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U. S. S. CONNECTICUT The Connecticut is the best and latest type of battle-ship and will be Admiral Evans' flag-ship in the voyage of the great feet

to the Pacific. The view is taken from the Brooklyn Bridge as the Connecticut was leaving New York Harbor

I.-“GREENWAY OF YALE”

AN OLD COLLEGE ATHLETE WHO IS MAK-
ING INDUSTRIAL HISTORY IN THE NORTH

ser portrait on page 9)

BY

CLARA CHAPLINE THOMAS

I

F there is at hand a very late map of whether they want to or not. It's beMinnesota, a map of not more than cause they know he's on the square.' six months' vintage, a dot will appear Everybody on the Mesabi knows that

in Itasca County on the highlands of he is on “the square," and through this the United States, where if one turn his there has grown up a most unique patersled to the southward he would land in nalism. Louisiana, granted that the coasting were “Does the steel corporation own this good all the way, or if to the north, in section of the country, body and soul ?” Hudson. Bay, provided he were not stalled

was the query put to one of Mr. Greenin a snowdrift. That dot marks the cen way's men when it appeared in answer to ter of what is fast becoming the greatest questions that “the company” with a iron-ore mining district of the world, and most uncorporation-like philanthropy had the location of the model town of the reserved the site for the library, erected Northwest. And it is named Coleraine. a perfectly equipped hospital, built a

Rhythmically back and forth swing the seventy-five thousand dollar school, dohuge steam-shovels doing the work of a nated land for parks, provided an excephundred men at a stroke. In and out of tionally fine field for athletics in the the mine pit rush the shrieking engines, warmer months and a slide for skeeing panting impatiently when, for a brief mo- during the season of snow and was estabment, they have to pause for the cars to lishing sewer, water and electric systems. be loaded. With the mechanical sureness No," was the reply, “Greenway does." of the one, and the restless impatience of “Isn't that about the same thing?" the other, John C. Greenway, the man The questioner was rewarded with a who in such a brief while has transformed swift glance of displeasure. “Not much. a peaceful, fragrant pinewoods into the He's a good mixer, but he won't merge." likeness of a vast tract convulsed by an It was true. The sole solvent of the earthquake, traverses every foot of "the capital and labor problem is bringing rework” on his handsome bay horse direct sults on the Mesabi range; Mr. Greening present operations.

way has been able to prove to the comOn the books of the United States Steel pany which he represents that their inCorporation, Mr. Greenway appears as its terests are identical with the interests of viceroy in this district, but on the unwrit the body of employees, and to persuade ten books of Minnesota's history he ap- his men that the converse is equally true. pears as the czar of the western Mesabi John C. Greenway began doing things iron range.

when he "made the team” in his fresh. “When Greenway gets an idea that a man year at Yale in '91. Thereafter as thing ought to be done, that's all there is right end on the famous elevens of '92 to it,” remarked one of his assistants. “He and '93, as catcher on the nine for Carhas a way of making people do things ter, old Eli's great pitcher, and as presi

dent of his class in '95, he was “Green A strapping fellow, entirely fearless, way of Yale."

modest and quiet, with the ability to take Then he graduated and became machin. care of the men under him so as to bring ist's helper in the Duquesne furnaces of them to the highest point of soldierly perthe Carnegie Steel Company, for which fection, to be counted upon with absolute he was recompensed to the extent of a certainty in every emergency; not only dollar thirty-two a day

doing his duty, but always on the watch “It's the first few years out of college to find some new duty which he could that show what a man's made of," he construe to be his, ready to respond with said to me with the epigrammatic terseness eagerness to the slightest suggestion of of one who acts rather than talks. “He doing something, whether it was dangerhas to learn that he must pay for all he ous or merely difficult and laborious." gets, and a high price at that. The only On his return from Cuba with a recomthing that will save him is enough old- mendation from his ever-stanch friend, fashioned common sense to appreciate the “the Colonel” for brevet-captaincy on situation and sit tight.

account of gallantry, Greenway after a For three years he “sat tight,” and by year in business became assistant supersheer tenacity and energy won recogni. intendent of the Marquette Range tion as a man who got results.

