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cannot in conscience think or speak favorably. fectly empty; and I was told that I could have in Such influence had better remain for ever unex. it what I most desired. erted; such character for ever undeveloped. “First, however, I must tell you that it seemed

to be a large garden, surrounded by a wall of

flowers. I forgot to mention that the size of the Supernal Theology, and Life in the Spheres; despace depends upon the length of time that the duced from alleged Spiritual Manifestations. person is to stay in it

. Mine was not large, as I By Owen G. Warnen. 'New York: Fowlers & did not stay in it only when I wished to meditate Wells. 1852.

and pray; for I went to other homes to be taught.

"My teachers were persons who were appointed It is the custom to make fun of all such books to teach each spirit as it enters. The first ones as this; and where one is disposed to ridicule, it are called preparatory teachers. Their names are must be confessed they afford an excellent oppor- alike, but they are not brothers. They teach the tunity. Most people hold it to be an upanswer: same things. First, they endeavor to eradicate all able argument against the reality of supernal Luise doctrines wbich bad been inculcated during manifestations that they never participated in their sojourn in the world. them, which is certainly very unreasonable; tur “You ask if they teach all persons. No, only there might be such a thing as fire, even if you their division-I mean that part of the Second had never seen a spark; or ice, even if you had Sphere which is given to their care. Their division never seen frozen water; or rockets and pin-wheels, is called the seventh. There are seven divisions to even if you had never smelt gunpowder: for, to the sphere. Into this one persons go who are not speak logically, your ignorance of any thing is no to remain long in the Second Sphere. proof against its existence.

“I should now like to tell you about our meet. For ourselves, we say candidly, we know very ings. Every week a party of us ineet together. little about spiritual manifestations. The rappinge, It is a party of friends who are congenial, and who as far as our own observation goes, are very mys- enjoy themselves as they most desire. These perterious; and if they are nothing but a trick, they ties are called 'Affinity Meetings.' The numbers certainly have the merit of being both clever and are generally from fifty to sixty, many times much successful.

less. If any one thinks the slightest wrong, he is It is, however, no relief to our skeptical impres- not permitted to attend. That occurs very seldom. sions that the "spiritual cominunications” are We devote our time in these parties to music, and generally of too vague a nature to be readily the friendly discussion of interesting subjects from comprehended; and it operates as a damper upon which we could be mutually instructed, and which our critical research that they are usually quite would give food for thought. We do not meet for uninteresting. The present volume is less liable any specific purpose-only for our amusement. to objection on these points, and we will quote a "You ask concerning my studies. They are so passage or two, almost up to the style of Swe- numerous, it would be impossible to tell you. I denborg:

will, however, give you some few of the most proACCOUNT GIVEN BY A SPIRIT OF HIS SENSATIONS AFTER

minent DEATH; WRITTEN OUT TeROUGH THE HAND OF THE History occupies a good part of our study time. ELDER MEDIUM, AT A FEW SITTINOS, AS FOLLOWS: “Geology, botany, physiology, and other sciences,

"After I became conscious, I felt like a person from many books upon each one of them, by differwaking from a sleep-- from some uupleasant dream ent authors; and then we discuss their respective to a reality too beautiful and exquisite to describe. merits and truths at our society meetings. I saw below me my friends, who all seemed mourn- "The books upon these subjects are by authors ing for some one; and upon noticing particularly, unknown to us; but we are informed thai they are I found that it was I for whom they were weep-transmitted to us, some from the First Celestial ing; and I thought how strange it was that they Sphere, and others from the sixth and seventh of could feel so badly about one who was so beauti. our spheres. fully situated. I then saw around me many friends " There are fixed laws, requiring us to study a that I had lost, and was at a loss to account for portion of each day-say six hours; and two bours my seeing them. Not till then was I conscious also each day to teach those in other divisions. that I was dead-that is, what you call .dead,' After this, we can occupy our time as we choose, but, in reality, an opening into life, and life eternal. provided it be not against the laws. “ The next thing I realized was, that one spirit

“ The penalty for disobedience depends, of course, in particular seemed to hover around me; and upon the offense. There is a certain amount to be when I looked at her particularly, I found that it learned in each division, and one is obliged to rewas my sister Caroline. She was so transcend- main there until he bas learned it. If he neglects ently beautiful, that at first I did not recognize his studies one day without permission, be must her; but she soon made me conscious that it was remain just one day longer than was at tirst or. she.

dained." "And then there came to meet me another beautiful spirit, who was my sister Maria. She seemed to descend from some place above me, which The Elements of Geology; adapted to the Use of looked as we see the sky-as you usually call it- Schools and Colleges. By JUSTIN R. LOOMIS, looks to us. She seemed so happy to see me, and Professor of Chemistry and Geology in Watertold me that she was in the Third Sphere.

ville College. With numerous illustrations. Bos" The space into which I was uzhered was per- ton: Gould & Lincoln. 1852.

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THE

AMERICAN WHIG REVIEW.

No. XCII.

FOR AUGUST 1852.

THE WHIG CONVENTION: THE CANDIDATE AND THE

CAMPAIGN.

The respective National Conventions of of conservative obstinacy, and the dark and the two great parties of the United States ruinous precedents with which it has defiled have closed their labor, and the stir and strife our national history. We glanced at the of discussion which have for the last few. man whom this infamous rule had raised to months divided the public mind with refer- bis present conspicuous position of candience to the action of the divisions of one or dateship, and indicated our belief that so the other party, to the success of this or that negative a character, with so negative a creed Whig or Democratic candidate in Conven- as his party put forward, could hardly hope tion, to the fate of this or that local and for success. We noticed also the reasons distracting sentiment, have at last resolved why it became necessary for his party to themselves into a concentrated and earnest propose him to the acceptance of the question as to the triumph of one of the two people in place of the renowned and tough great popular parties, whose forces now pre- old soldiers of the Democratic army. We sent themselves in the field of political action, saw how these veterans had only lived to marshalled and organized, and intent upon become contaminated by the parasites and the work which lies before them.

the schemes of their party ; how, in the In a preceding number of this Review, event of their success, they would have bewe entered into the history of the late Dem- come bankrupt from the multitude of their ocratic Convention, as illustrated and eluci- promises and from the clamorousness of dated by the Conventions of former years. their followers; and how, therefore, out of We detailed the various distracting elements sheer desperation-forced upon the Convenwhich it became the onerous duty of that tion by the Two-Thirds Rule, and the scanConvention to harmonize if not to assimilate; dal of the candidates-recourse was had to we reviewed the history of that monstrous an unknown man, whose obscurity was the and anti-democratic measure, the Two- cause of that measure of political purity Thirds Rule; showing its mischievous influ- which he possesses, whose personal enemies ences—the power which it confers upon were few simply because he was never strong stubborn and factious minorities, the oppor- enough or prominent enough to create enetunities it offers alike to the wilfulness of mies, whose political virtues and vices were radical innovation and the blind pertinacity I almost negations, and in whose weakness VOL. XVI.NO. II,

27

was discernible a prospect of success. In | and South in the time of the Mexican war, the nomination of Franklin Pierce, we and the subsequent accessions to our terribrought the history of the Democratic party tory—a feeling which it required the energies to its final alliance with political and per- of our ablest statesmen to quell, which, alsonal negation, leaving it, as it were, upon though it could never have subverted the the shore of that unfathomable sea of noth- Union, might have distracted its councils ingness whose depths are now yawning for during many years of strife and darknesstheir intended victim.

through the memorable times of 1850, up Since that time the Convention which we to the present hour, we have regulated our are now to chronicle has met and has made course by what we conceived to be the duty its choice. Before its assembling, during of faithful citizens of a sworn confederation, the months in which the claims of the three irrespective of local prejudices and political candidates for its suffrages were most eager- aspirations. Indeed, from our position we ly discussed, we did not predict, nor did we should have been doubly guilty bad we done venture to assure ourselves, that the final otherwise. Did we acknowledge the force disposition of the platform from which the of any such motive, we are not constrained party was to appeal to the people, would be to write for any particular locality, or shape made with that hearty promptitude and con- the current of our thought to suit the wishciliatory zeal by which its final establishment es of dictating constituents. A journal has been honored and commemorated. We whose circulation is bounded by a county or a were aware that difficulties of moment and state district may have some shadow of exmagnitude beset the Whig party, and while cuse for sectionalism; but had we stooped to we did not for an instant doubt that they any such weakness, the whole vocabulary of would be finally overcome, our most sanguine apologetics would have been ransacked in hopes have been infinitely distanced by the vain to find any plea or pretext for the volharmonious consummation to which we have untary degradation. alluded.

In the contest we have maintained with While we disavowed alike the extremism the ten-headed monster of sectionalism, whose of inconsiderate partisans of exclusive North- trunk has spanned this Republic, and drawn ern or Southern interests, and saw their ul- nourishment through its foul jaws at either timate defeat plainly written in the destiny end, it has been our fortune to make enemies of the party, we also apprehended a degree as well as friends; and we regard this as a of mischief from their collision from which welcome indication that we have not labored we have been delivered by the non-consum- in vain. We have contended for principles mation of the accident itself.

steadily and from the beginning, and if we It is a fault, but no sin, to have a disorgan- had encountered no opposition, or our views ized conscience. While therefore we disown been received without dissent, we should have any sectional sentiment as Whig or National felt that we had been neither read nor recogdoctrine, we will not refuse to examine it, to nized. The Review has not escaped the reconsider it, and to prescribe for it. Here proach of being styled an "anti-slavery orand there, in various quarters of the Union, gan.” The editors of this journal are not in we have seen the workings of embittered love with the institution of slavery, but we sectionalism, afflicting both parties, and thriv- defy the closest investigator to discover any ing most rankly where the harshest means passage in our columns in which we have have been used to stifle it. We have not either attacked or defended that institution. hesitated to argue with the men by whom It has not lain within our province to attack these sentiments have been held. While we or defend slavery in any manner whatever. have shown them their folly and their want We do not recognize it as a national princiof national fidelity, we have not ruled them ple, and it is only with national principles out of the pale of forbearance, or refused to and measures that as moral or political quesadmit their honesty in their misguided de- tions we have to do. In other quarters we votion to the principles of their adoption. have been styled a “compromise journal," For this we have earned the respect of can- and we have been given to understand that did men, and what is of equal importance, the title was one of eminent reproach, and the respect of ourselves. Since the break- intended to do us injury. To the gentlemen ing out of sectional feeling between North who have honored us with these several ap

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