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Fig. 34.-An Automatic Scale-Krohn Type

class of article or the classification rating assigned to the component parts of a shipment, it is desirable to weigh the several groups or pieces separately, so that the individual weight of respective portions may be definitely known.

NOTICE.

This shipment is billed at actual scale weight and stenclied on package. If you allow charges to be assessed on a higher weight, it will be your 1088.

Clayton & Lambert Mfg. Co.,

Detroit, Mich., U. S. A.

FIG. 35.-A Weighing Notice

Many concerns have adopted the practice of marking the weight on each package, and of affixing a note on the bill of lading to the effect that this has been done. Thus they caution the consignee to pay no charges upon a weight in excess of that figure without first assuring himself that the weight is as claimed. Many overcharge claims by this plan are

. nipped in the bud. Fig. 35 reproduces such a notice.

WEIGHING AGREEMENT

If an industry produces a line of products that are standardized in shape, size, or number to a package, it is possible to make a so-called “weight agreement” with any one or all of the several weighing and inspection bureaus maintained by the carriers. Representatives of the bureau will weigh a number of packages to determine the average weight that is satisfactory to the industry on the one hand and the carriers' representatives on the other.

The weight so ascertained is used as the basis of transportation charges, thus eliminating the expense of weighing shipments on the industry's premises.

CHAPTER XII

LOCAL TRANSPORT

Assembling Outbound Shipments Terminal Delays—Ana-
lyzing and Charting Facilities—Charting the City-Rout-
ing and Saving-Elastic System-Receipts for Damaged
Packages-Long-Distance ervice.

This chapter treats not only of local deliveries and pick-up service maintained to serve local patrons, but also of cartage to and from the different receiving stations of the carriers that are situated in various parts of a large city.

ASSEMBLING OUTBOUND SHIPMENTS

It is important that sufficient space be provided in the shipping room or on the shipping platforms, so that when goods are ready for delivery to the railroads and are about to leave the plant, they may be assembled in full truckloads. A large concern shipping many truckloads a day should sort out and route its packages. Individual full truckloads may thus be sent to each of several receiving stations or a mixed truckload may be sent to several receiving stations near each other. Intelligent planning results in material economy.

A motor truck or a horse-drawn dray represents a substantial investment and a heavy and continuous overhead expense which goes on whether it is in use or not. As a consequence, it should not be kept busy

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