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what was the particular subject of this production of the instrument itself;

complaint'; she herself took no part one of the reasons of which, his lord-

in the quarrel. Does not remember to ship observed, was this: that in such a

have written a challenge for Mr. How: case as that which gave rise to the

nam. (A letter was here shown to question, the cross-examining counsel

the witness, folded down.) She could might put the Court in possession of

not say that it was her hand-writing; only a part of the written paper, and

it seemed rather unlike the character thus the Court may never be in pos-

of her hand. Left the princess in No. session of the whole, though it may

vember 1817. At the time she left happen that the whole, if produced,

her, she knew all respecting the con- may have an effect very different from

duel of her royal highness, which she that produced by the statement of a

has detailed.


Mr. Wiltians then proceeded to ex. With respect to the second ques.
amine the witness as to a number of lion, the judges divided it. The first
expressions respecting the princess, all part of the question, whether " the
couveying the warmest eulogies upon Court would permit a witness to be
her; to each of these, the witness an. asked, showing only a part of a letter,
swered, that she probably had written whether he wrote such part?” They
or spoken to the effect of the passages answered in the affirmative ; and the
quoted, but she could not recall the second part of the question, namely,
particular form of expression.

whether, “in case the witness shali
The Attorney General objected to the, not admit that he did, or did not write

course of examination pursued by Mr. such part, he can be examined as to

Williams. It appeared that he was the contents of that letter? They an-

cross-examining as to the contents of a swered in the negative. This opinion

letter, which should only be opened to of the judges being adopted by the

the House, by proving the letter itself, House, and communicated to the coun.

and afterwards reading it as a part of sel on both sides, Mr. Williams handed

the Queen's evidence.

in three letters, which were admitted

After a discussion of some length, by the witness to be of her hand.

the following two questions were re- writing.

ferred to the Judges:-

The Attorney General objected to any

“ Whether on cross-examination a questions being, put upon the contents
party would be allowed to represent in

of these letters, inasmuch as the written
the statement of a question the con- instruments should have been them-
tents of a letter, and to ask the witness,

selves produced.

whether he wrote such a letter to any lowing question was referred to the

After a short discussion, the fol-

person with such contents, or contents

to the like effect, without having first

Judges :-

shown to the witness the letter, and

“'Whether, when a witness is cross-
having asked the witness whether he examined, and upon the production of
wrote that letter, and his admitting examination, the witness admits that

a letter to the witness under cross-
that he wrote such letter?

Secondly, “Whether when a letter he wrote that letter, the witness can
is produced, the Court would allow a be examined in the courts below, whe-
witness to be asked, upon showing the ther he did or did not in such letters
witness only a part of, or one or more make statements such as the counsel
lines of such a letter, and not the whole shall, by questions addressed to the
of it, whether he wrote such part, or witness, inquire, are or are not made
such one or more lines; and in case therein, or whether the letter itself
the witness shall not admit that he must be real as the evidence, to mani.
did, or assert that he did

not write the fest that such statements are or are
same, he can be examined to the con- not made therein ? And in what stage
tents of such a letter?"

of the proceedings, according to the

practice of the courts below, such let.
The learned Judges (by the mouth ter could be required by counsel to be
of the lord chief-justice Abbot) an- read, or permitted by the court below
swered the first question in the nega- to be read.”.
live, on the well-known rule of law, To this, the Judges replied (by the
that the contents of a written instru- mouth of the lord Chief-justice Abbot),
ment should be always proved by the “ that counsel were not at liberty to
ask questions with respect to the con- ness has not been examined since she tents of a document, until the docu- came to England, but has been once ment had first been read. And ac- sworn by a magistrate at the house of cording to the ordinary rule of evi. Mr. Powell; this was about 2 months dence, the document should be read as ago. Witness saw her own paper at part of the evidence of the counsel Mr. Powell's house. Witness has producing it ; and in his turn of exa- signed a deposition, but she does not mination, after he has opened his case ; know whether that was the one she but in a case where the production of saw at Mr. Powell's; the paper cona document, at any earlier period, tained the witness's evidence; Mr. tends to elucidate a cross-examination, Powell examined witness in Italy; then, for the furtherance of justice, the Mr. Powell never examined witness general rule is dispensed with, and the at any time in England, though he has document is permitted to be read at seen her as many as 20 times in Engthe suggestion of counsel; still, how- land. Mr. Powell did not visit wit. ever, considering it as the evidence of ness upon the subject of her evidence ; the counsel producing it, and subject witness cannot say, whether Mr. Powto all the consequences of having it ell never spoke about her evidence, beconsidered as part of his evidence. cause she does not remember; witness Examination resumed.


