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Massachusetts, affecting twenty thousand opera- must be credited with honest intent unless proved tives, posted notices of a ten per cent reduction to the contrary..... The Supreme Court sustained in wages to begin March 30.

the Southern Railway and Judge Pritchard, of - March 13.- Similar notices posted at cot- the United States Circuit Court, in releasing ton mills at Manchester and Nashua, New Hamp- Agent Wood, who had been arrested for selling shire.

railroad tickets for more than the maximum rate, March 23.- Chief Justice Clabaugh, of the fixed by the North Carolina statute at two and Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, ren. one-half cents a mile. dered a decision making permanent the injunc- March 27.- The Louisville & Nashville tion against the American Federation of Labor, Railroad and the Atlantic Coast Line announced President Gompers and others, from boycotting that the wages of employees on their systems the business of the Buck Stove & Range Com- will not be reduced. pany.

March 31,- The Illinois Central Railroad March 27.- Federal troops sent to preserve charged with defrauding the State of Ilinois in order at the Treadwell mines in Alaska, where a suit brought by Governor Deneen.....Judge eight hundred miners are on strike.

Smith McPherson, of the Federal Court, decided - March 31.— The contracts between the that he had full jurisdiction over the freight bituminous coal operators and the United Mine and two-cent passenger rates in Missouri. Workers of America having expired, some two ---April 1.- The Southern Railway and allied hundred and fifty thousand miners laid down lines made a two and one-half cent passenger their tools until a new agreement is signed.

rate in Tennessee for one year. -April 6.- Cotton mills in eastern Connec- --April 8.--- President Roosevelt ordered the ticut, employing about two thousand five hun- enforcement of the law giving to all persons who dred persons, resumed full time operations. purchase first-class tickets equal accommodations Rubber companies also resumed. In Pittsburg and service. Cases against certain Southern railsix hundred additional men put to work when ways using Jim Crow cars had been investigated steel works resumed.

by Interstate Commerce Commission and railroads Municipal.- March 13.- John H. Sanderson, ordered to provide equal, if separate, accommodacontractor; William P. Snyder, former auditor- tions, but they had not all obeyed law; hence general; W. L. Mathues, former state treasurer, President Roosevelt's order. and James M. Shumaker, former superintendent Rebates.-- March 16,- The United States Suof public buildings and grounds, found guilty of preme Court sustained the Elkins law in the defrauding the State of Pennsylvania in the fur- rebate cases against the Armour Packing Comnishing of the new capitol.

pany, Swift & Co., Morris & Co., and the Cudahy - March 26.- The grand jury at San Fran. Packing Company, which had been convicted and cisco filed indictments against Patrick Calhoun, fined $15,000 each. The Chicago, Burlington & president of the United Railways; Tirey L. Quincy Railroad, which gave the rebates, was Ford, general counsel for same corporation, and likewise fined. Abraham Ruef. All three were charged with --April 7.-The Great Northern Railway Combribery.

pany convicted in the United States Court of Negro Soldiers.-- March 11.-President Roose- granting rebates to the American Sugar Refining velt sent a message to the Senate asking for the Company and fined $5,000. passage of a law permitting the restoration to -April 8.- Judge Knappen, in the United the army of such negro soldiers as can prove States District Court, sentenced the Stearns Salt they were innocent of participation in the & Lumber Co., of Ludington, Michigan, to pay a Brownsville affair,

fine of $20,000 for accepting rebates from the Prohibition.- March 11.- The general local Pere Marquette Railroad. option bill killed in the Maryland State House Senatorial.- March 24.— The Maryland legis. by a vote of fifty-six to forty-three.....Consti- lature voted that ex-Governor John Walter tutional prohibition defeated in the Missis- Smith should serve as United States Senator sippi State Senate by a vote of twenty-one to from Maryland for the unexpired term of the nineteen.

late Senator Whyte.. . . . Governor Proctor, of --April 7.— In eighty-four counties in Illinois, Vermont, appointed John W. Stewart, former 1,053 townships voted to banish the saloon; 242 governor of Vermont, United States Senator to remain “wet. 1, [See Events.]

fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator -April 9.— The Alabama Supreme Court de- Redfield Proctor. cided the general prohibition and 9 o'clock clos- - March 27.— Governor Broward, of Florida, ing laws are constitutional.

