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as follows to the four courts of primera instancia é instrucción, which begin operations July 1, 1900, in Habana:
a. To the court of primera instancia é instrucción of the northern district, Arturo Galletti, Andres Segura, Luis Testar, Santiago Ledo, Emilio Valdes Valenzuela, and Luis P. Pimentel.
b. To the court of primera instancia é instrucción of the southern district, Luis J. de Sausa y Aceituno, Ricardo D. del Campo, Rafael del Pino, Andres Garcia, and Francisco Baños.
c. To the court of primera instancia é instrucción of the eastern district, Francisco de Castro, Nicanor del Campo, Jose A. Rodriguez, Eligio Bonachea, Jose Ramon Cabello, and Mariano Guas,
d. To the court of primera instancia é instrucción of the western district, Luis Mazon, Jose B. Egea, Alfredo Montalvan, Jose Ramirez Ovando, Mariano Quesada, and Luis Sausa y Vega.
II. Cognizance of the civil suits which may be still pending on July 1, 1900, in the courts of primera instancia é instrucción of the city of Habana, shall belong respectively, from that date, to the courts to which the present order assigns the recorders who have charge of the aforesaid civil suits.
III. The office of recorder of judicial proceedings of the court of primera instancia é instrucción of the Jesus Maria district, left vacant by the death of its incumbent, Jose Clodomiro Barrena, is hereby abolished.
IV. Suits now pending which belong to the recording office mentioned in the preceding article shall be properly distributed among the five recorders assigned to the court of primera instancia é instrucción of the southern district. All other documents of said office that are filed therein shall remain from July 1, 1900, in the custody and care of the recorder, Luis J. de Sausa y Aceituno, who may make the division and transfer of the above to the general archives authorized by Order 222, headquarters division of Cuba, series of 1900.
V. The recorders of judicial proceedings of the courts of primera instancia é instrucción of the city of Matanzas shall be attached, to date from July 1, 1900, to the only court of primera instancia é instrucción which, from the date, shall hold sessions in the aforesaid city; and the recorders of the city of Santiago de Cuba are hereby assigned to the only court which, from July 1, 1900, will remain in operation in said city.
VI. The recording offices which in the future may become vacant in the cities of Habana, Matanzas, and Santiago de Cuba shall be abolished, if in the opinion of the Government it be found suitable to do so in each case, until the number is reduced to four for each of the courts of primera instancia é instrucción of the city of Habana, and to three for each of the courts of Matanzas and Santiago de Cuba. In cases where it may not be deemed suitable to abolish the offices, the vacancies shall be filled as provided for in the digest of January 5, 1891.
J. B. HICKEY, Assistant Adjutant-General.
HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,
The military governor of Cuba directs the publication of the following order: I. Insular property in the hands of military officers, or insular property for which military officers may be accountable, will be inspected for condemnation by inspectors designated by the department commander.
II. Such property for which civil officers may be accountable will, for condemnation, be submitted for the action of a person designated by the chief of the department in which said property is held, such designation to be submitted for the approval of the military governor.
III. Paragraphs 122 to 127 inclusive of Civil Order No. 220, current series, will govern with the above modification.
IV. Blank forms for these inspections may be obtained upon application to the auditor of the island..
J. B. HICKEY,
HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,
The military governor of Cuba, upon the recommendation of the secretary of justice, directs the publication of the following order:
Article XXXVII of Order No. 80, series 1899, these headquarters, is hereby amended to read as follows:
The presidents, fiscals, and associate justices of the audiencias shall make oath and take possession of office before the respective court in full session. The other judicial officers shall make oath and take possession of office before the administrative council of the audiencia to whose territory they may be assigned.
J. B. HICKEY, Assistant Adjutant-General.
HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,
The military governor of Cuba, upon the recommendation of the secretary of public instruction, and after careful consideration of the existing situation, publishes the following decree which modifies all laws, decrees, orders, or regulations relating to the University of Habana as hereinafter stated.
