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DEF. 47.—A Principal Sentence asserts an independent

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DEF. 48.-An Auxiliary Sentence is a Sentence that is used as an Element in the structure of another Sentence or of a Phrase.

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Up yonder hill the village murmur rose."

5 "The bounding steed you pompously bestride,
Shares with his lord the pleasure and the pride."

6. "Thou hadst a voice whose sound was like the sea."

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9. “To him that wishes for me, I am always present."

10. "These lofty trees wave not less proudly,

That their ancestors moulder beneath them."

OBS.-A Principal Sentence and its Auxiliary Sentences constitute Complex Sentence. [See EXAMPLES (1), (2), above.]

REM.-An Auxiliary Sentence is an Adjunct of a Word, a Phrase, ol a fentence going before in construction; or it is used as a substitute for a Voun. Hence,

PRIN -Auxiliary Sentences are distinguished as

Substantive,
Adjective, and

Adverbial.

DEF. 49.-A Substantive Sentence is used as the Subject or the Object of a Sentence; or as the Object of a Phrase.

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4. "That all men are created equal, is a self-evident truth"

5. "Yet Brutus says he was ambitious."

DEF. 50.-An Adjective Sentence is a Sentence that is used as an Adjunct of a Substantive.

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4. "That life is long which answers life's great end.”

5. "The man of wealth and pride,

Takes up a space that many poor supplied."

. "Here I come to tell what I do know.”

DEF. 51.-An Adverbial Sentence is a Sentence that is

used as an Adjunct of a Verb, a Participle, an Adjective, or another Adverb.

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4. "Where wealth and freedom reign, contentment fails."
5. "How dear to my heart are the scenes of my childhood,

When fond recollection presents them to view."

6. "These lofty trees wave not less proudly

That their ancestors moulder beneath them."

OBS.-A Sentence is sometimes & Logical Adjunct of some Word in a Principal Sentence.

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NOTE.-"That we misjudge" is a Sentence, used to limit the applies tion of the Word "it." Hence, the Sentence is an Adjunct of the Word It is called a Legical Adjunct because there is no Grammatical enres tion between the two Sentences

RECAPITULATION OF DIAGRAMS.
1. FOR SENTENCES.

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....a Simple Sentence-Intransitive. EXAMPLE." Landscape fades."

a Simple Sentence-Transitive. Ex.-" Master taught school."

.a Compound Sentence-Intransitive.
Ex.-"Lark ascends and sings."
.a Compound Sentence-Intransitive
Ex. "Wealth and freedom reign." [G.22.]

..a Compound Sentence-Transitive.
Ex.-" We beheld moon and stars."

..a Compound Sentence-Transitive. Ex.-" Urn or bust can call breath." ..a Compound Sentence-Transitive. Ex-"Liberty and union promote peace and safety."

..a Compound Sentence-Transitive. Ex.-"State conforms and models life." .a Compound Sentence-Transitive. Ex.-" Spirit unfurls light and wheels

course.

..a Compound Sentence-Transitive.
Ex.-"Wisdom and virtue elevate and
ennoble man.'
""

..a Compound Sentence-Transitive.
Ex.-"Youth and beauty tread, ring
and shout raptures." [G. 26.]

a Compound Sentence-Mixed. Ex. "He breathes fragrance and sleeps." a Compound Sentence-Mixed. Ex.-" Fruits ripen and yield repasts."

COMPLEX SENTENCES.

.the Principal Sentence.

"He loveth soul."

Auxiliary Sentence-Adjective.

Ex.-"That getteth wisdom."

the Principal Sentence.

He will make apology) Ex.-" He will make apology."

.....

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Ex.

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Auxiliary Sentence-Adjective. Ex.-"If John has injured you." ..a Sentence having a Phrase for its Subject. Ex.-"Finding fault discourages youth.' ..a Sentence having a Sentence for its Object.

Ex. "Man exclaims, they come." [p. 14.]

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