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OUR COUNTRY.

HOUSEHOLD HISTORY

FOR ALL READERS,

FROM THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA TO THE

PRESENT TIME.

BY

BENSON J. LOSSING, LL.D.

W

WITH OVER FIVE HUNDRED ILLUSTRATIONS,

BY
FELIX 0. C. DARLEY,

AND TWELVE FINE ENGRAVINGS ON STEEL.

VOLUME THREE.

NEW YORK:
JOHNSON & MILES.

1878.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1878,

BY JOHNSON & MILES,
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington,

Electrotyped by SMITH & MCDOUGAL

Printed by
D. G. F. CLASS,

CONTENTS.

BOOK V.

THE NATION.

CHAPTER VII.

Manufactures in our Country, p. 1199-Report and Resolutions of the Committee on Foreign Relations, 1200—Preparations for War, 1201-Embargo Act, 1201-War against Great Britain Declared, 1202-Provisions for War, 1202-A Factious Peace Party, 1203-Appointment of General Officers, 1204-A Fatal Mistake, 1204–The British Force on the American Station, 1204–Affairs in the Northwest, 1205-Military Movements in Canada, 1205-Invasion of Canada by Americans, 1205--Canadian Militia and Indians, 1206—Mackinaw Captured, 1206 Americans Evacuate Canada, 1207-Surrender of Detroit, 1208_Events at Chicago, 1209.

CHAPTER VIII.

I

Unfortunate Movement, p. 1212—New England and Great Britain, 1212-Patriotism of the People, 1215-A New Invasion of Canada Contemplated, 1215-Gathering of the New York Militia, 1215--The British on the Alert, 1215-Control of the Lakes Sought, 1215--Troops on the Niagara Frontier, 1216—Battle at Queenstown, 1216-Bravery of Wool and Death of Brock, 1217--Influence of Scott, 1218–Cowardice of the Militia, 1218-Surrender of the Americans, 1218--The Military Situation, 1218-American Naval Victories, 1219~Public Honors Awarded the Victors, 1219.

CHAPTER IX.

The Northern Frontier, p. 1227–Skirmish at Sackett's Harbor, 1227---Naval Fight on the St. Lawrence, 1228--Chauncey on Lake Ontario, 1228_Events on the St. Lawrence and Niagara Frontiers, 1229-A Conspicuous Military Failure, 1230--General Harrison in the West, 1231– Enthusiasm of the People there, 1231–Massacre at the River Raisin, 1232—Fort Meigs Built and Besieged, 1233--Bravery of Captain Combs, 1234-Dudley's Defeat, 1234-Civil Affairs Considered, 1235-Mediation of Russia Offered, 1236-Siege of Fort Stephenson, 1238--The British Repulsed, 1239-The Effects, 1239.

CHAPTER X.

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Command of Lake Erie Coveted, p. 1240—Captain Perry Superintends the Creation of a Fleet on that Lake, 1240--The American and British Squadrons, 1241–Naval Battle on Lake Erie, 1242_Perry Reports to Harrison, 1243-Harrison Pursues the British from Malden, 1244 Battle on the Thames, 1244-Defeat of the British, 1244--Michigan Recovered, 1245--Events on the St. Lawrence Frontier, 1245--Capture of York and Fort George, 1245--Battle at Stony Creek, 1248-British Repulsed at Sackett's Harbor, 1249—Affair at the Beaver Dams, 1250Another Invasion of Canada Planned, 1251-Disagreements of General Officers, 1251.

CHAPTER XI.

Events on the Niagara Frontier, p. 1252—Colonel Scott and Regulars March Eastward, 1254 Events on Lake Champlain, 1254–Events on Lake Ontario, 1255—Expedition against Montreal, 1256-Military Movements in Northern New York, 1256-Battle of Chrysler's Field, 1257-The American Troops in Winter-Quarters, 1257--Cruelties on the Niagara Frontier, 1257-Destruction of Buffalo, 1257Events in the Gulf Region, 1258-War on the Creek Indians, 1259— Jackson Subdues them, 1261-Naval Events on the Ocean, 1262--Cruise of the “Essex," 1262 The “Hornet” and “ Peacock," 1263—The “ Chesapeake" and “ Shannon," 1264-Loss of the “ Argus," 1265_Victory of the “Enterprise," 1265.

CHAPTER XII.

Marauding Warfare, p. 1266–Plunder and Destruction of Towns, 1267--Cockburn at Havrede-Grace, 1267–Norfolk Threatened, 1267-The British Repulsed, 1268-Cruelties at Hampton, 1269-Departure of the Marauders, 1269-Cruise of Commodore Rogers, 1269-Fall of Napo. leon, 1271-Peace Faction, 1272-Financial Difficulties, 1273-Conspiracy against the Public Credit, 1273—Disposition of Troops on the Northern Frontiers, 1274—La Colle Mills, 1274Attack on Oswego, 1275--Capture of Fort Erie, 1275–Battle of Chippewa, 1276.

CHAPTER XIII.