It is the desire of the military governor to place the University of Habana upon a sound and stable foundation, sufficiently provided with professors and instructors for the efficient conduct of the necessary instruction. Whenever the number of students shall sufficiently increase to warrant it, the number of professors or instructors will be increased to meet the necessities of the situation, but in the present period of reconstruction, when the resources of the island are taxed to the utmost by numerous and imperative calls for public works and municipal improvements, it is not, in the opinion of the military governor, either right or just to continue the large number of professors and instructors, many of whom are without students.
The secretary of public instruction has submitted the following plan after the most careful consideration of the interests and needs of the university. The plan submitted calls for quite a reduction in the number of professors and instructors, and an effort has been made to so group the courses that competent professors can, until the number of students increase, conduct those courses which are more or less closely allied.
In reference to the appointment of professors and assistant professors the military governor concurs with the secretary of public instruction in the opinion that of the professors and assistant professors at present occupying chairs, all those who have gained their position by competition should be retained, together with such professors as are by virtue of eminent ability or special attainment qualified to hold chairs which they now occupy. All other appointments, either as professors or assistant professors, will be obtained by competition.
The secretary of public instruction will prescribe the rules and regulations governing the method of appointment by competition, and will submit to the military governor the names of all persons recommended for appointment as professors or assistant professors, etc., whose appointments may be made under any of the above clauses, namely, those holding chairs gained by competition, those recommended for continuance by virtue of eminence of ability or special attainment, and those appointed by virtue of success in competitive exercises.
The secretary of public instruction will issue the instructions necessary to enable those students now pursuing courses in the university to complete the same.
The University of Habana shall have three faculties, viz: The faculty of letters and sciences; the faculty of medicine and pharmacy; the faculty of law.
The faculty of letters and sciences shall include the school of letters and philosophy; the school of pedagogy; the school of sciences; the school of engineers, electricians, and architects; the school of agriculture.
The faculty of medicine and pharmacy shall include the school of medicine; the school of pharmacy; the school of dental surgery; the school of veterinarians.
The faculty of law shall include the school of civil law; the school of public law; the school of notaries public.
The university shall be under the direction of a rector and shall have a general secretary. These functionaries shall be elected by the professors of the faculties in full session.
The election shall be made by a majority of at least two-thirds of the professors present, there being assembled at least three-fourths of the total number of professors.
Tho office of rector shall last three years, that of secretary six years. There shall be no limit to reelections.
The rector and secretary shall not be necessarily professors, but if they should be they shall not occupy their chairs during the time they fill the aforementioned offices.
There shall be a board of inspectors for the university, which shall look to the improvement and prosperity of the institution and propose to the government any measures tending to said object.
The board shall consist of eleven members, as follows: Three members ex officio, namely, the president of the academy of sciences of Habana; the president of the Sociedad Economica; the president of the supreme court. Two members designated by the faculty of the university, but not belonging to it. Two members delegated from the six institutes of the island, but not belonging to any of them. One member appointed by the association estudios clinicos of Habana. One member appointed by the bar association of Habana. Two members appointed by the government from among persons distinguished for their knowledge or artistic attainments. Four of the eight members shall be elected every three years. They shall hold office six years.
Each faculty is composed of the professors of its different schools and shall be presided over by a dean and have a secretary elected, both of them, from the professors. The faculty shall freely regulate the order of instruction of its different schools, distribute and subdivide the courses, appoint periods for vacations and examinations, and recommend the reform, extension of studies, increase of courses, addition of chairs and laboratories which the growth of the school may demand, without further limitations than the following: The complete courses of the university must last nine months within the year.
The courses in any school which students of another school or of another faculty may be obliged to follow shall be so arranged as to be ascessible to said students, and the different faculties shall agree upon suitable days and hours for the corresponding lectures. In case of any disagreement among the faculties the rector shall decide the matter.
Each faculty shall establish its own regulations and submit them to the approval of the rector. In case of disapproval he will state the reasons therefor. The faculty may appeal from the decision of the rector to the board of inspectors.
FACULTY OF LETTERS AND SCIENCES.
SCHOOL OF LETTERS AND PHILOSOPHY.
The studies to be pursued in the school are: Latin language and literature; Greek language and literature; linguistics and philology; history of modern literature; psychology; universal modern history; moral philosophy; sociology; history of philosophy (lectures).
