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paign strenuous enough to satisfy Presi-' that he was free to be the governor of all dent Roosevelt, whose advice to the con the people of the state. Without a pledge vention undoubtedly settled the matter or promise, untrammeled, the lawyer who of the nomination. And the next day the had no practical experience in politics or nominee was closing up his law affairs so public life faced a task that would test all that he could devote himself to a whirl-: his powers. There were plenty to prewind campaign as assiduously as he had dict that when pitted against the expeto the insurance investigation. That cam rienced legislators and lobbyists of the paign was an eye-opener even to those capitol, the new governor would find himwho thought they knew Mr. Hughes. He self no match for those who certainly changed so greatly in his method of speak-- would prepare pitfalls for him. The peoing and in adaptability that his friends ple, however, believed in him. He knew were agape with wonder. Nobody sus it, and that was where he had the best of pected it was in him to take the stump it. and make good with all kinds of audi. Within a week after he took the ex. ences. But he did it. And he did it with. ecutive chair it was perfectly plain that out sacrificing a principle or even a bit he was governor, and that in his concepof his dignity. He was no “hail fellow tion of duty a governor was to govern, well met" with the boys; there was no The party leaders were aghast. He turned clap-trap or playing to the galleries in his down their selections for office, and inspeeches; nobody thought of slapping formed them that it was his duty to select, him on the back. He won squarely on not theirs. There is plentiful authority his merit.
for saying that even the presidential intiIt was his absolute and unescapable sin. mation of preference only served to sol. cerity that carried the day. He talked idify the governor in his independence. straight from the shoulder. Mr. Hearst He was sorrowfully given up as hopeless. called him “the animated feather duster,' But it had to be acknowledged that his and thought he had done a smart and appointments were without exception adeffective thing in fastening such an epi. mirable. The men chosen were chosen bethet on his adversary. There was no re cause they were experts in the work that ply in kind. Mr. Hughes was always the was to be done, not because they had a same courteous gentleman, indulged in no "pull" or a record of political service. personalities, made no flings, held to a And the people felt that here was somehigh plane of discussion. But how he thing new under the sun. exposed the pretenses and false principles A new sense of the dignity of office and and bare hypocrisy of the opposition! the nobility of true public service seemed His exposition was as merciless as his to radiate from Albany. For to begin examination of an insurance witness. He with, this strange governor, after his elecmade hundreds of speeches, sometimes ten tion, actually gave up his law business, in a day; but he did not utter a sentence shut off entirely his source of revenue that he need wish to retract, or that weak from his profession – at a sacrifice of ened his cause. He did not repeat him tens of thousands of dollars, concerning self. He developed a simply marvelous which one would never hear from him capacity for speechmaking of a high quals and moved his family to Albany, even ity. His points stuck, and his illustra- taking his church letter with him. Hay. tions illustrated. When it was over, the ing accepted public office, he felt it his party leaders conceded without a dissent- duty to give himself wholly to that office, ing voice that the entire campaign had although the ten-thousand dollar salary been dominated and carried to its con would represent only a singlc retainer. clusion by the nominee. If elected, the Governor Hughes is the type of the new credit would be his in full degree.
order in politics. He may be classified as Elected he was, and the only one on his a public servant in distinction from a ticket of whom that could be said. A politician. He is a servant instead of a Republican governor, with every other seeker.
