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Government to enforce and practise the most rigid | all attempts at renewing in Congress or out of it economy in conducting our public affairs, and that the agitation of the slavery question, under whatno more revenue ought to be raised than is re- ever shape-or color the attempt may be made. quired to defray the necessary expenses of the Resolved, That the proceeds of the public lands Government, and for the gradual but certain ex- ought to be sacredly applied to the national ob. tinction of the public debt.

jects specified in the Constitution ; and that we 6. That Congress has no power to charter a na- are opposed to any law for the dis ribution of tional bank; that we believe such an institution such proceeds among the States, as alike inexpeone of deadly hostility to the best interests of the dient in policy and repugnant to the Constitution. country, dangerous to our republican institutions Resolved, That we are decidedly opposed to and the liberties of the people, and calculated to taking from the President the qualitied veto place the business of the country within the con- power, by which he is enabled, under restrictions trol of a concentrated money power

, and above and responsibilities amply sufficient to guard the the laws and the will of the people; and that the public interest, to suspend the passage of a bill results of Democratic legislation, in this and all whose merits cannot secure the approval of two other financial measures upon which issues have thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives been made between the two political parties of until the judgment of the people can be obtained the country, have demonstrated to candid and thereon, and which has saved the American people practical men of all parties their soundness, safety, from the corrupt and tyrannical domination of the and utility in all business pursuits.

Bank of the United States, and from a corrupting 7. That the separation of the moneys of the system of general internal improvements. Government from banking institutions is indispen- Resolved, That the Democratic party will faithsable for the safety of tne funds of the Govern- fully abide by and upbold the principles laid down ment and the rights of the people.

in the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions of 1798, 8. That the liberal principles embodied by Jef. and in the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia ferson in the Declaration of Independence, and Legislature in 1799; that it adopts those princisanctioned in the Constitution, which make ours ples as constituting one of the main foundations the land of liberty and the asylum of the op- of its political creed, and is resolved to carry them pressed of every nation, have ever been cardinal out in their obvious meaning and import. principles in the Democratic faith; and every Resolved, That the war with Mexico, upon all attempt to abridge the present privilege of be- the principles of patriotism and the laws of nacoming citizens and the owners of soil among us tions, was a just and necessary, war on our part, ought to be resisted with the same spirit which in which every American citizen should have swept the alien and sedition laws from our statute shown himself on the side of his country, and books.

neither morally nor physically, by word or deed, 9. That Congress has no power under the Con. have given aid and comfort to the enemy. stitution to interfere with or control the domestic Resolved. That we rejoice at the restoration of institutions of the several States, and that such friendly relations with our sister republic of States are the sole and proper judges of every Mexico, and earnestly desire for her all the blessthing appertaining to their own affairs, not pro- ings and prosperity which we enjoy under repubhibited by the Constitution; that all efforts of the lican institutions; and we congratulate the Ameriabolitionists or others made to induce Congress to can people upon the results of that war, which interfere with questions of slavery, or to take in- have so manifestly justified the policy and conduct cipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to of the Democratic party, and insured to the United lead to the most alarming and dangerous conse States “indemnity for the past and security for quences; and that all such efforts have an inevit. the future.” able tendency to diminish the happiness of the Resolved, That, in view of the condition of poppeople, and endanger the stability and perma- ular institutions in the old world, a high and sacred nency of the Union, and ought not to be coun- duty is devolved with increased responsibility tenanced by any friend of our political institu- upon the Democratic party of this country, as the tions.

party of the people, to uphold and maintain the Resolved. That the foregoing proposition covers rights of every State, and thereby the Union of and was intended to emb ace the whole subject the States, and to sustain and advance among us of slavery agitation in Congress; and therefore the constitutional liberty by continuing to resist all Democratic party of the Union, standing upon monopolies and exclusive legislation for the benethis national platform, will abide by and adhere fit of the few at the expense of the many, and by to a faithful execution of the acts known as the a vigilant and constant adherence to those princiCompromise measures, settled by the last Con- ples and compromises of the Constitution which grers the act for the reclaiming of fugitives from are broad enough and strong enough to embrace service or labor included, which act, being de- and uphold the Union as it is, and the Union as it signed to carry out an express provision of the shall be, in the full expansion of the energies and Constitution, cannot, with fidelity thereto, be re capacities of this great and progressive people. pealed or so changed as to destroy or impair its efficiency.

