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10. It shall be his duty to make a tour of the wards of the hospital frequently during the day and especially he shall do so as his first duty in the morning, and the last duty at night.
11. When a convict is received sick from the cell house during the night the officer on duty shall immediately notify the warden or deputy, if the case seems to him to be urgent.
12. No alcoholic or intoxicating liquors shall be issued to any employee or convict under any circumstances, except upon the written order of the warden, or the written prescription of the physician.
1. The bishop of the Catholic Church in Habana may select from among his clergy a minister, who may conduct religious services in the penitentiary under such requirements as hereafter follow and as the warden may prescribe, and may attend to the spiritual wants of the convicts.
2. He shall furnish, at the expense of the government a Bible to each convict who may desire one.
3. It will be the duty of the chaplain to say mass on Sundays, after which he may address in the chapel such convicts as wish to attend. He shall hold no communication with convicts at other times, except on their own request properly made through the warden, and said communication shall be such as may be necessary and proper in imparting to them secular and religious information.
4. He shall not furnish the convicts with any information or intelligence with relation to outside matters, except by permission of the warden. He shall make no attempt, directly or indirectly, to proselyte convicts. If any convict desires communication with a minister or instructor of his particular faith, on proper application to the warden it shall be allowed, under and in conformity with the laws and general regulations of the penitentiary; but such minister or instructor on such occasions must in all things conform to the rules and regulations for the government of the chaplain, any infringement or departure from which will debar him from future intercourse with the convicts.
THE PENITENTIARY STEWARD.
1. The penitentiary steward is the commissary officer of the prison. He shall keep a neat and complete set of commissary books of receipt and issue, and shall make to the captain of the day watch a daily report of the quantity and value of each kind of food issued, the gross value, the number of convicts fed, the average cost per man per day, and the bill of fare for each of the three meals.
2. He shall furnish the captain of the day watch in due time an estimate for the monthly subsistence of the convicts.
3. He shall keep a careful watch on all departments of the commissary, guarding against waste and extravagance, and shall be responsible for the cleanliness of the kitchen and dining rooms and subsistence stores and cooking.
4. He shall see that each convict gets a sufficiency of such food as may be prescribed by the warden.
5. He shall carefully check all deliveries of subsistence and see that in quality they are equal to the sample and in quantity equal to the amount of the purchase, making proper report to the captain of the day watch.
6. The steward shall carefully watch every department under his charge and promptly report to the warden anything he may detect detrimental to the safety and welfare of the penitentiary.
7. He shall take special care that utmost cleanliness prevails in the kitchen, the storerooms, and in every chamber or vessel in which provisions are kept or from which they are eaten.
8. He shall daily attend upon and see to the cooking and serving of the provisions for the convicts, to the end that no improper food is used, that it is cooked in a proper and cleanly manner, served in clean, wholesome vessels, and equally and honestly distributed to the convicts.
1. This officer shall be detailed by the proper authority from the engineer's department of the city of Habana. He shall have charge of all machinery and fixtures employed for the service of the penitentiary.
2. He shall have charge of the water-supply system for the penitentiary, shall be
responsible for the condition of the necessary pipes, pumps, and other appliances, and for any unnecessary waste of water.
3. He shall have the supervision of all apparatus for cooking and heating purposes of the penitentiary and shall see that the same is kept in good condition.
4. He shall have supervision of the sewer system of the penitentiary and direct the construction and repairs of the same.
5. He shall have charge of the organizing and preservation of the fire department of the penitentiary, and see that the fire buckets, grenades, etc., are placed in different stations throughout the penitentiary and that they are in a good and serviceable condition.
6. He shall see that all machinery, tools, implements, materials, stocks, or other effects necessary for carrying on the above-mentioned duties and industries are properly used, taken care of, and accounted for.
1. This school shall be in charge of one schoolmaster, who, under the direction of the warden, shall be in complete control of the instruction of the convicts.
2. Attendance shall be compulsory with all those convicts unable to read and write. Other convicts may attend or not as they wish on obtaining permission from the warden.
3. All convicts attending the school shall have at least one recitation of one hour per day, and the total number of convicts attending school shall be so divided into classes as to render this possible. Convicts will be taught in reading, writing, and the fundamental rules of arithmetic.
