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The World Co-Day


JUNE, 1908


Keep the Schoolhouse Open!


E are face to face with two crises—the presidential campaign

and vacation. At first sight it would seem as if the former

were the more important. It is certainly important enough, but in the long perspective a vacation is almost terrifying to any one but an irrepressible optimist. For vacations help or hurt the citizens of to-morrow.


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We do not take the matter very seriously.
Of course those of us who are sufficiently well-to-do send our children

and farms and grandparents and other substitutes for parents. But no matter how great the number of such fortunate persons is, it is all but infinitesimal in comparison with the army of those who can do little or nothing for their children and are not wise enough to do even the little they might.

Our society is so broken up into social compartments that she is a rare woman and he a rarer man who stops to think of the millions of boys and girls who during the summer months will have broken training and will be left practically to their own devices and the influence of those who know little and care less about the responsibilities of citizenship.

Why should our schools be closed during the summer?

Is it to give the teachers a vacation? They certainly need it, but could not substitutes be found?

Is it for the sake of economy? What worse economy is there than

(Copyright, 1908, by The World To-Day COMPANY.)

that which provides conditions which not only lead to the tremendou expense of courts and reformatories, but to the infinitely greater cos of lives that have been ruined through that mischief which Satan find: for idle hands?


Boys and girls might be injured by a twelvemonths' application to books? There are other things than books in our education. The vacation school should teach something else than winter school.

Why not teach a trade? or play?
At any rate boys and girls ought to be kept off the street.

And it makes no difference whether the street is in the city or in the small town. A good many of us think that the small town street is as demoralizing as the city street.

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Notwithstanding all our talk about the new education, our schools still can be improved.

But the reform that is needed is not so much in the curriculum as in the conception of the very purpose of school. It is all very well to discuss “Frills” and the “Three R’s,” but let us open our eyes to something more fundamental. The welfare of the community demands training in self-restraint and plain decency.

When that happy day for which we look dawns and we all come to our senses, we shall see that the duty of the State is not to teach boys and girls for nine months in the year and then turn them loose for three months; we shall see to it that if fathers and mothers forsake their children then the State shall take them up-into schools, not jails.

If it is the duty of the school to keep growing children from bad influences in the winter, it is even more its duty to keep children from evil in the summer.

The closed schoolhouse is a standing monument to an imperfect education. It is a guidepost to crime.

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Scientists to the Nation

Copyright, 1908. by Waldon Fawcett

CHARLES E. MUNROE Dr. Munroe is the inventor of smokeless powder and an authority on explosives. He has written over one hun. dred books on this and kindred subjects. He is now engaged in testing explosive gases in mines for the United States Government. He is dean of the faculty of graduate studies and head professor of chemistry in George Wash. ington University, president of the American Chemical Society, Fellow of London and Berlin Chemical Societies, and has received from the Sultan of Turkey decoration as Commandant of the Order of Medjidieb


Scientists to the Nation

Photograph by Harris and Ewing HARVEY WASHINGTON WILEY Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry, United States Department of Agriculture Dr. Wiley holds a leading position as an authority upon food preparations, both in this country and in Europe. He was a delegate from the United States to the Fourth and Fifth International Congresses of Applied Chemistry in Paris and Berlin in 1900 and 1903. He is an honorary member of the Association of Sugar Technicists of Ger many

and of the Societe d' Alimentaire of France. He is the author of “Principles and Practice of Agricultural ernment bulletins



Scientists to the Nation

Photograph by Rice, Washington, D. O. ALLERTON SEWARD CUSHMAN Assistant Director of the Office of Public Roads, United States Department of Agriculture, and chemist of the

Road Material Laboratory, Bureau of Chemistry Dr. Cushman is noted for his research work as a chemist and geologist, particularly in the extraction of potash from feldspathic rocks, the use of ground rock as a fertilizer and the cause and prevention of the rusting of iron and steel. The Franklin Institute, of Philadelphia, on March 22, awarded to Dr. Cushman the Edward Longstreth medal of merit for his researches on the corrosion of iron

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