seeker. He is in office because the office state officer democratic, it was a novel sought him, not he the office. “No party position. He knew that the Democrats and no leader of a political organizahad made an exception in his favor, and tion,” he says, “shall dare take the posi
tion that there is anything above honor say one-half he intended, nor in the way able service to the state.” But his idea he meant. of honorable service is not a common one. The Governor listened attentively,
One of the hardest shocks he gave to nodded only to indicate that he underthe old-timers was when he abolished the stood, but did not make any direct statesecret chamber and took his place at the ment or comment. And when the politbig desk in the large executive room where ical boss awkwardly shook hands with everybody comes in. In other days this him and faded through the door, his cigar was the reception room, while the gov was bunched in one of his hands and he ernor occupied the inner of two smaller looked sheepishly at the other men waitrooms, the first containing his private sec ing for an audience. retary. This made the secret conclave possible. But such an arrangement did
IV. not accord with Governor Hughes' ideas
One year now Governor Hughes has of democratic accessibility and honest
been in office, and what is the record ? consultation. What could the politicians Quite as remarkable as anything that predo when they sought the governor to have
ceded. His first message was a piece of a private conference, and
found that they revolutionary but constructive statesman. must talk to him without secrecy? An ship, the central feature of which was a Albany correspondent gives a description comprehensive scheme for the state reguof the new order and its results.
lation of all public-service corporations A country leader had come in to have through a Public Service Commission, to a consultation. With uncertain glance at be appointed by the Governor and rethe Governor he approached and assumed sponsible to him, with power of removal a bluff air of familiarity. Instantly the in his hands. This was a counter move to lines around the mouth of the Governor that for national control, keeping the tightened. He seized the proffered hand.
power in the state, but bringing the cor“What can I do for you?” he asked porations under a direct and stringent guardedly.
rule and accountability. It was an over“Oh, I want to see you in private about shadowing proposition, and it staggered a matter up our way,” and the boss di the corporations and the legislative leadrected an inquiring glance toward the ers and the lobbyists. Bills were introinside room.
duced to carry out the recommendations, “Sit down," invited the Governor, in but it was freely declared that the legisdicating a chair two feet from his own lature would never enact such drastic and seating himself before his caller could laws, or place such power in the hands of recover himself. The latter sank into the
a governor and his appointees. The Govchair uneasily. The Governor with an ernor said nothing. He had done his duty encouraging smile waited for him to begin. in recommending such legislation as he
“Why, er - er, Governor, there are deemed best for the state. For the rest, some matters about politics and legisla- the legislative function was responsible. tion I want to talk to you about in pri. This, too, was a position so novel that the vate.'
politicians shook their heads and gave it “Oh, well, go ahead," said the Gov
up. A governor who would not use ernor, looking directly at his caller. “No patronage to secure the passage of bills one will interrupt us here. But I think was beyond their comprehension. you have come to the wrong place about
According to promise, the Governor belegislation. I am not a member of the
gan an investigation of the state departlegislature.”
ments. It was evident that the insurance “Oh, well, you know, I understand department was in need of a new head, that, you know – know," and the boss
since under Superintendent Kelsey bad was evidently disconcerted, He looked conditions remained unchanged. The around the room, noted the proximity of Governor conducted the inquiry himself, half a dozen men who had come in and having found this to be within his power, ranged themselves on the sofas and chairs and the officer was subjected to the same along the south wall, and began to talk kind of grilling that had proved fatal to with obvious embarrassment. He didn't many abler men. He made a poor show
ing, and his incompetency was so glaring conditions of the railroads affected, bethat self-respect should have led him to
came apparent, and the veto commanded resign; but he refused to do so, and his the approval of thoughtful citizens. But case was made a test of the relative whether the people approved the Govstrength of the Governor and the leaders ernor's action or not, they realized anew in the legislature. Under the whip the that here was a man who cared nothing majority of the Senate voted to retain the for popular favor as against his convicsuperintendent, and there was great re tion of justice and sense of right. joicing over the Governor's humiliating Here are his memorable words to the defeat, as it was described. Evidently his legislature, which perhaps more than any reform measures had no chance of pass other one thing put a presidential stamp ing, and he was doomed to political de- upon him: struction. The combined forces of such Injustice on the part of railroad corporations bosses as Raines and McCarren, Republi toward the public does not justify injustice on can and Democrat together in defense of
the part of the state toward the railroad corpora
tions. The action of the government should be threatened monopoly, were in possession
fair and impartial, and upon this every citizen, of the field.
