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Fro word to word according with the note:
Twies a day it passed thurgh his throte,
To scoleward and homeward whan he wente:
On Cristes moder set was his entente.

As I have said, thurghout the Jewerie
This litel child, as he came to and fro,
Ful merily than wold he sing and crie,
"O Alma Redemptoris!' ever mo.

The swetenesse hath his herte persed so
Of Cristes moder; that to hire to pray,
He cannot stint of singing by the way.

Our firste fo, the serpent Sathanas,
That hath in Jewes herte his waspes nest,
Up swale and said; "O Ebraike peple, alas!
Is this to you a thing that is honest,

That swiche a boy shal walken as him leste
In your despit, and sing of swiche sentence,
Which is again our lawes reverence?"

From thennesforth the Jewes han conspired,
This innocent out of this world to chace:
An homicide therto han they hired,
That in an aleye had a privee place;
And as the child gan forthby for to pace,
This cursed Jew him hent and held him fast,
And cut his throte, and in a pit him cast.

I say that in a wardrope they him threwe,
Wher as thise Jewes purgen hir entraille.
O cursed folk of Herodes alle-newe,
What may your evil entente you availle?
Mordre wol out; certein it wol not faille;
And namely, ther, the honour of God shal sprede;
The blood out crieth on your cursed dede.

O martyr souded in virginitee!

Now maist thou singe and folwen, ever in on,
The white Lamb celestial, quod she,
Of which the gret evangelist Seint John

In Pathmos wrote,-which sayth that they that gon
Beforn this Lamb, and singe a song al newe,
That never fleshly woman they ne knewe.

This poure widewe awaiteth al that night
After hire litel childe, and he came nought;
For which as sone as it was dayes light,
With face pale of drede and besy thought,
She hath, at scole and elles wher, him sought,
Til finally she gan so fer aspie,
That he last seen was in the Jewerie.

With modres pitee in hire brest enclosed
She goth, as she were half out of hire minde,
To every place, wher she had supposed
By likelihed hire litel childe to find;
And ever on Cristes moder meke and kinde
She cried; and, at the laste, thus, she wrought,
Among the cursed Jewes she him sought.

She freyneth, and she praieth pitously
To every Jew that dwelled in thilke place,
To telle hire, if hire child went out forth by;
They sayden Nay; but Jesu, of his grace,
Yave in hire thought, within a litel space,
That in that place after hire sone she cride,
Ther he was casten in a pit beside.

O grete God, that parformest thy laude
mouth of innocentes, lo here thy might!

gem of chastitee, this emeraude,
And, eke, of martirdome the rubie bright,-
Ther he with throte ycorven lay upright,
He Alma Redemptoris gan to singe
So loude, that all the place gan to ringe.

The Cristen folk that thurgh the strete wente,
In comen, for to wondre upon this thing,
And hastifly they for the provost sente.
He came, anon, withouten tarying,
And herieth Crist, that is of heven king,
And, eke, his moder, honour of mankind;
And, after that, the Jewes let he binde.

This child with pitous lamentation
Was taken up, singing his song alway:
And with honour and gret procession,
They carien him unto the next abbey;
His moder, swouning, by the bere lay:
Unnethes might the peple that was there
This newe Rachel bringen fro his bere.

With turment, and with shameful deth, eche on This provost doth thise Jewes for to sterve, That of this morder wiste; and that anon: He n'olde no swiche cursednesse observe: Evil shal he have, that evil wol deserve. Therfore, with wilde hors he did hem drawe; And, after that, he heng hem by the lawe.

Upon his bere ay lith this innocent
Beforn the auter while the masse last.
And, after that, the abbot with his covent
Han spedde hem for to berie him ful fast;
And whan they holy water on him cast, [water,
Yet spake this child, whan spreint was the holy
sang O Alma Redemptoris Mater!
This abbot, which that was an holy man,
As monkes ben, or elles ought to be,
This yonge child to conjure he began,
And said; "O dere child! I halse thee,
In vertue of the Holy Trinitee,

Tell me what is thy cause for to sing,
Sith that thy throte is cut to my seming?"
"My throte is cut unto my nekke bon;"
Saide this child; " and as, by way of kinde,
I shuld have deyd, ye longe time agon:
But Jesu Crist, as ye in bookes finde,
Wol that his glory last and be in minde;
And for the worship of his moder dere,
Yet may I sing 0 Alma loude and clere.
"This welle of mercie, Cristes moder swete,

I loved alway, as after my conning;
And whan that I my life shulde forlete,
To me she came, and bad me for to sing
This antem veraily in my dying,

As ye han herde; and, whan that I had songe,
Me thought she laid a grain upon my tonge.
"Wherfore I sing; and sing I mote, certain,
In honour of that blissful maiden free,
Til fro my tonge of taken is the grain,

And, after that, thus saide she to me:
"My litel childe, than wol I fetchen thee,
Whan that the grain is fro thy tonge ytake:
Be not agaste, I wol thee not forsake."

