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October 16, 1963 It's a great joy for me to have this chance to be here to salute the unsung heroines of our postwar world.

It is the wives who go with their husbands for service overseas. I'm thinking of some 250,000 American wives who are serving overseas with Government or with the military services or in business or in private organizations. And, of course, I think very especially of the wives who serve with those activities abroad directly related to and with the Department of State, our Foreign Service wives, our AID wives, our USIA wives, and those from the other agencies who join with us in our embassies abroad.

Let me say that I also think of the wives of the diplomatic corps who come here from other countries because they too demonstrate what I am just about to say, because I think the public in this country hasn't begun to realize what a strategic resource, Mrs. Louchheim, we have in this great community of wives abroad.

These are three-dimensional people, thank Heaven, but that makes them very much alive.

The first dimension is that they are wives and mothers, a full-time job, with a family, sometimes in far-off and difficult (sometimes even dangerous) parts of the world, struggling to create a normal family life, to preserve the health of their children, to do something about education, to keep the old man efficiently on his job, and to manage all of the other components of running a family.

The second dimension, too, is a full-time job in our business. There is no profession, perhaps with the exception of the ministry, in which the wife is more necessarily involved in the profession of her husband as in diplomacy.

This has not always been true. I understand that it was not until about the early 17th century that diplomats were allowed, or at least encouraged, to take their wives with them. I have not yet completed my research for all the reasons behind that injunction. But the diplomatic wife is not what popular impression of an earlier day might suppose.

A diplomatic wife is not a Mata Hari; the situation isn't even like it was when Benjamin Franklin was abroad. Benjamin Franklin courted the approval of the ladies of the French court, for example, by fitting spectacles on to most of them, and fitting them personally. But the diplomatic wife today is an extraordinary person doing ordinary jobs with great capacity, with all of the tact. and the understanding, the physical stamina, the imagination, and the unlimited curiosity that goes with this great profession in which we are involved. So we are very proud of what our wives are doing for the official functions of the Department of State.

The third dimension is to take part in the life of the community. And here we have in front of us an exhibit which illustrates dramatically what some of those activities are. These are a part of a great American tradition. De Tocqueville learned thiswhen any American finds something that needs doing, he wanders, finds a few neighbors and forms a committee to do something about it. This is part of our experience in this country in which the women have played an enormous part * *

But there is another element here that I find intriguing. Throughout much of the world there is a great revolution going on, the revolution of development, revolution of entry into the modern world, and that revolution includes the revolution, the liberation of the women. Indeed we are all very closely linked because development won't occur unless every citizen puts his hand to the job that is immediately in front of him. And you will find that where the women

of a particular country have thrown their effort behind the development effort, the development program, that enormous strides are made as compared with those where the women are holding back.

Now this involvement in the life of the community by American women abroad is very important. And you can see it in its reciprocal relationship here in Washington. You can't pick up a single daily paper in Washington without reading of the participation of the diplomatic wives of the diplomatic corps in the community life of this Capital or the community life of this country. This is one of the great unknown ways, the great unheralded ways of learning about people, of weaving these strands of understanding between them which are so important in our total relationships.

I hope none of you will think that the Foreign Service Wives Association was in any sense presumptuous in helping us put together this display. I urged them to find ways to help us tell this story because I think it's so important a story to tell. And they are going to be telling it, I hope, not only here in Washington but in other parts of the country, and telling it not just about their own organization but about other women in other departments and agencies, other activities, other countries where this great story is so important.




As of December 1, 1963
(Compiled by the State Department)

State and college Alabama :

Delaware : University of Delaware Alabama Agricultural & Mechanic District of Columbia : cal College

American University Birmingham-Southern College

Catholic University of America Spring Hill College

George Washington University University of Alabama

Georgetown University Arizona: University of Arizona

Trinity College

Arkansas State Teachers College Florida Southern College
Hendrix College

Rollins College
Little Rock University

St. Petersburg

Junior College University of Arkansas

University of Florida California :

University of Miami Chaffey College

University of Tampa Chico State College

Georgia : Fresno State College

Atlanta University System Humboldt State College

Emory University Los Angeles State College of Ap Georgia Institute of Technology plied Arts and Sciences

Georgia State College of Business Loyola University of Los Angeles Administration Mills College

Mercer University Mount San Antonio College

Shorter College Occidental College

University of Georgia Oceanside-Carlsbad College

Idaho: University of Idaho Pasadena College

Illinois : Pomona College

Bradley University St. Mary's College of California

DePaul University San Diego State College

Illinois College San Francisco State College

Knox College San Jose State College

Lake Forest College Stanford University

Loyola University University of California

National College of Education University of Redlands

Northern Illinois University
University of Santa Clara

Northwestern University
University of Southern California Quincy College
Whittier College

Roosevelt University
Colorado :

University of Chicago Colorado College

University of Illinois
Colorado State College

Wheaton College
Mesa County Junior College Indiana :
Regis College

Butler University
U.S. Air Force Academy

DePauw University University of Colorado

Earlham College University of Denver

Franklin College of Indiana Connecticut:

Indiana University Albertus Magnus College

Manchester College Trinity College

Purdue University University of Connecticut

Rose Polytechnic Institute Wesleyan University

St. Joseph's College Yale University

St. Mary's College

State and college-Continued Indiana-Continued

Massachusetts-Continued University of Notre Dame

Massachusetts Institute of Tech. Valparaiso University

nology Wabash College

Mount Holyoke College Iowa:

Northeastern University Drake University

Radcliffe College Graceland College

Simmons College Grinnell College

Smith College Iowa State Teachers College

State Teachers College, Iowa State University of Science North Adams & Technology

Tufts University Loras College

University of Massachusetts Luther College

Wellesley College Morningside College

Wheaton College State University of Iowa

Williams College William Penn College

Michigan: Kansas:

Albion College Baker University

Emmanuel Missionary College Kansas State College of Pittsburg

Hillsdale College Kansas State Teachers College

Kalamazoo College Southwestern College

Michigan College of Mining & University of Kansas

Technology University of Wichita

Michigan State University of AgriWashburn University of Topeka

culture & Applied Science Kentucky:

Sacred Heart

Seminary Asbury College

University of Detroit Berea College

University of Michigan Transylvania College

Wayne State University Union College

Western Michigan University University of Kentucky

Minnesota : University of Louisville

Carleton College Louisiana :

College of St. Thomas Louisiana Polytechnic Institute

Concordia College
Louisiana State University and

Gustavus Adolphus College
Agricultural & Mechanical

Hamline University

Macalester College
Loyola University

St. John's University Southern University and Agricul

St. Olaf College tural & Mechanical College

University of Minnesota Southwestern Louisiana Institute

Mississippi : Tulane University of Louisiana

Jackson State College Xavier University

Millsaps College Maine:

Mississippi Southern College Bates College

Mississippi State College for Bowdoin College

Women Colby College

University of Mississippi University of Maine

Missouri : Maryland :

Christian College Goucher College

Drury College Johns Hopkins University

Harris Teachers College Loyola College

Lincoln University U.S. Naval Academy

Rockhurst College University of Maryland

St. Louis University Washington College

Southeast Missouri State College Massachusetts :

University of Missouri Amherst College

Washington University

Webster College Assumption College

Montana : Boston College

Montana State College Boston University

Montana State University Brandeis University

Nebraska : Clark University

Creighton University College of the Holy Cross

Doane College Harvard University

Hastings College

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