Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

a

17. “Vulgarism in language is a distinguishing characteristic of bad

company and a bad education.” 18. “The wood of the silver fir is not much used as timber.” 19. “The hemlock spruce is not much esteemed for timber.” 20. “Milton's learning has all the effect of intuition.” 21. “His imagination has the force of nature.” 22. “Heaven, from all creatures, hides the book of fate." 23. “And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man who was blind.24. "If a noble squire had conducted himself well, during the period

of his service, the honor of knighthood was generally conferred

upon him at the age of twenty." 25. “Another bright day's sunset bathes the hills

That gird Samaria.” 26. One glance of wonder, as we pass, deserve

The books of Time." 27. “A fretful temper will divide

The choicest knot that may be tied,

By ceaseless, sharp corrosion. 28. A temper, passionate and fierce, May suddenly your joys disperse

At one immense explosion.” But no mere human work or character is perfect.” 30. “The profoundest depths of man's intellect can be fathomed." 31. "In the loftiest flights of his imagination, he can be followed.” 32. * None of his richest mines, are inexhaustible.” 33. “Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty

works were done, because they repented not." 64. “That secrets are a sacred trust,

That friends should be sincere and just,

That constancy befits them-
Are observations on the case,

That savor much of commonplace, 35. And all the world admits them." 36 “The dilatory caution of Pope enabled hinı to condense his senti

ments, to multiply his images, and to accumulate all that study

might produce, or chance supply.” 37 "Dryden often surpasses expectation38 Pope never falls below it." 39 Dryden is read with frequent astonishment40. Pope, with perpetual delight.”

29. “

66

[ocr errors]
[graphic]

REM. For the encouragement of Pupils who may not be able properly to analyze the more difficult of the preceding Sentences, the following Exercises are simplified :

1. The Principal Elements of the Principal Sentences are printed in SMALL CAPITALS;

2. The Principal Elements of the Auxiliary Sentences are printed in Italic Letters ;

3. The letters in the margin refer to the appropriate Diagrams 00 page 45;

4. The forms and the offices of the Phrases are indicated by appro priate references

THE AMERICAN FLAG.-J. R. Drake.

B. When Freedom, from her mountain height,*

Unfurled her standard to the air, *b
1. I. SHE TORE the azure ROBE of night,*a

And set the stars of glory*a there;
ISHE MINGLED with the gorgeous dyes*b

The milky BALDRIC of the skies, *a
And STRIPED its pure celestial WHITE
With streakings*b of the morning light, *a

Then, from his mansion,*b in the sun, *6
8. L SHE CALLED her EAGLE-BEARER down,

And Gave into his mighty hand*6
The symBOL of her chosen land.*a

B.

A.
A.

A.

Majestic monarch of the cloud, *a

Who rear'st aloft thy regal form,
To hear the tempest-trumpings loud, tb

And see the lightning lancestb driven, th
When strike the warriors of the storm, *a

And rolls the thunder-drum of heaven,*a

Child of the Sun, *a to thee*b 'TIS GIVEN,
To guard the bannerfc of the free, *a
To hoverte in the sulphur smoke, *b
To ward away the battle-stroke, to
And bid its blendingsfc shine afartb,
Like rainbows*b on the cloud*h of war, **

The harbinger a victory.*a

6. A. Flag of the brave,*a thy FOLDS SHALL FLY,

The sign of hope and triumph, *a high.
A. When speaks the signal trumpet-tone,
A. And the long line comes gleaming on
B. (Ere yet the life-blood, warm and wet,

Has dimmed the glist’ning bayonet),
6 M.* Each soldier's EYE SHALL brightly TURN

A. To where thy meteor-glories burn,*
A. And, as his springing steps advance,

CATCH WAR and VENGEANCE from the glance ;*
B. And, when the cannon-mouthings loud

Heave, in wild wreaths,*b the battle-shrouda
C. And gory sabres rise and fall,

Like shoots*b of flame*a on midnight's pall I*
7. A. There shall thy VICTOR-GLANCES GLOW ;
& A. And cowering POES SHALL SHRINK beneath
A. Each gallant arm*b that strikes below