was regularly sworn by a magistrate

in Mr. Powell's house. Witness (Louisa Demont) came to Mr. Brougham interposed. He obEngland, accompanied by Mr. Sacchi, jected to the farther examination of a a friend, Krouse, a messenger, and one witness produced under the obligation of her sisters; was examined at Milan of a double oath. He demanded of the by Vimercati, the counsellor, and three House, whether such was not a gross other gentlemen ; states upon her oath violation of the ordinary administrathat she expects nothing for coming to tion of justice. England.

The Lord Chancellor observed, that

the objection clearly did not go to the SATURDAY, SEPT. 2.

competency of the witness; and if it

were directed against her credit, this Louisa Demont was again brought for- was not the proper period for counsel ward.

to avail theniselves of it. Cross-examination resumed.

Mr. Brougham then caused the let.

ters to be read, which are as follow: After leaving the princess's service, witness went to her mother's house in

Columbier, 8th Fco. 1818. Switzerland; remained there about 13

“Dear and good Mariette; months; went from thence to Milan; “ Although you have not said four returned to Switzerland; remained words in your last letter, yet I love there 3 months ; came to England ; Mr. you too well not to pardon you for it, Sacchi came for her to go to Milan; and it is with real pleasure that I re. Sacchi was a military man, but what he ply to you. I am enchanted, my good is now witness does not know; knew him sister, that you are perfectly happy; first in the princess's service; does not but I'ought not to doubt it, so well as know what service he was in when he I know the extreme goodness of her came to look for witness to go to Milan, royal highness, and of all those with --this was a year ago last December; whom you may have any thing to do. it was about the beginning of 1819. Endeavour to preserve always such Up to that time witness had lived valuable kindness, by continuing the with her mother, and continued to do same way of life which has procured it so three months more, and then she for you. May experience not be usecame to England. Her expenses were less to you! and keep always before paid to Milan, and nothing more. All your eyes the trouble which arises froni the time from leaving the princess's folly and inconsistency; you have service witness has lived upon her own lately had sufficient proofs of that. funds; her expenses have however “ You will, no doubt, be very de. been paid in England; witness was sirous of knowing what is my situation examined only once at Milan, but was in our little country. I assure you, several days undergoing this exami- my dear, I have been received in such nation; the days were successive; wit. a manner as you could have no idea


of; I have been fetée, sought after, on account of my fine eyes, and that a and received every where with the little curiosity had no part in their greatest cordiality, at Lausanne, at eagerness to see me. Ah! why was Morger, at Cassonay. I passed a whole not the spirit of her royal highness at month at the last town, where every my side She would then have found possible amusement was procured for whether I be ungrateful.. How often, me. You know how fond I am of go. in a numerous circle, whilst with all ing on a sledge.+ Well! every day the enthusiasm which animated me, I we made a party for it: at the begin. enumerated her great qualities, her ning of the new year we had a delight. rare talents, her mildness, her paful masked ball; the following week tience, her charity, in short, all the two more dress balls, the best that perfections which she possesses in so have been in this town; and a number eminent a degree; how often, I say, of other evening dancing parties, given have I not seen my hearers affected, by my friends on account of me; in and heard them exclaim, how unjust short, every day brought some new is the world to cause so much unhapparties and new invitations. Can you piness to one who deserves it so little, conceive, that in the midst of all these and who is so worthy of being happy! numberless pleasures I was sad and “ You cannot think, Mariette, what silent; every one quizzed me on my a noise my little Journal has made. It indifference; I who, said they, used to has been, if I may use the expression, be so gay before my departure, I was snatched at; every one has read it. not to be known again ; but spite of Madame Gaulisa begged me to let her all my endeavours I could not get the carry it to Lausanne; all the English better of myself. Can you not, my who were there at that time wished to dear, divine the cause of all my deep see it; I have been delighted at it, for sadness? Alas! it was only the regret you know I spoke in it a great deal of and grief at having quitted her royal the best and most amiable princess in highness, and at knowing that she had the world. I related much in detail mistaken my character, and taxed me all the traits of sensibility and of gewith ingratitude. Oh God! I would nerosity which she had shown—ihe surrender half my life, could she but manner in which she had been reread my heart; she could then be con- ceived, applauded, cherished, in all vinced of the infinite respect, the un- the places we had visited. You know, limited attachment, and perfect grati. that when this august princess is my tude, I shall always entertain for her subject I am inexhaustible, conseaugust person. I should much have quently my Journal is embellished wished, my dear Mariette, to have with and breathes the effusion of my written to the count, to thank him for heart; my greatest desire having al. the kindness he has shown me, but I ways been, that the princess should am afraid to trouble him; tell him appear to be what she really is, and that the few lines which he has had that full justice should be rendered to the goodness to write to me, have her. I assure you, that although disin fact afforded me a little tran- tant, it is not less my desire, and that quillity, since they made me hope for I shall always endeavour with zeal pardon. I was afraid her royal high- that such may be the case, and as far ness would be still displeased at the as my poor capacity will allow. As turn I had given to my journey ; judge you may well judge, it is not to make Luen of my happiness, when I learnt a merit of it, since she will always be that she was not at all angry at it, but ignorant of it, and even suspects me of on the contrary gives me leave for it: ingratitude, but it will only be to conin truth, this pretence has been very tent my heart, which would find a useful to me; for you are sufficiently sweet satisfaction in this charming acquainted with the world to suspect success. that I have been assailed with ques- “But I had almost forgotten to contions, particularly by great folks ; for I fide to you a thing which will surprise am not vain enough to think that I you as much as it has me. The 24th have been sought after so much only of last month I was taking some re