4. The schoolmaster shall keep a record of attendance, proficiency, etc., showing all data of any value in connection with the school. He shall make daily reports to the warden of all absentees, stating cause of the same, and shall make such other reports as the warden may direct.
THE PENITENTIARY BAND.
1. The object of the band is to furnish a means of studying music to thost convicts specially fitted therefor and to improve the discipline of the penitentiary.
2. The band shall not exceed 35 pieces, and shall be under the direction of & bandmaster, who shall instruct the band at least two hours daily. He shall be in complete control of the instruction of the band, and, with the approval of the warden, shall assign hours of study, practice, etc.
3. The bandmaster shall keep a record showing attendance, proficiency, etc., of the different members of the band, and shall make to the warden daily reports of the absentees, and all other reports that he may require from time to time.
4. He shall personally conduct the band in all concerts as determined by the warden.
DENTIST AND PHOTOGRAPHER.
1. There shall be employed one dentist and one photographer, who shall attend at the penitentiary at such hours as are prescribed by the warden, and who shall perform such duties as are herein dedicated to these officers, and such other duties connected with their particular work as the warden may direct.
2. It shall be the duty of the dentist to furnish convicts with such dental treatment as they may need.
3. It shall be the duty of the photographer to take the photographs of all incoming convicts at the time of their entrance to the penitentiary, and in such a way as the warden may direct.
1. The guards are the agents of the warden in enforcing the police and discipline of the penitentiary, and in carrying into effect the laws for the government thereof.
2. It shall be the duty of the guards to attend at the penitentiary at the opening thereof, and not absent themselves therefrom on any pretext or excuse during prison hours except by permission of the warden or deputy warden.
3. They shall supply themselves with the prescribed uniform, which shall be constantly worn while on duty; they shall constantly observe the utmost cleanliness in dress, person, and habits.
4. While within the prison the guards shall refrain from whistling, scuffling, immod
erate laughter, boisterous conversation, exciting discussion on politics, religion, or other subjects, provoking witticisms or sarcasms, and all other acts calculated to disturb the harmony and good order of the penitentiary.
5. In their intercourse among themselves the officers and guards of the penitentiary are at all times to treat each other with that mutual respect and kindness that become gentlemen and friends, and are required to avoid all collisions, jealousies, separate and party views and interests among themselves, and are strictly forbidden to treat each other with disrespect or to use any ungentlemanly epithets.
6. They shall not, while on duty, hold conversation with each other nor with the foremen, except such as may be necessary in the discharge of their duties.
7. Neither shall they be engaged while on duty in reading or writing, other than making necessary entries, or in any other employment calculated to interfere with constant care and vigilance.
8. They shall not, under any circumstances, allow convicts to speak to them upon any subject not immediately connected with their duty, employment, or wants.
9. They shall keep the convicts under their charge diligently at work at the several occupations with which they are employed, and shall make report of the attendance at work, also of all time lost by reason of sickness, punishment, or otherwise, as instructed from time to time by the warden or deputy.
10. They shall not permit convicts to hold conversation with each other except as directed by special order of the warden.
11. They shall require the greatest possible cleanliness of the convicts, their persons, and clothing, and in their working and sleeping apartments.
12. They shall instruct the convicts in all the rules of the penitentiary necessary for their government, and admonish them on the least appearance of insubordination.
13. In all their intercourse with convicts they shall be careful to maintain a quiet demeanor under any provocation, recollecting that the convict, however disposed to be violent or abusive, is entirely in their power.
14. They shall not punish a convict, nor strike him, except in self-defense, or to quell an insurrection; nor shall they use any profane or indecorous language to convicts or in their presence, but shall uniformly treat them in a kind and humane
15. Whenever a convict is guilty of any infraction of prison disciplinary rules, the guard shall at once report the fact in writing to the captain of the night or day watch, stating the nature of the offense, and keeping a copy of such report on the stub of the blank book furnished him for that purpose.
16. Discipline is the first and highest consideration in a prison and must be maintained at all hazards, but that officer who maintains it with the lowest number of punishments deserves the highest commendation.