at Ishpeming, Michigan. “But,” he remarked grimly, “super Despite his college course in mining intendents would change, new methods and the “dollar thirty-two a day” earned would be introduced, and the whole thing in the Duquesne furnaces, this position was to begin over again. The greatest seemed to the Yale idol and San Juan value of those three years was learning hero about as logical as Sir Joseph Porthat the success of a big work depends ter's admiralty. Still he “sat tight” upon the same men in power sticking to and the company began to notice that it until it's done."

things were being done. That the lesson was well learned was When it was decided to penetrate the evinced a short time ago : An offer was underground wealth of the Mesabi range made to Mr. Greenway to begin a big in northern Minnesota it was seen that work - who made the offer or what it the undertaking would be one of vast was has no bearing on the matter. The

scope.

The board of directors selected offer meant much, but it was not ac Greenway as superintendent. The direccepted.

tions given were none too definite: “Get “It isn't the square thing to do,” he there as quickly as you can, find out what said. “I've been with the work I have in it's like, formulate your plans, and we hand now from the grass roots of it and it will see to it that you get the appropriameans a setback if I leave. Where you tion you need.” can find a hundred men to begin a thing, In August, 1906, Coleraine became the you can't find one who will stick by and

dot on the map. Twelve shacks clustered see it through. I'm going to see this about the bunk-house in which the Superthing through."

intendent lived with his men. The great It was while Greenway was sweltering Canisteo district was opened. in the Duquesne furnaces that the Span “We must have men, was Mr. Greenish-American war broke out. Fighting way's first report to the company, and was in his blood. His father had been a what is more we must keep them. A soldier and so had his grandfather, man's business is only a part of his life. stanch figures in Confederate gray, so We must have homes for them or we can't Greenway went to San Antonio and en

get results." listed in the Rough Riders, and was soon He proposed that the company itself commissioned a second lieutenant.

meet all the demands of public utilities, That he “did things” at San Juan is instead of leaving their fulfillment to the to be inferred from the fact that after greed of private interests that usually the battle he was made first lieutenant blights the life of a town in the making. for gallantry in action, and is thus de The company considered, reconsidered, scribed by President Roosevelt in his and then told him to go ahead. book, “The Rough Riders”:

Greenway thought out his town.

When you

A site was chosen on the shore of one circumstances, that it is not only in the of Minnesota's most picturesque lakes matter of government of the range that and the lots were platted. Mr. Greenway Mr. Greenway is dictator. He is the was not looking toward making money final court of appeal in all sorts of cases for the company from its land, however, of law and equity. In advice to another, and the sales were confined to those who he stated his rule succinctly: were preparing to make Coleraine their “When a decision in regard to a pubhome. A virtual certificate of character, lic matter is to be made, get down to the and assurances that buildings of a cer- bare facts as quickly as you can, and tain kind and cost would be erected, with then come out so strong for the side you improvements made within a specified think is right that nobody can have any time, were required of each purchaser. doubt as to where you stand.

In disposing of the lots for business have to hit in such matters, hit - and hit ventures, the town builder “reserved to hard." the company” the right to sell liquor It is interesting to note the relations and to conduct the games of chance, between the men at work and the “boss." thereby restricting the two main evils of “It isn't often that men are as tickled a frontier town. Gambling has never

to death as we are to see their boss comraised its head in the community, but ing around,” remarked one of them who inasmuch as with foreign workmen to has been with "the work” since the first make demands Mr. Greenway realized drill was made. “He knows everybody that prohibition would mean only a clever on the job.” system of “blind piggery,” the edict He knows, moreover, their families, the went forth that one saloon was to be conditions under which they labor, their allowed for every five hundred of popula- hardships, and their temptations. The tion provided that it conformed to cer- accuracy with which he seems to have tain conditions.

taken the measure of each man reveals First of all it must obey the state law the reason for the unmistakable language to the letter, not opening in the morning in which a criticism is couched, as well as until seven, which is after the men have the quick appreciation of a duty well pergone to work, closing at night at eleven, formed. Although they work under his and remaining closed all day Sunday. It supervision with the regularity of mais required to be a place of purely com- chines, he never forgets, nor lets them mercial, not social nature, even the chairs forget, that they are men. being removed to prevent lounging about. In Mr. Greenway's lexicon there is no Whisky only of a standard quality is sold, such word as “pull.” Promotions are and a provision is made, and found most based entirely on a man's worth to the effective, for commissions to bartenders work in hand. Yale and Harvard graduon all sales of non-intoxicants.