freshment at my aunt Clara's, when I Fetée, received with parties. was informed an unknown person de+ Aller en traineau.

sired to deliver me a letter, and that he would trust it to no one else. I ways acted in the same way, I should went down stairs, and desired him to not be in the situation in which I am; come up into my room. Judge of my every one should economise as much astonishment when I broke the seal;


as possible against the time when one a proposal was made to me to set off can no longer gain any thing. Profit for London, under the false pretence by the lesson I have just given you, of being a governess. I was promised and be assured it will be salutary to a high protection, and a most brilliant you, for I speak from experience. You fortune in a short time. The letter will know Mr. Le Notte has not deliwas without signature; but, to assure vered the parcel; I wrote to him at me of the truth of it, I was informed I Milan, and at Paris; I expect his anmight draw at the banker's for as much swer one of these days. If it should money as I wished. Can you conceive be lost, it would be very disagreeable, any thing so singular? Some lines, as the cloth costs a great deal: if I escaped from the pen of the writer, had known, it should not have been enabled me easily to discover the purchased, as my mother has a good cheat, and I did not hesitate to reply spencer, and might very well have done in such terms as must have convinced without it. I regret also the velvet him I was not quite a dupę. Notwith- very much, of which I have shortened standing all my efforts, I could draw myself for my hat, in making it much no eclaircissement from the bearer; he smaller; besides we did not get that acted with the greatest mystery. You either for nothing, and the three louis see, my dear, with what promptitude are well worth lamenting, without the enemies of our generous benefac. reckoning the other baubles; all that tress always act. There must always does not come by whistling for it; a be spies about her, for no sopner had I sous here and a sous there soon make left Pesaro than it was known, with all a livre, and twenty-four livres make a its circumstances, in the capital of Eu. Napoleon; you see I am become an rope. They thought to find in me a adept in arithmetic. I will answer for person revengeful and very ambitious; it, however, that Mr. Le Notte shall but, thank God, I am exempt from have the goodness to make all good if both those failings; and money ac, he have lost any thing. I shall show quired at the expense of repose and him no favour, and have written to duty, will never tempt me, though I him in such a manner as sufficiently should be at the last extremity. shows I am not very well satisfied with

“ The Almighty abandons no one, his negligence, much less those who do that which is “ But, my dear Mariette, I perceive agreeable to him. A good reputation is I have almost finished my letter withbetter than a golden girdle, “ Since I have introduced the sub- good mother is tolerably well, though

out speaking of our dear relations : our ject of money, my dear sister, I must her asthma and paing in her bowels give you some advice. Economise as torment her sometimes, but nothing much as possible, retrench every super- compared to what she has suffered this fluity; did you but know the regret I

summer. Your father is very well. feel in not having done so ! I do not Henrietta is always charming: I give think I ever was guilty of extrava- her every day lessons in writing and gance, but I have not deprived myself reading; she sews very well, and irons of many things which were almost use.