We shall have something to say on these reso Resolved, That the Democratic party will resist I lutions in a coming number

CRITICAL NOTICES.

MUSIC.

in order to a due participation in and enjoyment Music, Retrospective and Prospective.

of these glorious worka, is simply this: that the

study of music in schools should be looked upon A nation must have its amusements. Bind men by large-hearted and beneficent men as one branch as you may, the restless longings of their hearts of an education. In view of this, let all teachers will periodically burst forth in free and elastic ex- be required to teach music in the same way that pression of some sort; and happy is that people, they teach any other branch. Of course, the higher therefore, which counts among its wise men those the institution of learning, the higher must be the who prudently provide for its wants in this respect. qualifications of its musical doctor, and so the Large cities, in particular, need all the restraining musical acquirements of the pupils would be corivfluences which religion and art can bring to bear respondingly thorough. In this way would soon upon them, that their floating thousands, educated appenr a generation of music-loving, music-pracin comparative idleness, may not directly barter tising people, ready to examine and hear the comwith crime.

positions of the best masters; and following in due It is well is, from some eminence, we can num-order, conservatories for the education of the ex. ber the spires and towers of Christian churches by clusively musical student would, in time, be or. the hundred, and feel a glow of heavenly joy that ganized. Germany has been thus blessed ever our lines have been cast in such pleasant places. since Luther, three hundred years ago, established Almost as satisfactorily do we observe the solid music in her schools as one branch of a Christian fronts of the seats of learning. Libraries and be education. Boston, in our own country, has thus nevolent institutions nearly fill out the picture of far set a most excellent example. The Handel architectural repose wbich a Christian city should and Haydn Society, formed there nearly forty present. But stop! Where shall the “poor rich” years ago, still continues to meet and make itself and the "rich poor” meet in sweet sympathy, and, familiar with the best thoughts of those mighty for a time at least, forget all social inequalities? musical men of the past

, Handel, Haydo, Mozart, Pardun us, Christian philanthropist, if we claim Beethoven, and Mendelssohn. Other societies bave that the representation-place of art should have, sprung up around it, but they do not seriously inin these latter days,

terfere with the older society, nor with each other, “A local habitation and a name."

by reason of the existence of a large population,

the majority of whom are singers, and there is In Europe, letters have their universities, paint. room for all. This general musical ability among ing and statuary their academies, and music its all classes is the direct and natural result of a conservatories; and all are nursed and protected state provision for teaching music in the schools, by Government, which thereby is more than re. which bas been in operation there for twenty years. paid in the increased intelligence and refinement So the Bostonians, in consequence, are a singularly of the people. t:ere, learning is more generally united and homogeneous race of singers; and the diffused, thanks to our venerable forefathers and success which has attended the advancement of legislators. Painting and statuary are acquiring the art in that favored city, is in great part due to honorable distinction among us; but where sits the early, indefatigable lators of Mr. LOWELL music?

Mason. It may be instructive to look back, and carefully In the meantime, the oratorio in New-York bas observe that, while church music has held on its passed throu;h a stormy and almost fatal ordeal way with but few radical changes in two centuries, The Handel and Haydn Society, formed here conthe Oratorio, that grand religious drama, which temporarily or thereabouts with its sister society stands midway between the church and the world, in Boston, was divided soon after into three distinct maintains, as yet, but feeble hold upon our people. societies—the Handel and Haydn, the Amateur A bundred years ago, Handel, by the single force of Fund, and the New-York Sacred Music Societies. his genius alone, established it in England, where, The two former, after struggling for eight or ten amongst the religious working men, and to a great years, sank into hopeless decline. The New York extent among-t the sedate and wealthy classes, it Sacred Music Society continued for twenty years has ever since been well studied and represented. to present, in a worthy manner, the grand oratorios It is, indeed, the highest, truest, best exhibition of Handel, Haydn, Beethoven, Neukomm, Spohr, music at present known.

