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ADMINISTRATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY

STAFF REPORTS AND HEARINGS

SUBMITTED TO THE

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE

BY ITS

SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY

STAFFING AND OPERATIONS

EIGHTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

52-721 O

WASHINGTON : 1965

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman
HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota
SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska
HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York
ERNEST GRUENING, Alaska

JACK MILLER, Iowa
EDMUND 8. MUSKIE, Maine

JAMES B. PEARSON, Kansas
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island
THOMAS J. MCINTYRE, New Hampshire
ABRAHAM RIBICOFF, Connecticut
DANIEL B. BREWSTER, Maryland

WALTER L. REYNOLDS, Chief Clerk and Staf Director

ARTHUR A. SHARP, Staf Editor

SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY STAFFING AND OPERATIONS

HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington, Chairman
HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota
EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Maine

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

JACK MILLER, Iowa
ABRAHAM RIBICOFF, Connecticut
DANIEL B. BREWSTER, Maryland

DOROTHY FOSDICK, Staf Director
ROBERT W. TUFTS, Chief Consultant
RICHARD E. NEUSTADT, Special Consultant
RICHARD S. PAGE, Research Assistant

JUDITH J. SPAHR, Chief Clerk
LAUREL A. ENGBERG, Minority Consultant

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FOREWORD

In May 1962, the U.S. Senate asked the Subcommittee on National Security Staffing and Operations to review the administration of national security in Washington and in the field, and to make recommendations as appropriate. During the 88th Congress, the subcommittee conducted a major nonpartisan and professional study, and issued findings and proposals for improvement.

The subcommittee hearings cover basic issues of national security administration; the role of the Secretary of State and his Department in the policy process; and the role of U.S. ambassadors and the missions they head in the conduct of our relations with other nations. The testimony includes contributions from present and former top-level Government officials, ambassadors, military leaders, and expert students of national security operations-all persons with direct, personal knowledge of the problems.

The three staff reports are: "Basic Issues,” an analysis of the fundamental dilemmas and problems of national security administration; "The Secretary of State," an analysis of the Secretary of State's roles and his relations with the Congress, and major problems of Department of State organization and staffing with specific recommendations for improvement; "The American Ambassador,' analysis of the modern ambassador's functions and problems with particular emphasis on the nature of support given him from Washington, with suggestions for changes in staffing procedures and operations,

The Congress has authorized the printing of these hearings and staff reports in the present volume. Background materials published in the course of the subcommittee's inquiry, including a historical study entitled "The Ambassador and the Problem of Coordination" are not included. They are available in separate committee prints.

Many of the suggestions in the subcommittee hearings and staff reports have been adopted by the Government; others are being weighed. The subcommittee's publications are in brisk demand in official circles in Washington and abroad; in universities, colleges, and research centers; and among private citizens. We are happy to have these materials available in this permanent form.

HENRY M. JACKSON,
Chairman, Subcommittee on
National Security

Staffing and Operations.

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