For the establishment of the chairs these studies shall be grouped as follows: Chair A, Latin language and literature, 3 courses. Chair B, Greek language and literature, 3 courses. Chair C, linguistics and philology, 1 course. Chair D, history of Spanish literature, 1 course; history of modern foreign literature, 2 courses. Chair E, history of America, 1 course; modern history of the rest of the world, 2 courses. Chair F, psychology, 1 course; moral philosophy, 1 course; sociology, 1 course.
Final written examinations shall be held on each subject. Students shall answer all questions put to them by the board upon the subjects they may have considered, and shall present certificates testifying to the work they have done during the courses. Examination in Latin and Greek requires sight translation and the answering of any questions concerning the text translated.
Everything else concerning the examination shall be regulated by the faculty. The faculty shall admit to the exercises for the degree of doctor in philosophy and letters any students who may have satisfactorily completed all the courses of the school of letters and philosophy.
REPORT OF MILITARY GOVERNOR OF CUBA.
These exercises shall consist of the presentation of a thesis on a subject selected by the candidate from a list which the faculty shall prepare annually and in answering to the questions on said thesis given him by the examining board.
Also the delivery, after twenty-four hours of free preparation, of an oral lesson of not more than three-quarters of an hour duration.
The rector, upon the recommendation of the faculty, shall grant the title of doctor in philosophy and letters to students passing the above examinations.
SCHOOL OF PEDAGOGY.
The studies to be pursued in this school are pedagogic psychology, pedagogic methodology, history of pedagogy, mechanical and free-hand drawing.
For the establishment of the chairs these subjects shall be grouped as follows: Chair A, pedagogic psychology, 1 course; history of pedagogy, 1 course. Chair B, pedagogic methodology, 2 courses. Chair C, drawing, 2 courses. A school of practice for teachers shall be added to the school of pedagogy.
Examinations shall be held at the end of each course in the same manner as those for the schools of letters and philosophy.
The faculty shall admit to the exercises for the degree of doctor in pedagogy any students who may have satisfactorily passed all of the examinations of the school of pedagogy, and examinations on the following studies: History of Spanish literature, history of America, modern history of the rest of the world, psychology, moral philosophy, physiology, hygiene, anthropology. At the same time the student shall demonstrate that he has taught as assistant to a professor at the school of practice during a year at least.
The exercise shall be equal to those of the school of philosophy and letters, but the lesson must refer strictly to the application of pedagogic methods to any of the matters of instruction in the schools.
The rector, upon the recommendation of the faculty, shall grant the title of doctor in pedagogy to the students who have duly qualified in these subjects.
SCHOOL OF SCIENCE.
The studies to be taught in this school are: Mathematical analysis in all its branches; geometry (descriptive and analytical); trigonometry (analytical, plane, and spherical); astronomy; mechanics; physics (heat, light, sound, electricity); chemistry (inorganic and organic, qualitative and quantitative analysis); cosmology; biology; anthropology; mineralogy and crystallography; botany; zoology.
For the establishment of the chairs these studies shall be grouped as follows: Chair A, mathematical analysis, 2 courses. Chair B, geometry and trigonometry, 2 courses. Chair C, astronomy, 1 course; cosmology, 1 course. Chair D, mechanics, 1 course; physics, 2 courses. Chair E, chemistry, 2 courses. Chair F, anthropology, 1 course. Chair G, biology, 1 course; zoology, 2 courses. Chair H, mineralogy, 1 course; botany, 2 courses.
The school of sciences has a cabinet of astronomy and another of physics, a chemical laboratory, a museum of anthropology and natural history, and a botanical garden.
Each cabinet and laboratory shall have its corresponding head and the necessary assistants. The museum shall have a curator and the necessary assistants; the garden a director, with the necessary assistants.
Examinations shall be held upon the completion of each course. These examinations shall be, above all, of a practical and experimental character. The students shall exhibit certificates of their work.
The faculty shall admit to the examinations for the degree of doctor in sciences any students who may have successfully passed all of the examinations of the school of sciences, besides two courses of drawing.
These exercises shall be equal to those of the school of philosophy and letters, but the oral lesson must be an objective one.
The rector shall, upon the recommendation of the faculty, grant the title of doctor in sciences to the students who have been found duly qualified in these courses.
