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One of the most gallant feats of the battle was a headlong charge made by General Turchin at the head of his brigade. His impetuosity carried him far into the rebel lines, and he was almost instantly surrounded by the rebel hordes, but the stout old Russian had no thought of surrendering. He turned and cut his way through and reached our lines, actually bringing with him three hundred prisoners.

displayed the most signal bravery, and was subsequently promoted

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Thirty-three graves of rebels were found near a stone fence, from behind which, the 19th and 24th Illinois poured upon the advancing rebels such terrible volleys.

The sist Illinois captured the battle flag of the 24th Alabama, and the major of the regiment who was trying to rally it.

The following Illinois regiments were in the battle of Chickamauga: 10th, Colonel Chilson ; 16th, Colonel R. F. Smith; 19th, Lieutenant-Colonel Raffin ; 21st, Colonel Alexander ; 22d, Lieutenant-Colonel Swanwick; 24th, Colonel Mihalotzy; 25th, Colonel Nodine; 27th, Colonel Miles; 34th, Lieutenant-Colonel Van Tassel; 35th, Lieutenant-Colonel Chandler; 36th, Colonel Miller; 38th, Colonel Gilmer; 42d, Colonel Walworth; 44th, Colonel Barrett; 73d, Colonel Jacques ; 74th, Colonel Marsh; 75th, Colonel Bennett; 78th, Lieutenant-Colonel Van Bleek; 79th, Colonel Buckner; 80th, Lieutenant-Colonel Rogers ; 84th, Colonel Waters ; 85th, Colonel Dilworth; 86th Lieutenant-Colonel Magee; 88th, Colonel Sherman; 89th, Colonel Hotchkiss; 98th, Colonel Funkhauser; 100th, Colonel Bartleson ; 104th, Lieutenant-Colonel Hopeman ; 110th, LieutenantColonel Topping; 123d, Colonel Monroe ; 125th, Colonel Harmon;

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It is an illustrious group, some of which we have met under fire on other fields, and who were destined to other deeds of daring at Lookout, Mission Ridge, Franklin and Nashville, and march with Sherman from the rocky face of the Ridge to Atlanta and on to the sea.

And in this list of commanders are names of men whom Illinois can never forget. Soon were Chandler and Mihalotzy, and others, to strike their last blow and lie down in the soldier's grave.

The state mourned her gallant dead. Her Sanitary and Christian Commissions pushed forward supplies, nurses and spiritual laborers, and from the north line to the south, from the Indiana line to the Mississippi, came the cry, “No concessions to rebellion, but new and vigorous measures for the maintenance of the Union, the Laws, and the Constitution.”

General Rosecrans pronounced the battle a necessity, and so the people of Illinois accepted it. They had put their hand to the plow and would not look back until the furrow was cut clean through. They saw that new trials were before them, new burdens were to be borne, and were equal to the occasion. Their faith and courage rose to the morally sublime. They had their bereavements—Chickamauga was to many of them indeed the river of deathbut with unfaltering purpose to save the country, they demanded that room be made for new levies and then turned their eye toward the hero of Vicksburg, as the leader for the crisis.

The government was dejected, and heavily pressed on the heart of our President the fearful loss of the brave men who fell, and the necessary prolongation of the contest, but the PEOPLE, incorruptible and unconquerable, from their homes, their family altars, their temples, spoke to the government and steadied its half desponding faith with the word, ONWARD!

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CHAPTER 111.

REGIMENTAL SKETCHES.

THE TWENTY-SEVENTH GENERAL N. B. BUFORD—THE THIRTY-EIGHTH-THE FORTY

SECOND-HEAVY LOSS AT CHICKAMAUGA--THE SIXTY-SIXTH--BIRGE'S SHARPSHOOTERS -THE SEVENTY-EIGHTH-AT CHICKAMAUGA—THE EIGHTY-EIGHTH-COLONEL FRANCIS T. SHERMAN—THE NINETY-SIXTH-BREVET BRIGADIER-GENERAL THOMAS E. CHAMPION

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ISAAC L. CLARK-MAJOR JOHN C. SMITH--THE ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTH–THE ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-FIFTH-DEATH OF CHAPLAIN SANDERS -COLONEL 0. F. HARMON

TWENTY-SEVENTH ILLINOIS INFANTRY. THE 27th regiment was raised in the counties of Adams, Scott,

1 Pike, Madison, Jersey, Mason, Macoupin, Mercer, Jackson, Henry and Morgan. It was organized at Camp Butler, where it was mustered into the service on the 10th of August, 1861. The following is the original roster:

Oolonel, Napoleon B. Buford; Lieutenant-Colonel, Fazillo A. Harrington; Major, Hall Wilson; Adjutant, Henry A. Rust; Quartermaster, David B. Sears; Surgeon, Edward H. Bowman ; 1st Assistant Surgeon, Henry C. Barrell; Chaplain, S. Young McMasters.

Co. A-Captain, William A. Schmitt; 1st Lieutenant, William Shipley; 2d Lieutenant, Joseph Voellinger.

Co. B-Captain, Henry W. Hitt; 1st Lieutenant, George A. Dunlap; 2d Lieutenant, James M. Buchanan.

Co. C-Captain, Lemuel Parke ; 1st Lieutenant, Lyman G. Allen; 2d Lieutenant, Laommi F. Williams.

Co. D_Captain, William M. Hart; 1st Lieutenant, Robert R. Murphy; 2d Lieutenant, John W. Brock.

Co. E_Captain, Robert S. Moore; 1st Lieutenant, William W. Stout; 2d Lieutenant, Royal W. Porter.

Co. F-Captain, Jonathan R. Miles; 1st Lieutenant, Thomas C. Meatyard; 2d Lieutenant, Orson Hewitt.

Co. G_Captain, Henry B. Southward ; 1st Lieutenant, Simeon Sheldon; 2d Lieutenant, Robert P. Lytle.

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