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A New Spanish Grammar, adapted to every class of learners. By Mariano Cubi

y Soler. Second edition. Baltimore. 1825. 12mo. pp. 464. About two years since Mr Sales, instructer in French and Spanish in Harvard University, translated, revised, and very much improved the Spanish and French Grammar of M. Jossé. Previously it had been a very difficult matter to procure a good grammar of the Spanish language. Those who were unacquainted with the French, were obliged to make use of the imperfect “Introductions,” “ Keys,” and “ Synopses,” which were accidently found amidst the litter and lumber of our bookstores. Mr Cubi’s Grammar does not differ essentially from that revised by Mr. Sales. They are both valuable works, and both far superior to any other introduction to the Spanish language, that we have ever seen.

Mr Cubi has made many important additions and improvements in his second edition, which give evidence of much care and exertion; and we cheerfully recommend it to all, who are desirous of obtaining a thorough knowledge of the Spanish language,-a language which, from our connection with the South American nations, has already become as useful to the merchant and the statesman, as it has always been interesting and delightful to the man of letters.

INTELLIGENCE.

CHILDREN AND YOUTH IN MASSACHUSETTS.

There were in the district of Massachusetts, according to the census

1820, five hundred and twenty-three thousand one hundred and fifty-nine souls. Of this number, two hundred and forty-one thousand seven hundred and eleven were under the age of eighteen years.

The nuinber is now, probably, somewhat increased. If the population has increased only as fast since the last census, as it did between the census of 1810 and that of 1820, there are now, in round numbers, about two hundred and fifty thousand children and youth under the age of eighteen, in Massachusetts. This number, it will be perceived, amounts to almost one half of our whole population. If we take from the older part, those between the ages of eighteen and twenty-one, and add them to the younger part of the population, we shall find at least half, and probably more than half of the whole under twenty-one years.

A few of this mass of children and youth have left the schools and all direct means of education, and entered upon the active business of life. And a portion of the younger part are yet subjects only for domestic education. But, after these deductions, it will not be extravagant to state, that one third of the whole population are of a suitable age,-have opportunity,—and do actually attend school at least some portion of the year.

In Massachusetts, we have not the means of knowing accurately the number of those who attend our schools; because we have no system of returns to any authority, by which such facts can be ascertained. But we are confirmed in the belief, that the above is not an extravagant estimate, by two facts. One is, several towns have been carefully examined, and this is about the proportion of the population found in the schools. The other is, official documents and acknowledg. ed authorities, from a neighbouring state, inform us, that one third of their population attend school some portion of the year. And probably the same would be true of all the New England states.

FRENCH PROJECTS.

The following Prospectus was submitted to an English gentleman, residing in Paris, with the author's hope that he would be both a contributor and subscriber : “Tomorrow in the fifteen days will be publish, one brand new work of the Litterature and the Science, the Spectacle and the Mode, to be call the Miroir of the Day; compile by a series of litterary gentlemans of France and the Grand Britain, famous for their savoir and their talents.” The prospectus states that half the work is to be in French and half in English; that it is to appear three times a week, and that learned professors are to superintend the articles in each language. Terms twelve francs for three months; twenty-four for six months; and forty-eight francs a year,—to be paid in advance; the money to be returned in three months if the work does not appear.

LEHIGH RIVER AND COAL MINE.

In a

Since the qualities and uses of the Lehigh coal have been understood, it has become a very considerable article of commerce. late Number we gave some account, taken from Professor J. Griscom, of the extent of this coal mine, and the purposes to which its products could be applied. When an easy communication, either by canals or otherwise, shall be opened between the Hudson, the Delaware, and the Susquehannah, there is a probability that this coal may be transported, at least to the cities on the borders of the Atlantic, with such facility, and in such quantities, as to affect materially the price of fuel. And that, in a climate like our own, must affect, materially, the condition of a large portion of the community. It inay have other uses, or be converted to other purposes than that of furnishing a cheaper and more convenient fuel. In conjunction with the modern discoveries in the application of steam power, and the internal improvements by means of canals and railways, this new development of the resources of a large and already powerful slate (Pennsylvania), cannot fail to become a subject of deep and increasing interest to the whole country. We are led to these remarks, by seeing, a short time since, a letter, in which the Lehigh river, the mine, and the manner of conveying off the coal, were described. From those descriptions we select such parts, as will give our readers some account of the river, and the manner by which it is made passable for the arks, as they are called, in which the coal is floated down. The construction of the sluice gates was to us new, extremely interesting, and ingenious.

