnight; Quartermaster, John F. Nolte ; Surgeon George T. Allen; Ist Assistant Surgeon, Frederick W. Kersting ; Chaplain, Wm. J. Rutledge.

Co. A-Captain, Thomas M. Thompson ; 1st Lieutenant, Henry Rodecker; 2d Lieutenant, Charles Opitz.

Co. B-Captain, Cyrus Hall; 1st Lieutenant, Dudley C. Smith; 2d Lieutenant, Milton L. Webster. :

Co. C—Captain, Aug. H. Cornman; 1st Lieutenant, William E. Eastham ; 2d Lieutenanauit, David N. Hamilton.

Co. D-Captain, Thomas J. Bryant; 1st Lieutenant, James E. Williams; 2d Lieutenant, Carlos C. Cox.

Co. E-Captain, Frederick Mead; 1st Lieutenant, Jacob M. Early ; 2d Lieutenant, Ethan E. Norton.

Co. F-Captain, Milt. S. Littlefield ; 1st Lieutenant, William H. Scott; 2d Lieu. tenant, Thomas H. Simmons.

Co. G-Captain, Lewis C. Reiner; 1st Lieutenant, Fritz Fetzer; 2d Lieutenant, Jacob Rippstein.

Co. H-Captain, Andrew Simpson; 1st Lieutenant, John W. Heartley ; 2d Lieuenant, Oliver P. Squire. · Co. I-Captain, John W. Meacham; 1st Lieutenant, Erasmus D. Ward ; 2d Lieutenant, Lawren W. Coe.

Co. K—Captain, William Cam; 1st Lieutenant, Henry Case ; 2d Lieutenant, William H. Shibley.

On the 19th of June, 1861, the regiment left for Quinoy, where it remained till July 5th, when it commenced a campaign through Missouri, which lasted until February 5, 1862, when the regiment arrived at St. Louis. On the 15th of February it left that city, and arrived at Fort Donelson on the day succeeding its surrender, and immediately left for Pittsburg Landing, and participated in the battle of Shiloh. From this time it was employed in marching and countermarching through Tennessee and Mississippi, until October 5th, when it engaged the enemy at the battle of Metamora. After various marches and countermarches it took position in the investing line around Vicksburg, where it remained until the surrender of that place, on the 4th of July, 1863. We next find it in the siege of Jackson, where it did good service.

Here our history of the 14th ends, except of such meager facts as are gleaned from its “Record of Marches.” From this we learn that it was at Vicksburg, July 21, 1863; at Harrisonburg, La., September 8th, where it participated in the capture of a fort and eight guns; at Natchez, October 17th, where it remained till November 10th; at Wilson's Creek, February 4, 1864, where it skirmished with the enemy; Huntsville, Alabama, May 13th, whence the veterans were sent back to Athens by railroad, and returned on foot; at

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Camp Butler, June 4, 1864, where, we believe, the non-veterans were mustered out. While engaged at Allatoona Pass [Vide p. 134], the veterans of the 14th were consolidated with those of the 15th, under the title of the “Veteran Battalion of the 14th and 15th Illinois," under the command of Colonel George C. Rogers. New companies were added to both the 14th and 15th, at Goldsboro, North Carolina, when the battalion organization was discontinued, and the regimental organization of each resumed.

The 14th participated in the Atlanta campaign, in the great march to the sea, and in the national review before the President. It was afterward placed on duty in Kansas, and was mustered out of service at Leavenworth, on the 20th of September, 1865. Two days later it arrived at Springfield, where it received final payment and discharge. Up to the time of mustering out the non-veterans, the 14th had traveled 6,428 miles by river, rail and on foot.

FORTIETH ILLINOIS INFANTRY.

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In our first volume [p. 318 et seq.] we have given the history of the 40th to the date of its re-enlistment, with sketches of some of its officers. We are unable to give the details of its subsequent career. We know, however, that it served with credit in the Atlanta campaign, and was with Sherman in his grand march to the sea. After participating in the grand review at Washington, it proceeded to Louisville, where it was mustered out on the 24th of July, 1865. Three days later it arrived at Springfield, where it received final payment and discharge.

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FIFTY-FIFTH ILLINOIS INFANTRY.

The 55th Illinois infantry was organized in August, 1861, in Camp Douglas, Chicago. It was then known as the “2d Regiment, Douglas Brigade.” Its original roster was as follows:

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Colonel, David Stuart ; Lieutenant-Colonel, Oscar Malmborg; Major, William D. Sanger ; Adjutant, George L. Thurston ; Quartermaster, Henry W. Jones; Surgeon, E. 0. F. Roler; Assistant Surgeon, Charles Winne; Chaplain, Milton L. Haney.

Co. A-Captain, William N. Presson; 1st Lieutenant, Jacob M. Augustine ; 2d Lieutenant, Casper Shleich.

Co. B-Captain, Thomas B. Mackey; 1st Lieutenant, Albert F. Merrill; 2d lieutenant, Ashabel C. Smith.

Co. C-Captain, Rhenodyne A. Bird; Ist Lieutenant, Daniel McIntosh ; 2d Lieu. tenant, Squire A. Wright.

Co. D--Captain, Theodore C. Chandler; 1st Lieutenant, Francis H. Shaw; 2d Lieutenant, William S. Johnson.

Co. E-Captain, Charles Tazewell ; 1st Lieutenant, William H. Dixon ; 2d Lieutenant, William R. Halligan.

Co. F-Captain, Harrison Presson ; 1st Lieutenant, Joseph W. Parks ; 2d Lieutenant, John B. Johnson.

Co. G-Captain, Joseph Clay; 1st Lieutenant, Cyrus M. Brown; 2d Lieutenant, Albert A. Whipple.

Co. H–Captain, James J. Hefferman; 1st Lieutenant, James Weldon ; 2d Lieutenant, Nicholas Angason.

Co. I—Captain, Timothy Slattery ; 1st Lieutenant, Philip Seelbach ; 2d Lieutenant, Charles A. Andress.

Co. K—Captain, Joseph Black ; 1st Lieutenant, Benjamin C. Swarts ; 2d Lieutenant, Andrew J. Gillett.

The 55th was mustered into service on the 1st of December, 1861, numbering 944 men. On the 9th of that month it was ordered to Benton Barracks, Missouri, where it was placed under the command of the man then known as “ Crazy Sherman," whose “star of destiny" the 55th never for a moment after that ceased to follow during his brilliant career. On the 13th of January, 1862, the regiment left St. Louis for Paducah, Kentucky. The steamboat upon which the 55th was placed became frozen in the ice between St. Louis and Cairo, where the men suffered terribly from cold and hunger. The trip was finally accomplished after eleven days' arduous labor, during which time the regiment had 1-1 two days' rations, which it took from St. Louis.

At Paducah the 55th was organized with other regiments into a brigade, commanded by Colonel David Stuart. Here it underwent almost an entire re-organization, large numbers of the line officers resigning

The regiment participated in the capture of Columbus, Kentucky. Two days after, it returned to Paducah to take a conspicuous part in the ever memorable campaign against Corinth. At Shiloh it was a part of General Sherman's (5th ) division, although the brigade of which it was a part was detached and fought its portion of the battle three miles away from its commanding General. The 55th, during the first day's battle, was placed upon the extreme left of the Union army, and was unfortunate enough to be brigaded with the

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