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assent or dissent, fail to derive great intellectual quickening and expansion from its careful study. For its broad survey, its sharp analysis, its clear statement of the questions at issue, and its wide inclusion, it will take its place in the theological libraries of the men of all schools. As any attempts to enter upon the details of such a work in a notice like this would be an impertinence, we forbear. Three things, however, occur to us as our eye runs over some of the points made: (1) the cropping out of a somewhat dogmatic assertion of doubtful points, thus, (p. 484), " The language employed in the creation of man, let us make man in our own image,' admits of no satisfactory explanation other than that furnished by the doctrine of the Trinity;'" (2) the lack of flexibility, after all, to meet the exact phases of modern difficulties as on the doctrine of Inspiration; (3) the occasional failure in minutely accurate knowledge in parts of his wide range, as when he asserts (p. 505) the mechanical rule that the absence of the article with Theos is proof of its being a predicate, and when (p. 518) he implies that the reading of the Codex Alexandrinus on 1 Tim. III, 16, is still doubtful. But such lapses are almost inevitable.
TEXTUAL CORRECTIONS of the Common English version of the New Testament, according to the Sinaitie and Vatican mss. with other ancient mss., and the editions of the Vulgate, the Complutensian Polyglott, Stephens, the Elzevirs, Lachmann, Tischendorf, Tregelles and Alford. New York: John Wiley and Son. Pp. xviii and 49, 12 mo.
This little volume covers only the gospels, and is to be continued, if called for. It is very convenient-although it limits itself mostly to the five oldest mss. and citations of the editions mentioned. It gives only the variations that can readily be expressed in English. The Introductory Essays on 'Biblical Criticism by Tregelles and Craik are valuable. We should be glad to see the New Testament completed thus.
A LEXICON, abridged from Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon
Thirteenth Edition. Boston: Ginn Brothers. Chicago: S. C. Griggs & Co. Pp. 782. Square 12 mo.
An admirably convenient and complete abridgment, retaining nearly all the valuable features of the original, except the general citation of passages, discussions upon derivations, and late or technical words. For ordinary, rapid use it is very desirable.
A HARMONY OF THE FOUR GOSPELS IN GREEK, according to the text of
Tischendorf; with a collation of the Textus Receptus, and of the texts of Griesbach, Lachmann, and Tregelles. By F. W. Gardner, D. D., Professor in the Berkeley Divinity School. Andover, W. F. Draper; Chicago; W. G. Holmes. Pp. 268, 8vo.
The title of this volume indicates its character in general. Besides what is there stated, we add that it cites, in full, quotations from the Septuagint, Aquila, Symmachus and Theodotion as well as the Hebrew, when anything
important is concerned; gives a few parallel references, a few brief notes, and a synoptical table of the various Harmonies. It is very handsomely printed, and, we presume, correctly. The notes, we think, are too many for a harmony, and of course too few for a commentary. They might wisely be reduced. Many of them have no sutficient foundation in the nature of the book. To some of them we take exception. Thus the note on p. 10, affirming that “there seems no sufficient reason for giving up the date Dec., 25th ” as the birth-day of Christ, gives an entirely inadequate presentation of the facts in the case, and therefore should not have been appended. The assertion [p. 57,) that “almost every clause " of the Lord's prayer may be found in detached passages in the Rabbinical writings" is in very direct conflict with the result reached by Tholuck. Indeed the notes strike us as written from poverty rather than from fullness. But our most serious question concerns the adoption of Tischendorf's text. We want a new received text, but it is clear that in Tischendorf when he stands alone, we have not found it. Conceding all his eminent merits as an explorer, and even as a textual critic, his vacillations, and his caprices too, have been such as to preclude the final acceptance of his text as marking our present attainment. It has created a pretty general disappointment. We cannot think of following him, for example, in his vagary of omitting the last sentence of John iv:9, not only against all other editors, but against his own chosen authorities, the Sinaitic, Vatican, C. L., etc. The true method therefore, is that which Scrivener adopted in his Greek Testament: to place the “received text” on the page, and Tischendorf's readings with those of Tregelles and others in the margin. This course would put him where he belongs. We wait for a better text-except where Tischendorf is supported by other critics. It does not reconcile us to the present arrangement, that the means of detect ing Tischendorf's deviations are furnished.
