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REM.--The office of an Element in a Sentence, determines its position in the Diagram, according to the following
RULE 1.—The Principal Elements of a Sentence are placed uppermost, and on the same horizontal line;-as (1), (2), (3), Diagrams (a) and (B).
RULE 2.—The Subject of a Sentence takes the first place ;-—as, (1) and (10), Diagrams (A), and (1), (6), and (25) B.
RULE 3.—The Predicate of a Sentence is placed to the right of the Subject-attached;-as, (2), and (11), A, and (2), (7), (11), and (26), B.
RULE 4.-The Object of a Sentence is placed to the right of the Predicate—attached ;-as, (3), A, and (3), (12), and (x) B.
RULE 5.—An Adjunct of a Sentence is placed beneath the Word which it limits or modifies-attached; as, (4), (5), (6), (7), (12), (13), (14), (17), (18); (23), A, and (4), (5), (8), (9), (17), (18), (19), (20), (23), (24), B.
RULE 6.—If the Adjunct is a Phrase, its Leader is attached to the Word which it limits ;--as, (15), (19), (25), A, and (15), (21), B.
RULE 7.-If the Adjunct is a Sentence, it is attached by a line to the Word which the Adjunct Sentence limits; as, the Adjunct Sentence within the dotted line (6), is attached by the line from (2), to (9), A, and (6 to 19 inclusive) is attached to (1), B.
RULE 8.-A Logical Adjunct is placed beneath the Word which it describes, but not attached. [See page 39.]
RULE 9.-The Subsequent of a Phrase is placed to the right of its Leader-attached;-as, (20 and 21), to the right of (19),—(26), to the right of (25),—(16) of (15) A, and (22) of (21),(16), of (15) B.
RULE 10.-A Conjunction used to introduce a Sentence, is placed above the Predicate of the Sentence which it introduces;-as, (a), used to introduce the Sentence (1, 2, 3), A, and (9), introducing the Adjunct Sentence (10, 11), (A), and () introducing the Sentence (1, 2, 3), B.
RULE 11.-A Conjunction used to connect Words, Phrases, or Sentences, similar in construction, is placed between the Elements connected > -as, (10), connecting (11) to (7), B. [See also Diagram, page 41.]
RULE 12.-A Relative Pronoun or a Possessive Adjective used to introduce an Adjunct Sentence, is attached to the "antecedent" by a line ;-as (6) attached to (1) and (x) attached to (22) B.
CLASSIFICATION OF SENTENCES.
REMARKS. --Some Sentences assert the being, condition, or state of a person or of a thing—or an act which does not pass over to an Object.
Others assert acts which terminate on an Object.
Some assert an Independent or a Principal Proposition-others a secondary or qualifying proposition. Hence, PRIN.-Sentences are distinguished as
Intransitive or Transitive,
Principal or Auciliary. DEF. 43.-An Intransitive Sentence is a Sentence that asserts.condition, being, or state—or an act which does not terminate on an Object.
1. William sleeps.
4. God is love. 2. Errors abound.
5. Mountains are elevated. 8. Mary is cheerful.
6. Fishes swim.
Peeping from forth their valleys green.”
Ons.--An Intransitive Sentence contains one or more Suluje Predicatez-uri Olejcet.
DEF. 44.--A Transitive Sentence is a Sentence that
2. Industry promotes health and wealth.
OBS.-A Transitive Sentence has at least one Subject, one Predicate, and one Object.
DEF. 45.-A Simple Sentence is a Sentence that asserts
2. Mary is cheerful.
OBS.-A Simple Sentence can have but one Subject, one Predicata and-when Transitive-one Object.
DEF. 46.- A Compound Sentence is a Sentence that
2. Temperance elevates and enno lles man.
And read their doom in the setting sun.”
DEF. 46 (6).—In a Compound Sentence, the Principal
2. The Predicates only-Warner studies
and recites Grammar.
3. The Objects only — Warner studies
Grammar and Arithmetic.
ner and Arthur study and recite
5. The Subjects and the Objects — Warner study
and Arthur study Grammar and
ner studies and recites Grammar and
Objects— Warner and Arthur study
and recite Grammar and Arithmetic. OBs.-A Compound Sentence may have more than two clauses.
Friendship, Love, and Truth abound. (x) Love
abound “Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen T&
constitute the chief elements of organized Truth
matter." Rem.-Sentences which have Compound Predicates, often have Objects applicable to only a part of them. Hence,
DEF. 46 (c).-A Compound Sentence, having one or more Transitive, and one or more Intransitive Predicates, is called a Mixed Sentence.