17. If a convict desires to make any complaint to, or have an audience with the warden, the guard shall receive his application and report it in writing to the captain of the night or day watch, who in turn will report it to the warden.
18. If a convict is taken sick, or injured, during the day the guard shall at once report the fact to the captain of the day watch.
19. It shall be the duty of guards to keep constant watch over convicts at work, to see that while pretending to be engaged on the work given them to do they are not in reality doing something else. Guards should not allow convicts to leave their work without permission, nor to speak to or gaze at visitors.
20. The duties of guards should be understood as separate and distinct from thos of foremen; and the guards will not interfere with, or attempt to instruct the convicts in the manner in which they shall work, or on what particular part they shall labor, or what amount they shall perform; but they shall listen to all reports the foreman may desire to make, and dispose of the case as instructed.
21. In forming their opinions with respect to the industry of a convict, officers will bear in mind that as one convict may be able to do more work in a given time than another, so their reports on this head will have regard more to the continuous labor of the convict, the care bestowed upon it and the evidence of his desire to do all he can, than the absolute quantity he does, as compared with others. An amount of work which may thus be sufficient for one man may be quite insufficient for another, and the officers' report will be made accordingly.
22. The captain of the day watch shall receive applications from convicts to send or transfer money to friends, or for subscriptions to newspapers, etc., and shall send the same to the officers in charge, transfer of money from one convict to another must be approved by the warden.
23. No officer, guard, or foreman shall receive from or deliver to a convict any article or thing whatsoever without knowledge or consent of the warden, or his deputy.
24. When a convict is obliged to retire for necessary purposes, the guard in charge shall take care that the place is so conspicous that the convict can not leave it without being fully seen, that only one is permitted to be in the place at a time, and that he is absent for a reasonable time only. Any delay in such cases should arouse suspicion at once, and the officer must immediately make certain that all is right.
25. No officer shall take the statement of one convict against another on which to make a report for punishment respecting the convict complained of, but shall report the facts, nevertheless, to the warden or deputy.
26. If the convict makes complaint to any officer or guard of any order given him, or of any action toward him by which he considers himself aggrieved, it shall be the duty of the officer to inform the warden thereof at the earliest moment convenient thereafter, and the warden will act in the matter as he may think reason and justice may require; but the officer shall in the meantime see that the convict obeys the order given him.
27. As soon as convicts are locked up at night each guard having charge of a division shall report immediately to the captain of the day watch the number he has locked up, or has charge of, at the same time turning over the cell-door keys to that officer. The captain of the day watch will render the keys of the different cell doors to the captain of the night watch in the presence of the deputy warden.
28. If a guard is absent without leave at roll call he must at once report the cause of his absence to the captain of the day watch, who is directed to keep a careful and correct written record of all delinquencies in the guard force. For absence without leave a guard may be suspended, and if the offense is repeated he may be dismissed from the force. A guard desiring leave of absence must apply to the captain of the day watch one day in advance.
29. Guards are forbidden to frequent saloons and gambling houses when off duty, and must never enter the penitentiary while in the slightest degree under the influence of liquor. The violation of this latter rule will be cause for dismissal.
30. When off duty guards must not discuss the penitentiary or its officers or become a source of information to inquiries partaining thereto.
31. Requests, or grievances, by guards should be presented to the deputy warden. 32. When on duty, guards will not be allowed any reading matter whatever. 33. When going out with convicts in charge, guards will be sure that their firearms are in perfect order, and that they have the required amount of ammunition.
34. Cell house guards will see that the utmost cleanliness prevails in the cells and corridors, that the houses are thoroughly ventilated when necessary, and that the cells are regularly supplied with drinking water.
35. They shall carefully and promptly deliver all authorized letters, newspapers, etc., and shall not examine nor inspect either outgoing or incoming convict mail.
OUTSIDE WALL GUARDS.
1. Wall guards shall keep their firearms in perfect order, and keep in their possession not less than 24 rounds of ammunition.
2. They shall keep a strict watch, and each wall guard will be held responsible for any escape over the part of the wall under his observation while on duty.
