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lation of those heretofore in effect cause considerable change in the tariff file. It is desirable to transfer the dead files and superseded publications to other places for safe keeping and subsequent reference. Less expensive transfer cabinets and binders are employed for this purpose.
The numerical arrangement of the dead file corresponds with that of the live file, so that if a file or tariff is needed in a particular instance it may be readily located.
It is not wise to dispose of cancelled tariffs within less than two years, preferably five, after they have been cancelled. The overcharge claim investigator frequently handles cases predicated on old issues and must refer to these cancelled tariffs to make proper reference on claim papers.
THE LIBRARY OF THE TRAFFIC DEPARTMRNT
Trade Publication tlas-Shipping Guides-Package Car
Many of the publications upon which the public must depend for information are distributed gratis by railroads or associations. The subscription price of others is moderate. Most of the absolutely necessary books of reference are not prohibitive in price. The extent of the office reference library will depend upon the industry's special needs, and upon its resources. The investment invariably results in the increased efficiency of the employees, and this more than offsets the expense involved.
A nucleus of a few volumes may be added to from time to time. The following sections describe briefly some desirable publications, and give short digests of a few selected works. Certain publications and books of reference are indispensable. Others simply make the work more convenient and more accurate.
The progressive man can greatly enhance his general ability by regularly reading one or more of the trade journals bearing on his firm's activities and his special field in particular. These technical and trade magazines should be found in the general library of the industry, or, if a publication relates purely to departmental activities, it should pass from clerk to clerk in that department, and then be filed for permanent reference.
The Traffic World, published by the Traffic Service Bureau of Chicago, Ill., is the journal devoted exclusively to traffic work. It reproduces in substance all of the decisions of the Interstate Commerce Commission, besides offering columns of special interest to traffic men.
The Railway Age is devoted especially to problems of railroad operation. Nevertheless, it gives considerable publicity to shipping reforms, court decisions, Interstate Commerce Commission decisions, and construction news.
Both publications are weekly issues and find a place in practically all well-administered traffio departments.
An atlas is virtually indispensable, since many questions come up which involve the exact location of a given point and its accessability to various transportation agencies.
Rand McNally & Company, of Chicago, publish a very acceptable commercial atlas. It is arranged by states, with an alphabetical list of towns under each state. It shows the population of each town, its geographical location, the railways or transportation companies serving it, the express company maintaining an agency there, together with other information of vital import.
Sometimes, in addition to determining the geographical location of a town, it is necessary to know upon what division of a particular railroad it is located. Bullinger's Postal and Shippers Guide, published by Bullinger & Company, New York, indicates the location of towns by road and division, also inland points served by navigation companies, and gives the addresses of various forwarding companies and navigation companies thruout the country. Another very effective publication of this kind is the Shipper's Guide, published by the Shipper's Guide Company, Chicago, Ill.
FREIGHT RATE GUIDES
Realizing the advantages that accrue from having a convenient or ready reference book from which to obtain approximate rates of freight, various concerns of different locations in the country have inaugurated the Freight Rate Guides. This gives the rates of freight from selected. points of origin, such as Chicago, St. Louis, or other representative base point, to various destinations thruout the country.
While these books are not official in the sense that they are recognized by the Interstate Commerce Commission or the various state commissions in rate cases
or by the railroads themselves as the proper authority to substantiate claims for overcharge, they well serve their purpose—a convenient and ready reference. An example of this class of guide is found in Hartman's Western Freight Rates, published by the W. J. Hartman Company, Chicago, Ill.
PACKAGE CAR GUIDES
It is the custom for chambers of commerce, or similar organizations, to publish frequently package car guides, showing package car service maintained by the carriers serving their respective cities, the destination of the package cars, the days in transit, the number of times transferred, and other information of similar import. Such volumes are exceptionally handy in routing less-than-carload shipments.
LIST OF PREPAY STATIONS
There is not a sufficient amount of business at all stations on the common carriers to warrant the maintenance of an agent to take care of the freight at such points. These stations are commonly referred to as nonagency stations, and the carrier requires that shipments to them be prepaid.
Instead of referring to the railroads for information on nonagency stations, shippers will save time, and in some cases trouble and delay, by using List of Prepay Stations, published by F. A. Leland, St. Louis, Mo. It indicates all railroad stations and their facilities for handling freight in carloads or less than carloads, whether they be agency or nonagency stations.