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Obs. 2.–When an Adjective supplies the place of an Adverb, by representation, the Adjective form should be retained.
Expanded. --. The house was painted with green paint.
2. Open thy mouth to a wide extent. “ Green” and “wide" are Adverts by representation.
Obs. 3.—This construction should be carefully distinguished from that of Adjectives in Predicate.
Correct.–1. The orange tasted sweet. sweet
2. Velvet feels smooth.
3. Some deemed him wondrous wise. Incorrect.-1. The orange tasted sweetly.
2. Velvet feels smoothly.
3. Some deemed him wondrous wisely. Obs. 4.—The words which Adverbs properly modify are sometimes suppressed EXAMPLES." Thou canst but add one bitter wo
To those [ ] already there.” Obs. 5.-Adverbs sometimes supply the place of Verbs which they modify EXAMPLES.—1. “Back to thy punishment, false fugitive.”
2. away to the pleasant land.” OBs. 6.—Many words, commonly used as Adverbs, often take the place of Nouns, and become Pronouns. EXAMPLES.-1. Till then for till that time.
2. From thence-for from that place.
A small unkindness is a great offense.”
“A virtuous household, but exocca'ng poor.”
OBs. 8.—But most Participial Adverbs have the suffix ly added, or they become Adverbs by representation. EXAMPLES. — 1. “He spoke feelingly on that subject.”
2. “She conducted herself most lovingly throughout the
And rises, threatening, to the frowning sky.”
Come, crouching, to his feet.”.
Obs. 9.—A few words, commonly employed as Prepositions, are some times used Adverbially. EXAMPLES.—1. “Thou didst look down upon the naked earth.”
2. “And may, at last, my weary age
Find out the peaceful hermitage.”
Note II.—But one Negative Word or Particle should be used in asserting a negative proposition. For,
Obs. 1.—Two Negatives applied to the same act or quality, make it affirmative. EXAMPLES.-1. “ Not without cause.
2. “Such occurrences are not unfrequent."
Nor did he not perceive them.”
4. “ IIe did not forget not to pay for the books."
2. “Such expressions are not inelegant.”
occasion.” Rem. 1.--Such expressions have not always the full force of the corresponding affirmative assertions, but serve to negative the negative assertion.
OBs. 8.--Negative Adverbs are used primarily to modify Verba.
3. "Not every one that saith unto me, 'Lord! Lord !' shall
enter into the kingdom of heaven.” (4.) To modify other Adverbs. EXAMPLES. —4. He is not generally in error.
5. "They died not by hunger or lingering decay,
The steel of the white man hath swept them away." 6. “Not as the conqueror coines,
They, the true-hearted, came.” Rem. 1.—The influence of the Negatives, not, neither, etc., is often exerted on Nouns, Phrases, and whole Sentences. And, generally, when a Negative occurs in connection with other Adjuncts, the influence of the Negative reaches the whole proposition, including the other Adjuncts. Thus, in Example (5), "not" modifies the phrase, “ by hunger or lingering decay.” And in Example (6), “noť negatives the sentence“ as the con
Obs. 4.—The Adverbs, yes, yea, no, nay, are independent in construction.
REM. 1.-The relation of these words to others in the sentence or period is logical rather than grammatical. Their grammatical relation is generally to Elements in Sentences suppressed.
POSITION OF ADVERBS.
NOTE III.-The Position of Adverbs should be such as most clearly to convey the sense intended. .
OBS. 1.-Adverbs which modify Verbs generally precede a Single Verb in Predicato. EXAMPLES.—1. “Man naturally SEEKs his own happiness.”
2. “ Then, when I am thy captive, TALK of chaing."
3. “ Now FADES the glimmering landscape on the sight." Obs. 2.-When the Predicate consists of more than one werd, the Adverb is commonly placed after the first word in Predicate.
EXAMPLES. -1. “We can not honor our country with too deep a
reverence.” 2. “I HAVE always BEEN an admirer of happy human
3. “I WILL never LEAVE thee nor FORSAKE thee.” OBs. 3.-Adverbs modifying Adjectives are placed before their Ad. jectives. EXAMPLES.-1. “We can not honor our country with too DEEP a reve
4. “The selfish man can never be truly POLITE Exception. The word enough, used Adverbially, is commonly placed after its Adjective.
Obs. 4.-Adverbs are placed before other Adverbs which they modify. EXAMPLES.-1. “How LIGHTLY mounts the muse's wing.”
2. “Too low they build, who build beneala the stars."
OBs. 5.-Adverbial Phrases are commonly placed after the words which they modify. EXAMPLES.—1. “There CAME to the beach a poor exile of Erin.”
2. “Time SLEPT on flowers and lent his glass to Hope."
grain." OBs. 6.—Adverbial Sentences are commonly placed after the words which they modify. EXAMPLES.—1. “The firmament grows brighter with every golden
grain, As handful after handful falls on the azure plain.”
2. “And I am glad that he has lived thus long." REM.—To the above rules for the Position of Adverbial Elements, there are numerous exceptions. No specific rules can be given, which will always be applicable. The judgment and taste of the writer are required to decide as to the Position of all the Elements of Sonteucos.
QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW.
255.-Repeat RULE 8.
An Adverbial Element may consist of what i
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 1.
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 2.
How are Adverbs, derived from Adjectives and Nouns, formed I 256.—When may the Adjective form be retained !
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 2.
Correct that Sentence by Obs. 3. (See also p. 250.)
Make Examples adapted to Obs. 7. 257.- Make Examples adapted to Obs. 8.
Make Examples adapted to Obs. 9.
Repeat Note IL
Make an equivalent Sentence. (See Obs. 2.)
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 3.
POSITION OF ADVERBS.
Repeat Note III.
Correct that Sentence by Obs. 1 and 4.
Correct that by Obs. 2.
Correct that by Obs. 3.
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 5.
Make Complex Sentences to illustrate Obs. 6.