appointed Hall Milton to succeed the late Sen Railroads.- March 23.- The Supreme Court ator Bryan. of the United States rendered decision to the Sunday Closing.--April 2.- The eleventh of effect that transportation lines are private prop- the Sunday-closing trials in Chicago ended with erty, and their owners are entitled to legal pro- a disagreement of the jury, eight voting to tection in their rights. By this decision the rail. acquit. roads in Minnesota can not be compelled to

Tobacco War.- March 24. — Because the state suffer penalty for failure to submit to fixed authorities of Kentucky fail to stop the

outrages rates. The recent rate laws were declared uncon- by night riders, an appeal to President Roosevelt stitutional..... The Supreme Court also affirmed was circulated for signatures. the decision of the Circuit Court in a case where Trusts.-April 7.—The special grand jury inthe Chicago Great Western Railroad was charged vestigating the American Ice Company reported with violation of the law in fixing rates on live that it had not found sufficient evidence on which stock, the court asserting that common carriers to indict the company or its president.

Philippines Casualty.- March 11.— Fire destroyed two thousand native houses in Sampaloc, a suburb of Manila, and eighteen thousand persons were made homeless. No lives lost.

Cuba Governors.-April 6.- Governor Magoon received the resignations, which he requested, of all the provincial governors, and appointed others in their places. Only one governor:

- Silva of Camaguey, resigned unwillingly. Silva announced that he considered himself dismissed by omnipotent order."

Venezuela Asphalt Claim.- March 14.- The Superior Court affirmed the decision of the lower court, imposing a fine of $5,000,000 on the New York & Bermudez Asphalt Company for promoting the Matas rebellion.

American Claims.-April 2.- The official organ of President Castro, El Constitucional, stated, in reply to Secretary Root's reiterated demand for arbitration, that the cases in question can not be considered, and that the Venezuelan government desired the United States to consider the matter terminated.

-April 9.- Reported that the United States Government is preparing to make a joint naval and military demonstration in Venezuela.

Mexico Earthquake.- March 27.— Heavy loss of life and destruction of property caused by earthquake shocks in the eastern part of the State of Guerrero; Chilapa reported in ruins; Costepec, Concepcion and Tetilla entirely destroyed.

Haiti Reign of Terror.- March 15.- Eleven men of high standing in Port-au-Prince were taken out of their houses and summarily shot, under orders from General Villardonhin Lecomte, the newly appointed minister of the interior. Many persons took refuge in the foreign consulates. Demand was made for immediate delivery to the Haytian government by France of all her refu. gees.

- March 16.- Official statement that the men executed were the chief conspirators in a revolutionary plot organized by General Antenor Firmin, now a refugee in the French consulate at Gonaives. Great Britain, France, Germany and the United States order warships to proceed to Port-au-Prince. President Nord Alexis consented to allow the refugees in the French legation to leave the island.

- March 17.- The British and German cruisers arrived with orders to protect foreign residents. President Alexis insisted on the council of ministers agreeing to permit the revolutionists now sheltered in the consulates to leave the island.

- March 29.—A fresh conspiracy discovered. The leader of the plot, General Larraque, former chief of cavalry, who had been arrested March 14 and released March 24, took refuge in the French legation with two other officers. The

March 21.- General Firmin and other revolutionists sailed on the French cruiser d'Estrées for St. Thomas.

British Empire Australia.- March 19,- William Humble Ward, Earl of Dudley, appointed governorgeneral.

Casualty.— April 2.- Collision during naval maneuvers off the Isle of Wight caused the loss of thirty-four lives.

-April 6.- By the collapse of two old tenement houses in Oxford, eight persons were killed.

Death.— March 24.-Spencer Compton Cavendish, eighth Duke of Devonshire, à leader in English politics, aged seventy-five.

Drury Lane Theater.- March 25.— This historic playhouse destroyed by fire. It had been a dramatic center for 245 years.

Ireland.- March 30,—The House of Commons, after a debate on Home Rule for Ireland, adopted by a vote of 313 to 157 a resolution moved by John Redmond, that “a solution of the problem could only be attained by giving the Irish people legislative and executive control of all purely Irish affairs, subject to the supreme authority of the imperial parliament."

Florence Nightingale.- March 16.— The freedom of the city of London presented to Florence Nightingale. At her request the value of the gold casket in which the freedom is usually presented was given to the nurses' establishments that bear her name.

Prime Minister.—April 5.- King Edward accepted the resignation of Sir Henry CampbellBannerman on account of ill-health. Herbert Henry Asquith, Chancellor of the Exchequer and acting premier, recommended to succeed Mr. Bannerman. The House of Commons adjourned till after the Easter vacation.

