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women members of the National Sculpture Society, the only distinctive artist organization devoted to the promotion of American sculpture, four may be regarded as western artists; three of them were trained in Chicago's art school and the other at one time occupied a Chicago studio.
Possibly the woman who — at least in late years — has gained for herself most distinction as an American sculptor is Miss Evelyn Beatrice Longman, who, if she now calls her home New York, made her first serious attempts to perfect herself in the work of a sculptor in the Art Institute. It is unfortunate that the Institute students, well trained as they have proved themselves to be, do not find in Chicago that abundance of opportunity to prove their ability which at present appears to be obtainable only in eastern cities. Although in the West the patronage of the sculpture branch of art is steadily, if slowly, growing in quantity, it is not as yet sufficient to attract the
ison, Wisconsin. Mrs. Bessie Potter Vonnoh, wife of the well-known painter, whose “figurines” of mothers and babes, of children and maidens, are most charming examples of the modeler's art, was a former student of Lorado Taft at the Chicago Art Institute.
The same helpful master, in the same splendid school, inspired Mrs. Julia Bracken Wendt, as well as several others, who, if they have not yet reached a position where they may truthfully be proclaimed as great sculptors, are at least turning out good work and may win renown later on. Of the
THE WELLS MEMORIAL Erected in Tennessee marble in the cemetery
at Lowell, Mass.
sculptors who naturally ought to find York or Chicago is as uncomfortable when there a permanent home and a generous living on lunch-counter sandwiches as share of work.
was the underfed Millet in Paris when he Miss Longman was born near Win was waiting for Fortunatus in the dischester, Ohio, whither the family had guise of customers to knock at his attic removed from Evanston, Illinois. She is door. Yet, somehow, as we read the next to the youngest of a group
of six stories of the early struggles of the old children. Her father is of English masters, we see a glint of romance on extraction, her mother was English- their lives which we do not seem to disCanadian. She must have imbibed some cover when we hear about the apparently love of the beautiful from her father, who prosaic efforts of some as yet "mute, inwas a musician by profession and who glorious Milton" of our own day. also occasionally amused himself with Whether or not the struggles and hardpainting. Who knows, too, whether the ships and disappointments which accomfact that the Longmans were once French panied Miss Longman's early efforts to
- Longmain the name was - does not perfect herself in her chosen profession, account for the love of art inherited from were touched with the highlights of a nation of artists ?
romance, they were exceedingly real. Can any good in art come out of the They did not end when the $265 fortune Nazareth of a Chicago environment? gradually melted away. She came to Granted all the influence of inherited Chicago in 1899, where she began seribent toward art, yet the life of a family ously and industriously to study sculpin most moderate circumstances in Chi- ture, paying for her tuition by work in cago is not conducive to an art-loving and the Institute library at night. Her only an art-producing future. The young girl “income” was derived from occasional was obliged to leave school when she was “odd jobs,” which, while they were inonly fourteen years of age and to begin deed "pot-boilers," it may be assumed to earn her own living. She worked as a were conscientiously done.
The more clerk for a large wholesale house for sev than two years at the Institute were foleral years. It must have been that within lowed by a period of teaching in the the would-be sculptor's heart the vital summer school and again, in the autumn, spark was surely lighted or she could not in the regular classes. have kept alive the fire which smoldered Then, in 1901, Miss Longman made the through childhood and was not extin- hazardous venture of removing to New guished by the drudgery of a down-town York. Almost like the youthful Franklin, office. For even while her head and her she came into the great city munching her hands were weary with the tasks of a rolls — only her buns were in her pocketlong business day, she had the courage book and it contained just $40. She and the ambition to spend her evenings was fortunate enough to obtain work in in the night school of the Art Institute. the studio of another Chicago artist She soon found, however, the double since become famous Hermon A. Macstrain too great, and the art education Neil, and later, for a short time, assisted had to wait. But only for a time, for she Isidore Konti. The little pile of money, albegan to save the littles from her modest though husbanded by strictest economy, salary until she had accumulated $265, dwindled away. Even when one's most an amount which to the ambitious maiden lavish expenditure for meals is limited to must have seemed a veritable Carnegie a fifteen-cent course dinner, so large a foundation. In any event, it was enough, sum as $40 will disappear – and it did. for that little hoard was the beginning of Fortunately, just as in the traditional her career. With it she was able to study lives of artists, at this crisis came an offer drawing and painting for a time in Olivet of work as assistant in the studio of College, Michigan. Here, too, she made Daniel C. French, to-day one of Amerher first immature and almost undirected ica's greatest and most successful sculpattempts at modeling.