This holy monk, this abbot him mene I,

His tonge out caught, and toke away the grain;
And he yave up the gost ful softely.
And whan this abbot had this wonder sein,
His salte teres trilled adoun as reyne:
And groff he fell, al platte upon the ground;
And still he lay, as he had ben ybound.

The covent lay, eke, upon the pavement,
Weping, and herying Cristes moder dere.
And, after that, they risen, and forth ben went
And toke away this martir fro his bere;
And in a tombe of marble stones clere
Enclosed they his litel body swete.
Ther he is now, God lene us for to mete.
O yonge Hew of Lincoln! slain also
With cursed Jewes, as it is notable,
For it n'is but a litel while ago,-
Pray eke for us, we sinful folk unstable,
That of his mercy God so merciable
On us his grete mercie multiplie
For reverence of his moder Marie.

THE FLOURE AND THE LEAFE. WHEN that Phoebus his chair of gold so hie Had whirled up the sterrie sky aloft, And in the Bole was entred certainly; When shoures sote of raine descended soft, Causing the ground, fele times and oft, Up for to give many an wholesome air; And every plain was yclothed faire

With newe grene; and maketh smale flours

To springen here and there in field and mede,—
So very gode and wholesom be the shoures,
That they renewen that was old and dede
In winter time; and out of every sede
Springeth the herbe; so that every wight
Of this seson wexeth right glad and light.

And I so glade of the seson swete;
Was happid thus: Upon a certain night
As I lay in my bed, slepe full unmete
Was unto me, but why that I ne might
Rest, I ne wist; for there n'as erthly wight
(As I suppose) had more of hertes ese
Than I, for I n'ad sicknesse nor disese;

Wherefore I mervaile gretly of my self,
That I so long withouten slepe lay,-
And up I rose thre houres after twelfe,
About the springing of the gladsome day,
And on I put my gear, and mine array,
And to a pleasaunt grove I gan to pas,
Long or the bright sonne uprisen was,

In which were okes grete, streight as a line,
Under the which the grass, so freshe of hew,
Was newly sprong; and, an eight foot or nine,
Every tre well fro his fellow grew,

With braunches brode, laden with leves new, That sprangen out agen the sonne shene,Some very rede, and some a glad light grene.

Which (as me thought) was a right pleasaunt sight;
And eke the birdes songes for to here,
Would have rejoiced any erthly wight,
And I, that couth not yet in no manere
Heare the nightingale of all the yere,
Full busily herkned, with hert and ere,
If I her voice perceve coud any where.

And, at the last, a path of litel brede,
I found, that gretly had not used be;
For it forgrowen was with gras and wede,
That well unnethes a wight might it se;
Thought I, this path some whider goth, parde;
And so I followed, till it me brought

To a right pleasaunt herber wel ywrought,

Which that benched was, and with turfes new
Freshly turved; whereof the grene gras,
So small, so thick, so short, so fresh of hew,
That most like to grene woll, wot I, it was.
The hegge also-that yeden in compass,
And closed in alle the grene herbere
With sicamor was set, and eglatere

Wrethen in fere so well and cunningly,
That every braunch and lefe grew by mesure
Plain as a bord, of an height by and by ;-
I se never a thing (I you ensure)

So well ydone; for he that toke the cure

It for to make, (I trowe) did all his peine
To make it pass all tho that men have seine.--

And shapen was this herber, rofe and all,
As is a pretty parlour; and also,
The hegge as thick as is a castel wall,
That who that list, without, to stand or go,
Thogh he wold all day pryen to and fro,
He should not se if there were any wight
Within or not; but one within, wel might

Perceve all tho that yeden there without
Into the field, that was, on every side,
Covered with corn and grass, that, out of doubt,
Tho one would seken all the worlde wide,
So rich a felde could not be espyde,
Upon no cost, as of the quantity;
For of alle gode thing there was plenty.