A HARMONY OF THE GOSPELS IN ENGLISH, according to the authorized
version, corrected by the best critical editions of the original. By F. W. Gardner, D. D. Andover: W. F. Draper. Chicago: W: G. Holmes, Pp. 286, 8vo. We have serious objections to the method of this book. It adopts “ the authorized version” but “ corrected,” and that too without giving the Eng. lish reader usually any clue to the authority on which this is done. It does not usually intimate that there is any other alternative than the “corrected ” or the common form. It follows Tischendorf even when he stands alone, 6.g., in the omission of “and of tables” Mark vii: 4; complicating the case by retaining in the text, bracketed, some things which Tischendorf rejects e.g., John xxi: 25. The note in the latter passage that “ Tischendorf omits this verse," would lead the reader to suppose that in the former other critics joined him. He also retains, bracketed, Luke xxiv: 12, though omitted by Tischendorf and marked doubtful by Lachmann and Tregelles. In the same way he retains Mark xvi, 8:20. In other words, it is really Dr. Gardner's text. Again, while purporting to correct the translation in “a few instances," he leaves other equally clear instances untouched: thus Luke xi: 41 "give alms of such things as ye have," and Luke vi: 38“ shall men give.” And while adopting the changed reading of Luke ii: 14, he trans lates “ peace to men of good will.” It does not seem to us that the method of this book was at all well considered.
DIATESSERON; the life of our Lord in the words of the gospels. By F. W.
Gardner, D. D. Andover: W. F. Draper. Chicago: W. T. Holmes.
Another work by the same author. It is his English harmony woven into a continuous narrative.
MEDITATION, THE FUNCTION OF THOUGHT. Andorer: W. F. Draper.
Chicago: W.G. Holmes, Pp. 212, 12mo.
A fragment of a large work in contemplation. Written by a highly thoughtful man of wide reading and culture.
CYCLOPÆDIA OF BIBLICAL, THEOLOGICAL, AND ECCLESIASTICAL LITERA
TURE. By John McClintock, D. D., and James Strong, S. T. D. Vols. I-III, A to Gr. pp. 947, 933, 1048. New York: Harpers.
Each volume of this comprensive work closes with a list of articles, more than five hundred in each. The lists at the close of volumes II and III give the initials of the authors of articles also. The authorship in volume I. is indicated only in the Preface. Rev. W. W. Andrews, Dr. Quint, Prof. Park, and Pres. Woolsey are the only Congregational writers we notice; and Prof. Hitchcock, Dr. Hodge, Dr. Schaff, and Dr. Taylor the only Presbyterians. The biographical sketches of Congregational ministers in Vol. I. were by Mr. A. Merwin. Most of the articles throughout are from Methodist hands. The article on Congregationalism in Vol. II. is, however, by Dr. Quint, 16 columns, (author's initials incorrect.) That on the Christian Law of Divorce, 7 columns, we suppose is by Pres. Woolsey, “T. W.”-initials also incorrect.) Also that on Pres. Dwight--brief. That on Cocceius, 4 columns, is by Mr. Andrews. In volume III., that on Jonathan Edwards, 7 columns, on his son, 4 columns, on Dr. Emmons, 2 columns, and on Bela B. Edwards' brief-are by Prof. Park. The first of these, besides being interesting in itself, is noticeable in contrast with those of George Bancroft on the same subject in the New American Cyclopaedia. Volume IV. is to contain an article on Hopkins from the same source. The preponderance of Methodist learning in these volumes should make the work only more interesting to theologians, scholars, and preachers of other denomlnations-not less. Out of this preponderance, and out of the fact that it is compiled for Methodist readers and students primarily, has grown, doubtless, the plan of including such multifarious materials. It is really three encyclopaedias in one. It is biographical, historical, and doctrinal, as well as critical and Bibical. And it is very able in each department, sufficiently so to render it a valuable addition to libraries of institutions and of scholars which are already furnished with special cyclopaedias. To private Christians who have not these helps to an intelligent piety, it will prove still more valuable.