ates are put to driving stakes to try It is a very simple scheme and there them out." is nothing particularly ideal about it," If a man can't make good at the bothe says, “but it works.'

tom, he can't make good at the top,' Substantial cottages of a quaint type of laconically observes the man who received architecture were erected and it was ar- his training in the Duquesne furnaces. ranged that the employees of the com- “When you start them in at the lowest pany could rent them for the reasonable rung, you discover the quitters - and a monthly rental of about three per cent of quitter is no good anywhere." their cost, this rent to be applied on the The hold which Mr. Greenway has cost of the home if the householder de- upon the wills and affections of the humsired to purchase it.

blest of his employees was well demon“The idea was to fix it so that a work- strated recently in the general strike on man could come to us dead broke," said the ranges by the fact that the Canisteo Mr. Greenway, “and have new heart put district alone was untroubled.

It was into him by a chance to own his home and also a commentary upon his unique influgive his children the advantages he wants ence throughout the region that besieged for them, from his wages alone."

towns quite out of his district appealed It is little marvel, perhaps, under the to him in their extremity for advice,

There are no leisure moments in his his face as deeply as many a man a score calendar. Scarce has he reached his of years his senior. bachelor lodge for rest and refreshment Absolutely fearless, the first to go down than he is likely to be accosted by a dis into a flooded mine when he calls for tressed small boy who has come to con volunteers, many a time having saved the fess his sins and entreat “the boss's" life of one of his men at the risk of his intercession with the stern tyrants at own, he forestalls any holding back on home; or perhaps a woman is waiting to their part when there is something hazbeg him for aid in her domestic matters. ardous to be done. A man of exemplary

It is the feeling of his responsibility habits, who inhibits dissipation by examfor the way the lives of those in his ple; a tireless worker, this man who does charge are lived that has brought a touch things is of that new type of Americans of white to John C. Greenway's temples who can serve corporations and at the and, despite he is but thirty-five, has lined same time serve their day and generation.

II.-CHARLES D. CARTER: THE INDIAN IN

CONGRESS

(See portrait on page 5)

BY

H. G. SPAULDING

N

O greater interest attaches to any the other members of his family except

member of the Sixtieth Congress his sister were killed. Nathan Carter, Sr., than to Charles D. Carter, the was afterward traded to the Cherokees

member from the fourth district and married a full-blood Cherokee woman. of Oklahoma, an Indian who has all his His son, Nathan, Jr., also married a fulllife lived among his kinsmen. Carter is blood Cherokee woman, and the son of a man of great strength of character, and this marriage, David, married a one-half maintains that the Indian will be better breed Cherokee woman.

David's son, off if thrown on his own resources and Benjamin Wisnor, was captain in the not watched over and guarded by the fed Confederate army, and married a oneeral authorities. He hoped to become a fourth blood Chickasaw woman, Serena J. member of the Indian Affairs Committee Guy, sister of William M. Guy, chief of of the House, where he will advocate the the Chickasaws. removal of restrictions from the sale of Charles D. Carter was the only child of Indian lands except the homesteads of this marriage. He was born in a log cabin full-bloods and the taxation of all lands near Boggy Depot, near old Fort Towson held by them. He believes the Indian in the Choctaw nation, on August 16, should assume all the burdens of citizen 1868. Young Carter moved with his ship, participating as he does in all the father to Mill Creek postoffice and stage benefits.

stand on the western frontier of the He has been active in municipal affairs, Chickasaw nation in April, 1878. Beginand at the time of his election to Congress ning in October, 1880, he attended a subwas a member of the city council of his scription school at a log schoolhouse near home city, Ardmore, which has made Mill Creek for two terms and entered the greater civic progress than any city in Chickasaw Manual Training Academy at Indian Territory prior to statehood. Tishomingo in October, 1892. He missed

Mr. Carter is a descendant of Nathan two terms while employed on his father's Carter, Sr., who was captured when a ranch as a cowboy, but finished on June small boy by the Shawnee Indians at the 18, 1887. Lackawanna Valley Massacre, when all As a boy he worked on his father's

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