And I, that all this pleasaunt sighte se,
Thought sodainly I felt so swete an air
Of the eglentere; that, certainly,
There is no hert (I deme) in such dispair;
Ne yet with thoughtes froward and contraire
So overlaid, but it should sone have bote,
If it had ones felt this savour sote.

And as I stode, and cast aside mine eye,

I was ware of the fairest medlar tre
That ever yet in all my life I se,
As full of blossomes as it might be;
Therein a goldfinch leping pretily
Fro bough to bough, and, as him list, he ete
Here and there of buddes and floures swete.

And to the herber side was adjoyning
This faire tre, of which I have you told,
And, at the last, the bird began to sing
(When he had eten what he eten wold)
So passing swetely, that, by many fold,
It was more pleasaunt than I coud devise:
And whan his song was ended in this wise,

The nightingale, with so mery a note,
Answered him, that alle the wode yrong
So sodainly, that, as it were a sote,

I stode astonied, and was, with the song,
Thorow ravished; that, till late and long,
I ne wist in what place I was, ne where ;
And ayen, methought, she song even by mine ere.

Wherefore I waited about busily

On every side, if I hire might se ;
And, at the last, I gan full well aspy
Where she sate in a fresh grene laurer tre,
On the further side, even right by me,
That gave so passing a delicious smell,
According to the eglentere full well.

Whereof I had so inly grete plesure,-
As methought, I surely ravished was
Into Paradise, wherein my desire
Was for to be, and no ferther passe
As for that day, and on the sote grass
I sat me down; for, as for mine entent,
The birdes song was more convenient,

And more pleasaunt to me by many fold,
Than mete or drink, or any other thing.
Thereto, the herber was so fresh and cold,
The wholsome savours eke so comforting,
That (as I demed) sith the beginning
Of the worlde, was never seen, er than,
So pleasaunt a ground of none erthly man.

And as I sat, the birdes herkening thus,
Methought that I herd voices, suddainly,
The most swetest, the most delicious
That ever any wight, I trow trewly,
Herden in hir life; for the armony,
And swete accord, was in so gode musike,
That the voices to angels most were like.

At the last, out of a grove, even by,
(That was right godely and pleasaunt to sight)
I se where there came singing, lustily,
A world of ladies; but to tell aright
Hir beauty grete, lyeth not in my might,
Ne hir array; nevertheless I shall
Tell you a part, tho' I speke not of all:

The surcoss, white, of velvet well fitting
They weren clad; and the semes eche one,
As it weren a manner garnishing,
Was set with emeraudes, one and one,
By and by; but many a rich stone
Was set on the purfilis, out of dout,

Of colours, sleves, and traines, round about;

As of grete perles, round and orient,
And diamondes fine, and rubys red,
And many other stone, of which I went
The names now; and everich on hire hede
A rich fret of gold, which, withouten drede,
Was full of stately rich stonys set;
And every lady had a chapelet,

On hir hedes, of braunches fresh and grene,
So wele ywrought, and so marvelously,
That it was a right noble sight to sene;
Some of laurer, and some full plesauntly,
Had chapelets of wodebind; and, sadly,
Some of agnus castus weren also,
Chaplets fresh. But there were many of tho

That daunced and, eke, song full soberly;
But all they yede in maner of compace.
But one there yede, in mid the company,
Sole, by herself: (but all follow'd the pace
That she kept :) whose hevenly figured face
So plesaunt was, and hire wele shape person,
That of beauty she past hem everichone.

And more richly beseen, by many fold,
She was also, in every maner thing;
Upon hire hede, full plesaunt to behold,
A coron of gold rich for any king;
A braunch of agnus castus eke bering
In hire hand. And, to my sight, trewely,
She lady was of all the company;

And she began a raundell, lustily,
That Sus le feuille devert moy (men call)
Sine (Sous) et mon joly coeur est endormy.
And than the company answerid, all,
With voices swete entuned, and so small,
That methought it the swetest melody
That ever I herd in my life, sothly,

And thus they all came dauncing and singing
Into the middes of the mede, echone,
Before the herber where I was sitting.
And, God wote, I thought I was well bigone;
For than I might avise hem, one by one,
Who fairest was, who best could dance or sing,
Or who most womanly was in all thing.

They had not daunced but a little throw,
When that I herd, not fer of, sodainly
So grete a noise, of thundering trumpes, blow,
As though it should have departed the skie;
And, after that, within a while, I sie

From the same grove, where the ladies came out,
Of men of armes, coming, such a rout

As all men on erth had ben assembled,
On that place, well horsed for the nones,
Stering so fast that all the erth trembled,
But for to speke of riches and stones,
And men and horse, I trow the large wones
Of Preter John, ne all his tresory,

Might not unneth have bought the tenth party.

