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A Sentence because it is an assemblage of Worls, so arranged as to assert an entire proposition."
“John” is the Subject-for it is the name of the person" concerning whom something is asserted."
"Is sleepy," is the Predicate--for these two words "express what is affirmed of the Subject."
REM.—In a limited sense, a Verb may be said to qualify or describe
Here, “ sleeps" describes a condition of “John."
Here, “is sleeping" asserts a condition of “John.”
John is sleepy. In this Sentence, “ is sleepy" asserts a condition as definitely as do the Words,“ is sleeping; and the genius of the language requires the Word "sleeping” to be added to the Verb “is,” in order to express the fact intended; so the other fact concerning “John” requires the Word “sleepy" to be added to the Verb “is.” The Sentence is not, sleeping John is—i. e., exists; nor is the other, sleepy John is—. e., exists; but " John is sleeping,” and “ John is sleepy.” “Sleeping” is a Participle, in predication with “ is.” “Sleepy” is an Adjective, in predication with “ is.”
Ter Let the Pupil, in like manner, construe and place in Diagrams the following additional
i William is diligent.
5. Velvet feels smooth. 2. James was weary.
6. Robert has become poor. 3 Flowers are beautiful.
7. I felt languid. 4. Mountains are elevated.
8. Soldiers waxed valiant
See Definition, "Is love,"—the Predicate, See Definition. NOTE.—" God,” is the name of a Being—“ Love,” is the name of an attribute of that Being. “ Is love," asserts a fact concerning God; and that fact can not well be expressed without these two Words thus com bined.
ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES. 1. We are slaves.
5. Ye are benefactors 2. Men are animals.
6. I am [a] student. 3. Thou art Peter.
7. William and John are brothers. 4. John is [a] friend.
8. We are friends and neighbors.
Virtue secures happiness.
ANALYSIS. “Virtue,"—the Subject,
See Definition, Secures,"—the Predicate, See Definition. "Happiness,"—the Object, . . .
ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES. 1. Birds build nests.
9. Columbus discovered America. 2. Clouds furnish rain.
10. Fulton invented steamboats. 3. Science promotes happiness. 11. David enlarged Jerusalem. 4. Sin produces misery.
12. Cæsar conquered Gaul. 5. Conscience demands obedience. 13. John preached repentance. 6. Napoleon obtained renown. 14. Master taught school. 7. Washington secured admiration. 15. Students need instruction. 8 Howard alleviated suffering. 16. Railroads facilitate travel
(or) Quest. Concerning what is an assition liere made ! Ans. Concerning "resources.
What is asserted of “resources”? A. Resources are developed."
What resources are developed !
What national resources ?
How are our national resources developed !
" earnest" culture.
What special culture !
Of what arts ?
Quest. In the above sentence, what is the use of our"!
What is the use of “national”
What is the use of “resources":
What s the use of are developed”!
What is the use of “by an earnest culture of the arts of peace”. A. To tell how resources are developed.
What is the use of “an"?
What is the use of “earnest”?
What is the use of "of the arts of peace"! A. To tell what species of culture.
What is the use of “the”! A. To tell what arts.
What is the use of “of peace”! 4. To tell what species of arts.
Ques. What are the principal elements of this Sentence !
“express the unqualified assertion."
What is the Subject ? A. “ Resources." It is the name of " that of which omething is asserted.”
What is the Predicate ? A. “Are developed." Those words "express what is affirmed of the Subject."
What are the Adjunct Elements of the Sentence ! A. “Our” and “National” are Word Adjuncts of " Resources;" and "by an earnest culture of the arts of peace“ is a Phrase Adjunct of " are developed.”
QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW. 15.--What is Language ?......
..See Def. 1. What language is Natural ? — What, Artificial ?. .See Obs. 1. Artificial language is how distinguished I..
.See Prin. What is Spoken Language ?.
.See Def. 2, What is Written Language ?
.See Def. 3. What is Grammar?...
.See Def. 4. 16.—What is English Grammar?
.See Def. 5. What is a Letter §-a Word ?-a Phrase ? . .See Def. 6, 7, 8. What is a Sentence? ....
.See Def. 9. 14.–By their uses, how are words classified ? .
..See Prin. What is a Noun ?-a Pronoun ?-an Adjective ?..See Def. 10, 11, 12 18.-What is a Verb ?--an Adverb?--a Preposition ? ..See Def. 13, 14, 15.
What is a Conjunction ?-an Exclamation ?-a See Def. 16, 17, 18.
Word of Euphony ? ...... 19.—By their offices, how are Phrases classified ?
.See Prin. What is a Substantive Phrase ?-an Adjective Phrase ?.See Def. 19, 20, 20.- What is an Adverbial Phrase ?-an Independent Phrase ?..Def. 21,
By their forms, how are Phrases classified ?.... See Prin.
What is a Prepositional Phrase ?-an Infinitive Phrase ?.. Def. 23, 24. 21.--.What is a Participial Phrase?—an Independent Phrase ? . Def. 25, 26. What are the distinct Elements of Phrases ?
.See Prin. What are Principal
.See Def. 27. What are Adjunct
.See Def. 28. The Principal Elements consist of what?..
.See Prin. 22.- What is the Leader of a Phrase l-it may consist of what ?.. Def. 29.
What is the Subsequent of a Phrasel-it may consist of what?.Def. 31. 28.—What are the Elements of a Sentence ?—How distinguished 3. Def. 32. 24.-What are Principal Elements ?—What, Adjunct Ele
See Def. 33, 34. ments ? What are called Attendant Elements!...
..See Def. 35. 25.-The Principal Elements of a Sentence consist of what?..Sec Prin.
What is the Subject of a Sentence mit may consist of what?.Def. 36