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My Mission to the United States of America was prompted and sustained by your liberal philanthropy; and, in this memorial of my service, I gratefully acknowledge your constancy in supporting the cause of the Union, and the emancipation of the enslaved and oppressed. To be able to identify your name and generous sympathy for the working-classes as of a follower in the footsteps of your much-honoured and venerated father, adds intensity to my gratification in adopting this mode of rendering a tribute of sincere personal esteem to yourself.

I am, Sir,
Your faithful and obliged,

JAMES WILLIAM MASSIE.

LONSDALE SQUARE, LONDON.

January 23, 1864.

CONTENTS.

PAGB

INTRODUCTORY EXPLANATIONS : Origin of the Mission-Letter

from Dr. J. P. Thompson-Proposed Reply-Organiza-
tions to diffuseinformation - FrenchProtestant clergy-Reply
from English ministers—Anti-slavery conference-Address
to ministers and pastors throughout the States of America
-Public meeting in the Free Trade Hall-Letter of in-

structions to the deputation-Resolutions of the Emanci-

pation societies—« Welcome to sympathy"..................... 1-17

CHAPTER I.

Facts to be known and considered-Parties—The Constitution

amended–Testimony of a Southern as to the causeless

Rebellion-Committee of thirty-three-Warning by Jeffer-

son Davis—Compromise by Crittenden-South Carolina's

object-Rejoinder by the Congress-Parties to be consulted

-What is due to the negro—What voice has the army-

What consideration must be given to the anti-slavery senti-

ment-Difficulties in the way of conciliation-War alone

can determine the issue-Political elements in the Presi.

dential election-Abolitionists—The glories of the slave

system-Power of the President-Commander-in-chief-

The arbitrament-Political justice .......................... 18–51

CHAPTER II.

The population who have an interest and voice in the question-

The census of classes of immigrants--Lineage South and

North-Western cities–New Englanders—The older states

-Philadelphia, Massachusetts, Maine-English ancestry,

lineage, and literature—England and America united—Irish

emigration-Slaves and coloured freedmen-Slave and free

States—Climate and soil—Testimony of statesmen-Reac-

tion of slavery-Religious and female influences............ 52–78

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CHAPTER III.

Aspects of the question, and elements of popular influence

The baptism of blood-Sufferers for the slave's sake-The

Missouri Compromiso-Kansas preserved free--Ladies who

made efforts for educating coloured people—Lane and

Oberlin seminaries—Amos Dresser, Crandall, and Lovejoy-

The abolition family suffering martyrdom-Captain John

Brown and Harper's FerryBrooks and Sumner-Female

authors—Uncle Tom's cabin-Coloured men patriots—The

churches—The fugitive slave law-Colonel Fremont-Chi.

cago platform.........

............ 79-121

CHAPTER IV.

A visit to New York, Washington, the White House, and Phi.

ladelphia. My voyage across the Atlantic and cabin asso-

ciations--Approach to New York-Inner harbour-First

intercourse with Americans-Fourth of July-Governor

Seymour-Localities and expansion-First Sunday in New

York-Broadway Tabernacle-Conference at the Bible

House-New York response and signatures--Dr. Cheever-

Route via Philadelphia and Baltimore-Interviews at

Washington-Mr. Seward-Lord Lyons—The President-

Letter to Mr. Lincoln and presentation-Reply from Go-

vernment-Great meeting in First Presbyterian Church

and response_" Camp Misery"--Review of coloured

troops—Monumental city-Philadelphia Union League Club

-How to content the Southerns—Visit to a hospital 122–169

CHAPTER V.

New England-Eastern states and the anti-slavery cause-New

Haven, Conference of Christian ministers-Yale College-
Hartford-Colt's colony-Response--Springfield — Arsenal
- Judge Chapman-Worcester-Commemoration of West
India emancipation-Pic-nic party in Abington Grove-
Speakers — Boston — Roxbury-Park-street church - An-
dover seminary-Graduates—The town in the woods on
the Merrimac-Rapid progress—Providence, R. I.-My
brother-Meeting in Roger Williams' church-Brown
University-Massachusetts Bay-Voyage along the coast
to New Brunswick-St. John-Bay of Fundy-Scenery on
the river-Eastport boundary– Portland-Preble House

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Meeting at Dr. Dwight's church, and response Return to 1
Boston-Response-Historical associations—The route to
Saratoga—Company at the springs-Lecture and response

170229
CHAPTER VI.
The Western States—The opinions on Anti-slavery and the War

-Towns with antique names from all lands—— Rochester,
rapid growth-Great meeting—Niagara Falls, above and
below-Buffalo in fifty years—The lakes - Boats and pas.
sage_Detroit, its French origin and characteristics—Dr.
Duffield in the name of his colleagues—The Michigan Ser-
geant-Chicago, its vast population and prosperity in com-
merce-Illinois prairies, its war contingent and hostility to
coloured population—The Mississippi and Missouri rivers
St. Louis and Anti-slavery sentiment Transformation of
the popular mind-Southern Secessionists' hatred to the
Negro and his benefactors—Historical remembrances of St.
Louis-American Railway travelling—The Ohio River at
Louisville-Slavery in Kentucky-Tobacco-Bishop Smith
and Mr. Prentice of Louisville-Influence of slavery-
Cincinnati-Lane Seminary-Meeting in the First Old
School Presbyterian Church-Columbus, the capitol-
The Prison-Morgan the guerilla-Scene at the Railway
Station-Cleveland as a city-Response from Ohio-Pitts-
burg and its manufactures—Mass meeting-Reply from
the clergy–Route via Cleveland to Buffalo-Generous re-
ception-Albany, the capital, institutions, etc.—Gloversville,
its manufactures, The Hudson's banks—Orange Valley-
Response — Newark-New Jersey response New York
Union League Club-Farewell ........ .................230308

CHAPTER VII.
The coloured people—Prejudices against colour in the North-

Riots in New York, July 1863—Four hundred thousand
free people of colour—Four millions who were slaves
Annual births—Physiology of the race in Africa and Ame-
rica-The possible and the actual - Freedman's Inquiry
Commission-Eastern Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro-
lide, Florida - American Missionary Association among

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