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERS, ELECTRICIANS, AND ARCHITECTS.
The studies to be followed in this school are: Topographical and structural architectural drawing; stereotomy, shades and shadows, perspective, machine design, stonecutting; surveying topography; geology and geodesy; hydromechanics; met graphic statistics; strength of materials; machinery; civil constructions (art of hewing
stone and handling materials); road engineering (city streets and common roads, bridges, railroads); architecture (planning of buildings, constructions and decorations of buildings); history of architecture; contracts, estimates, and special legislation concerning engineering and electricity; special instruction in electricity.
These studies shall be grouped in the following manner: Chair A, drawing, 3 courses. Chair B, stereotomy, 3 courses. Chair C, topography and surveying, 2 courses; geology and geodesy, 1 course. Chair D, metallurgy, 1 course; civil constructions, 1 course; strength of materials, graphic statistics, 1 course. Chair E, hydromechanics, 1 course; machinery, 1 course. Chair F, road engineering, streets and common roads, 1 course; bridges, 1 course; railroads, 1 course. Chair G, architecture, 1 course; history of architecture, 1 course; contracts, etc., 1 course. Chair H, special instruction in electricity, 3 courses.
The school shall have attached to it a mechanical laboratory, a shop, and an electrical laboratory and workshop. Each laboratory shall have a chief with the necessary assistants.
The instruction shall be eminently practical. Students shall be obliged to visit workshops, public works, and constructions.
REPORT OF MILITARY GOVERNOR OF CUBA.
Examinations of a practical and descriptive character shall be held at the end of each course. Students shall exhibit the work they may have completed, certified to by the professor.
The faculty shall admit to the examination for the degree of civil engineer any students who may have pursued and been found duly qualified in all of the courses of the school of engineers, excepting those of architecture and special instruction in electricity, and who have pursued and been found duly qualified in the following studies: Mechanical and free-hand drawing, mathematical analysis in all its extension, geometry and trigonometry, astronomy, mechanics, physics, chemistry, mineralogy.
The exercise shall consist of the presentation of a project for a construction in any of the branches of study, including the necessary illustrative designs, plans, and models, and an estimate for the work.
The rector shall, upon the recommendation of the faculty, grant the title of civil engineer to the students who have passed these examinations.
The faculty shall admit to the examination for the degree of electrical engineer any students who may have studied and been found duly qualified in the following studies: Mathematical analysis, geometry and trigonometry, mechanical drawing applied to machinery, mechanics, physics, chemistry, metallurgy, strength of materials, machinery, special course in electricity.
The exercise shall consist of the presentation of a study of an electrical machine, plant, system, or process, with the designs, models, and necessary calculations.
The rector shall, upon the recommendation of the faculty, grant the title of electrical engineer to the students who have passed this examination.
The faculty shall admit to examination for the degree of architect any students who may have satisfactorily passed the following studies: Mechanical and free-hand drawing; mathematical analysis; geometry and trigonometry; mechanics; physics; chemistry, mineralogy; topographic, structural, and architectural drawing; stere otomy; strength of materials; graphic statistics; civil constructions; machinery, architecture; history of architecture; contracts; hygiene.
The exercises shall consist in the presentation of a plan for the construction of a public or private building, with the necessary illustrative designs, plans, and models, and its estimate.
The rector shall, upon recommendation of the faculty, grant the title of architect to the students who pass said exercises satisfactorily.
The faculty shall regulate the studies for builders, and shall grant said title to students who, after having followed the courses pertaining thereto, shall pass the examination required by the faculty.
Matriculation for said studies shall take place at the office of the faculty, and the latter shall also collect the examination fees.
SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE.
The studies followed in this school are industrial chemistry and industrial analysis; manufacture of sugar; agriculture; zootechny. These studies shall be grouped as follows: Chair A, industrial chemistry with analysis, one course; manufacture of sugar, one course., Chair B, agriculture, two courses; zootechny, one course.
The school shall have a piece of ground for agricultural experiments, which shall be in charge of the professor of Chair B, with the necessary assistants.
Examinations of a practical and experimental character shall be held at the end of each course, Students shall present certificates of work done by them.