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THE FOURTH CAVALRYMFORT HENRY_DONELSON AND SHILOH-DEATH OF LIEUTENANT
COLONEL WILLIAM MOCULLOUGH-COLONEL T. LYLE DICKEY-GENERAL M. R. M. WALLACE THE SEVENTH CAVALRY-CAMPAIGN IN MISSOURI-FARMINGTON--PURSUIT OF PRICE-GRIERSON'S RAID-RE-ENLISTMENT-FORREST'S ATTACK UPON MEMPHISRECRUITING-MUSTER OUT—MAJOR ZENAS APLINGTON—THE THIRTEENTH CAVALRYCAMPAIGN IN MISSOURI AND ARKANSAS-CONSOLIDATION-New COMPANIES_BATTLE ROLL-FINAL ROSTER-BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL ALBERT ERSKINE-MAJOR LOTHAR LIPPERT.
THE Fourth Cavalry was organized during the months of August,
1 September and October, 1861, by Colonel T. Lyle Dickey, under authority from the War Department, and rendezvoused at Camp Hunter, Ottawa, LaSalle County. The various companies were recruited as follows: Company A, Cook County ; B, Cook and Grundy; C, Kendall; D, Will and Kankakee; E, Ogle and Putman ; F, Iroquois ; G, Woodford and McLean; H, Logan and McLean ; I, LaSalle; K, Kankakee; L, Dewitt and McLean ; M, Rock Island. The regiment was mustered into the service at Ottawa on the 6th day of August, with the following roster :
Colonel. T. Lyle Dickey; Lieutenant-Colonel, William McCullough; Majors, Charles C. James, Martin R. M. Wallace, Samuel M. Bowman; Adjutant, Harry B. Dox; Adjutant 2d Battalion, Hezekiah T. Buckley ; Quartermaster, Raymond W. Hanford; Commissary David Jolly; Surgeon, Darius A. Dow; 1st Assistant Surgeon, Hiram C. Luce; 2d Assistant Surgeon, William T. Beadles; Chaplain, Alfred Eddy.
Co. A-Captain, Embury D. Osband; 1st Lieutenant, David H. Gile; 2d Lieutenant, James Sherlock.
Co. B--Captain, Garrett L. Collins; 1st Lieutenant, Joseph E. Hitt ; 2d Lieutenant, Alexander D. Crego.
Co. C-Captain, Charles D. Townsend ; 1st Lieutenant, George A. Walter ; 2d Lieutenant, Asher B. Hall.
Co. D_Captain, John H. Felter; 1st Lieutenant, Edmund Moore ; 2d Lieutenant, Eli C. Sheafer.
Co. E-Captain, Aaron L. Rockwood; 1st Lieutenant, William D. Wardlaw ; 2d Lieutenant, John F. Wallacc.
Co. F-Captain, Anthony T. Search ; 1st Lieutenant, Orrin W. Carter; 2d Lieutenant, Alonzo W. Loutzenheiser.
Co. G-Captain, Harry D. Cook ; 1st Lieutenant, Silas W.Ogden ; 2d Lieutenant, John T. Harper.
Co. H-Captain, Mindret Wemple ; 1st Lieutenant, Franklin Fiske ; 2d Lieutenant, William P. Callor..
Co. I-Captain, George I. Shepardson ; 1st Lieutenant, William E. Hapeman; 2d Lieutenant, Benjamin F. Hyde.
Co. K-Captain, Philip Worcester ; 1st Lieutenant, William L. Gibson ; 2d Lieutenant, William M. True.
Co. L-Captain, John M. Longstreth; 1st Lieutenant, Harvey H. Merriman; 2d Lieutenant, David Quigg.
Co. M-Captain, George Dodge; 1st Lieutenant, Samuel Allshouse ; 2d Lieutenant, Edward H. Daily.