tors. From that hour, in the congenial It is just as disheartening to be unap- atmosphere of this kind and helpful artpreciated to-day as it was during the ist's studio, the sky began to brighten. Renaissance. The young artist of New There she steadily toiled for three years,
the way becoming steadily pleasanter and has modeled are characterized by clear ineasier.
sight into character and decided vigor in For the last five years Miss Longman execution. has had a studio of her own. Two years Two years ago, in a notable competition ago she spent three months in Italy and in which many of the best sculptors of the that same year Olivet College conferred country were represented, Miss Longman upon her the honorary degree of M.A. was awarded, by a jury of eminent judges From that studio have come such works of works of the kind, the commission for as are reproduced in the illustrations the great bronze doors of the memorial which accompany this article, works chapel for the Naval Academy at Annapwhich have brought reputation, generous olis, an honor which might well be coveted praise and recognition among the sculptor by any artist. The accompanying reprocraft, possibly more prized even than the duction of the sketch for this monumental silver medal awarded to her for the fig. work makes public for the first time, it is ure “Victory,” which in colossal size believed, the general scheme employed. surmounted the dome of Festival Hall, of Doubtless before the doors are swinging the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at St. upon their hinges in their final place of Louis. Miss Longman has won recogni- distinction, the artist will have altered tion in every important competition in some of the details shown in the sketch. which her work has been entered. In the But such alterations, if they shall be first she carried off the third prize, in the made, will not modify any of the signifisecond the second award, and on two sub- cant features of this remarkable producsequent occasions the first prize.
tion. Here may be discovered lofty senti. Miss Longman's art is noticeable for its ment and high ideals, expressed in the lanrefinement and strength, characteristics guage of sculpture, but language so beauinfrequently found together. The figures tiful and rhythmic that the whole must which she creates are admirable in com- affect one as an epic in bronze. Daniel C. position and charming in detail. One French has indicated, especially in his feels that beneath the delicate draperies doors for the Boston Public Library, that of, for instance, the angel and the sor- it is not always necessary to follow the rowing woman of the Wells memorial precedent of Ghiberti's bronzes in Flor--- erected in Tennessee marble in the ceme- ence. Fewer figures, in low relief, may tery at Lowell, Massachusetts – there are after all be as effective as numerous “picbodies, modeled with the precision and tures in bronze.” In any event, whoever sureness of one who is master of her art. sees the design which Miss Longman has What an inspiring piece of statuary is the produced for Annapolis can not but be “Victory''! It was admirably adapted by impressed with its dignity, its appeal to its significant virility to the spectacular the higher emotions, on the side of sentiposition it occupied at the St. Louis Fair, ment and relation to its environment; and and it is so graceful, too, in the smaller its beauty of line and form, its admirable size that the Union League Club of Chi. balance of composition, its sane adaptacago secured a bronze copy of it to adorn tion of sculptural means to esthetic ends, its reception hall. The portrait busts she on the side of artistic accomplishment.
NE afternoon in Novem “Oh, if the Senator will act as receiver
ber, 1907, at the height it will be all right," chimed in the other
a decision. He had been thinking of the His glance was attracted to a small para working people in North Adams. He graph buried in the mass of Wall Street agreed to act as receiver. The news was news, very much as he was buried in the telegraphed to the panic-stricken town. crowd of important-looking persons who Little groups of operatives discussed it on towered above him. The paragraph stated
the street corners. The storekeepers disthat the Arnold Print Works, of North cussed it behind their counters. The bankAdams, Massachusetts, had gone into the ers discussed it in their private offices. hands of a receiver.
Everybody said: The modest-appearing little man donned “Murray Crane will act as receiver of his overcoat, wormed his way outside, the print works. Now, everything will be hailed a cab, and was driven downtown to all right." the office of the company, and had a con The gloom which had settled over the ference with Mr. A. C. Houghton, its little town was shaken off. The sun began president. Then things began to hum. to smile. Confidence returned. Since The two gentlemen telephoned around then, in spite of most discouraging busitown, and quickly assembled the principal ness conditions, the Arnold Print Works creditors of the concern.
