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THE MIDDLE AND UPPER
COMPILED AND REVISED TO DECEMBER 31, 1946
UNDER DIRECTION OF
THE DIVISION ENGINEER
ST. LOUIS, MO.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1948
FOR SALE BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS, WASHINGTON, D. C.
PRICE $1.50 (BUCKRAM)
Description of Middle and Upper Mississippi River-
Length and fall of stream-Lake Itasca to Gulf of Mexico.-
Charts, St. Croix River, mouth to Stillwater, Minn..
Features of locks and dams-table_
Lock and dam sketches.---
Mississippi River, Ohio River to Minneapolis, Minn..
St. Croix River, mouth to Stillwater, Minn..
DESCRIPTION Mississippi River rises in the vicinity of Lake Itasca in central Minnesota and flows in a general southerly direction about 2,350 miles (measured along the channel) to the Gulf of Mexico. The section described in detail in this publication extends from the mouth of Ohio River near Cairo, Ill., to Minneapolis, Minn. The section between the Ohio River and the Missouri River (195.0 miles) is referred to as the Middle Mississippi River, while the section above the Missouri River is known as the Upper Mississippi River. The river is improved for barge navigation below the lower Northern Pacific Railway bridge at Minneapolis (853.0 miles above Ohio River), and extension of the improvement to surmount the Falls of St. Anthony and extend through navigation to the Soo Line Railway bridge (857.6 miles above Ohio River) has been authorized by Congress. Between Minneapolis and Alton, Ill. (202.9 miles above Ohio River) the navigation improvement is by means of locks and dams. Below Alton the improvement is made by channel dredging and open-river regulating works, except in the Chain of Rocks reach. In that reach, a lateral canal and locks to provide a dependable channel have been authorized by Congress.
MILEAGE SYSTEM Mileages are measured along the centerline of the 1931 steamboat channel, and are stated in terms of miles above the Ohio River, the zero of the mileage system being the intersection of the thalwegs of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Attention is invited to the fact that the mileage systems used in some navigation charts of the Ohio and Lower Mississippi Rivers have slightly different origins, the former opposite Cairo Point and the latter at Cairo gage, about 1 and 2 miles, respectively (along the Ohio River channel), above the intersection of thalwegs. For the convenience of those who prefer to use miles from Minneapolis a column of mileages measured from the lower Northern Pacific Railway bridge at Minneapolis is also shown.
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS The more important physical characteristics of the Mississippi River are outlined in the following tables: