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So lively, and fo like in all mens fight,
That weaker fence it could have ravisht quight:
The Maker felfe, for all his wondrous witt,
Was nigh beguiled with fo goodly fight.
Her all in white he clad, and over it

Caft a black stole, moft like to feeme for Una fit.


Now when that ydle Dreame was to him brought,
Unto that Elfin Knight he bad him fly,
Where he slept foundly void of evil thought,
And with false fhewes abuse his fantasy;
In fort as he him fchooled privily.

And that new creature, borne without her

firm belief, that his inveterate perfecutor, the magician, changed the appearance of every object of his adventures, is the groundwork of all Don Quixote's abfurdities. Even Sancho detects this foible of his deluded master, and palms an awkward country wench upon him for his angelick Dulcinea. It is remarkable, there is fcarce a humourous circumftance in that inimitable piece of burlesque, but what is founded on this notion. T. WARTON.

XLV. 9. for Una fit.] Here is the first discovery of the name of the Lady that accompanied the Red-croffe Knight. Our author's refidence in Ireland furnished him with the name of Una, or Oonah. Lloyd (Archæol.) obferves, that it is there a common name of a woman. Spenfer might at the fame time intend to denote, by Una, ngular and unparalleled excellence. T. WARTON.

XLVI. 4. And with falfe fhewes abufe his fantasy ;] This paffage perhaps contributed towards Milton's masterly painting of Satan tempting Eve;

"Affaying by his devilish art to reach

"The organs of her fancy, and with them forge

"Illufions, as he lift, phantafms and dreams." TODD. XLVI. 6. borne without her dew,] That is, produced, but not according to the course of nature. So he

Full of the Makers guyle, with usage fly He taught to imitate that Lady trew, Whose semblance the did carrie under feigned hew.


Thus, well instructed, to their worke they haste ; And, comming where the Knight in slomber lay,

The one upon his hardie head him plaste, And made him dreame of loves and luftfull


That nigh his manly hart did melt away,
Bathed in wanton blis and wicked ioy.

ufes deriv'd by due defcent" for a natural production, Sonnet 74.

"From mother's wombe deriv'd by due descent."


Born without thofe due and proper qualities of a real woman; for real she was not, but, as Homer calls the like airy phantom, dor, and Virgil, tenuis umbra; and, as our poet calls her foon after, a misformed Spright and mifcreated faire, ἔίδωλον αμαυρὸν, Hom. Odyf. δ. 824.

"dat inania verba,

"Dat fine mente fonum."

So this idol, this new creature, this phantom, had words, but not due words, (inania verba,) found, but not due fenfe. This I take to be the meaning; the reader is however to think for himself. UPTON.

XLVII. 3. The one upon his hardie head him plafte,] Archimago bids the idle Dream fly away, Bάon', λ "Ovespe. The Dream goes and places himself upon the Knight's head, the feat of the foul and of the imagination. Στη δι ἄῤ ὑπὲρ κεφαλῆς, II. B. 20. Who can doubt but our poet had Homer in view? UPTON.

XLVII. 6. Bathed in wanton blis] This was a common phrase in poetry both before and after the time of Spenfer, as I have shown in a note on Milton's Comus, v. 812. Perhaps

Then feemed him his Lady by him lay,

And to him playnd, how that falfe winged boy Her chafte hart had fubdewd to learne dame Pleasures toy,


And she her felfe, of beautie foveraigne queene, Fayre Venus, feemde unto his bed to bring Her, whom he, waking, evermore did weene To bee the chastest flowre that aye did fpring On earthly braunch, the daughter of a king, Now a loofe leman to vile fervice bound: And eke the Graces feemed all to fing, Hymen Iö Hymen, dauncing all around; Whylft freshest Flora her with yvie girlond crownd.


In this great paffion of unwonted luft,
Or wonted feare of doing ought amis,
He starteth up, as feeming to mistrust
Some fecret ill, or hidden foe of his :
Lo, there before his face his Ladie is,
Under blacke stole hyding her bayted hooke;
And as halfe blushing offred him to kis,
With gentle blandishment and lovely looke,
Most like that Virgin true, which for her
Knight him took.

Spenfer here remembered the precife expreffion, which he ufes, in The Hift. of Promos and Caffandra, 1578. P. i. A. i. S. ii. The rushing youthes that bathe in wanton blisse." TODD.

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All cleane difmayd to fee fo uncouth fight, And halfe enraged at her shameleffe guise, He thought have flaine her in his fierce defpight;

But, haftie heat tempring with fufferance wife, He stayde his hand; and gan himfelfe advife Το his fenfe, and tempt her faigned



Wringing her hands, in wemens pitteous wife, Tho can she weepe, to ftirre up gentle ruth Both for her noble blood, and for her tender



And fayd, "Ah Sir, my liege lord, and my love,
Shall I accufe the hidden cruell fate,

And mightie causes wrought in heaven above,
Or the blind god, that doth me thus amate,
For hoped love to winne me certaine hate?
Yet thus perforce he bids me do, or die.
Die is my dew; yet rew my
; yet rew my wretched ftate,

You, whom my hard avenging deftinie

Hath made iudge of my life or death indifferently:

L. 3. He thought have flaine her] So the first and second editions in quarto. But the folios, and both Hughes's editions, read" He thought t'have flaine her." But the old reading is to be retained. The manner is elliptical, and there are frequent inftances of it. See F. Q. iv. iv. 22, and elsewhere.



"Your owne deare fake forft me at firft to leave My fathers kingdom"-There fhe stopt with


Her fwollen hart her speech feemd to bereave;
And then againe begun; "My weaker yeares,
Captiv'd to fortune and frayle worldly feares,
Fly to your fayth for fuccour and fure ayde:
Let me not die in languor and long teares.'
Why, dame," quoth he, "what hath
thus difmayd?


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What frayes ye, that were wont to comfort me affrayd?"


"Love of yourfelfe," fhe faide, “ and deare constraint,

LII. 1. Your owne deare fake &c.] This is false; for Una knew not St. George, till fhe came to Faerie Court. The lying phantom breaks off her discourse therefore, left she should difcover too much; and the whole is finely conducted by the poet. UPTON.

LII. 4. And then againe begun ;] Begonne in the first edition, which Church adopts. I read, with Upton, from the second edition, begun. TODD.

LII. 5. Captiv'd] Here we may read this line, and certainly more mufically, with the accent on the first fyllable of captiv'd; in general the poet accents this word on the fecond fyllable. See F. Q. i. iv. 51, ii. iv. 16, &c. Fairfax and Milton adopt the latter accentuation. TODD.

LIII. 1. deare constraint,] Pleafing uneafinefs. See F. Q. iii. viii. 3, and iii. ix. 40. So he uses conftrain'd for made uneafie, F. Q. ii. ix. 36. So Chaucer ufes conftreint for uneasiness:

"Her hewe whilom bright, that tho was pale,

"Bare witneffe of her wo, and her conftreint." CHURCH.

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