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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER 11.

Removal from Kentucky-An Emigrant Journey—The Forests of Southern Indi.

ana–New Home Indiana in 1816—Slavery and Free Labor-Young Lincoln at

His Work-His Schools and Schoolmasters-Self-Education-A Characteristic

Incident-Acquaintance with River Life-His First Trip to New Orleans as a

Flatboatman-Death of His Mother-His Father's Second Marriage-Recollec-

tions of an Early Settler - Close of an Eventful Period in Young Lincoln's

History .............

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OHAPTER III.

The French Settlements—The North-West—The Advance of Emigration-Four

Great States Founded-North and South in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois-Senti-

ments of Southern Emigrants-The First Emigrations-A Coincidence of Dates-

Mordecai and Josiah Lincoln-Removal to Illinois-Settlement on the San-

gamon, in Macon County-Locality Described-Abraham Lincoln Splits Three

Thousand Rails—Removal of His Father-They Separate-His Father Spends

the rest of his Days in Coles County-Abraham Lincoln makes another Trip as

a Flatboatman-Becomes Clerk in a Store on His Return-Leaves the Business, 30

CHAPTER IV.

Breaking Out of the Black Hawk War-The Invasion of 1831—The Rock-river

Country Threatened-Prompt Action of Gov. Reynolds-Retreat of Black

Hawk Treaty of 1804–Bad Faith of the Indians Invasion of 1832—Volun-

teers Called For-Abraham Lincoln one of a Company from Medard County-

He is chosen Captain-Rendezvous at Beardstown-Hard Marches across the

Country to Oquawka, Prophetstown, and Dixon-Expected Battle Avoided by

the Enemy-Discontent among Volunteers—They are Disbanded-Captain Lin.

coln Remains, Volunteering for Another Term of Service--Skirmishing Fights-

Arrival of New Levies-Encounter at Kellogg's Grove-Black Hawk at Four

Lakes-He Retreats--Battle on the Wisconsin-Hastens Forward to the Mis-

sissippi-Battle of Bad-ax-End of Lincoln's First Campaign-Autobiographic

Note..

37

CHAPTER V.

A New Period in Mr. Lincoln's Life-His Political Opinions Clay and Jackson-

First Run as a Candidate for Representative Election in 1834-Illinois Strongly

Democratic--Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor--Land Speculation Mania-Mr. Lin-

coln's First Appearance in the Legislature-Banks and Internal Improve-

ments-Whig Measures Democratically Botched_First Meeting of Lincoln

with Douglas-The Latter Seeks an Office of the Legislature, and Gets it-Mr.

Lincoln Re-elected in 1836_Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House--Distin-

guished Associates, Internal Improvements Again-Mr. Lincoln's Views on

Slavery-The Capital Removed to Springfield-The New Metropolis--Revulsion

of 1837-Mr. Lincoln Chosen for a Third Term-John Calhoun, of Lecompton

Memory-Lincoln the Whig Le:yder, and Candidate for Speakor-Close Vote

First Session at Springfield-Lincoln Re-elected in 1840_Partisan Remodeling

of the Supreme Court-Lincoln Declines Further Service in the Legislature-

His Position as a Statesman at the Close of this Period— Tribune of the People, 47

CHAPTER VI.

Mr. Lincoln's Law Studies--His Perseverance under Adverse Circumstances

Licensed to Practice in 1836–His Progress in his Profession-His Qualities as

an Advocate--A Romantic and Exciting Incident in his Practice-Reminiscence

of his Early Life-Renders Material Service to the Family of an Old Friend-

Secures an Acquittal in a Murder Case, in Spite of a Strong Popular Prejudice

Against the Prisoner--Affecting Scene-Mr. Lincoln Removes to Springfield in

1837-Devotes Himself to his Profession, Giving up Political Life-His Mar-

ringe-Family of Mrs. Lincoln-Fortunate Domestic Relations-His Children

and their Education-Denominational Tendencies--Four Years' Retirement..... 62

CHAPTER VII.

Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay-Presidential Nominations of 1844–The

Campaign in Illinois-Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay-John

Calhoun the Leading Polk Elector_The Tariff Issue Thoroughly Discussed-

Method of Conducting the Canvass-Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority-

Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Wbig Champion-Renders Efficient Service in

Indiapa-Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences--Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for

Congressman in 1816-President Polk's Administration-Condition of the Coun-

try-Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff—Political Character

of the Springfield District--Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority-

His Personal Popularity Demonstrated........

68

CHAPTER VIII.

The Thirtieth Congress-Its Political Character-The Democracy in a Minority

in the House-Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker-Distinguished Members in

both Houses-Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session-Mr.

Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig-The Mexi-

can War-Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject-Misrepresentations-Not an

Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents-His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War-Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing

the Administration - Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Dis-

continuance of the War-Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln-Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor-Mr. Henley's Amendment, and Mr. Ashmun's Addi-

tion thereto-Resolutions Adopted without Amendment-Mr. Lincoln's First

Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War-Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve-

ments-A Characteristic Campaign Speech-Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues; President and People; Wil-

mot Proviso; Platforms ; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and

Exploita ; Cass a Progressive ; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions-Close of the Session-Mr. Lincoln on the Stump--Gen.

Taylor's Election--Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress-Slavery in the

District of Columbia--The Public Lands---Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman-He

Retires to Private life....

72

CHAPTER IX.