and Mendelssohn, and during that time it paid its No intelligent Englishmao or American should own way. Disaffection sprang up among its mem. doubt for a moment that the Samson and Messiah bers about six or eight years since; bad manage of Handel are more direct and telling upon the ment ensued; it became heavily involved; its common mind, as works of art, than are the “Sam. charter from the State has since expired, and the son Agonistes” and “ Paradise Lost and Regained" Society itself is now no more. Upon its ruins of Milton, since the latter are obs. ured, except to arose the American Musical Institute, which beld the scholar, by mythological alloy. What is needed together about four years; and two years since was formed the Harmonic Society, which, after the members are Germans; a fact which has its ir sore discomfiture it received in the refusal of Jenny fluence in attracting to their rehear-als and con Lind to sing in oratorio in connection with it, is certs the most wealthy and musical German famı this moment panting for a beggarly existence, lies, and such other Americans as associate wit which the new Cantata, the Waldenses, by Mr. these latter, or are musically governed by them Asanel ABBOTT, now in rehearsal, will with diffi. The Philharmonic Society's performances are of culty be able to guarantee it. We hope for its high order, and give unqualified satisfaction to thei continuance, both for the credit of our city, and patrons, notwithstanding the exclusive and unre for the sake of the new American composition it publican character of the Society's rigime. bas in hand.

Of all kinds of exhibition music, the opera haAt first view, we might suppose that New-York the strongest hold upon the regard of our people is, at heart, indifferent to the highest forms of vocal Seeing this, we are inclined to look briefly into it musical art. But this appearance can, we believe, short history in New York.

How well remem be accounted for to a degree. Foremost in causes hered by thousands is that old Garcia company of this neglect is the want of a proper knowledge What a sudden glistening of the eye have we be of these severe and lofty compositions amongst beld in a lady, softly, musically speaking of "th musicians themselves an ignorance partially ac- Signorina,” afterwards M'lle Malibran ! True i counted for in the fact of the music making no is, that upon the minds of those most spiritua appeal to the fashionable world, and therefore not and musical, Malibran always left the impression paying well. It is certain that musical men would of her angelic nature, rather than a musical im not long remain unskilled in this class of music, if pression solely; so that the good people o it but paid its way even. Then the cosmopolitan Gotham, in their first taste of the Italian Opera character of our society generates cliques innumer. enjoyed the delicious tones of a scarcely less thae able, each of which fancies itself a standard of divine interpreter. What wonder if we are now opinion; making unanimity of feeling and action an particular and hard to please! Contemporary utter impossibility in the premises. The estab- with the Garcias, and later, appeared various Eng lishment of schools such as have been named, lish troupes. The English opera, or rather, thie which would mould the children of this many- Italian, French, and German opera, “translated minded parent into one common and sympathetic and adapted,” was, for a time, highly successful whole, and give them the opportunity to study the In those days came pretty Mrs. Austin, Mis best masters, as the art "grows with their growth, Hughes, and Mrs. Wood, with Charley Horn, o and strengthens with their strength,” is the evident Magic Flute, “ Deep, deep sea," and " Rosalie remedy for this evil. Last, and perhaps not least, memory. Sinclair (father of Mrs. Forrest) toc of depressing causes, is the remnant, not yet des how very Scotchy he was in singing "Hey! the stroyed, of that old religious prejudice which still bopnie breest-knot;" and little Jones, so long looks at every thing dramatic as in some sort a lie. primo tenore of the old Park, how charmingly ha This is that dogmatic blindness which rejects the sang “My sister dear” in Masaniello. And wha parables of Christ, because, forsooth, they were a figure was Peter Richings in the market-scens the offspring of his own imagination, but had no of the same opera! Adi Placide, and Barnesfoundation in strict fact Cannot a truth be re- and—but stop! too faithful memory! As thu presented, acted, as well as said? No remedy but we glide into the past, and look upon the form that of a more charitable and enlarged Christian and hear the voices of “twenty years ago," invol feeling will ever discipline this obstinacy into untarily will steal upon our ear that tender strair decent subjection. But time works wondrous from La Sonnambula, heard at a not much later changes, and we do not despair.

period Meanwhile, instrumental music has shared a

“As I view those scenes so charming, better fate among us.

