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ments, with the savings effected, is illustrated thruout the work. Such examples may be employed to advantage in the development of the efficiency of the industrial traffic department.
To the sixteen volumes comprising this work may be added others by authorities of some standing in the traffic world.
“BLACK'S LAW DICTIONARY"
The phraseology employed in connection with the transportation interests and regulations are of such a peculiar nature as to bewilder the layman and to convey little or no intimation of their meaning and effect.
Touching upon this point, Mr. Balthasar Meyer, now Interstate Commerce Commissioner, says in his work on Railway Legislation in the United States :
In the code of per diem rules adopted by the American Railway Association the first page is devoted to definitions. Terms like “home car," "private car," "home route" are carefully defined. We may look in vain for similar definitions of terms used in railway laws in the United States. Neither the Interstate Commerce Laws nor the laws of the state contain adequate definition of terms like "railway," "thru traffic," and "pro
' portional rates."
It may be a difficult matter to formulate a definition of technical terms applied in matters relating to railway traffic, yet for the sake of clearness and uniformity, definitions should be incorporated in our laws. At present such definitions are found only incidentally in the decisions of courts and of our commissions.
In the laws of England and of the British colonies the custom of defining the terms employed in the law appears to be well established. Canadian law, for instance, defines such terms as "company,
'' “coach," "department," "goods," "highway," “lines,"
! . "maps," "plans," "near," "owner railway,” “toll,”
"; "tariff,” “the working expenditure," "the undertaking," and the like.
Necessary legal terms can be found in Black's Law Dictionary, published by the West Publishing Company, while the Traffic Glossary of the LaSalle Traffic Library defines the technical terms and phrases applied to railway traffic work.
INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION DECISIONS
These are the orders of the Interstate Commerce Commission entered in connection with various rate cases or transportation problems that have come before it for review. They are issued to the public first in the shape of leaflets, and when a sufficient number of leaflets have been issued, in bound volumes, the bound volumes as a rule running two or three numbers behind the unbound leaflet form.
Subscription for either the bound volume or the leaflet may be entered with the Superintendent of Public Documents, Washington, D. C., at a very nom
The Superintendent of Public Documents is not in a position to furnish earlier bound volumes up to and including twelve. Volumes 1 to 12 inclusive are controlled by the Lawyers Coöperative Publishing Company, Rochester, N. Y., and these early volumes must be secured from that source.
DIGEST OF COMMISSION DECISIONS
The opinions emanating from the Interstate Commerce Commission regarding complaints laid before it are in some instances very voluminous, and full of irrelevant detail. It has been the custom of the legal fraternity to condense into short paragraphs the principal points of these decisions.
Such a digest of the decisions of the Interstate Commerce Commission from the time of its inception, 1887, to 1906 can be found in a single volume, Digest of Decisions under the Act to Regulate Commerce, by Mr. E. B. Peirce.
A rather elaborate table of contents and index form a complete reference to the contents of the volume. By familiarizing oneself with the classifications, cases parallel to those confronting an industry may be located at will.
Since 1906 summaries of these decisions have been published by H. C. Lust & Company, of Chicago. In addition to the bound volumes covering certain periods they offer a supplemental service in the shape of a paper-covered volume issued quarterly each year, giving the digest of Commission decisions appearing for that period.
“CLAIMS BETWEEN SHIPPERS AND CARRIERS"
Merriam's Claims between Shippers and Carriers, published by the LaSalle Extension University, is an extensive work and includes a digest of all American court decisions on loss or damage issues between shippers and carriers.
Not infrequently the shipper will engage counsel to prosecute an issue for him when he has no case at all; and on the other hand, the carriers often decline claims when, under the law, they have no right to do so. A thoro analysis of the classification in this book will enable the department to handle loss and damage issues intelligently, and to avoid many of the expensive leaks that occur under the present hit or miss plan.
Loss and Damage Claims is the work of Mr. H. C. Lust, of the Chicago Bar. The statement in the author's preface to the work indicates its scope and purpose:
The book is prepared as a guide to the traffic man in the settlement of loss and damage claims. While care has been taken to support the various principles with citations of cases, they are intended to be illustrative rather than exhaustive.
An endeavor has been made to examine the entire law and to state only such principles as, in the opinion of the author, will be sustained in the federal courts. It has been deemed advisable to emphasize by repetition certain important principles.
An attempt has been made to create a simple classification following the course that a shipment naturally takes; thus, the liability of the carrier when it first receives the shipment, the liability during transit, the liability after arrival, seems to be the natural method of treating the subject.
In the appendix, will be found printed the three federal laws with which Congress has occupied the field of loss and damage claims, namely, the Cummins Amendment, the Twenty-EightHour Law, and the Bill of Lading Act.
Attention is called to the fact that on account of new legislation which undoubtedly will be passed in the future, and new decisions, the principles enunciated will necessarily change in the course of time. The law of loss and damage claims will be kept down to date by quarterly supplements known as the Loss and Damage Review. These, coming out every three months, will constitute a current quarterly textbook of the law.
“HUTCHINSON ON CARRIERS”
The work regarded by many of the foremost traffic men as the leading authority on the liability of carriers in the discharge of their duties as common carriers is Hutchinson on Carriers.
It is frequently cited in court decisions wherein such issues are involved.
The various incidents of transportation, such as the delivery to the carrier, the carrier's duty to transport, the carrier's liability as warehouseman, the bill of lading as a contract are treated at length in a somewhat simple style readily understood by men of average intelligence. It includes also material on water carriers. It is one of the more expensive books, but is a valuable addition to the traffic department library.
Similar works are those of Miche on Carriers, and Moore on Carriers.
“FULLER ON INTERSTATE COMMERCE"
Fuller on Interstate Commerce is a work which has to do with the Act to Regulate Commerce as it has come to the Supreme Court for review. The points involved rest largely on the jurisdiction of the Interstate Commerce Commission, the confiscation of property without due process of law, and the commerce clause of the Constitution.