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DEF. 10.--Syncope allows one or more letters to be taken from the middle of a word. EXAMPLES.- –1. “Or serve they as a flow'ry verge to bind
2. The fluid skirts of that same waťry cloud,
3. Lest it again dissolve and show'r the earth.”—Milton DEF. 11.-Tmesis allows a word to be inserted between the parts of a compound word.
EXAMPLE.—“ How MUCH soever we may desire it.”
OBs. Sometimes two figures are combined in the same word. EXAMPLE.—“Ah! whence is that sound which now larums his ear"
II. FIGURES MODIFYING THE OFFICES OF WORDS.
These are called
DEF. 12.—Ellipsis allows the omission of one or more words necessary to complete the grammatical construction, when custom has rendered them unnecessary to complete the sense. EXAMPLES.—1. “Thou art perched aloft on the beetling crag,
And the waves are white below [ ].”
Unite to worship thee,
Space [ ], Time [ ], Eternity.” DEF. 13. --Pleonasm allows the introduction of words not necessary to complete the grammatical construction of a Sentence. EXAMPLES. -1. “The moon herself is lost in heaven.”
2. “ I sit me down, a pensive hour to spend "
DEF. 14.-Syllipsis allows a word to be used not in its literal sense.
EXAMPLE.—“And there lay the steed, with his nostril all wide.”
DEF. 15.- Enallage allows the use of one word for another of similar origin.
EXAMPLE.—"A world devote to universal wreck."
DEF. 16.—Hyperbaton allows the transposition of words in a sentence.
EXAMPLE.—“His voice SUBLIME, is heard afar."
III. FIGURES or RHETORIO.
Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune."
There, there, Lorenzo, thy Clarissa sails;
DEF. 20.—Personification represents inanimate things as being endowed with life and volition. EXAMPLES. -1. “And old Experience learns too late
That all is vanity below.”
2. “Joy has her tears, and Transport has her death." DEF. 21.—Irony makes a sentence convey a meaning the opposite of its ordinary sense. EXAMPLES.—“And we, brave men, are satisfied
If we ourselves escape his sword.”
“With fury driven,
The waves mount up, and wash the face of heaven." DEF. 23.--Antithesis contrasts two or more things with mach other. EXAMPLES.—1. “ Zealous though modest, innocent though free.”
2. “By honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report,
as deceivers, and yet true." DEF. 24.
Metonomy puts one thing for another-
An attribute or quality for the thing or person, EXAMPLES.-1. “Shall the sword devour for ever ?”
2. “Thy hand, unseen, sustains the poles.”
6. “I'll plunge thee headlong in the whelming tide." DEF. 25.-Synecdoche puts a part for a whole, and a vhole for a part. EXAMPLES.-1. “When the tempest stalks abroad,
Seek the shelter of my roof.” 2 “Oh! ever cursed be the hand
That wrought thie ruin in the land."
DEF. 26.--Apostrophe is a sudden transition from the subject of a discourse to address a person or thing: present or absent. EXAMPLE.—“This is a tale for fathers and for mothers. Young men
and young women, you can not understand it.”—E. Everett
DEF. 27.--Interrogation expresses an assertion in the form of a question. EXAMPLE.-1. "Looks it not like the king?"
“ He that formed the eye, shall he not see?"
DEF. 28.-Ecclamation expresses a sudden or intense emotion. Example--"O liberty! O sound, once delightful to every Roman
ear!" DEF. 29.-- Vision represents past or future time as present to the view. EXAMPLE_“I see them on their winding way,
About their ranks the moonbeams play."
ask, how can you attempt to justify your present inat-
DEF. 31.—Climax is that form of expression by which the thoughts are made to rise by successive gradations. EXAMPLE.—"He aspired to be the highest; above the people, above
the authorities, above the Laws, above his COUNTRY."
DEF 32.-Anti-Climax is the opposite of the climax.
EXAMPLE.—" How has expectation darkened into anxiety, anxiety iuto read, and dread into despair.”—Irviny.
DEF. 33.-Alliteration is the repetition of the same letter at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other. EXAMPLES.—1. "Up the high hill he heaves a huge, round stone."
2. “He carves with classic chisel the Corinthian capital
that crowns the column."
QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW,
Name the different mark of punctuation.
When do we use a mark of Interrogation ? 289.–Name the GRAMMATICAL SIGNS.
What is an Apostrophe ?--a Quotation ?-_a Hyphen ?
What is Accent ?- What is Emphasis ?
What is Prose?-Name the various kinds of Prose.
Name and define the various kinds of Poetry. 295.- What is VERSIFICATION!
What are the distinctions of verse ?
What measures are commonly used in English Poetry? 299,– What is a FIGURE OF SPEECH —Why are they used!
What is a Grammatical Figure ?—a Rhetorical Figure