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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 1117 and S. 1219

BILLS RELATING TO EXTENSION OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS

COMMISSION

MAY 21, 22, 23; JUNE 5, 6, AND 12, 1963

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1968

20-982

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

KENNETH B. KEATING, New York SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

HIRAM L. FONG, Hawaii
THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut

HUGH SCOTT, Pennsylvania
PHILIP A. HART, Michigan
EDWARD V. LONG, Missouri
EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts
BIRCH BAYH, Indiana

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina, Chairman OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

KENNETH B. KEATING, New York
EDWARD V. LONG, Missouri

HIRAM L. FONG, Hawaii
EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts
BIRCH BAYH, Indiana

WILLIAM A. CREECE, Chief Coursel and Staff Director

BERNARD WATERS, Minority Counsel

GEORGE B. AUTRY, Counsel

II

CONTENTS

132

319

Opening statement of

Ervin, Hon. Sam J., Jr., U.S. Senator from the State of North Carolina,

chairman of the Subiaimmittee on Constitutional Rights---

Bayh, Hon. Birch, U.S. Senator from the State of Indiana..

Fong, Hon. Hiram L., U.S. Senator from the State of Hawaii..

Keating, Hon. Kenneth B., U.S. Senator from the State of New York..

Long, Hon. Edward V., U.S. Senator from the State of Missouri.----

Text of bills pending before the subcommittee:

S. 1117

S. 1219.

Analysis of pending bills, prepared by American Law Division, Legislative

Reference Service, Library of Congress:

S. 1219

S. 1117

Statements:

Austin, Richard H., member, Michigan Advisory Committee to the

U.S. Commission on Civil Rights; introduced by Hon. Philip A.

Hart, U.S. Senator from the State of Michigan.-

Bernhard, Berl I., staff director, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights,

accompanied by Erwin Griswold, a member of the Commission..

Bloch, Charles, attorney, Macon, Ga..

Button, Dale L., representing the Unitarian Fellowship for Social

Justice; accompanied by Robert Price.--

Case, Hon. Clifford, U.S. Senator from the State of New Jersey --

Cooke, Dr. Paul, national chairman, American Veterans Committee..

Courtney, Ralph, on behalf of the Liberty Lobby; accompanied by

John W. Wood, general counsel-

Douglas, Hon. Paul, U.S. Senator from the State of Illinois..

Hannah, Dr. John, chairman, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights;

accompanied by Berl I. Bernhard, staff director, and William

Taylor, deputy staff director.-

Hart, Hon. Philip A., U.S. Senator from the State of Michigan.

Hill, Hon. Lister, U.Ś. Senator from the State of Alabama..

Howe, Allan T., president, Young Democratic Clubs of America-

Howlett, Dr. Duncan, chairman, District of Columbia Advisory

Committee to the U.S Commission on Civil Rights.--

Javits, Hon. Jacob K., U.S. Senator from the State of New York.--

Maher, Father Trafford P., S.J., member, Missouri Advisory Com-

mittee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.--

Millenson, Roy H., Washington representative, American Jewish

Committee on Extension of the Civil Rights Commission.
Pemberton, John de J., Jr., executive director, American Civil Liber-

ties Union; accompanied by Lawrence Speiser---

Pollack, Prof. Louis H., chairman, Connecticut Advisory Committee

to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights --

Ramsay, Miss Caroline, Women's International League for Peace and

Freedom; accompanied by Mrs. Annalee Stewart, legislative secre-

tary--

Sachs, Richard C., for the Americans for Democratic Action; accom-

panied by David Cohen..

Saltonstall, Hon. Leverett, U.S. Senator from the State of Massa-

chusetts..

Schutt, Mrs. Wallace, member, Mississippi Advisory Committee to the

U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

Secrest, Andrew McDowd, member, South Carolina Advisory Com-

mittee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights---

214

65

217

335

Statement of—Continued

Sexton, John J., president, Young Democratic Club of the District of

Columbia ---

Shipley, Carl, chairman, Republican Committee for the District of

Columbia --

Sparkman, Hon. John, U.S. Senator from the State of Alabama.

Stennis, Hon. John, U.S. Senator from the State of Mississippi..

Tarplee, Rev. Cornelius C., assistant secretary for Intergroup Rela-

tions, National Council, Protestant Episcopal Church -

Williams, Hon. Harrison A., U.S. Senator from the State of New

Jersey -

Letters and telegrams:

Biemiller, Andrew J., director, Department of Legislation, AFL-CIO.

Katzenbach, Nicholas deB., Deputy Attorney General, Justice Depart-

ment

Masaoka, Mike, Washington representative of the Japanese-American

Citizens League---
Mitchell, Clarence, director, Washington Bureau of the National

Association for the Advancement of Colored People---

Smith, McNeil, letter addressed to Senator Hart..
Article: "Human Relations Goes to Washington,” Committee Reporter, by
Senator Philip A. Hart; submitted at the request of Roy H. Millenson.

APPENDIX
Survey of opinions of State attorneys general:
(i) Letter of Subcommittee Chairman Sam J. Ervin, requesting

opinions of State attorneys general
(2) Replies of State attorneys general:

Arizona -

Arkansas

Twin California

Georgia

Hawaii..

Louisiana

Maine

Michigan.

Missouri

TENNew Jersey -

In New York..

North Dakota

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island.

Utah.

Virginia -

Wyoming -

Information concerning activities of the Commission and those of the

Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice:

(1) Letter of Chairman Ervin to Assistant Attorney General Marshall.

(2) Reply from the Assistant Attorney General Marshall..

(3) Letter of Chairman Ervin to the Attorney General..

(4) Reply from the Assistant Attorney General Marshall..

Background information:

Statute establishing the Commission on Civil Rights—42 U.S.C. 1975.

Report of National Conference of State Advisory Committees, 1959-

Interim report (on Mississippi) of the U.S. Commission on Civil

Rights--

Summaries of reports of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights:

With Liberty and Justice for All,” 1959-

Reports on education ---

Report on the American Indian, 1961.-

Recommendations on voting, 1961 and 1959-

Recommendations on employment, 1961.

Report on administration of justice, 1961..

Report on public schools in Southern States, 1962.

Housing in Washington, 1962-

Housing, 1961.

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