That lovely messenger*b of death.*a

Flag of the seas, *a on ocean's wave, *b
9. A. Thy STARS SHALL GLITTER o'er the brave;*6
A. When death, careering on the gale, *b

Sweeps darkly round the bellied sail, *6
A. And frightened waves rush wildly back,

Before the broadside's reeling rack, *b 10. C. The dying WANDERER of the sea*a

SHALL LOOK at once*b to heaven and thee, *
And SMILE to see thy splendorstb flytb
In triumph*b o'er his closing eye. *b

Flag of the free heart's only home,* a

By angel-hands*b to valor*b given, 11. B. Thy staRS HAVE LIT the welkin DOME, 12. A.

And all thy HUES WERE Born in heaven:*b 13. B. For ever*b FLOAT that standard SHEET! 14. A. Where BREATHES the foe but falls before uso

With Freedom's soil beneath our feet,*b

And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us 9*b

* Prepositional Phrase. + Infinitive Phrase. a Adjective Phrase. b Adverbial Phrase. c Independent Phrase.

PART II.

ETYMOLOGY.

REMARK 1.-In Pars I. we have considered by analysis,

1. The Structure of Sentences and of Phrases.
2. The Elements which compose a Sentence or a Phrase.
3. The Classification of Sentences and of Phrases.

4. The Analysis of Sentences-Proximate and Ultimate. Rem. 2.-In our progress through Part I. we have seen, 1. That the Proximate Analysis of a Sentence consists in resclving

it into its immediate Constituent Elements. 2. That the Ultimate Analysis of a Sentence consists in reducing

its Proximate Elements to the Words which compose them. REM. 3.- We have next to consider the history of Words—considered as ultimate Elements of Sentences—including 1. Their Formation.

3. Their Classifications. 2. Their Functions.

4. Their Modifications. PRIN.—The Science of Language embraces, 1. ORTHOGRAPHY-which treats of the Structure

and Form of Words. 2. ETYMOLOGY—which treats of the Classification

and Modification of Words. 3. SYNTAX—which treats of the Relation and mu

tual Dependence of Words. 4. PROSODY-which treats of the Arringement and

Utterance of Words. REM. -A true system of Analysis requires that the Functions of Words be discussed previous to the consideration of their Elements. Hence we have placed ORTIOGRAPHY in the Appendix to this work.

CLASSIFICATION AND MODIFICATION OF WORDS.

PRIN.-- Words are distinguished by their Forms and by their Uses.

I. THE FORMS OF WORDS.
PRIN.—By their forms, Words are distinguished as

Radical or Derivative,

Simple or Compound. DEF. 52.-A Radical Word is a word that does not derive its original from another word in the same language.

EXAMPLES. —Sun-cloud-rose-friend-chief-swift-just-sell.

DEF. 53.--A Derivative Word is a word derived from a Radical by prefixing or adding one or more letters to it.

EXAMPLES.-Sunny-swiftly—cloudy-sinful-selling-unconsciousroseate-friendly-justify-chieftain.

OBS.—A Word that is Radical in the English language, may be a Derivative in the language from which it comes.

EXAMPLES.---Conscience-optics-algebra-philosophy-signify.

DEF. 54.--A Simple Word is a word that is used separately from another word.

EXAMPLES.—Have — brightly-freedom – parlor — music-studytimes-patience-loved-cottage-peace-cold.

DEF. 55.-A Compound Word is a word that is made of two or more words combined.

EXAMPLES. — Star-light-household-words-ruse-bud-steam-enginepencil-case-never the-less-moon-beam-rail-road.

OBs. — The parts of a Compound Word are printed as one word without space between them, or they are joined by a short horizontal line (-) called a hyphen. EXAMPLES (without the hyphen.)–Overlay-underwrite-withstand

sometimes-nevertheless. (with the hyphen)-- Ilour-glass-warm-hearted-praisoyarthy,

« AnteriorContinuar »