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gations and individual visitors under the Agreement shall arrange to pay their own expenses, including international travel, internal travel and direct
costs of maintenance in the receiving country. (3) The exchanges and visits enumerated in the following Sections are not intended to be exclusive of other visits and exchanges which may be arranged by the two countries or undertaken by their organizations or private citizens, it being understood that arrangements for additional visits and exchanges, as appropriate, will be facilitated by prior agreement through diplomatic channels or between appropriate organizations.
SCIENTIFIC EXCHANGES (1) Both Parties will take all appropriate measures in order to encourage and achieve the fulfillment of:
(a) The Agreement between the National Academy of Sciences of the United States and the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., a copy of which is appended to this Agreement as Annex No. I;
(6) The Agreement between the American Council of Learned Societies and the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., a copy of which is appended to this Agreement as Annex No. II; and
(c) The Memorandum on cooperation in the field of utilization of atomic energy for peaceful purposes between the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and the State Committee on the Utilization of Atomic Energy of the U.S.S.R.,
a copy of which is appended to this Agreement as Annex No. III. (2) Both Parties agree that additional scientific visits or exchanges may be agreed upon through diplomatic channels, between the above-mentioned organizations or between other appropriate organizations whose participation in these additional visits and exchanges is approved by the Parties.
Such visits or exchanges, whether for the purpose of participating in scientific meetings, exchanges of experience, conducting studies or delivering lectures, shall take place as far as possible on a reciprocal basis.
THE FIELDS OF TECHNOLOGY, SCIENTIFIC-TECHNICAL RESEARCH,
INDUSTRY, TRANSPORT AND CONSTRUCTION
Both Parties agree to provide for exchanges of delegations of five to six persons, which number may be increased by mutual agreement, for periods of three to four weeks for the purpose of familiarization and exchange of experience in the following fields:
(1) Oceanography: Visits to institutes and laboratories for the study of oceanographic research techniques and their application to current research problems;
(2) Petroleum Geophysics : Study of geophysical methods and equipment used for oil and gas exploration and prospecting, including visits to laboratories and oil fields;
(3) Metallurgy: Smelting of ferrous metals, production of hot and cold rolled steel, pipes, and metal products and products of heat-resisting alloys, including visits to research centers for study of scientific methods in the metallurgical industry and thermomechanical processing;
(4) Ore-enriching and Metallurgical Equipment: Organization of production of spare parts and system of maintenance and repair of ore-enriching and metallurgical equipment;
(5) Aluminum Industry: Production of aluminum and its alloys, mechanization and automation of the electrolysis process, mining and processing of aluminous ores (bauxite and nephaline) and manufacture of alumina ;
(6) Machine Tools: Production and use of metal-cutting machine tools, including programming control, as well as study of research and development of metal-cutting machine tools ;
(7) Industrial Standards and Norms: Study of methods of establishing standards and norms in industrial production, visits to industries and laboratories to observe the application of standards and norms to industrial production ;
(8) Plastics : Study of plastic materials, discussion and observation of developments in fabricating techniques, observation of processing of raw materials, and the use of plastics in manufactured goods and construction;
(9) Chemical Fertilizer Industry: Study of design, construction, and operation of chemical fertilizer production facilities, including liquid fertilizers;
(10) Production and Use of Reinforced Concrete: Design, production, and use of prestressed and reinforced concrete products, including prestressed and reinforced concrete pipe; and use of prestressed, prefabricated, and reinforced concrete in construction of multistory residential and commercial buildings;
(11) Urban Planning and Development: Modern methods and techniques used in the planning of urban areas, planning and development of residential, industrial, and commercial areas, social and cultural centers and recreation areas;
(12) Textiles; New methods of spinning, weaving, and finishing of textiles from natural and synthetic fibers, including production of nonwoven textiles ;
(13) Fisheries : Catching, processing, marketing of fish and fisheries products; including boat operations, landing, freezing, smoking, curing, filleting, canning, and reduction of fish and fisheries products;
(14) Centralized Heating: Study of operation of large, centralized heating systems, including visits to combination power and heating plants supplying heat and hot water to groups of buildings (for the United States) ;
(15) Production of Foodstuffs : Study of production of foodstuffs made from corn, potatotes and other raw materials, including cornstarch, syrup, glucose, canned sugar corn, dry cereals, popcorn, and corn sticks (for the Soviet Union);
(16) Organization of Production and Management: Study of the organization of production and management of industrial enterprises, system of training of management personnel, and progressive methods of organization of engineer. ing in industrial production;
(17) Scientific and Technical Information: Study of the organization of scientific and technical information, systems of retrieving and making available such information, and library systems, including visits to information centers and special libraries engaged in work in this field;
(18) Accounting Techniques : Study of the theory and practice of accounting in enterprises and institutions, techniques of processing accounting information, use of calculating and computing machines for the processing of accounting, financial and statistical data;
(19) Labor and Wages: Organization and fixing of norms of labor, organization of wage systems, incentives and wage differential systems;
(20) Pharmaceuticals: Study of the production of vitamins, antibiotics, amino acids and other pharmaceutical products from waste of alcohol industry and other raw materials.