Effects of the Battle of Chippewa, p. 1278_Movements of the Two Armies, 1278—Battle of Niagara Falls, 1279-Attack on Fort Erie, 1280“A Successful Sortie, 1281-The Americans Abandon Canada, 1282---Navies on Lake Champlain, 1282--Invasion of Northern New York, 1283-Battles on Land and Water at Plattsburg, 1284-Events on Lake Ontario, 1285-Expedition against Mackinaw, 1286—McArthur's Raid, 1286—The New England Coasts Blockaded, 1286Boston and New York Fortified by the People, 1287--British Repulsed at Stonington, 1289-Their Doings on the Penobscot, 1290.

CHAPTER XIV.

Threatened Dangers Unheeded, p. 1291–Weakness of the National Capital, 1291-Tardiness of the Government, 1292-Barney's Flotilla, 1292-Preparations to Defend the Capital, 1293--Battle at Bladensburg, 1293—Flight of Civil Officers, 1293–Mrs. Madison, 1294-Destruction of Property at Washington, 1294-Alexandria Plundered, 1296--The British before Baltimore, 1296~Battle of North Point, 1296~Bombardment of Fort McHenry, 1298—Repulse of the British, 1298—"The Star-Spangled Banner," 1299-Naval Operations, 1299-Privateers, 1301– Change in the Theatre of Operations, 1302.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XV. The Creek Indians, p. 1303-The British at Pensacola and Fort Bowyer, 1303-General Jackson Drives the British from Pensacola, 1305-Is Called to New Orleans, 1305-Invasion of Louisiana Contemplated, 1305-Lafitte and his Band of Outlaws, 1305-Jackson in New Orleans, 1305—The British in the Gulf, 1305—Events on Lake Borgne, 1306--Battle below New Orleans, 1306Pakenham and his Troops, 1306—-Jackson's Line of Defence, 1307—Battle near New Orleans, 1307-Defeat and Retreat of the British, 1307–Honors to Jackson, 1308—The General Fined for Contempt of Court, 1309_Treaty of Peace, 1309--Its Effects, 1311-Effects of the War, 1311-The Hartford Convention, its Cause, Designs and Doings, 1312-Adjustment of Public Affairs, 1314-Result of the War, 1314-The Barbary Powers Humbled, 1315.

CHAPTER XVI. Banks, p. 1316—Finances of the Government, 1316-A National Bank, 1316_Troubles about Boundaries in the Gulf Region, 1318_Beginning of Monroe's Administration, 1318-His Cabinet, 1318--State of the Republic and its Industries, 1319–The West and its Growth, 1319_Chicago, 1320--The President's Tour, 1320-The Slave System, 1320-Colonization Societies, 1321Liberia Founded, 1321--Pirates and Slave Dealers, 1321—Troubles with the Indians, 1322— Jackson in Florida, 1322-Doings at Pensacola, 1322—Florida Added to the Union, 1323Missouri Territory, 1323-Admission of Missouri as a State, 1323–Violent Debates on Slavery, 1324-Anti-Slavery Movements, 1325—Pirates Subdued, 1326-Effects of Whitney's Cotton-Gin, 1325—The “Monroe Doctrine," 1326-Visit of Lafayette, 1327--Lafayette at the Tomb of Washington, 1327-Measures of Monroe's Administration, 1327-State of the Country, 1328.

CHAPTER XVII.

President John Quincy Adams, p. 1329--The Georgians and the Indians, 1330—The Erie Canal, 1330—Wedding the Lakes and the Sea, 1331-Death of Adams and Jefferson, 1332– South American Republics, 1332-The American System, 1332-A National Convention and its Results, 1332-Administration of President Adams, 1333—President Jackson's Inauguration, Character and Policy, 1333—Removal of the Cherokees, 1334_United States Bank, 1334—Black Hawk War, 1334 ---State Supremacy and Nullification, 1334–War on the United States Bank, 1334-Speculation and the Credit System, 1336-War with the Seminoles, 1337–Intercourse with Foreign Governmenis, 1340_-Indemnities Settled, 1340-Commercial Treaties, 1340- New States, 1340-Jackson's Last Official Act, 1341.

CHAPTER XVIII. Inauguration of Mr. Van Buren, p. 1342-A Commercial Revulsion, 1342–Extra Session of Congress, 1343–-Insurrection in the Canadas, 1343—Burning of the “Caroline,” 1344—Northeastern Boundary Troubles, 1344—The Ashburton Treaty, 1345—“Hard Cider Campaign," 1345 -General Harrison Elected President, 1345-Divorce of Banks and State, 1345-Harrison's. Inauguration and Death, 1346—John Tyler becomes President, 1346-History of Political Parties, 1346-Extra Session of Congress, 1347-Bills for a National Bank Passed and Vetoed, 1348-Dissolution of the Cabinet, 1349--South Sea Exploring Expedition, 1350-Smithsonian. Institution, 1350Trouble in Rhode Island, 1350_Texas and its Annexation, 1351-A Sad Accident, 1352--Oregon, 1352-President Tyler's Retirement, 1353.

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