Of hir array, whoso list to here more,
I shall reherse, so as I can, a lite:
Out of the grove, that I speke of before,
I se come first, all in hir clokes white,
A company that wore, for hir delite,
Chapelets fresh of okes cerial

But newly sprong; and trumpets were they all.

On every trump hanging a broad bannere,
Of fine tartarium, full richly bete;
Every trumpet his lordes armes bere;
About 'hir neckes, with grete perles sete,
Collares brode; for cost they woud not lete,
As it would seem, for hir scochons echone
Were set about with many a precious stone:

Hir horses harneis was all white also.
And, after him next, in one company,
Camen kinges at armes, and no mo,
In clokes of white cloth with gold richly;
Chaplets of grene on hir heds on hye;
The crownes, that they on hir scotchons bere,
Were set with perl, and ruby, and saphere,

And, eke, grete diamondes many one:
But all hir horse harneis, and other gere,
Was in a sute, according everichone,

As ye have herd the forsaid trumpets were ;
And by seming they were nothing to lere,
And hir guiding they did so manerly.
And, after hem, came a grete company

Of heraudes and pursevauntes eke,
Arrayed in clothes of white velvet;
And, hardely, they were nothing to seke
How they on hem shoulden the harneis set;
And every man had on a chapelet;
Scotchones, and eke horse harneis in dede
They had, in sute of hem that 'fore hem yede.

Next after these, appere in armour bright,
All save hir hedes, semely knightes nine;
And every clasp and nail, as to my sight,
Of hir harneis were of red gold so fine,
With cloth of gold; and furred with ermine,
Were the trappures of hir stedes strong,
Both wide and large, that to the ground did hong.

And every boss of bridle, and peytrel

That they had on, was worth, as I would wene,
A thousand pound; and on hir hedes, well
Dressed, were crounes of the laurer grene,
The best ymade that ever I had sene.
And every knight had, after him riding,
Thre henchmen, still upon him awaiting;

Of which every first on a short trunchon
His lordes helmet bore so richly dight,
That the worst of hem was worth the ransaune
Of any king; the second, a shield, bright,
Bare at his back; the thred baren, upright,
A mighty spere, full sharp yground and kene,
And every child ware, of leves grene,


A fresh chaplet upon his haires bright;
And clokes white of fine velvet they were,
Hir stedes trapped and arrayed right,
Without difference, as hir lordes were;
And after hem, on many a fresh coursere,
There came, of armed knightes, such a rout,
That they besprad the large field about.

And all they weren, after hir degrees,
Chappelets new, or made of laurer grene,
Or some of oke, or some of other trees;
Some in hir hondes baren boughes shene,
Some laurer, and some of okes bene,
Some of hawthorne, and some of wodebind,
And many mo which I have not in mind.

And so they came hir horses freshly stirring
With bloudy sownes of hir trompes loud.
There se I many an uncouth disguising,
In the array of thilke knightes proud.
And, at the last, as evenly as they coud
They take hir place, in middes of the mede;
And every knight turned his horses hede

To his felow, and lightly laid a spere
Into the rest; and so justes began,


On every part abouten, here and there.
Some brake his spere; some threw down horse and
About the felde, astray, the stedes ran.
And to behold hir rule and governaunce,
I you ensure, it was a grete plesaunce.

And so the justes last an hour and more:
But tho that crowned were in laurer grene
Did win the prise; their dintes were so sore,
That there was none agenst hem might sustene:
And the justing alle was left off clene.
And fro hir horse the nine alight anon;
And so did all the remnaunt everichone.

And forth they yede togeder twain and twain,
That to behold it was a worthy sight,
Toward the ladies on the grene plain,
That sang and daunced, as I said now right.
The ladies, as sone as they godely might,
They braken off both the song and the daunce,
And yede to mete hem with full glad semblaunce.

And every lady toke, full womanly,

By the hond a knight; and so forth they yede
Unto a faire laurer that stode fast by,
With leves laid, the boughes of grete brede;
And to my dome ther never was indede,
A man that had sene half so faire a tre,
For underneth it there might well have be

An hundred persons, at his own plesaunce,
Shadowed fro the hete of Phoebus bright,
So that they shoulden have felt no grevaunce
Neither for rain, ne haile, that hem hurt might;
The savour eke rejoice would any wight
That had be sick, or melancholious,
It was so very gode and vertuous.