Pianos as “thick as peas” With fond remembrance my heart is warming. have made their appearance, and military bands

Oh! my breast is filled with pain, innumerable bave sprung up, until, as a climax to

While those days ne'er come again." all previous efforts, Dodworth's incomparable cornet company stands confessedly the most excellent, Following these came that talented Richmond at once the pride and the indispensable accessary Hill company, Pedrotti, Maroncelli, Montresor, of our military and civic fêtes. Of societies for Forpasari, etc., including our present resident muthe rehearsal and public performance of the instru: sicians, Rapetti and Bagioli. They were success mental works of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and ful, and gave some of Bellini's operas in excellent later composers, the Euterpean is the oldest, and style. Two or three years later sang Tanti, Ra socially the best. Half a century has elapsed vaglia, and Fabj, etc., in the National, corner of since its formation, and still it continues its regular Leonard and Church streets, under rather unfa rehearsals of classic music, giving yearly its public vorable auspices. John Wilson, Miss Shirreff and concert and social réunion. It has sustained great Seguin next took the operatic field, and a righe lose within three or four years, in the death of some merry and profitable barvest had they of it, ir of its oldest and most active members; but now. M. Rooke's “Amilie," the most unique and faltering has shown itself among those who are chaste of modern English operas.

It only re at heart its friends, and we wish it new and better mains to mention the opera at Palmo's, iv Chamsuccess in coming years. The Philharmmic, bers street, that of Astor Place, and the Havang established about ten years since, has a large company. Borgliese, Pico, Antonigni, and Val number of performing, non-performing, and assotellina ; Barili-Thorne, Benedetti, aud Beneven ciate members. The majority of its performing Itano; Tedesco and Perelli ; Trufi, Stefanove

Bosio, and Parodi, with Salvi, Lorini, Vietti, through untravelled wildernesses. These innova. Badiali and Marini, are yet fresh in the memory tions are attempted alike in material and spiritual of opera-goers; in fact, most of them are still in things. But, amid the Babel of creeds and beliefs this country: Thus, in the short period of twenty- that has been evolved, is there one that in any five years, the opera has been fairly lodged in the measure does or can compensate for those so per. affections of almost all classes of our people. severingly sought to be overturned ! Can the new

It may not be amiss to notice that the unfor fill and take the place of the old in the human tunate managers of opera in America, from Simp. mind? son to Maretzek, have, most of them, retired from Isa is the embodiment of these questions. Her the operatic field bankrupts

. Let it be under talent, her beauty and genius, are swallowed up in stood, therefore, by the projectors of the new the great problem: Can the New compensate for “Academy of Music,” (a misnomer, by the way,) the Old ! that all efforts for the permanent establishment of Her intellectuality is of that order which sacri. the opera among us, which do not thoroughly re fices love, affection, happiness—pay, every thing cognize an equalized and republican condition of but will, to the one idea of, not reform, but pro the people on the one hand, or which are not for gress; and this progress is in a path not toward tified, on the other hand, by the possession of an light, but toward a deceptive darkness, which she impresario who is at once an irreproachable mistakes for light. In her self-deception, for such financier, and a lawgiver and a law-enforcer to his it is, she concludes there is no God but human will, troupe, will ultimately prove abortive. We know and, as that is God, it must be infinite. She invests of but one man who approaches the standard of her own soul with some of the attributes of divinthese requisitions, and that man is William Niblo. ity, and, in her health and strength, fails to see the Twenty-five years ago, his keen eye perceived the falsity of such investiture; but when, in weakness curious union of religious conscience and love of of body, and a rapid approach to dissolution, she humor and song in the American character, and still fails to perceive it, and persists in ber infatuawith due deliberation he commenced catering for tion, we are utterly lost in surprise. Human weakits wants. The common voice of the public, and, ness, which seldom fails to abase the proud and more particularly, the prompt fulfilment of his humble the lofty, fails utterly to affect her. Even pecuniary engagements with artists, amply testify death, that stern fire to human pride and self-will, to his success. Then he is a reformer, in his way. does not possess the power to awaken in her spirit He bas banished those old abominations, the grog. that humility which every human being must feel. gery and third tier, and has kept, and still keeps, Isa was a woman. We see this in her love for a watchful eye upon the morale of his exhibitions. Wearre Dugande, imperfectly developed as it was, The age demands this; for in this country of the and in her affection for his mother; in the power " largest liberty,” your singer or your actor, filled of her affections at her first two partings from with excess of freedom, knows not, at all times, what Wearre, when the woman triumphed over the will. is due to modesty and strict propriety. Honest She loved as a woman loves; but she strove and religious men of faunilies, therefore, will not be against that love as woman never strives when the slow in appreciating that sort of merit in a man object is worthy. She deemed it beneath ber to ager which obliges his troupe to conform to his love; and yet, when Alanthus Stuart could woo wishes, and so, very naturally, to those of the her to what the world calls dishonor, her will was people, in these respects. And thus, as we dwell merged in bis will, and she fell