EXCHANGES IN THE FIELD OF AGRICULTURE (1) Both Parties agree to provide for exchanges of delegations of specialists in agriculture, each consisting of up to six persons for a period of 30 days:
For the United States :
(a) Production of Oil Seeds and Feed Grains and Related Primary Processing and Marketing: Study of cotton, cottonseed, other oilseeds and feed grains crops, with particular emphasis upon production methods, bandling and primary processing for feed and related distribution or marketing system (1964);
(0) Poultry Production, Processing and Marketing: Study of poultry methods, various processing facilities and the marketing and distribution system for poultry products (1965).
For the Soviet Union :
(a) The introduction of chemical processes into agricultural production, scientific-research work in this field, new kinds of mineral fertilizers and toxic chemicals, standards and mechanization of the application of mineral fertilizers, transport from distributor to farm and on-farm storage (1964);
(6) Automation of Agricultural Production: Automation of the postharvest processing and storage of grain, including drying, ventilation, cleaning, sorting and chemical treatment of grain; automation of processes on livestock farms including feeding of cattle and poultry (1965).
(2) Both Parties agree to provide for exchanges of agricultural scientists and specialists in the following fields: For the United States :
(a) Research in sunflower production (one scientist for four months in 1965);
(0) Sugar beet research, particularly study of varieties resistant to leaf spot and other diseases (one specialist for two months in 1964);
(c) Soil conservation (three scientists for one month in 1964);
(d) Study of parasites, predators and insect diseases which may be used to attack noxious insects (one entomologist for six months in 1964);
(e) Study of insects which attack weeds for the purpose of obtaining certain insect species for use in controlling noxious weeds (one entomologist for six months in 1965);
(f) Collection of plant plasm (two plant breeders for six months in 1965);
(9) Familarization with corps research in plant breeding together with visits to introduction stations; also the discussion of problems of continuing plant exchanges and planning the collection of plant plasm (one specialist for three months in 1964);
(h) Laboratory grading, testing and quality testing of grain. Transportation, storage, handling and marketing of grain (four specialists for one
month in 1964). For the Soviet Union :
(a) Familiarization with methods of mass analyses of residual quantities of toxic chemicals in plant production (one person for two months in 1965);
(0) Problems of combatting cotton wilt disease (biological and chemical) and methods of developing wilt-resistant strains of cotton (two persons for four months in 1964);
(c) Study of the formulation of scientific research work on the application of mathematical methods in agricultural economic research (one person for two months in 1965);
(d) Study of biological methods of agricultural crop protection from pests (one person for six months in 1964);
(e) New methods of agricultural pest control by breeding and radioactive treatment in the production of sterile males (one person for four months in 1964);
(f) Collection of seeds of cultivated and wild plants and plant samples for selection purposes (two persons for six months in 1965);
(g) Methods of purification of viruses : Genetics of viruses, the biochemical structure and biological properties of viruses of animals (one person for four months in 1964);
(h) Receipt, preliminary processing and transport of grain. System of laboratory appraisal of grain quality at receipt from producer and principles
of grain classification (two persons for two months in 1965). Each Soviet specialist or specialist group will be paired with a United States specialist or specialist group bearing the corresponding list order. The final implementation of paired exchanges will be contingent upon the designation of mutually acceptable programs and itineraries.
In the event they are needed, interpreters will be included in the number of man-months established for each agreed upon exchange.
(3) Both Parties agree to encourage the cooperation of appropriate organizations on questions of combatting diseases common to man and animals through the exchange of scientific workers as well as through the conduct of joint scientific research.
COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND THE MEDICAL SCIENCES
(1) Both Parties reaffirm their interest in intensifying the fight against serious diseases and express their agreement to contribute to the further develop ment of contacts and cooperation between the United States and Soviet scientific institutions engaged in studying the problems of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, rheumatic diseases, virus diseases, including poliomyelitis, and other important problems of medicine.
Details of specific exchanges shall be agreed upon by direct negotiations be tween the U.S. Public Health Service and the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Health.
(2) The U.S. Public Health Service and the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Health will facilitate continued cooperation between the following scientific-research organizations and other mutually agreed upon research organizations of the United States and the Soviet Union:
(a) For the United States side, the National Cancer Institute, and through it other United States scientific institutions engaged in the study of cancer; for the Soviet side, the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Oncology of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the U.S.S.R. and through it other Soviet oncological institutes ;
(0) For the United States side, the National Institutes of Health, and through it other United States scientific institutions engaged in the study of infectious diseases and virus diseases, including poliomyelitis; for the Soviet side, the Academy of Medical Sciences of the U.S.S.R., and through it other Soviet scientific institutions engaged in the study of infectious diseases and virus diseases, including poliomyelitis ;
(c) For the United States side, the National Heart Institute and the National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases, and through them other United States scientific institutions engaged in the study of cardiovascular diseases and rheumatic diseases ; for the Soviet side, the Institute of Therapy of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the U.S.S.R., and the Institute of Rheumatism of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the U.S.S.R., and through them other Soviet scientific institutions engaged in the study of cardiovascular diseases and rheumatic diseases.
