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No gunpowder, rubbish, or filth to be landed on the wharf.

No boats or casks to be placed, ballast landed, spars made, wood cut, or casks coopered on the wharf without permission.

No goods to be deposited on the wharf within fifteen feet from the Front Line.

Goods will be allowed to remain on the wharf 48 hours, after which time they will be liable to rent, and removed at the owner's expense.

The company will not be answerable for any goods that may be damaged whilst lying on the wharf, or what may be stolen from or plundered thereon.

Vessels loading or discharging coals, &c. must use tarpaulins to prevent them falling overboard. No fires allowed on the wharf.

The line of rail must be kept sufficiently clear to allow the free passage of the truck.

Banking.-Five banks carried on business in Adelaide during 1864, and their operations were further extended by the opening of several new branches and agencies throughout the country districts. The increase in wealth and the soundness of the financial position of traders will be manifest on a comparison of the following statements of the aggregate assets and liabilities of the several banks for the three half years ending December, 1862, 1863, and 1864 respectively :

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Notes in circulation Bills in circulation

Balances due to other banks

Ores, per ton

Oars, per 100 feet

Ovens, each.

Paint, per cwt.

Pepper, per cwt.
Pianofortes, each

Pitch, per barrel
Ploughs, each
Pork, per terce

per barrel

Potatoes, per cwt.

Pots, each

0 4

1 3

Deposits

01

Total average liabilities

0 1

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1 6

Assets.

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Rattans, per 100 bundles

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Landed property and bank pre

Rope, twine, cordage, per cwt.

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Resin, per barrel

03

Sago (see Arrowroot).

Salt, per cWL.

01

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Notes and bills of other banks Balances due from other banks. Notes and hills discounted, and other debts due to banks not enumerated

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1,542,906 1,603,564 1,724.7.59 1,930,912 2,079,955 2,361,298

Total Value of Imports and Exports, 1855-64.

Total Imports

£

£

04

18.55

988,215

1,370,938

0 2

1856

1,665,740

1,366,529

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Tobacco pipes, per 5 gross

1857

1,958,572

1,623,052

1858

1,512,185

1,769,351

Tin plates, per box

01

Timber: Dray poles, each

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Deals, battens, spars, logs, end sawn timber, per

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load of 10 cubic feet

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2,028,279

Palings, per 100

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Decennial Return of the Total Value of Exports from the Province, distinguishing the Countries to which Exported, during the Years 1856-65; also the Total Value of Exports, the Produce of the Colony.

Of which Exports, Produce, &c., of the Colony

East

Tas- Western Indies Mauri-
mania Australia and
China

tius

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Decennial Return of the Quantity and Value of Metals, Minerals, &c., the Produce of the Colony Exported during the Years 1856-65.

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Return relative to Lighthouses on the Coasts and Harbours of South Australia, for the Years 1860-65.

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Population of S. Australia on Dec. 31, 1865, 156,605. ratio of the exports of each of these during the
Revenue in 1864, 775,8377.
Expenditure in 1864, 626,6887.

The revenue derived from the customs, the only source of taxation, the remainder having been acquired by land sales, &c., was in the same year 203,3491., being at the rate of 11. 7s. 8d. per head of the population.

The governor of South Australia, in his report for the year 1864, mentions as indicative of the purchasing power of the community of that colony, that the sum paid per head for imported goods amounted in that year to 147. 88. per head of the whole population. Of British goods alone the consumption per head was 81. 5s.

years specified.

Five Years ending with

Ratio of Average of Five Years' Exports of each Class to total Exports = 100

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1855

1863 1864

these articles during the same year was The relative values of the exports of each of

The value of the imports and exports from and to the United Kingdom were in the same years follows:respectively:

as

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Wool

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Quantity Value

- 943,607

- 935,880

- 1,217,568 1864

- 918,323

With regard to the amount of the export it is necessary to bear in mind that large quantities of South Australian produce, chiefly wool and minerals are shipped to the other Australian colonies for transhipment to the United Kingdom.

The principal produce of the colony consists in breadstuffs, wool and minerals (copper and copper ore); the table appended will show the percentage

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justify the following valuable extract from the colonial blue book for the year 1864 in regard to the extent and nature of the crop.

The acreage of the wheat crop amounted to 390,836 acres, or two thirds of the total cultivated land. In 1863-4 there were 335,758 acres under wheat, or sixty per cent. of the tilled land; the increase this season has therefore amounted to six per cent. The total produce of the harvest was 4,252,949 bushels, compared with 4,691,919 bushels in the yield of the previous harvest; showing a decrease of 438,970 bushels-the average yield per acre being only eleven bushels as against fourteen bushels, and one bushel less than the average production of the past seven seasons.

On one occasion only during that period has the harvest been less productive, viz. in the year 1859-60, when only 9 bushels 38 lbs. per acre were reaped. The yield for each season, and other particulars respecting the cultivation of wheat during the septennial period just closed, is given in the following table. It will be seen that, in that short space of time, the growth of wheat

has more than doubled.