. But to the last upon the prestige of success which attends our she was unconscious of her fall; to the last, she friend Niblo in the management of his beautiful maintained the superiority of will; to the last

, her Art-Temple, may we not expect to witness tri- soul clung to the soul of him who had ruined her, umphs in the future, which shall equal, if not both in the estimation of the world and of Heaven, excel those of the past; in particular, that the with an intensity of devotion, not love, not affechonest, legitimate, musical (operatic) wants of all tion, which centred the more strongly on him, beclasses of people will receive his candid, careful cause she willed that she would love no other. attention! Already we have the promise from We here see the necessity of love, the inevitable him of an excellent French operatic company necessity of loving, to every human being, the from New Orleans, soon to appear. This is op strongest in mental power, as well as those who portune for the summer months, and the enter. are weaker. prise has every prospect of success,

With the character of Gansevoort Norton we can have little to do. His is by far the most truthfully

drawn of the prominent ones in the book, except, BOOKS.

perhaps, that of Wearre Duganne. Norton, talented Isa: A Pilgrimage. By CAROLINE CAESEBRO', as he was, gifted as he was, and with all those pow.

ers of fascination so unsparingly exercised, is but a

type of the unlawfulness in passion that exists It is a thougbt.”

more or less every where, and far more generally New-York: Redfield, Clinton Hall. 1852.

than is suspected. We would not make humanity

worse than it is; but this illicit passion, although Somebody has remarked, and very truthfully it may, as it ever should, be voiceless and unextoo, that this is an age of skepticism. There is pressed, is far more general in the world than is a disposition in the world to mistrust all old faiths often thought, or even cared. An antidote to the and creeds, to disregard the old landmarks in poison in this character of Norton, may be found almost every thing, and to mark out new paths in Mary Irving's cool and virtuous repulse of bis

* Tis but a dream !

adrances. Although her marriage, and the reve- 1 had loved, then spurned, whose cup of life she lation of her feelings to Isa, would deny it, she had poisoned with her bitterness, he stood beside was tae stronger woman. She failed at the first, her; and then pressing his cheek to here, now cold but overcame at the last; while Isa overcame at in death, departed from her presence-for everfirst, but to fall more surely and for ever. The more. authoress, no doubt, intended to contrast Isa with Miss Chesebro' appears to entertain the fashionMary Irving, and Wearre Duganné with Ganse- able idea-one very prevalent since the days of voort Norton. In some particulars she has suc- Lord Byron and Mrs. Hemans- that persons of ceeded; in others, how she has failed may appear intellect and genius must of necessity be unhappy to every reader. Isa's death, horrible as it was, in their domestic life. That they are sometimes as it should have been, after such a life, and such so, none will or can deny; but that they are so priociples put into such practice, was not yet hor- oftener or more intensely than others of like caparible to her. Mary's death was calm and peace- cities, cannot be sustained. Evidences of the most ful; Isa's was also calm: but whitherward did the conclusive character lead us to assert, that artists portal of death unclose the way? To one it led of every kind, that intellectual and commanding to her reward; to the other, did it not likewise ? persons, are as happy in domestic life as are