“ The Lehigh river, near its source, is a mountain torrent, having a fall of 360 feet in the distance of 46} miles. The navigation is attained by the kind of improvement, called, by engineers, flashing. But the greatest curiosity consists in the locks or sluice gates. These locks require but little strength, and no skill for their management. A gate,

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which extends the whole breadth of the sluice, is fastened by hinges along its lower edge, so that it moves like the lid of a box. It is of such breadth, that when raised nearly perpendicular, it will entirely stop the opening of the sluice, and when suffered to lie flat on the bot. tom, leaves it entirely open. Another gate, of about double the breadth (measuring up and down the stream), and extending across the sluice, is fixed in a similar manner lower down ; but the upper small gate opens down stream, and the lower large gate opens up stream, so that they resemble two folding doors, with the exception, that one overlaps the other three or four feet. Under these gates is a chamber, into which water may be introduced from the dam above by a small gate. When this is open, the hydrostatic pressure of the water above, forces the gates upwards, and the space under them forming always a close chamber, they rise until they stand like the roof of a house, and thus close the opening in the sluice. When required to be lowered, all that is necessary is, to let off the water from the chamber, and the gates sink with their own weight, one overlapping the other, to the bottom."

NEW PUBLICATIONS.

AGRICULTURE.
Address delivered before the Philadelphia Society for promoting
Agriculture, at its annual meeting, on the 18th January, 1825. By Roberts Vaux.
Published by order of the Society. 8vo. pp. 28. Philadelphia.

ARTS, SCIENCES, AND PHILOSOPHY.
The Boston Journal of Philosophy and the Arts, No. X.
The American Journal of Science and Arts, Vol. 9, No. 1.

ASTRONOMY. Elements of Astronomy, illustrated by Plates, for the use of Schools and Academies, with Questions. By John H. Wilkins, A. M. Third edition. 12mo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.

DRAMA.

Montgomery; or, The Falls of Montmorency. A New National Drama. Written by Henry J. Finn. Boston. Wells and Lilly.

Hadad; a Dramatic Poem. By James A. Hillhouse, Author of “Percy's Masque" and "

The Judgment."

EDUCATION. An Abridgment of Murray's English Grammar, revised, enlarged, and improved; comprising rules and exercises in orthography, parsing, and punctuation; with Practical Notes; arranged in natural order, and suited to the capacities of children and youth in elementary schools. Compiled for the junior classes in Union Hall Academy. By A. M. Merchant. 18mo. pp. 216. New York.

A New Spanish Grammar, adapted to every class of learners. By Mariano Cubi y Soler. Second edition, revised, corrected, enlarged, and greatly improved. 12mo. pp. 464. Baltimore. F. Lucas, jr.

Fourth Annual School Report, made in the year 1825, to the Legislature of New York. By J. V. N. Yates, Secretary of the State, and Acting Superintendent of Common Schools. Folio. pp. 44. Albany.

GEOLOGY.
A Geological and Agricultural Survey of the District adjoining the
Erie Canal, in the State of New York. Part 1,-containing a Description of the
Rock Formations, together with a Geological Profile, extending from the Atlantic to
Lake Erie.

HISTORY
History of Massachusetts, from July, 1775, when General Washing-
ton took Commard of the American Army at Cambridge, to the year 1782, (inclu-
sive), when the Federal Government was established under the present Consti-
tution. By Alden Bradford. 8vo. Boston. Wells & Lilly.

History, Manners, and Customs of the North American Indians,
with a Plan for their Melioration. By James Buchanan, Esq. His Majesty's Consul
for the State of New York. 2 Vols. 12ino.

LAW.

An Authentic Report of a Trial before the Supreme Judicial Court
of Maine, for the County of Washington, June Term, 1824. Charles Lowell vs.
John Faxon and Micajah Hawks,

Surgeons and Physicians, in an Action of Tres-
pass on the Case, &c. 8vo. pp. 29. Portland.

A Treatise on the Law of Penn lvania relating to the Estate of
Decedents, the Constitution, Powers, and Practice of the Orphans' Court. By Tho-
mas F. Gordon. Carey & Lea. Philadelphia.

A Digest of the Cases decided in the Supreme Judicial Court of the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, from March, 1816, to October, 1823, inclusive.
To which is added, a Digested Index of the names of Cases in the 18 Vols. of
Massachusetts Reports. By Theron Metcalf. 8vo. Boston. Richardson &. Lord.

MISCELLANEOUS.
Speech delivered before the Overseers of Harvard College, Febru-
ary 3, 1925, in Behalf of the Resident Instructers of the College. With an Intro-
duction. By Andrews Norton. Svo. pp. 60. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.

A Year in Europe, comprising a Journal of Observations in England,
Scotland, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the North of Italy, and Holland. By John
Griscom. Second Edition. New York. Collins and Hannay.

The Grecian Wreath of Victory. 18mo. pp. 119. New York.

An Address to the Utica Lyceum, delivered February 17, 1825. By
A. B. Johnson, Prefatory to his Course of Lectures on the Philosophy of Human
Knowledge. 8vo. pp. 16. Utica, N. Y.

