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An elaboration of the United States
In December 1945 the Government of the United States published and transmitted to other governments for their consideration a document entitled Proposals for Expansion of World Trade and Employment.
These Proposals put forward the idea that there should be established an International Trade Organization of the United Nations, the members of which would agree to conduct their commercial relations in accordance with rules to be set forth in the Charter of the Organization. The Proposals contained suggestions for rules to govern trade barriers, restrictive business practices, intergovernmental commodity arrangements, and the international aspects of domestic employment policies and outlined a suggested structure for the International Trade Organization itself. The governments of several other countries have expressed their general agreement with these suggestions.
In February 1946 the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, at its first meeting, adopted a resolution calling for an international conference on trade and employment to consider the creation of an International Trade Organization. It also established a Preparatory Committee of 19 countries to arrange for the conference and to prepare a draft Charter for such an Organization. The Preparatory Committee is to meet in London in the fall of 1946.
In preparation for the conference, the Government of the United States has prepared an elaboration of its Proposals in the form of a suggested Charter for the International Trade Organization. Copies of the suggested Charter have been transmitted to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and to the other governments named by the Economic and Social Council to serve on the Preparatory Committee.
The suggested Charter is the work of many persons of competence and experience in the departments and agencies of the United States • Government. It is put forward, however, as a basis for discussion and not as a document expressing the fixed or final views of this Government. The draft should clarify possible obscurities and remove any misunderstandings to which the condensed language of the Proposals may have given rise.
W. L. CLAYTON
for Economio Affairs