As soon as the organization was completed, the regiment took up its line of march for the scene of action, passing through LaSalle, Peru, Henry, Hennepin, Lacon, Peoria, Delevan, Springfield, Hillsboro and Vandalia, from which latter place it was transported by the Illinois Central Railroad to Cairo, arriving at that place about the 10th of December, 1864, where it was attached to and became a part of the “Army of the Tennessee," an organization that preserved its identity until the last armed rebel had surrendered to its organizer and first commander, then Brigadier General of Volunteers, now General U. S. Grant, U. S. A. This regiment was with General Grant's advance on Columbus, Kentucky, in January, 1862, and on Fort Henry in February, when a portion of it, under the lamented Lieutenant-Colonel William McCullough, followed the retreating enemy and captured several pieces of cannon and a large number of prisoners, having several men killed and wounded, and the next day it made a daring march under Colonel Dickey to the railroad bridge across the Tennessee - River, above Fort Henry, capturing many prisoners and obtaining valuable information. On the day before the general advance on Fort Donelson, it made a bold reconnoissance under Major M. R. M. Wallace toward Donelson, capturing a picket post and taking a view of the fortifications. It was also at the battle of Fort Donelson. Thence, in March of that year, it went up the Tennessee River to Savannah, making several important reconnoissances from that pointz, thence to the bloody field of Shiloh, passing through the same and sharing with others the desperate fortunes of the day until Tuesday, the 8th of April, when the work for the cavalry commenced in earnest. The 4th became engaged in close combat with the famous rebel Forrest and the forces under his command, and forced him back almost half way to Corinth, wounding Forrest, and wounding and capturing many of his men. It then passed through the siege of Corinth, working night and day until the evacuation of that place, following the enemy as far as Holly Springs, Mississippi.
During the months of June, July, August, September, October and November, 1862, the regiment was on scouting duty in Western Tennessee and Northern Mississippi, under Generals Sherman and Logan.
In the month of December, 1862, General Grant moved with his command into Mississippi, and his cavalry was constantly engaged from Holly Springs to Coffeeville. At the latter place LieutenantColonel William McCullough fell, while at the head of his men, pierced by a dozen bullets.
About the 20th of December the regiment, under Major Wallace, in company with other regiments, started in pursuit of Van Dorn, following him from Water Valley, Mississippi, to Bolivar, Tennessee, by way of Holly Springs, Mississippi, and back south again by way of Salisbury and New Albany' to Pontotoc, Mississippi. The command then moved back to Collierville, Tennessee, and went into camp, and during the months of January, February, March, April, May, June, July and August, 1863, was on scouting duty in Western Tennessee and Northern Mississippi. In September the regiment moved by steamer to Vicksburg, Mississippi, and was with General McPherson in his reconnoissance toward Canton in October, 1863, and with General Sherman in his raid on Meridian in February, 1864. In December, 1863, the regiment was moved to Natchez, Mississippi, and it remained there doing scouting duty in Southern
COL. T. L. DICKEY--GEN. M. R. M. WALLACE. 621 Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana until October of that year, when it embarked for Springfield, Illinois, for muster out, which occurred November 3, 1864. The regiment left, however, about five hundred men in the field, veterans and recruits, from whom five new companies were formed, remaining in the service until May, 1866.
Colonel T. Lyle Dickey was born in Kentucky, married in Ohio, and moved to Illinois in 1833 or 1834, and commenced the practice of law. In 1838 he settled in Ottawa, LaSalle County, Illinois, where he has ever since and now resides. At the commencement of the Mexican war, he organized a company and took it into the field, in 1846, and on the breaking out of the late rebellion he organized the 4th Illinois Cavalry. During the first two years of the war, when not at the head of his regiment, brigade or division, he was on the staff and near the person of General U. S. Grant, and now enjoys the respect and affection of that commander.