has been running, and a satisfactory out"Gentlemen," said the small man, come is assured. “there are twenty thousand people in Who is this man Crane? North Adams, one-half of whom are de He came to the United States Senate in pendent upon this factory for their bread 1904 to fill the vacancy caused by the and butter. If it goes to the wall half the death of the venerable George F. Hoar, of houses in town will be for rent, grass will Massachusetts. The Senate received him grow in the streets, and there will be pov without much interest. Although he had erty and misery. Moreover, the banks been a successful governor of his state, and may be closed by a run. If they go under had declined appointment as Secretary they will wreck the merchants."
of the Treasury, and the chairmanship of The creditors were loath to grant a com the Republican National Committee, it promise. Finally, one of them, an impor was thought that he could not make his intant-looking citizen, whose picture has ap- fluence felt in the Senate for many years. peared in every ten-cent magazine for two Winthrop Murray Crane took his seat years past, with an impressive cough said: in the clubroom of aristocrats, and began
“I'll tell you what we'll do, Senator : to look about him. He studied the Senate If you will act as receiver, we will back as he would have investigated a business you up.
proposition. By and by he began to dis
cover things of which older senators had been mentioned as the campaign manager never dreamed. He mastered details first, of Hughes, Knox, and others, and has been and then branched out.
spoken of for the nomination himself. It Soon, when a senator approached an- has not been discovered just where he does other senator and talked confidentially of stand. One day he is to take charge of the a matter, the other senator would say: Pittsburg ambition; the next he is rush“What does Crane think about it?" It was ing off to Albany. One thing is certain, if not long before an increasing number of William H. Taft is not nominated by the senators were saying this, and until it is Chicago convention, Winthrop Murray ascertained where Crane stands, it is Crane will have much to say as to who thought inadvisable now to do anything will be chosen, and he will be the “Mark His committee room is sought by states
Hanna" of that candidate's campaign. men-who have been in the Senate so long There is no great similarity, however, that half their families are on the govern- between McKinley's promoter and Senment pay-rolls-wishing to consult a man ator Crane. Mark Hanna, when he came who has not yet thoroughly warmed the to an obstruction in his way, battered it seat of his mahogany chair, or scraped any down with catapults and rams. Murray varnish from his new desk. These sena- Crane will not permit any obstructions to tors, growing enthusiastic, pound their exist. He will look about two miles ahead thighs, and declare that “Crane is the best all the time, observe a stone wall, and mixer I ever knew." So he is, but he is a choose another route. If he manages the “mixer” who does not “mix.”
next campaign he will not open any headThere is nothing “hail fellow well met" quarters, and there will be no brass bands. about Senator Crane. He does not line the These are not the Crane methods. He will boys up at the bar and tell stories by the dart around, like a busy little tug, quietly, yard, although he can spin a good yarn, invisibly, and by and by the great crowd and he never dashed up to a fellow and of spectators will behold the ponderous slapped him on the back, in his life. If ship to which the Crane tug is attached anybody ever slapped Senator Crane on making well-defined movement and edging the back probably there would be a in toward the dock — but they will overfuneral. He is not built for a “mixer.' look the tug. Senator Crane is not showy,
He has an almost effeminate hand, and if he had his choice of a committee which he slips timidly into yours when he room at the capitol he would select one in greets you, and there is no grip about it. the sub-basement. It is a very unresponsive hand, not at all There is no better judge of human nature suited to a United States Senator with a in the Senate than he. If he does manage reputation as a “mixer.” When he ven- some man's campaign next fall, a good tures from the security of the Senate way to make easy money would be to play Chamber to navigate a cautious course to that man all three ways. He has infinite the House or to his committee room, he common sense, which at times makes him always hugs the wall with a shrinking a unique figure in the Senate, never picks modesty which makes persons who behold a “piker,” and never makes a blunder. him swell with pity. Probably nobody In Massachusetts half the people call ever knew Senator Crane but to love him. him “Murray." He was born with a Possibly he is a “mixer"; but if he is, he golden spoon in his mouth. His father is a new breed – he has never been cata- left him the Crane Paper Mills, at Dalton, logued.
and at seventeen he went to work there, There is one place where he is not a and learned the business in every branch. "mixer," and that is at the “Other end of To-day his private fortune is estimated at the Avenue." It is reported that he has from $5,000,000 to $10,000,000. He has been there, and is familiar with the road, always been a generous spender for his but the watchmen and doorkeepers and party, but it can be said of him that his messengers do not know him.
wealth has not been responsible for his poWhen the Presidential situation began litical successes. Thoroughly democratic, to grow warm it was but natural the lead- he is known personally to all of the emers should ask, “Where does Crane ployees of his mills, and has always given stand?” They are still asking it. He has them the care of a father in times of illness