-April 8.-- Herbert Henry Asquith appointed to the premiership and the post of first lord of the treasury by King Edward.

Right-to-Work Bill.'! - March 13.- The Unemployed Workmen's bill of the Labor party defeated in the House of Commons by a majority of 149. A clause in the bill made it the duty of the local authorities to provide work for all unemployed persons or, failing this, to maintain them and their families. John Burns, the Labor leader in the House, asked the House to reject the bill.

Steamship Record.- March 12:— The Mauretania of the Cunard line broke the east-bound Atlantic record by covering the distance of 2,932 miles in five days and five minutes.

Swedenborg. April 8. — The remains of Emanuel Swedenborg, noted mystic and author, exhumed in London, where they were buried in 1772, and transferred to the Swedish cruiser Fylgia for final burial in Sweden.

The Times.- March 16.— The litigation in regard to The Times ended by a court order sanctioning the formation of a private company to take over the newspaper. Sir Alfred Harmsworth (Lord Northcliffe) furnished the necessary capital; C. F. Moberly Bell to be managing director, and A. F. Walter, chief owner of The Times, to be chairman of the board of directors. The political policies and the editorial


tentots in the Kalahari Desert resulted in the Divorce.- March 24.— The Senate by an over

death of two officers and twelve privates and whelming majority concurred in the bill recently

fifty-eight Hottentots. The Hottentot chief passed by the Chamber of Deputies, to convert

escaped. automatically a decree of separation into a

Norway divorce at the end of three years when either

Cabinet.- March 13.- The cabinet resigned party to the separation requests it.

on account of motions in the storthing of lack Italy

of confidence. Death.- March 11.- Edmondo De Amicis,

Russian Empire writer of travels, aged sixty-two. - March 16.— Člara Novello, singer, aged

Assassination.— March 19.— Doctor Karaninety.

vaieff, the leader of the Group of Toil in the Portugal

second douma, assassinated in Ekaterinoslav.

Prisons.- March 14.- M. Cutcheglovitoff, Elections.-April 5.— The elections resulted in

Minister of Justice, asked the douma for $1,000,a sweeping victory for the Monarchists; ninety. 000 for the enlargement of the prisons, there nine members of the Royalist affiliations re- having been an increase of 1.11 per cent in the turned to the chamber out of a total membership number of prisoners since 1906. In February, of 146. Rioting in Lisbon caused seven deaths. 1908, there were 165,588 persons in prison. One hundred were wounded.

Stoessel. - March 17.- The Emperor con-April 6.- Lisbon practically an armed

firmed the death sentence passed on Lieutenantcamp. Infantry and cavalry patrolling the General Stoessel and also the court's recomstreets, and guns posted in the principal squares.

mendation for commutation of the sentence to Republicans charged fraud in elections.

ten years' imprisonment in a fortress. -April 8.—Wholesale arrests made in Lisbon. Two soldiers of the Municipal Guard shot while

Chinese Empire on sentry duty outside the captain's residence. The city remained quiet.

Japan.- March 11.— The government agreed

to release the Japa nese ship Tatsu Maru and its German Empire

cargo of war munitions. An apology was Army Officers' Scandal.- March 17.- Prince handed to the Japanese minister for transmisJoachim Albrecht, of Prussia, dismissed from sion to his government. An official statement the army, ordered abroad and prohibited from made that “China, fearing Japan was seeking a Vrearing the German uniform.

pretext for trouble, apologized for hauling down Socialist Demonstration.- March 18.—A thou the Japanese ilag and proposed to release the sand Socialists, anarchists and trade-unionists ship, only recognizing force majeure.paraded the streets of Berlin and placed - March 16.— The Tatsu Maru was released. wreaths on the graves of the five hundred vic -April 6.- In Canton the boycott against tims of street fighting in the revolution of the Japanese spreading rapidly. March, 1848. The day ended with several riots. Opium.—April 7.—The throne issued an edict

appropriating $72,000 for the creation of an German South-West Africa

opium board at Peking, to examine into the use War.- March 19.—A battle between the Ger of the drug and arraign those indulging in the man expeditionary forces and a body of Hot practice.


How Uncle Sam Wooed His New Conscience
Miss New Conscience: "That creature, Municipal Politics, must clean up."
Uncle Sam: “Yes, my dear, so I was just telling her, but she prefers books to dishwashing."

The first of this series of cartoons appeared in the March number

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