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interests of one department or agency to those of another. Congress, as well as the executive branch, should give this matter its priority attention.

The basic consideration is clear: there is every good reason why the U.S. Government should have the best communications facilities that modern technology can provide. It cannot afford less.

THE SECRETARY OF STATE

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota JACOB K. JAVITS, New York ERNEST GRUENING, Alaska

JACK MILLER, Iowa
EDMUND 8. MUSKLE, Maine

JAMES B. PEARSON, Kansas
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island
THOMAS J. MCINTYRE, New Hampshire
ABRAHAM RIBICOFF, Connecticut
DANIEL B. BREWSTER, Maryland

WALTER L. REYNOLDS, Chief Clerk and Staf Director

ARTHUR A. SHARP, Staf Editor

SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY STAFFING AND OPERATIONS

HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington, Chairman HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Maine

JACOB K. JAVITS, New Yorks
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

JACK MILLER, Iowa
ABRAHAM RIBICOFF, Connecticut
DANIEL B. BREWSTER, Maryland

DOBOTHY FOSDICK, Staf Director
ROBERT W. Turts, Chief Consultant
RICHARD E. NEUSTADT, Special Consultant
RICHARD 8. PAGE, Research Assistant

JUDITH J. SPAHR, Chief Clerk
LAUREL A. ENGBERG, Minority Consultant

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FOREWORD

The Subcommittee on National Security Staffing and Operations has been making a nonpartisan and professional study of the administration of national security at home and in the field. This is the second in a series of staff reports being issued by the subcommittee.

In the American system of government, the Secretary of State occupies a position of central importance. He is the President's principal adviser on foreign affairs; he often serves as Presidential agent in dealing with other governments; he speaks with authority in declaring and explaining American foreign policy at home and abroad; he has heavy responsibility for coordinating the many elements of policy; and he directs the worldwide activities of the Department of State. As Congress fully appreciates, there is no substitute for a Secretary who is willing and able to exercise leadership in all our major policies toward other nations. The role of the Secretary of State, and the support given him by his Department, have therefore been at the heart of the subcommittee's inquiry.

In approaching its task the subcommittee has built on the work of its predecessor, the Subcommittee on National Policy Machinery.

The present subcommittee has released testimony on the State Department by Secretary of State Rusk, Under Secretary of State Harriman, Deputy Under Secretary of State Crockett, and a number of eminent retired and active ambassadors who have combined work abroad with service in top State Department posts. In addition, it has secured the views of other distinguished present and former Government officials and students of the State Department and the policy process. An initial staff report on the basic issues of the inquiry has been published, together with several background studies.

This staff report, drawing upon the experience of recent years, makes certain suggestions about the role of the Secretary of State and his Department in the administration of the Nation's foreign affairs.

HENRY M. JACKSON,
Chairman, Subcommittee on
National Security Staffing

and Operations. JANUARY 20, 1964.

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