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WEIGHTS AND MEASURES, tariff of duties.

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BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the twentieth day of February, in the forty-seventh year of the independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1823, JOHN C. Kayser & Co. of the said district, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as Proprietors, in the words following, to wit: "Commercial Directory, containing a Topographical Description, Extent and Productions of different sections of the Union, Statistical Information relative to Manufactures, Commercial and Port regulations, A list of the principal Commercial Houses, Tables of Imports and Exports, Foreign and Domestic, Tables of Foreign Coin, Weights and Measures, Tariff of Duties." In conformity to the act of the congress of the United States, intituled "An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned.”—And also to the act, entitled, "An act supplementary to an act, entitled, “ An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned,” and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints." D. CALDWELL, Clerk of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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THE Proprietors of the "Commercial Directory" beg the reader's attention for one minute, to a few remarks relative to their general design in offering this work to the public, and also in regard to the arrangement of the materials of which it is composed.

It has been universally admitted, that if such a work as the present could be published annually, correct, and at a moderate expense, it might be rendered one of the most valuable productions of the press, and, to a certain extent, the best medium for disseminating useful information. Should this first essay meet with the public approbation, it is intended to publish the work once a year, and to embrace not only the names and residences of all the principal merchants in the chief cities, but those of respectable tradesmen generally; all new and useful improvements and inventions, particularly Patents, which will afford to the ingenious mechanic an opportunity of publicity, unequalled in this or any other country; the laws on Exchange in Europe and America; manufactures, and every matter connected with business.

It was found impossible to accomplish the whole of our design within the time limited for publication; but as we acquire experience, and systematise our means of obtaining information, we hope to improve our work in proportion.

In other countries, and where the governments are despotic, the labour of such an undertaking is comparatively trifling. In France, the regulations of trade are uniform throughout, and the publishers of the " Almanack du Commerce" of that country, have little more to do in obtaining their information, than to apply to the "Tribunal du Commerce," and to the "ministers or officers of Police," for a statement of persons and their occupations; and as the same system pervades every department, the same facilities present themselves. Here, however, we have to traverse an immense country, to the extent of 7 or 8000 miles, and to wait in person upon every individual, whose name and business it might be necessary to notice: an arduous and most unpleasant task-a labour which no one can appreciate, but those who have undergone the fatigue. It will be kept in mind too, that in this country, almost every city has its own peculiar regulations and laws, in respect to commerce, and there is no possibility of learning them with certainty, but by direct application to the persons appointed to carry them into operation.

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With respect to our statements relative to Exports and Imports, we have been much favoured, and every facility has been afforded us, that could tend to diminish. our labours, and render them worthy of reliance; and we embrace this opportunity of returning our grateful thanks to the Honourable Secretary of State of the United States, and to the Collectors and Deputy Collectors of customs of the different ports, to whom we are particularly indebted for various and important information.

However, with regard to Manufactures, we have not, in all cases, been equally successful; a jealous silence is frequently observed by those embarked in them; indeed, it was hardly to be expected that individuals should succeed, where the persons employed to take the United States' census had, in some instances, failed. Nevertheless, we have been enabled to make out a statement founded on the returns of 1820, of the quantity of Looms, Spindles, Carding Machines, Fulling Mills, Paper Mills, and Vats in each state, and which will be found at the end of the work. Independent of this, we have given a particular account of several hundreds of establishments, (connected with the description of particular states,) many of which have gone into operation since the manufacturing census was taken. In regard to the arrangement of our materials, we have disposed of them in an alphabetical order, avoiding every thing which might savour of preference or partiality, and have not departed from this rule, excepting in one instance, that of the State of Louisiana; owing to the prevailing sickness at New Orleans, we did not receive our information in time to give it its proper station in the work.

Finally, we beg leave to remark, that we have embellished this Directory with a map of the United States, and several superb engravings, painted for the occasion by able artists; and, notwithstanding all the difficulties we have had to encounter, we shall be much deceived if this work does not, upon examination, equal those of a similar nature published in other countries.

We remain, respectfully,

Philadelphia, March, 1823.

The public's very humble and obt. servants,

The following are among those Gentlemen, to whom we are particularly indebted

for various and useful information.

Mr. JOSEPH ARTHUR, Columbia, S. C.
THOMAS W. BACOT, Senr. Esq. Charleston, S. C.
JOHN BROWN, Esq. Brownville, N. Y.
Messrs. J. & A. C. BROWN, Cincinnatti, Ohio.
CUMMING, Esq. Savannah, Georgia.
CHARLES EDMONSTON, Esq. Charleston, S. C.
R. H. GARDINER, Esq. Gardiner, Maine.
SAMUEL GREENE, Esq. Pawtucket, RI.
Mr. JOHN JOHNSON, Boston, Mass.

Messrs. WM. S. JOHNSTON & Co. Cincin. Ohio.
Messrs. WM. LEAVY & SON, Lexington, Ken.
Major MCALL, Savannah, Georgia.
Col N. ROCHESTER, Rochester, N. Y.

The Hon. SAMUEL SPARHAWK, Sec. of State of
New Hampshire.

Mr. JACOB SMALL, Baltimore, Maryland.
Mr. RICHARD YOUNG, Richmond, Virginia.
Mr. JOHN ADAM PAXTON, New Orleans.

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