as well; she has already ironed several less to me. You know that every one frills for me, and some here, as elsewhere, fancies the princess which I am very well satisfied. Her de of Wales throws her money out of the sire of travelling is the same ; pray try window, and I am supposed to have to get her a situation; I returned with a considerable fortune ; she will give you no cause to regret it. from a species of self-love, and to extol She is much altered for the better: still more her generosity, I do not try she is gay, and always in good humour; to undeceive any one ; consequently, mild, obliging, in short, of a character though I have great need of money, I to make herself beloved wherever she have not yet dared to ask my guardian goes, for she has an excellent heart, for any : I know how to be moderate, and knows how to be contented in all and run into no expense. I have time to reflect, and lo think that if I had al.



situations. Margaret is entirely ami. precious good we possess; yet I have able, of a pretty figure, and so lively, known some persons have puspected that she makes one half dead with my conduct; but I have God and my laughing ; Louisa is also very genteel. own conscience for witnesses. Are I assure you, dear Mariette, they are they not sufficient for my peace ? at all changed very much for the better, least no one can deprive me of them. and I am quite contented with them. No, 1 have nothing to reproach myself

“ I have been, since the month of with on that head, and vou know it as January, in my favourite chamber at weil as myself, therefore I can give Collombier, where some repairs have you advice, with the assurance that been done; for example, a very good you will follow it, especially as it is chimney, and a small cabinet, wherein also that of our mother.

I sleep. I often make little excur- “Dear sister, if you dare, place me sions in our environs, and frequently at the feet of her royal highness bereceive visits, which afford me some seeching her to accept my humble amusement. I think I hear you say, respects. Do not fail, I entreat you, well dear Louisa, what do you mean when she speaks to you of me, to ento do? Won't you marry ? What does deavour to convince her that my reV[ons. do? I will tell you, pientance for having displeased her is word for word; I every day feel more still the same; that I conjure her to and more repugnance to marriage. restore me to her favour. Tell me if Mr. has done all in his power her royal highness is still so very angry to induce me to accept a heart which with me, and if there is 'not any ap

he has preserved for me these pearance of a full pardon; but tell me seven years. What heroical constancy, always the truth. Try also, I pray and little worthy of the age in which you, Mariette, to persuade her royal we live. I have not, however, been highness that I am and always skall dazzled by it, and although he be rich, be so entirely devoted to her, that no charming, and amiable, I would not sacrifice I could make for her would retract the refusal I gave him four appear too great, and that she might years ago. If this amuse you, I will even dispose of my life, which shall tell you I have several other lovers, for ever be consecrated to her. Tell not less desirable than he; I am very the baron also, that I am very sensible foolish perhaps to refuse them, for of his remembrance, and beg him to they are infinitely better than I am ; accept the assurance of my perfect perhaps I may one day repent it. You gratitude. Embrace for me tảe charmknow tlie proverb " qui refuse muse," ing Victorine; repeat also my thanks Che who will not, &c.) but I cannot do to the count, and assure him I shall otherwise ; recent events have created never forget his late kindness. Rein me a sort of artipathy to all men. I member me to the countess, Madame can have no tiés, no communications Livia, and Mr. William, begging them with any of them. I love and cherish to receive the assurance of my sincere

sweet liberty alone, and wish to pre- friendship. serve it as long as I can. Dear Ma- “Dear Mariette, if I were to tell Tiette, 1 conjure you imitate my ex- you all those who send you salutations, ample, never think of marrying. My I should want two more pages, for mother and I forbid it as long as her every one is much interested for you, royal highness shall wish to keep you and they never cease to put up vows in her service. You can have no for your continued happiness. You greater happiness, it is impossible. are sensible, however, that the most Beware of forming any attachment or sincere are made by us at home tie with any one; you are too young

*** You will tell Mr. Hieronymus that for that; remain free; be assured you John is quite well, and that Mr. will be a thousand times more happy. Simonin is very well pleased with him I do not recommend prudence to you, in all respects; his board is not paid because I know you too well to distrust for, and tell Mr. H. on the receipt of you, and to suspect you do not possess this letter I beg he will immediately it; for whatever may have been said send an order to Mr. Demolin for the of me, I would have died rather than six months board, and address it to abandon it for an instant, and deviate "me; he must not delay, for I have from the strict path of virtue; the most need of money. You will not, I

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