Conditions of ensuring contacts will be agreed upon separately by representatives of the aforementioned organizations.
Both Parties will assist the aforementioned institutions in exchanging plans for scientific-research studies and information on research studies completed, as well as in organizing joint scientific studies, in exchanging specialists and in participating in joint scientific sessions to be convened by the aforementioned institutes, the U.S. Public Health Service and the U.S.S.R.
Ministry of Health in the United States and the Soviet Union alternatively.
(i) On cardiovascular diseases;
(ii) On virology. In the Soviet Union :
(i) On rheumatism;
(ii) On oncology. The number of specialists taking part in these sessions, the periods of stay and the joint scientific sessions for 1965 and their themes will be subsequently agreed to.
(3) Both parties will provide for an exchange of six delegations of three to six persons each, for periods of three to four weeks.
United States delegations will study the results attained in the following fields in the Soviet Union :
(a) Problems of health in the Arctic;
(6) Urban health planning (air pollution, water pollution, solid wastes disposal);
(c) Medical information;
(1) Hospital systems planning. Soviet delegations will study the results attained in the following fields in the United States.
(a) Scientific research in the field of genetics;
(0) Organization of medical and public health services in Alaska, including preventive and specialist services and sanitation;
(c) Study of kidney pathology and virus diseases of children; (d) Urban health planning (air pollution, water pollution, solid wastes disposal);
(1) Antibiotics. (4) Both Parties will exchange specialists, not to exceed 25 persons, for the purpose of studying the work of medical scientific-research institutes and establishments of the United States and the Soviet Union, exchanging experience and conducting joint research studies. The length of individual exchanges
shall not exceed six months, unless otherwise agreed to by the Parties while the total volume of exchanges shall amount to no more than 100 man-months from each side over a period of two years.
It is understood that specialists of each side visiting for a period of more than one month should have a command of the basic language of the country of stay at the level required for fulfillment of their programs.
(5) Both Parties will facilitate the publication of studies of United States researchers in Soviet medical journals and of studies of Soviet researchers in United States medical journals on the most important problems in medical science.
(6) Both Parties will facilitate the further development of exchanges of medical journals and books between United States and Soviet libraries and institutions.
Both Parties agree to provide for further exchanges in the field of education. The participants in these exchanges will be students, graduate students, young instructors, researchers and professors who will be sent and received, respectively, by the sides for study, postgraduate work, study of the English and Russian languages respectively, research, lecturing and familiarization by mutual agreement with subjects of interest in the field of education.
Both Parties agree to provide for appropriate conditions necessary for the fulfillment of mutually agreed programs, including the use of scholarly and scientific materials and, where appropriate and possible, work in laboratories and archives, and also contacts with scholars of scientific institutions outside the system of higher educational establishments.
The exchanges provided for in Paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of this Section will be implemented on the United States side by the Inter-University Com. mittee on Travel Grants and on the Soviet side by the Ministry of Higher and Specialized Secondary Education of the U.S.S.R., hereinafter referred to in this section and its Annex as “the Committee" and "the Ministry."
(1) Both Parties agree to provide for the universities and other institutions of higher learning in their countries to receive students, graduate students, and young researchers and instructors for study and postgraduate work up to 40 persons in the 1964–1965 academic year and 40–55 persons in the 1965–1966 academic year. The exact number for the 1965–1966 academic year will be subsequently agreed upon by the Committee and the Ministry.
The usual period of stay in the receiving country for the participants in this exchange will be nine months beginning with the opening of the academic year. Shorter or longer periods of stay may be provided for individual participants by agreement between the Committee and the Ministry.
The provisions of Paragraphs (1)-(4) of the Annex to this Section apply to the said exchanges.
(2) Both Parties agree to provide for exchanges of groups of language teachers and language specialists, working in educational institutions, for the study and mastery of the English and Russian languages, respectively, at tenweek courses to which each side will send up to 25 persons annually during the summers of 1964 and 1965.
The provisions of Paragraph (5) of the Annex to this Section apply to the said exchanges.
(3) Both Parties agree to provide for an exchange of professors and instructors of universities and other institutions of higher learning during the academic years 1964-1965 and 1965–1966:
(a) of up to 20 persons annually from each side, with a possible period of stay of participants of up to seven months for the purpose of conducting scholarly research, the total volume of exchanges not to exceed 40 man-months from each side during the 1964–1965 academic year and 60 man-months from each side during the 1965–1966 academic year;
(6) Of up to ten persons annually from each side for periods of up to six weeks for lecturing and conducting seminars and consultations.
The provisions of Paragraphs (6)-(8) of the Annex to this Section apply to the said exchanges.