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ever, that in the majority of instances the activity of the traffic or transportation bureau is financed entirely out of the general fund.

SUMMARY

The traffic and transportation bureau of the chamber of commerce is a striking proof that the age of individualism, rivalry, and jealousy has passed, and that. a period of active coöperation is present. As the transportation industry has become surrounded with complex laws and technicalities, individual shippers have realized that they must have trained men to supervise their traffic affairs. Naturally this recognition spread to organizations of shippers, and then to the larger community organizations. The work of a traffic commissioner for a quasi-municipal organization is essential to the life of the community, and we must look to our technically trained men for the extension of this broad field of endeavor.

The men who go into this field must not only be well trained in technique but they must possess certain qualities of the missionaries and must preach the gospel of efficient traffic management, for many communities and some shippers' organizations have not yet realized the efficiency and economy to be gained thru the traffic department.

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TEST QUESTIONS
These questions are for the student to use in testing
his knowledge of the assignment. The answers should
be written out, but are not to be sent to the University.

1. How many commercial organizations can now be found in the United States ?

2. What is the purpose of a chamber of commerce? 3. How does transportation affect the growth of a city?

4. Explain the organization of the traffic bureau of the New York Merchants' Exchange; of the Chicago Association of Commerce.

5. What equipment is necessary for an up-to-date traffic department of a board of trade?

6. Explain the work of the transportation department of a chamber of commerce.

7. How is the transportation department to be financed !

THE TRAFFIC FIELD

PART IV

PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSION WORK

J. H. KANE

Formerly Transportation Rate Exy :
\!!inois State Public Utility Commission,

Springfield, III.

1

PART IV

PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSION WORK

State and Federal Regulation Problems-Incorporation-
Construction-Operation-Compensation-Legislation-Or-
ganization-Administration-Oklahoma Plans-Rate De-
partment-Accounting Department-Engineering Depart-
ment–Telephone Department-Private Corporations-Sub-
rdinate Positions.

STATE AND FEDERAL REGULATION PROBLEMS

At a very early date, it became apparent that the government-federal, state, and municipal-should exercise some control over transportation enterprises and other public utilities operating within their respective domain, in order to prevent discrimination and abuse.

For that purpose, the majority of the states have created public utilities or railroad commissions which are charged with the administration and enforcement of the state laws respecting transportation instrumentalities. Federal control is expressed in the Act to Regulate Commerce, which is administered by the Interstate Commerce Commission.

The creation of these bodies has added another attractive field in which the proficient traffic man may dispose of his services, tho, in some instances, it is unfortunately true that commissioners are chosen for their party affiliations rather than for their knowledge of transportation conditions.

In most jurisdictions,

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