An Address delivered in Nashville, January 12, 1925, at the Inaugu-
ration of the President of Cumberland College. By Philip Lindley, D.D. President
af the College. 8vo. pp. 48. Nashville.

Remarks on Washington College, and on the “Considerations” sug-
gested by its Establishment. 8vo. pp. 52. Hartford.

The Atlantic Magazine, No. XI.

The Town Officer's Guide, containing a Compilation of the General
Laws of Massachusetts, relating to the whole Power and Duty of Towns, Districts,
and Parishes, with their several Officers, &c. By John Bacon, Esq. 12mo.
pp. 396. Haverhill, Mass.

Considerations suggested by the Establishment of a Second College
in Connecticut. Svo. pp. 36. Hartford.

Triumphs of Intellect, a Lecture delivered October, 1824, in the
Chapel of Waterville College. By Stephen Chapin, D. D. Professor of Theology
in said College. Syo. pp. 31. Waterville, Me.

John Bull in America, or the New Munchausen, 12mo. pp. 226.
New York. 1825. C. Wiley.

NOVELS.
The Refugee; A Romance. By Captain Matthew Murgatroyd, of
the Ninth Continentals in the Revolutionary War. 2 Vols. 12mo. New York.

The Valley of Shenandoah; or, Memoirs of the Graysons. 2 Vols. 12mo. New York.

POLITICS.

Letter from Robert Wickliffe to his Constituents. 8vo. pp. 19. Frankfort, Ken.

Remarks upon a Pamphlet, published at Bath, Me. relating to alleged Infractions of the Laws, during the Embargo, Non-Intercourse, and War. By William King and Mark L. Hill.

THEOLOGY.

A Discourse on Christian Liberty, delivered before the First Congregational Society in Scituate, on the Lord's Day, March 6, 1825. By Samuel Deane, Pastor of the Second Church in Scituate. Published at the desire of the hearers. Cambridge. Hilliard & Metcalf.

The Unitarian's Answer; or, a Brief and Plain “ Answer to any that ask a Reason" of our attachment to Unitarianism, considered as a System both of Doctrine and Instruction. 12mo. pp. 24. New Bedford.

The Doctrine of the Atonement Explained, in a Sermon delivered in the New Jerusalem Temple, in Cincinnati, on the evening of the 20th of December, 1824. By Nathaniel Holley, A. M. a Minister of the New Jerusalem Church. 8vo. pp. 22.

Cincinnati, Ohio. An Historical Discourse, delivered at West Springfield, December 2, 1824, the day of the Annual Thanksgiving. By William B. Sprague, Pastor of the First Church in West Springheld. 8vo. pp. 91. Hartford, Conn.

The Christian Spectator, Vol. VII. No. 4.

The Excellence and Influence of the Female Character; a Sermon, preached in the Presbyterian Church in Murray Street, at the request of the New York Female Missionary Society. By Gardiner Spring. 8vo. pp. 32. New York. 1825.

The Discriminating Preacher ; a Sermon, prcached in the North Church in the city of Hartford, December 1, 1824. At the Ordination and Installation of the Rev. Carlos Wilcox, as Pastor of said Church. By Gardiner Spring, Pastor of the Brick Presbyterian Church in the city of New York. 8vo. pp. 37. Hartford. 1825.

Biblical Repertory; a Collection of Dissertations on Biblical Literature. By Rev. Charles Hodge, Professor of Biblical and Oriental Literature, in the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N.J. No. I. Svo. pp. 151. To be continued Quarterly

A Sermon Delivered at the Ordination of the Rev. William Henry Furness, as Pastor of the first Congregational Unitarian Church, in Philadelphia, January 12, 1825. By Henry Ware, jun. Minister of the Second Church in Boston. 8vo. pp. 46. Philadelphia. A. Small.

A Sermon preached before the Bible Society of North Carolina, on Sunday, December

12th, 1824. By the Right Rev. John S. Ravenscroft, Bishop of the Diocess of North Carolina ; with an Appendix. Svo. pp. 32. Raleigh, N.C.

The Cabinet; or, Works of Darkness brought to Light, &c. Second Edition, Revised and Corrected. 12mo. pp. 80. Philadelphia. John Mortimer.

A Review of the Rev. Mr Colman's Sermon, delivered at the Opening of the Independent Congregational Church in Barton Square, Salem. 8vo. Pp. 36. Boston.

Book of Revelation Unsealed; An Explanation of the Apocalypse, or Revelation of St John. By Alexander Smythe, Member of Congress. 16mo. pp. 59. Washington, D. C.

AMERICAN EDITIONS OF FOREIGN WORKS.

Letters and Papers of the late Rev. Thomas Scott, D. D. Author of the Commentary on the Holy Bible, never before published; with occasional Observations. By John Scott, A. M. Vicar of North Ferriby, and Minister of St M7ry's Hall. First American Edition. 12mo. pp. 324. Boston.

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