Amid all the trumpery about “ Woman's Rights” others. Unhappiness does not follow greatness or and the reorganization of society on a superior brilliancy, but is caused by its own peculiar causes, marital basis, we can hardly discern what the au- which causes exist wholly separate and apart thoress would teach us. Whether it were better from the degree or quality of talent. Talent has for us to “dissolve the marriage contract," to repu- nothing to do with congeniality; nothing with diate all connections but those founded on desire, evenness or acerbity of temper; nothing with (there is no other word,) or whether it were better those thousand trifling things and incidents which that we should continue to marry, and be given go so far toward making up our every-day life. in marriage,” is left almost wholly in the dark. There is as much unhappiness among those who Almost, but not quite; yet it is only by a circuit- are not talented as among those who are so; alous route we arrive at the conclusion that she though the contrary is often-always asserted. would have the marriage relation sacred, modified, But in view of this, she tells us that the union of perhaps, by superior facilities for divorce. Isa with Stuart, founded as it was on other conIt is well

, perhaps, to rise as much as possible siderations than that love which should ever be above the mortal and sensual, to be as far as in us the base of the marriage relation, that union which lies freed from the bonds of the body, and as was acknowledged by none save themselves, was unmindful as we can be of earthly influences; but happy and enduring. It is singular, while love, if it is well to do as did Isa, to leave the pure the influence to which we look for permanence and love of a noble, an intelligent, upright man, for strength in this thing, fails to prove sufficient, that the teachings of impurity, for sophistry, and the something else, something wholly foreign, although unlawful intercourse of sociality, judge ye. This it was mental sympathy, should have been so was Isa's choice : a life of abandonment, yet only successful. Would it not have been better, had as to one, rather than lawful love for another. the issue of this union been of that kind which we But we are getting on too fast.

imitators and followers of example would not care She says of music:

to have brought home to ourselves? Would not " I love to hear the human heart breasting the their “ experiment” have exerted a more healthwaves of feeling, and leaping upon the beach of ful influence on public mind, on the public, and, as sound, saved, because it can find expression. I of course, on individual morality, and consethink that in this world of misery, none are so quently, security, if the result had shown in its perfectly miserable as the voiceless; and such are true, its life-light, the consequences of this, as every the more to be pitied, if they are not conscious of other violation of that domestic law which cannot their deprivation."

be violated with impunity! Such beautiful passages as this are not uncom- The fault of the book, in short, lies in these mon in this remarkable book. Isa is a genius ; two things: Isa makes of her self-will

, her intelher soul is a struggling, eagle-like soul; yet it is lectual progress, and her ambition, a threefold not the clear sun of truth that it seeks, but a deity; and she unites herself to a man as his bright and dazzling meteor, flashing and brilliant, wife, yet while she is not so, and is happy in the which she takes, wills to be the goal of her aspira- union! We, every-day mortals as we are, must tion, and she follows, overtakes, and upon it rests sorrow to see the bulwarks of our purity and faith her eternity.

levelled without so much as acknowledgment of What displeases most our ideas of propriety is, wrong. What we prize is dear to us. What has that evil doing does not meet with its reward. 'We protected us during our wbole lives, what we have look upon one in the arms of death—one who is learned to love with every lesson we have ever just now to exchange the present for the future, taken, must not be discarded without at least some as about to receive their reward; but Isa, although shadow of reason. Perhaps Miss Chesebro' inshe had sinned-and the authoress hesitates not tended to show that the course of Isa, that her to call it sin—dies peacefully, calmly, with the choice in life, was wrotig; but it is only by very awful word “God” on her lips ; she is launched roundabout and unsatisfactory reasoning that we smoothly, and with love, such as she bad rejected arrive at this conclusion. That the book is beau: and such as she had accepted, into the future. And tifully and energetically written, all will allow; Wearre Duganne, he whom she bad deterred from but of the influence which such a character and the his duty as a minister of the gospel, whom she contemplation thereof is calculated to exert, we

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