whatever his interest, is entitled to insist. We What then did this unusual Governor shall make matters no better, but worse, if to do? Turned to the people, who formed the
cure one wrong we establish another. The fact
that those in control of railroad corporations constituencies of the legislators. In two
have been guilty of grossly improper financiering public speeches he told the people just how
and of illegal and injurious discriminations in matters stood between the executive and charges points clearly to the necessity of effective the lawmakers. Quick and imperative
state action, but does not require or warrant was the response. When the remon
arbitrary reprisals. In dealing with these ques
tions democracy must demonstrate its capacity strances came in from their districts, to act upon deliberation and to deal justly. there was consternation in the camp; and
V. when a caucus call was refused by the Republican leader the Governor's fight Many estimates of Governor Hughes ing cap was on, and within two days the have been made, and many more will be, caucus was held, and the party was for he is bound to be in the public eye. pledged to carry out his wishes. The There is no disagreement, however, as to pressure had not come from him, for he
his sincerity. That is an outstanding consistently declined to interfere with the quality.
quality. It is written in his face and legislative function; but the aroused and speaks out of his clear eye. You can not indignant people told their representa see him and doubt his honesty. His most tives what they wanted in such unmis inveterate political enemy admits that the takable way that the bills carrying out Governor says what he thinks and stands the Governor's recommendations were by it. Next to this trait is strength, a passed, and the victory was now all on the kind of ruggedness that settles many other side. The appeal to the people things without debate.
When he says the new method – was an unexampled No, that is instinctively felt to be the end success. This was the new type of politics. of it. He does not speak or decide
One other strange thing must be chron- hastily. He takes time to make up his icled, because its effect was to make Gov. mind; when it is made up, no one as yet ernor Hughes national in prestige and has found a way to make him change it. influence, and a hundredfold more con One of his fixed habits is optimism. His spicuous than anything he had previously foundation word is duty. done. In response to what was deemed å He is concededly dignified, and in manpopular demand a bill was passed estab ner reserved and grave. Hence he has lishing a two-cent-a-mile railroad fare been called cold and unsympathetic, and throughout the state. Other states had classed with President Harrison as a man taken or were contemplating such legis- who had no magnetism. This is far from lative action. What was the consternation the truth. When there is occasion to when Governor Hughes vetoed this bill, smile, no man has a brighter one than with such clear reason for his action that Governor Hughes, nor a heartier manner. the real nature of such legislation, enacted But he does not go about like a flattering without thorough investigation into the and fawning self-seeker, currying favor
APPEALING TO THE PEOPLE CONCERNING
STATE ISSUES with all sorts and conditions of voters. He respects himself and his office, and the people respect him in consequence. He is approachable and accessible to all who have legitimate business with him. He is genuinely democratic, while a gentleman by breeding and temperament. To those admitted within the circle of friendship he is one of the most delightful of companions.
But has he the human element ? His intellectuality is admitted, also his indefatigable industry and amazing application. His moral earnestness, his genuine piety, with no smack of cant or hypocritical piosity, his high ideals and unyielding will - all these are granted. Has he no human weaknesses, no failings, no lighter side? To think not would be utterly to misjudge him. Go out with him on the golf links and measure up against his drives, and you will find that he loves an outdoor game as well as the next.
MEETING HIS CONSTITUENTS An answer to those who say he is cold and not genial
who knows him intimately how the Gov- want him, and say so unmistakably, then ernor was affected by the persistent men- he will deal with the matter when it comes tion of his name as the next President. to him, as he did with the governorship.
“He isn't affected at all, apparently,”' His habit is invariably not to cross a bridge was the reply. “He is absorbed in his until he comes to it. Until that time he work as Governor. Of course he under- will lose no sleep, nor will any of his stands what is going on; but I am sure friends, if he can help it.” there is no man in the country who spends That is undoubtedly the situation. less time thinking about the presidency Governor Hughes has put it in this way, than Charles E. Hughes. If the people in reply to a letter from Senator Saxe