In general the articles are briefer than those of Alexander's Kitto, or Smith—as would naturally result from their multitude and variety. “It is the aim of the present work, as a Dictionary of the Bible,to combine the excellencies of both the great works named, and to avoid their faults." "We have intended,” say the Editors, “ to reproduce all that is valuable in these works.” Winer's Biblisches Real-worterbuech has also been largely used. But “more than half the articles on Biblical topics are entirely original.” Dr. Strong has done this part of the work, and exceedingly well. The great diversity of topics demanding both longer and shorter treatment has tested his capacity, learning, and laboriousness. Biblical introduction and philology, as well as Bible names, are included in this department. The lamented Dr. McClintock's work on Theology-Systematic, Historical and Practical, could but be admirably wrought out. Among their most industrious and skillful assistants we notice Profs. A. J. Schem and G. F. Comfort, neither of whom would do inferior work; Profs. J. F. Hurst, B. H. Nadal, M. L. Stoever, G. F. Holmes, and J. W. Marshall, besides others less known. Of these, the most serviceable is J. N. Boeschel, of Paris. Prof. Hitchcock has a very good account of Clement of Rome, Vol. II., and Prof. Schaff, one of the Clementines. Mr. Oliver Johnson describes the Progressive Friends. Dr. Harbaugh, of Mercersburg, writes on Cyprian and the Donatists. Dr. Hodge expounds the Election of Grace from his standpoint, and Dr. McClintock follows with the Methodist view. Both write with marked ability, and this catholic style of handling disputed points is admirable. We shall look for the succeeding volumes of this superior compend with very great interest and hope.
MEMOIR of the Life and Character of Rev. Lewis W. Greene, D. D., with a
selection from his sermons. By Le Roy J. Halsey, D. D., Professor in the Theological Seminary of the North-West. Pp., 492, 12mo. New York: Charles Scribner & Co. Chicago: Wm. G. Holmes.
In these days of excessive story-telling, a book presenting a real character, consecrated, is refreshing. Dr. Greene was a Southern man, and his leading characteristics were of the best Southern type. With good talents, he was highly emotional and imaginative. These traits, in connction with a commanding person, a retentive memory and ready use of language, rendered him an effective platform speaker and pulpit orator. At times, his oratory evidently rose to what has been termed," logic set on fire," and, is, from his mental structure, there were other times, when all that burned was not logic, his constitutional ardor did not ceuse to be interesting; and he seems
to have been a favorite in the fields where he labored. His memoir is much the briefer portion of the volume, in which the narrative of an ardent life is neatly given, as dictated by the affection of a personal friend.
The Sermons, twenty-nine in number, are, in language, chaste; in style, flowing; in illustration, rather diffuse; so that, at times, leaves seem more abundant than fruit. They evidently belong to that class of Sermons, which are better appreciated. as heard from the pulpit, than when read. The personal friends of Dr. Greene who may be able, from memory, to restore the manner of the preacher, will appreciate them most highly.
GOOD SELECTIONS, in Prose and Poetry, for the use of Schools, Academies,
etc. By W. M. Jelliffee, Teacher of Elocution. Pp., 166, 16 mo.. paper cover. Price fifty cents. J. W. Schermerhorn & Co.: 14 Bond St. New York.
The title of this little book tells the truth: “Good Selections;" in most instances, very good. HADYN'S UNIVERSAL INDEX OF BIOGRAPHY. All Ages and Nations, from
Anno Mundi I. to Anno Domini, 1869. Edited by J. Bertrand Payne. New York, Virtue and Yorston, pp. 586.
One would not expect to find American biography adequately represented here, and it would be richly worth the time of some one who has access to the data, or can secure it in the course of some years, to undertake an American continuation. Nor is all set down under living names, or names of those recently deceased, that we should look for. But it is a work of great merit and use nevertheless, “no unworthy confrere of the Dictionary of Dates," so well known. Excellent and quite indispensible adjutores memoriæ, both. This book has some eighty pages more than it seems to have, about that number being occupied with lives of Monarchs, unpaged, (why?) -a sketch of the history of each nationality accompanying. The printing is so accurate, notwithstanding the large multitude of items, that but one erratum is added, at the bottom of the last page. Think of that all American printers.
Essays, LITERARY, MORAL AND POLITICAL, by David Hume, Esq. London:
Alex. Murray & Son. pp. 557.
One of Murray's admirable "Reprints," a series including Hallam, Bolingbroke, Warton, Gibbon, Pepys, Morrell, Scott, Leon Herbert, Miss Aikin, DeSolme, Evelyn, McCulloch, Montaign, Locke, Adam Smith, etc., etc. The Inquiry concerning the Human understanding, the Inquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, and the Dissertation on the Passions are here, besides the XXXVIII Essays proper. The whole is a “careful reprint of the 2 vols. 8vo. edition," and contains what the author desired "may alone be regarded as containing his philosophical sentiments and principles.” As his history is elbowed more and more out of sight by Macauley and Froude,