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order of the Senate for that purpose.-27 January, 1792; 27 March, 1818; 5 January, 1829; 6 April, 1867.

44. When an amendment to be proposed to the Constitution is under consideration, the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present shall not be requisite to decide any question for amendments, or extending to the merits, being short of the final question.-26 March, 1806.

45. When any question may have been decided by the Senate, in which two-thirds of the members present are necessary to carry the affirmative, any member who votes on that side which prevailed in the question may be at liberty to move for a reconsideration; and a motion for reconsideration shall be decided by a majority of votes.-3 February, 1801.

46. Messages shall be sent to the House of Representatives by the Secretary, who shall previously endorse the final determination of the Senate thereon.-26 March, 1806.

47. Messengers are introduced in any state of business, except while a question is putting, while the yeas and nays are calling, or while the ballots are counting.-26 March, 1806.

48. No person shall be admitted to the floor of the Senate, while in session, except as follows, viz.: The officers of the Senate, members of the House of Representatives and their Clerk, the President of the United States and his private secretary, the heads of departments, foreign ministers, ex-Presidents and ex-Vice-Presidents of the United States, ex-senators, senators elect, judges of the Supreme Court, and governors of States and Territories.-17 March, 1853; 23 January, 1854; 24 January, 1854; 6 March, 1856; 11 January, 1859; 7 February, 1862.

49. The presiding officer of the Senate shall have the regulation of such parts of the Capitol, and of its passages, as are or may be set apart for the use of the Senate and its officers.-22 January, 1824; 14 February, 1828.

50. Whenever a claim is presented to the Senate and referred to a committee, and the committee report that the claim ought not to be allowed, and the report be adopted by the Senate, it

shall not be in order to move to take the papers from the files for the purpose of referring them at a subsequent session, unless the claimant shall present a memorial for that purpose, stating in what respect the committee have erred in their report, or that new evidence has been discovered since the report, and setting forth the new evidence, in the memorial: Provided, That this rule shall not extend to any case where an adverse report, not in writing, shall have been made prior to the 25th day of January, 1842.-25 January, 1842; 21 December, 1842.

51. Any officer or member of the Senate convicted of disclosing for publication any written or printed matter, directed by the Senate to be held in confidence, shall be liable, if an officer, to dismissal from the service of the Senate, and in the case of a member, to suffer expulsion from the body.-10 May, 1844.

52. The oath or affirmation prescribed by act of Congress of July 2, 1862, to be taken and subscribed before entering upon the duties of office, shall be taken and subscribed by every senator in open Senate, before entering upon his duties. It shall also be taken and subscribed in the same way by the Secretary of the Senate, but the other officers of the Senate may take and subscribe it in the office of the Secretary.-25 January, 1864.

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classification, and duties of, 34.
how appointed, 35.

chairman of, how appointed, 35.
what may be referred to, 35.
preference of reference to, 36.
reference of claim to, 50.

when papers referred to may be taken from files, 50.


by Chief Executive, 39.

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not debatable until seconded, 9.

to be reduced to writing, 10.

when may be withdrawn, 10.

to reconsider not to be withdrawn without leave, 10.

privileged in debate, 11.

precedence of, 11.

to adjourn always in order, 11.

to strike out, and insert, 12.

final question on, 29.

to reconsider, who may make, 45.

how decided, 45.
when to reconsider, not in order, 20.

to suspend 16th and 17th Joint Rules, how considered, 26.


consideration of, 37.

proceedings upon, 40.

when to be returned to Executive, 43.


when liable to dismissal, 51.

oath of office of, 52.


question of, to be decided without debate, 6.

words to be written down, 7.
privilege of floor, 19.

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to have supervision of chamber and compartments, 49.

when may order galleries cleared, 18.

casting vote of, 21.

who may perform duties of, 23.

position and duties of, when Chief Executive attends, 37:


how kept, 42.

upon nominations by Chief Executive, to be kept secret, 40.
upon confidential communications by Chief Executive, 39.
upon confidential, or Executive business, Senate to be cleared, 41.
when furnished Executive, 43.

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