Brevet Brigadier-General Martin R. M. Wallace was born at Urbana, Champaign County, Ohio, on the 29th day of September, 1829. His father, John Wallace, moved with his family to Illinois in 1834, and settled on a farm in LaSalle County. In 1839, the family moved to Mount Morris, Ogle County-the site of the Rock River Seminary--at which institution young Wallace received his education. His father died on the day Martin was twenty-one years old, and left on his hands a large family to support, and a complicated estate to settle. He commenced the study of law, in the office of Dickey and Wallace, at Ottawa, in December, 1852, and in January, 1856, removed to Chicago, and went into partnership with Thomas Dent, in the practice of the law.
In August, 1861, General Wallace assisted in the organization of the 4th Illinois cavalry, and in October was mustered into the service as Major of that regiment. Major Wallace commanded his battalion during the march and transportation of his regiment from its camp of rendezvous to Cairo, and thence through the battles of Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Shiloh and Corinth, and in December, 1862, upon the death of Lieutenant-Colonel William McCullough, assumed command of the regiment. In January, 1863, he was promoted to the Lieutenant-Colonelcy, and in March of the same year, he was commissioned Colonel, and continued in command until his regiment was
mustered out, in November, 1864. During his term of service, Colonel Wallace enjoyed the confidence and esteem of all with whom he was thrown in contact; serving under, and being frequently near Generals Grant, Sherman, Wallace, McPherson, Logan, McClernand, Hurlbut, A. J. Smith and Ransom. Colonel Wallace passed through the battles of Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, siege of Corinth, pursuit of Van Dorn, Grenada, Mississippi, Panola, Mississippi, near Canton, Mississippi, near Natchez, Mississippi, and numerous skirmishes, and after his muster out received from the Secretary of War a complimentary commission as Brevet Brigadier-General.,
SEVENTH ILLINOIS CAVALRY.
The 7th cavalry was organized at Camp Butler, and mustered into service October 13, 1861, having 1,141 officers and men upon its rolls. Its roster was as follows:
Colonel, William Pitt Kellogg; Lieutenant-Colonel, Edward Prince ; Majors, Cyrus Hall, Jonas Rawalt, Zenas Aplington; Adjutant, Sidney Stockdale; Adjutant Ist Battalion, Allen W. Heald ; Adjutant 2d Battalion, George Bestor ; Adjutant 3d Battalion, Charles Wills; Quartermaster, William A. Dickerman; Quartermaster 2d Battalion, Josiah T. Noys; Quartermaster 3d Battalion, John W. Resor; Commissary, Heriry F. Barker; Surgeon, Clark D. Rankin ; Assistant Surgeon, Thomas J. Riggs ; Chaplain, Simon G. Minor.
Co. A--Captain, William D. Blackburn; 1st Lieutenant, Charles Hunting ; 2d Lieutenant, James R. Morrison.
Co. B-Captain, Henry C. Forbes; 1st Lieutenant, William McCausland; 2d Lieu: tenant, Oscar F. Sammis.
Co. C-Captain, Prescott Bartlett; 1st Lieutenant, John H. Shaw; 2d Lieutenant, Benjamin F. Berkley.
Co. D-Captain, Wright Woolsey; 1st Lieutenant, William H. Reynolds; 2d Lieutenant, Levi Hodge.
Co. E--Captain, John M. Graham; 1st Lieutenant, Daniel Hasty ; 2d Lieutenant, James M. Caldwell.
Co. F---Captain, Antrim P. Koehler; 1st Lieutenant, Charles Lee; 2d Lieutenant, Jacob Schamb
Co. G--Captain, George W. Trafton ; 1st Lieutenant, Richard Harden; 2d Lieutenant, William H. Styles.
Co. H–Captain, Milton L. Webster; 1st Lieutenant, Isaac V. D. Moore ; 2d Lieutenant, Jacob C. Miller.
Co. I-Captain, Arthur J. Gallagher; 1st Lieutenant, William H. Stratton ; 2d Lieutenant, William Ashmead.
Co. K-Captain, Horatio C. Nelson ; 1st Lieutenant, Joseph R. Herring; 2d Lieutenant, Andrew B. Hulit.