Average

per Acre

advantage the farmers possess over those of the sister colonies is the expedition and economy with which their crops can be secured, owing to the successful working of the reaping machines now universally used on all but hilly land, permitting of the grain being reaped, winnowed, cleaned, and bagged on the harvest field, and removed into store ere the day is closed.

Minerals.-The annexed table affords a comparison of the amounts of copper and copper ore exported from the colony during the periods indicated. The most important copper mines are those of Kapunda and Burra Burra.

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Inwards

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ber Tonnage

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3,576,593

13 4

1856

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5,410,756

10 59

1857

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1862-43

494,511 320,160

3,841,824

12 0

1858

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355,758 390.836

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1859

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100,681 338

108,355

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nearly. The average of the quinquennial period ending 1859, was 1,337,3427. per annum, and during that ended in 1864 2,089,2697. annually. In 1855 the exports of produce amounted to 686,9531.; in 1859, to 1,502,1657.; and in 1865 they reached 3,015,5371.-an advance of 100 per cent. during the last five years. In 1855 theexports of produce averaged 81. per head of the population; in 1859, 127. 3s. per head; and in 1866, at the rate of 201. 9s. per head of a population numbering about 150,000 souls.

Customs Tariff, 1866.

Great Britain, entered cleared

cleared

New South Wales, entered

cleared

The immense progress the colony has made during the past ten years is very clearly shown in the above statement. In that period produce has been exported of the value of over 17,000,000Z. sterling; and, during the latter half of the period, the exports amounted to 10,500,000Z., as compared with 6,750,0004, in the preceding five years, showing an increase of one-third, or 3,750,000.

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All imported goods not included in the above mentioned list, to which duties are attached, and not specified in the free list will pay an ad valorem duty of 5 per cent.

Free List.-Animals (living), baggage of passengers, bags and sacks, viz. corn sacks, ore bags, wool-packs; books (printed), bullion and coin, coals, coke, and other fuel; corn and flour, manures, plants and trees, green fruit, seeds and roots, potatoes, garden seeds, viz. lucern, clovertares, and such like; skins and hides (raw), specimens of natural history, tallow, wool, unsmelted ores, shooks, and staves.

Vessels

Crews

Gt. Britain 563 161,925 8,143 25 3,639, 183 588 168,564 8,626
Bremen
France
Hamburg

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591 179,463 8,858 25 3,639 183 619 183,102 9,041)

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361 4.536 309 Total 630 183.999 9.167 25 3,630 183 655 187,638 9,591

Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each
Nation cleared at Ports in the Colony of South
Australia, in the year 1865.

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Customs Tariff on Exports by the Murray River. Proclamations dated December 3, 1857, and Nationality November 17, 1858, fix the subjoined tariff and drawbacks on goods intended for consumption in Victoria or New South Wales, and which have been agreed on by the governments of the said colonies. It is prescribed that the duties specified in the tariff shall be levied upon any goods imported into South Australia, and intended for consumption in either of the said colonies, or waterborne upon the river Murray for exportation into either of the said colonies. The drawbacks will be allowed for any duties which may have been paid on any such goods in accordance with any tariff for the time being in force in South Australia.

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Norway
Sweden

U. States

Gt. Britain
Rover

10 223 10 2,011

296

10

369 11

2

592

21

2

460

84 1 511 14
17

2,557

98

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Murray
39 4.620 397)
Total 536 139,737 7,601 101 39,071 1,282 640 178,588,5,883

ADEN. A town and seaport of Arabia Felix, in the province of Yemen. Lat. 12° 45′ N.; long. 45° 3' E. It was captured in 1849, and has been attached ever since as an outlying possession under the government of Bombay. The territory consists of a mountainous peninsula connected with the main land by a narrow isthmus nearly covered in spring tides. There is a splendid harbour, and the port is free, there being no customs levied. The site is unrivalled as an entrepôt for commerce. Light-vessel, south side of channel, long. 45° 1' 15" E. The light is fixed, it is seen seven inner harbour, moored in 24 feet. Lat. 12° 47' N., miles in clear weather, and is 35 feet above high water. It tires a gun and burns a blue light on a vessel entering. It is said to be a very bad light. The trade has considerably increased under British management. Its military position is one of great importance, and the fortifications are unassailable by any native force. The climate may be considered healthy and agreeable, the seasons are divided into hot and cold, the former prevailing from April to October and the latter during the remainder of the year. Rain falls occasionally Juring December, January, February, and April. The trade of Aden amounted in 1863-64 to 1,478,9887., and in 1864-65 to 1, 538,2937., showing an increase of 59,3057. This is nothing taking into consideration the article coal, which is supplied exclusively for the steamers plying at this port. The principal articles of import appear to be cotton, cotton and silk piece goods, grain, livestock, metals, provisions, seeds, and tobacco. The chief articles of export are coffee, dyes, ostrich feathers, gum, hides and skins, ivory, pearls. The principal external trade is carried on with Africa, Arabia, and Persia, America, China, Calcutta, and

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