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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

REGULATION D

RULES GOVERNING THE LIMITED OFFER AND SALE OF SECURITIES

WITHOUT REGISTRATION UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

Preliminary Notes

1. The following rules relate to transactions exempted from the registration requirements of section 5 of the Securities Act of

1933 (the "Act') (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq., as amended). Such transactions are not exempt from the antifraud, civil liability, or other provisions of the federal securities laws. Issuers are reminded of their obligation to provide such further material information, if any, as may be necessary to make the information required under this regulation, in light of the circumstances

under which it is furnished, not misleading. 2. Nothing in these rules obviates the need to comply with any applicable state law relating to the offer and sale of securities.

Regulation D is intended to be a basic element in a uniform system of federal-state limited offering exemptions consistent with the provisions of sections 18 and 19(c) of the Act. In those states that have adopted Regulation D, or any version of Regulation D, special attention should be directed to the applicable state laws and regulations, including those relating to registration of persons who receive remuneration in connection with the offer and sale of securities, to disqualification of issuers and other persons associated with offerings based on state administrative orders or judgments, and to requirements

for filings of notices of sales. 3. Attempted compliance with any rule in Regulation D does not act as an exclusive election; the issuer can also claim the avail

ability of any other applicable exemption. For instance, an issuer's failure to satisfy all the terms and conditions of Rule

506 shall not raise any presumption that the exemption provided by section 4(2) of the Act is not available. 4. These rules are available only to the issuer of the securities and not to any affiliate of that issuer or to any other person

for resales of the issuer's securities. The rules provide an exemption only for the transactions in which the securities are offered

or sold by the issuer, not for the securities themselves. 5. These rules may be used for business combinations that involve sales by virtue of Rule 145(a)(17 CFR 230.145(a)) or otherwise. 6. In view of the objectives of these ruies and the policies underlying the Act, Regulation D is not available to any issuer for

any transaction or chain of transactions that, although in technical compliance with these rules, is part of a plan or scheme

to evade the registration provisions of the Act. In such cases, registration under the Act is required. 7. Offers and sales of securities to foreign persons made outside the United States effected in a manner that will result in the

securities coming to rest abroad generally need not be registered under the Act. See Release No. 33-4708 (July 9, 1964) (29 FR 828). This interpretation may be relied on for such offers and sales even if coincident offers and sales are made under Regulation D inside the United States. Thus, for example, persons who are not citizens or residents of the United States would not be counted in the calculation of the number of purchasers. Similarly, proceeds from sales to foreign purchasers would not be included in the aggregate offering price. The provisions of this note, however, do not apply if the issuer elects to rely solely on Regulation D for offers or sales to foreign persons.

Definitions and Terms Used in Regulation D

Reg. $230.501. As used in Regulation D, the following terms shall have the meaning indicated: (a) Accredited investor. “Accredited investor" shall mean any person who comes within any of the following categories, or

who the issuer reasonably believes comes within any of the following categories, at the time of the sale of the securities to that person: (1) Any bank as defined in section 3(a)(2) of the Act, or any savings and loan association or other institution as defined

in section 3(a)(5)(A) of the Act whether acting in its individual or fiduciary capacity; any broker or dealer registered

SEE ATTACHED INTERPRETIVE RELEASE 33-6455

SEC 1972-A (10-88) Page 1 of 8

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