3. No reading matter of any kind will be permitted in their possession; and the guards while on duty must speak to no one except it be necessary, and on business pertaining to the penitentiary.
4. If, for any reason, the wall guard at any time can not see clearly all that part of the wall under his supervision, he shall at once inform the captain of the watch.
5. Wall guards are warned to be especially vigilant at all times when the convicts are out of the galleries and at work, and if an effort is made to escape, it shall be the duty of the guard to fire if the convict does not halt at the first command.
1. The gate guard shall be sure that his firearms are in order, and that he has not less than one dozen rounds of ammunition.
2. He shall not be allowed to read while on duty, nor to have any reading matter. Newspapers must not be handed to him or left in his care.
3. He shall not leave his post of duty except he be relieved by order of the captain of the watch.
4. He shall allow no persons to stand or congregate in the gateway so as to obstruct his line of vision. He shall see that all convicts passing out and in through the gate are searched, etc.
1. Foremen shall be present and ready to unlock shops ten minutes before work bell.
2. Foremen shall have no intercourse with any of the convicts, other than those employed or superintended by them, nor upon any subject whatever, other than the business carried on by them.
3. They shall remain at their respective posts until the convicts under their charge are called to supper, giving their entire time and attention to the work in hand. They will be relieved from duty during the noon hour.
4. Foremen shall see that men under their charge labor faithfully and diligently, and they will report to the deputy warden the names of convicts who fail in this respect.
5. When convicts wilfully fail to carry out the instructions of a foreman, or use threatening, defiant, or impudent language, or commit any other act endangering the peace and good discipline of the institution, it shall be the duty of the foreman to immediately report the same to the captain of the day watch.
6. The foremen shall make requisition on the officer in charge of the shops for such material and tools as may be needed in their respective departments, and they will be held responsible by that officer for the use of the tools and the expenditure of the material.
1. Every man received upon the staff of the penitentiary will bear constantly in mind the nature of the institution into the service of which he enters, the peculiarity of the duties he will have to perform as an officer, and the moral obligations he is understood to assume with reference to his own personal conduct from the time he is engaged.
2. He must understand that the penitentiary is not only designed as a prison for the punishment of persons who have offended against the laws, but also an institution which intends their reformation, if possible.
3. Every officer will therefore not only feel it is his duty to see that the rules of the penitentiary are observed by the convicts placed under him, but will also understand that he must conduct himself when off duty, as well as when on duty, in such a way as to inspire sentiments of respect for his moral principles and character.
4. He will be expected to be circumspect in his way of life in society, careful as to the company he keeps and the places he frequents, and guarded as to the discharge of his personal obligations, debts, etc., and the warden will take all necessary steps to make himself acquainted with the conduct and general habits of every officer and servant of the institution, as it will be his duty to retain no man in the service whose conduct is improper.
5. It shall be the duty of every officer of the penitentiary to make himself acquainted with the rules and regulations of the prison, and with the orders on the bulletin board, to obey them readily himself in all points of his own duty, and to enforce strict obedience of them upon all who may come under his authority.
6. All persons entering upon, or retaining any position as an employee of this institution, must do so with the full understanding that they are to lend a prompt, willing, and positive obedience to the rules of the penitentiary and the instructions of its officers, and devote their best energies and abilities industriously and faithfully to the performance of the duties to which they may be assigned, and all who can not do so cheerfully must neither accept nor retain positions here.
7. Employees will be required to report to the captain of the day watch twice each day (morning and evening), that their time may be correctly kept, and to be promptly at their respective posts and places of business at the appointed hour.
8. No employee will be allowed to be absent from duty under any circumstances without the consent of the warden or deputy. Should an employec be taken sick he must immediately send information thereof to the warden or deputy.
9. Employees are strictly prohibited from taking newspapers, books, or other reading matter inside the wall or galleries, and are cautioned against leaving the same within reach of the convicts, and are absolutely prohibited from leaving any citizen clothing inside the yard or galleries.
10. Employees are strictly prohibited from talking with convicts at any time, except as the nature of their business may require, and all familiarity between employees and convicts is absolutely prohibited.
11. Employees are prohibited from selling to or buying anything from convicts, or