Mr. Lincoln in Retirement for Five Years-Gen. Taylor's Administration—The

Slavery Agitation of 1850—The Compromise of Clay and Fillmore-The “ Final

Settlement" of 1852-How, and by Whom it was Disturbed - Violation of the

Most Positive Pledges--The Kansas-Nebraska Bill-Douglas, the Agitator-

Popular Indignation and Excitement-Mr. Lincoln Takes part in the Canvass

of 1854—Great Political Changes-The Anti-Nebraska Organization--Springfield

Resolutions of 1854–Results of the Election-A Majority of Congressmen and

of the Legislature Anti-Nebraska-Election of United States Senator to Suc.

ceed Gen. Shields---Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Trumbull-A Magnanimous Sacrifice

Mr. Trumbull Elected...

............. 119

CHAPTER X.

The Republican Party Organized-Their Platform Adopted at Bloomington—The

Canvass of 1856~Mr. Lincoln Sustains Fremont and Dayton-His Active Labors

on the Stump-Col, Bissell Elected Governor of Illinois-Mr. Buchanan Inau-

gurated--His Kansas Policy-Mr. Douglas Committed to it in June, 1857-John

Calhoun his Special Friend-The Springfield Speech of DouglasMr. Lincoln's

Reply....

.............. 127

CHAPTER XI.

The Lecompton Struggle-The Policy of Douglas Changed-He Breaks with the

Administration and Loses Caste at the South-Bepublican Sympathies-Douglas

Falters, but Opposes the English Bill-Passage of that Measure--Democratic

State Convention of Illinois-Douglas Indorsed, and Efforts for his Re-election

Commenced–The Democratic Bolt-Meeting of the Republican State Conven-

tion in June-Mr. Lincoln Named as the First and Only Choice of the Republi-

cans for Senator-His Great Speech Before the Convention at Springfield-Doug-

las and Lincoln at Chicago-Speeches at Bloomington and Springfield-Unfair

ness of the Apportionment Pointed out by Mr. Lincoln-He Analyzes the

Douglas Programme-Seven Joint Debates-Douglas Produces a Bogus Plat-

form, and Propounds Interrogatories – “Unfriendly Legislation "--Lincoln

Fully Defines his Position on the Slavery Question-Result of the Canvass-The

People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for Douglas-Public Opinion............. 141

CHAPTER XII.

Mr. Lincoln in Ohio–His Speech at Columbus—Denial of the Negro Suffrage

Charge-Troubles of Douglas with his “Great Principle"--Territories not

States-Doctrines of the Fathers-His Cincinnati Speech-"Shooting Over the

Line"-What the Republicans Mean to Do-Plain Questions to the Democracy-

The People Above Courts and Congress-Uniting the Opposition-Eastern Tour-

The Cooper Institute Speech-Mr. Bryant's Introduction-What the Fathers

Held-What will satisfy the Southern Democracy-Counsels to the Republi-

cans-Mr. Lincoln Among the Children.....

182

APPENDIX.

Respecting Soldiers Absent without Leave...................

484

A National Fast.............

485

The Draft-A Proclamation by the President....................

486

The President's Letter to Gen. Schofield Relative to the Removal of Gen. Curtis... 488

Proclamation for a day of National Thanksgiving because of Signa) Victories on

Sea and Land....

490

Letter from the President to Hon. Erastus Corning and Others....................... 491

The President's Reply to the Committee from Ohio Urging the Recall of Mr.

Vallandigham......

499

Letters from President Lincoln to Gov. Seymour, of New York, Relative to the

Draft in that State.......

503

The Suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus Ordered in Certain Cases.............. 506

President Lincoln's Letter to Gen. Schofield............................................

607

Thanksgiving ....

508

President Lincoln's Reply to Hon. Charles D. Drake and Others...........

509

A Call for Three Hundred Thousand Volunteers................................................. 514

Rev. Dr. McPheeters—The President's Reply to an Appeal for Interference......... 315

An Election Ordered in the State of Arkansas...................................................

516

The President's Proclamation of the 8th of Deecmber, 1863—Explanation-Cases

Defined....................................................................................................... 517

PART I.

CHAPTERI,

MR. LINCOLN'S EARLY BOYHOOD IN KENTUCKY.

Preliminary Remarks.--Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln.-Their Resi

dence in Pennsylvania and Virginia.-His Grandfather Crosses the Alleghanies to join Boone and his Associates.—"The Dark and Bloody Ground."--His Violent Death.-His Widow Settles in Washington County.--Thomas Lincoln, his Son, Marries and Locates near Hodgenville.--Birth of Abraham Lincoln.--La Rue County.-His Early Life and Training in Kentucky.

The name of no living man is more prominent, at this moment, on the lips and in the thoughts of the American people, than that of ABRAHAM LỊNCOLN. This happens not merely because, as the candidate of a party, he has won the highest political honors. He has a hold upon the public mind which a partisan election alone can not account for. This event, indeed, is the effect rather than the cause. An overwhelming popular enthusiasm in certain States where he is best known (and manifested also by the assembled crowds at Chicago, during the memorable week of the Convention) did much to turn the poising balance in his favor, and to determine his selection as a candidate over all his distinguished competitors.

What Robert Burns has proverbially been to the people of his native land, and, to a certain extent, of all lands, as a bard, Abraham Lincoln seems to have become to us as a statesman and a patriot, by his intimate relations alike with the humbler and the higher walks of life. By his own native energy and

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