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DEF. 10.--Syncope allows one or more letters to be taken from the middle of a word. EXAMPLES.- –1. “Or serve they as a flow'ry verge to bind

2. The fluid skirts of that same waťry cloud,

3. Lest it again dissolve and show'r the earth.”—Milton DEF. 11.-Tmesis allows a word to be inserted between the parts of a compound word.

EXAMPLE.—“ How MUCH soever we may desire it.”

OBs. Sometimes two figures are combined in the same word. EXAMPLE.—“Ah! whence is that sound which now larums his ear"

II. FIGURES MODIFYING THE OFFICES OF WORDS.

These are called

RHETORICO-GRAMMATICAL FIGURES.
They are-
Ellipsis,

Syllipsis,
Pleonasm,

Enallage.
Hyperbaton.

DEF. 12.Ellipsis allows the omission of one or more words necessary to complete the grammatical construction, when custom has rendered them unnecessary to complete the sense. EXAMPLES.—1. “Thou art perched aloft on the beetling crag,

And the waves are white below [ ].”
2. “Unnumbered systems [ ], suns, and worlds,

Unite to worship thee,
3. While thy majestic greatness fills

Space [ ], Time [ ], Eternity.” DEF. 13. --Pleonasm allows the introduction of words not necessary to complete the grammatical construction of a Sentence. EXAMPLES. -1. “The moon herself is lost in heaven.”

2. “ I sit me down, a pensive hour to spend "

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DEF. 14.-Syllipsis allows a word to be used not in its literal sense.

EXAMPLE.—“And there lay the steed, with his nostril all wide.”

DEF. 15.- Enallage allows the use of one word for another of similar origin.

EXAMPLE.—"A world devote to universal wreck."

DEF. 16.Hyperbaton allows the transposition of words in a sentence.

EXAMPLE.—“His voice SUBLIME, is heard afar."

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III. FIGURES or RHETORIO.
They arem
Simile,
Antithesis,

Vision,
Metaphor,
Metonomy,

Paralepsis
Allegory,
Synecdoche,

Climax,
Personification, Apostrophe,

Anti-Climat,
Irony,
Interrogation,

Alliteration
Hyperbole,

Exclamation,
DEF. 17.-A Simile is a direct comparison.
EXAMPLE. —"The Assyrian came down like the wolf on the fold.”
DEF. 18.—A Metaphor is an indirect comparison.
EXAMPLE_" There is a tide in the affairs of men,

Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune."
DEF. 19.-An Allegory is an extended metaphor, by
which a narration, real or fictitious, is made to convey an
analogous truth or fiction.
ExamrLE.—“Eternity's vast ocean lies before thee;

There, there, Lorenzo, thy Clarissa sails;
Give thy mind sea-room; keep it wide of Earth-
That rock of souls immortal; cut thy cord;
Weigh anchor; spread thy sails ; call every wind;
Eye thy great Pult-star; make the lourd of life.”- Young

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DEF. 20.—Personification represents inanimate things as being endowed with life and volition. EXAMPLES. -1. “And old Experience learns too late

That all is vanity below.”

2. Joy has her tears, and Transport has her death." DEF. 21.—Irony makes a sentence convey a meaning the opposite of its ordinary sense. EXAMPLES.—“And we, brave men, are satisfied

If we ourselves escape his sword.”
DEF. 22.--Hyberbole exaggerates the truth.
EXAMPLE

“With fury driven,

The waves mount up, and wash the face of heaven." DEF. 23.--Antithesis contrasts two or more things with mach other. EXAMPLES.—1. “ Zealous though modest, innocent though free.

2. “By honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report,

as deceivers, and yet true." DEF. 24.

Metonomy puts one thing for another-
The cause for the effect,
The effect for the cause,
The container for the thing contained,

An attribute or quality for the thing or person, EXAMPLES.-1. “Shall the sword devour for ever ?”

2. “Thy hand, unseen, sustains the poles.”
3. “His ear is ever open to their cry.”
4. “I am much delighted in reading Homer.
6. “He has returned to his cups again.”

6. “I'll plunge thee headlong in the whelming tide." DEF. 25.-Synecdoche puts a part for a whole, and a vhole for a part. EXAMPLES.-1. “When the tempest stalks abroad,

Seek the shelter of my roof.2 “Oh! ever cursed be the hand

That wrought thie ruin in the land."

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DEF. 26.--Apostrophe is a sudden transition from the subject of a discourse to address a person or thing: present or absent. EXAMPLE.—“This is a tale for fathers and for mothers. Young men

and young women, you can not understand it.E. Everett

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DEF. 27.--Interrogation expresses an assertion in the form of a question. EXAMPLE.-1. "Looks it not like the king?"

“ He that formed the eye, shall he not see?"

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DEF. 28.-Ecclamation expresses a sudden or intense emotion. Example--"O liberty! O sound, once delightful to every Roman

ear!" DEF. 29.-- Vision represents past or future time as present to the view. EXAMPLE_“I see them on their winding way,

About their ranks the moonbeams play."
DEF. 30.--Paralepsis is a figure by which a main truth
is expressed incidentally, or with a professed effort of the
speaker to conceal it.
EXAMPLE.--"Without alluding lo your habits of intemperance, I would

ask, how can you attempt to justify your present inat-
tention to business and the neglect of your family?"

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DEF. 31.Climax is that form of expression by which the thoughts are made to rise by successive gradations. EXAMPLE.—"He aspired to be the highest; above the people, above

the authorities, above the Laws, above his COUNTRY."

DEF 32.-Anti-Climax is the opposite of the climax.

EXAMPLE.—" How has expectation darkened into anxiety, anxiety iuto read, and dread into despair.”Irviny.

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DEF. 33.-Alliteration is the repetition of the same letter at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other. EXAMPLES.—1. "Up the high hill he heaves a huge, round stone."

2. “He carves with classic chisel the Corinthian capital

that crowns the column."

QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW,
PAGE
283.- What is PROSODY?

Name the different mark of punctuation.
When is a Comma properly used i
When a Semicolon ?---a Colon 3-a Period ?
When is a Dash properly used ? - an Exclamation ?

When do we use a mark of Interrogation ? 289.–Name the GRAMMATICAL SIGNS.

What is an Apostrophe ?--a Quotation ?-_a Hyphen ?
What is a Bracket ?-a Parenthesis ?--Reference marks }
What is a Brace ?—Marks of Inflection ?---Measures ?
What is a Caret?-a Dieresis ?-an Index ?-a Section?
What is a Paragraph ?-How are Paragraphs commonly indi-

cated ?

What is Accent ?- What is Emphasis ?
292.—What is Composition ?-What are the varieties !

What is Prose?-Name the various kinds of Prose.
What is Verse ? —When properly used !

Name and define the various kinds of Poetry. 295.- What is VERSIFICATION!

What are the distinctions of verse ?
What is Blank Verse ? —What is Rhyming Verse ?
What is a Verse ?-a Hemistich ?--a Couplet ?
What is a Triplet ? —What is a Stanza ?
What is a Foot ?-A Foot may have how many Syllables ?
What are the Feet of two Syllables ?—of three Syllables ?
What is a Trochee ?- -an Tambus ?—a Pyrrhic, ?-—a Spondee ?
What is a Dactyl ?-an Anapest ?- -an Amphibrach ? -—a Tribracit !

What measures are commonly used in English Poetry? 299,– What is a FIGURE OF SPEECH —Why are they used!

What is a Grammatical Figure ?—a Rhetorical Figure
Name the Figures which modify the forms of Words.

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