And with grete rev'rence they enclined low
Unto the tre, so sote and fair of hew,
And after that, within a litel throw,
They began to sing and daunce of new;
Some song of love, some plaining of untrew,
Environing the tre that stode upright;
And ever yede a lady and a knight;

And, at the last, I cast mine ere aside,
And was ware of a lusty company
That came roming out of the felde wide
And, hond in hond, a knight and a lady ;
The ladies all in surcotes, that richly
Purfiled were with many a rich stone;
And every knight of grene, ware mantles on,

Embrouded well, so as the surcots were.
And everich had a chapelet on hire hed,
(Which did right well upon the shining here)
Maked of godely floures white and red
The knightes eke that they in honde led
In sute of hem, ware chaplets everichone;
And before hem went minstrels many one:

As harpes, pipes, lutes, and sautry;
Alle in grene; and on hir hedes bare,
Of diverse floures made full craftily,
All in a sute, godely chapelets they ware.
-And so dauncing into the mede they fare,
In mid the which, they found a tuft that was
All oversprad with floures in compas.

Whereto they enclined everichone
With grete reverence, and that full humbly.
And, at the last, there tho began anon
A lady for to sing, right womanly,
A bargaret in praising the daisie:

For (as methought) among hir notes swete
She said Si douce est la Marguerite.

Then they alle answered hire, in fere,
So passingly well and so plesauntly,
That it was a most blissful noise to here.
But I n'ot how it happed, sodainly
As, about none, the sonn so fervently
Waxe hote that the pretty tender floures
Had lost the beauty of hir fresh collours.

For shronke with hete, the ladies eke to brent,
That they ne wist where they hem might bestow;
The knightes swelt, for lack of shade nie shent.
And after that, within a litel throw,
The wind began so sturdily to blow,
That down goth all the flowres, everichone,
So that, in all the mede, there laft not one;

Save such as succoured were, among the leves,
Fro every storme that mighte hem assaile,
Growing under the hegges and thick greves;
And, after that, there came a storme of haile
And rain, in fere, so that, withouten faile,
The ladies, ne the knightes, n'ad o' thred
Dry on hem, so dropping wet was hir wede.

And when the storme was clene passed away,
Tho in the white, that stode under the tre,
They felt nothing of all this grete affray
That they in grene, without, had in ybe;
To hem they yede, for routh and for pite,
Hem to comfort after hir grete disese,
So fain they were the helplesse for to esc.

Than I was ware, how one of hem, in grene,
Had on a coron rich and well-fitting;
Wherfore I demed well she was a quene;
And tho in grene on hire were awaiting.
The ladies then in white, that were coming
Towards hem, and the knightes, in fere,
Began to comfört hem and make hem chere.

The quene in white, that was of grete beauty,
Toke by the honde the quene that was in grene,
And seide: "Suster! I have grete pity
Of your annoy, and of your troublous tene,
Wherein ye and your company have bene
So long, alas! and if that it you plese
To go with me, I shall do you the ese

"In all the plesure that I can or may."
Whereof that other, humbly as she might,
Thanked hire; for in right evil array
She was, with storme and hete, I you behight.
And every lady, then anon aright,

That were in white, one of hem toke in grene,
By the hond. Which when the knightes had sene,

In like maner, eche of hem take a knight
Clad in the grene; and forth with hem they fare
To an hegge, where that they, anon right,
To maken these justes, they would not spare
Boughes to hew down and, eke, trees to square;
Wherewith they made hem stately fires grete,
To dry hire clothes, that were wringing wete:

And, after that, of herbes that there grew,
They made, for blisters of the sonne brenning,
Ointmentes very gode wholsome and new ;
Where that they yede, the sick fast anointing.
And, after that, they yede about, gadring
Pleasant salades, which they made hem ete
For to refreshe hir grete unkindly hete.

The lady of the Lefe than gan to pray
Hire of the Floure (for so to my seming
They should be called as by hir array)
To soupe with hire; and, eke, for any thing,
That she should with hire all hire pepell bring.
And she, ayen, in right godely manere'
Thanketh hire fast of hire most frendly chere;

Saying plainely that she would obay,
With all hire hert, all hire commandement.
And then, anon, without longer delay,
The lady of the Lefe hath one ysent
To bring a palfray after hire entent,
Arrayed wele, in fair harneis of gold,
For nothing lacked that to him long shold.

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